World Ocean Census

A Global Survey of Marine Life

Author: Darlene Trew Crist,Gail Scowcroft,James M. Harding

Publisher: Firefly Books Limited

ISBN: 9781554074341

Category: Nature

Page: 256

View: 1740

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An insider's description of the comprehensive Census of Marine Life describes what the study reveals about a seriously threatened ecosystem, in a book that includes color photos, a glossary, further reading, and an index.

Life in the World's Oceans

Diversity, Distribution, and Abundance

Author: Alasdair McIntyre

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444348094

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 384

View: 1552

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Life in the World's Oceans: Diversity, Abundance and Distribution is a true landmark publication. Comprising the synthesis and analysis of the results of the Census of Marine Life this most important book brings together the work of around 2000 scientists from 80 nations around the globe. The book is broadly divided into four sections, covering oceans past, oceans present, oceans future and a final section covering the utilisation of the data which has been gathered, and the coordination and communication of the results. Edited by Professor Alasdair Mcintyre, Marine Life is a book which should find a place on the shelves of all marine scientists, ecologists, conservation biologists, oceanographers, fisheries scientists and environmental biologists. All universities and research establishments where biological, earth and fisheries science are studied and taught should have copies of this essential book on their shelves. A true landmark publication One of the most important marine science books ever published Contributions from many world leading researchers Synthesis of a huge amount of important data Represents the culmination of 10 years' research by 2000 scientists from 80 countries

The World Ocean in Globalisation

Climate Change, Sustainable Fisheries, Biodiversity, Shipping, Regional Issues

Author: Davor Vidas,Peter Johan Schei

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004204229

Category: Law

Page: 580

View: 8533

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This book addresses emerging challenges for the World Ocean in the Anthropocene epoch and the effects of increasing globalisation on the seas. The issues explored in particular include climate change, sustainable fisheries, biodiversity, shipping and regional seas adjoining Europe.

The Oxford Handbook of Ecocriticism

Author: Greg Garrard

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199908192

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 600

View: 3685

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The Oxford Handbook of Ecocriticism provides a broad survey of the longstanding relationship between literature and the environment. The moment for such an offering is opportune in many respects: multiple environmental crises are increasingly inescapable at both transnational and local levels; the role of the humanities in addition to technology and politics is increasingly recognized as central for exploring and finding solutions; and the subject of ecocriticism has reached a kind of critical mass, both within its Anglo-American heartlands and beyond. From its origins in the study of American Nature Writing and British Romanticism, ecocriticism has developed along numerous theoretical, historical, cultural and geographical axes, the most contemporary and exciting of which will be represented in the Handbook. The contributors include eminent founders of the field, including Michael Branch and Richard Kerridge, a number of key 'second-wave' ecocritics, and the best up-and-coming scholars. Topics covered include: Renaissance anxieties about nature; the challenges of representing climate change; the racialization of the environment in the early 20th century; language and the concept of biosemiotics; and the possibilities for environmental humour.

Oceans

Environmental Issues, Global Perspectives

Author: James Fargo Balliett

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317463676

Category: Nature

Page: 168

View: 9100

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Covering 71 percent of the planet, these saline bodies of water provided the unique conditions necessary for the building blocks of life to form billions of years ago. This book explains how our oceans continue to support and influence life in important ways: by providing the largest global source of protein in the form of fish populations, by creating and influencing weather systems, and by absorbing waste streams such as airborne carbon. It is shown how oceans have an almost magnetic draw—almost half of the world’s population lives within a few hours of an ocean. Although oceans are vast in size, exceeding 328 million cubic miles (1.37 billion cubic kilometers), they have been influenced by and have influenced humans in numerous ways. The book includes three detailed case studies. The first focuses on the most remote locations along the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, where new ocean floor is being formed twenty-thousand feet underwater. The second considers the Maldives, a string of islands in the Indian Ocean, where increasing sea levels may force residents to abandon some communities by 2020. The third describes the North Sea at the edge of the Arctic Ocean, where fishing stocks have been dangerously depleted as a result of multiple nations’ unrelenting removal of the smallest and largest species.

Schatzkammer Ozean

Volkszählung in den Weltmeeren

Author: Darlene Trew Crist,Gail Scowcroft,James M. Harding

Publisher: Spektrum Akademischer Verlag

ISBN: 9783827423719

Category: Science

Page: 256

View: 1768

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In einem außergewöhnlichen Modell internationaler Zusammenarbeit für ein einziges, gemeinsames Ziel haben sich mehr als