Reference Manual on Scientific Evidence

Third Edition

Author: National Research Council,Federal Judicial Center,Policy and Global Affairs,Committee on Science, Technology, and Law,Committee on the Development of the Third Edition of the Reference Manual on Scientific Evidence

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309214211

Category: Political Science

Page: 1034

View: 7536

DOWNLOAD NOW »

The Reference Manual on Scientific Evidence, Third Edition, assists judges in managing cases involving complex scientific and technical evidence by describing the basic tenets of key scientific fields from which legal evidence is typically derived and by providing examples of cases in which that evidence has been used. First published in 1994 by the Federal Judicial Center, the Reference Manual on Scientific Evidence has been relied upon in the legal and academic communities and is often cited by various courts and others. Judges faced with disputes over the admissibility of scientific and technical evidence refer to the manual to help them better understand and evaluate the relevance, reliability and usefulness of the evidence being proffered. The manual is not intended to tell judges what is good science and what is not. Instead, it serves to help judges identify issues on which experts are likely to differ and to guide the inquiry of the court in seeking an informed resolution of the conflict. The core of the manual consists of a series of chapters (reference guides) on various scientific topics, each authored by an expert in that field. The topics have been chosen by an oversight committee because of their complexity and frequency in litigation. Each chapter is intended to provide a general overview of the topic in lay terms, identifying issues that will be useful to judges and others in the legal profession. They are written for a non-technical audience and are not intended as exhaustive presentations of the topic. Rather, the chapters seek to provide judges with the basic information in an area of science, to allow them to have an informed conversation with the experts and attorneys.

P5 Medicine and Justice

Innovation, Unitariness and Evidence

Author: Santo Davide Ferrara

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319670921

Category: Medical

Page: 635

View: 1889

DOWNLOAD NOW »

This book describes the state of the art and future prospects of the most important bio-medicolegal subdisciplines in the post-genomic framework of personalized medicine. Focusing on the three main themes Innovation, Unitariness and Evidence, the book addresses a wide range of topics, including: Bio-Medicolegal and Criminological Sciences, Forensic Pathology and Anthropology, Clinical and Forensic Medicine in Living Persons (from Interpersonal Violence to Personal Injury and Damage, Malpractice, Personal Identification and Age Estimation), Forensic Genetics and Genomics, and Toxicology and Imaging. The unitariness of the “Bio-Medicolegal Sciences”, historically founded on the accuracy and rigor of the methods of ascertainment and criteria of evaluation, should be re-established on the basis of molecular evidence, and used to promote Personalized Justice. Taken together, the book’s conclusions and future perspectives outline a vision of transdisciplinary innovation and future evidence in the framework of personalized justice.

Forensic Science Reform

Protecting the Innocent

Author: Wendy J Koen,C. Michael Bowers

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 012802738X

Category: Law

Page: 392

View: 9959

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Forensic Science Reform: Protecting the Innocent is written for the nonscientist to help make complicated scientific information clear and concise enough for attorneys and judges to master. This volume covers physical forensic science, namely arson, shaken baby syndrome, non-accidental trauma, bite marks, DNA, ballistics, comparative bullet lead analysis, fingerprint analysis, and hair and fiber analysis, and contains valuable contributions from leading experts in the field of forensic science. Offers training for prosecuting attorneys on the present state of the forensic sciences in order to avoid reliance on legal precedent that lags decades behind the science Provides defense attorneys the knowledge to defend their clients against flawed science Arms innocence projects and appellate attorneys with the latest information to challenge convictions that were obtained using faulty science Uses science-specific case studies to simplify issues in forensic science for the legal professional Offers a detailed overview of both the failures and progress made in the forensic sciences, making the volume ideal for law school courses covering wrongful convictions, or for undergraduate courses on law, legal ethics, or forensics

Environmental Forensics for Persistent Organic Pollutants

Author: Gwen O'Sullivan,Court Sandau

Publisher: Newnes

ISBN: 0444594515

Category: Science

Page: 424

View: 1469

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Environmental Forensics for Persistent Organic Pollutants represents the state-of-the-art in environmental forensics in relation to persistent organic pollutants (POPs). The book is a complete reference for practitioners and students, covering a range of topics from new analytical techniques to regulatory and legal status in the global community. Through case studies from leading international experts, real-world issues — including the allocation of responsibility for release into the environment — are resolved through the application of advanced analytical and scientific techniques. This book introduces and assesses the development of new techniques and technologies to trace the source and fate of newly emerging and classic POPs (perfluoroalkyl substances, brominated flame retardants, organochlorine pesticides, perfluorinated chemicals, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, and polychlorinated biphenyls) in environmental media, including atmospheric, marine, freshwater, and urban environments. Real-world case studies show the application of advanced analytical and scientific techniques Discussion of GC*GC provides an introduction and assessment of a novel technique from leaders in the field Introduces the development of new analytical techniques (such as 2-D GC*HC and LC*LC) to trace the source and fate Raises awareness about the health and environmental impact of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) Outlines the development of international measures to control POPs so that chemists can understand the legal issues

Nutrition Counseling and Education Skills for Dietetics Professionals

Author: Betsy Holli

Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

ISBN: 1469826313

Category: Medical

Page: 440

View: 3042

DOWNLOAD NOW »

The text covers communications, counseling, interviewing, motivating clients, delivering oral presentations and using media in presentations. Communication is basic to the relationship that the Registered Dietitian (RD) professional has with their clients. The Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics recognizes the importance of communication skills for practitioners to promote health, disease prevention and treatment. Providing people with information on what to eat is not enough, the RD must also promote and facilitate behavior changes to more healthful food choices. The text incorporates the Nutrition Care Process (NCP) and model, including four steps of nutrition assessment, nutrition diagnosis using PES statement (Problem, Etiology and Signs/Symptoms), nutrition intervention, and nutrition monitoring and evaluation. The PES statements are the most critical in that the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics has been stressing this as an essential component of their standards and requirements. The text uses activities, case studies, self assessment questions, web references and graphics to engage the student and drive the content home.

Writing for Publication in Nursing, Third Edition

Author: Dr. Marilyn H. Oermann,Judith C. Hays

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 0826119913

Category: Medical

Page: 432

View: 3022

DOWNLOAD NOW »

The ability to communicate in writing is an essential skill, particularly for nurses at the graduate level. This is a bestselling, comprehensive, and widely used resource on writing for nurse clinicians, graduate students, researchers, and faculty. It covers all types of writing that beginning and experienced nurse-authors may be required or choose to do: E-B research papers, journal articles, book chapters, clinical project findings and innovations, and preparing manuscripts for courses and all types of publication, including open access journals. Brimming with helpful examples, the book takes the reader step-by-step through the entire process of writing, from the generation of an idea through searching the nursing literature, preparing an outline, writing and revising a draft, and onward toward disseminating the finished product. This third edition includes an entirely new chapter on writing articles regarding quality improvement studies, and new information about writing for open access publications. It is also replete with practical examples of the type of writing required for successful DNP capstone projects.

Manual of Exercise Testing

Author: Victor F. Froelicher,Jonathan Myers

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0323033024

Category: Medical

Page: 349

View: 6111

DOWNLOAD NOW »

The new edition of the Manual of Exercise Testing is the perfect companion for the exercise testing laboratory. Filled with practical examples and diagnostic clues, this handy manual covers exercise testing for the main cardiovascular problems faced today. Testing and interpretation are extensively covered in this manual. There is a new section on exercise physiology to provide essential science background. New chapter on exercise physiology New chapter on estimating disease severity and prognosis New information on diagnosis of coronary artery disease and early testing after acute myocardial infarction New material on post-procedure exercise testing New information on congestive heart failure, transplantation and valvular heart disease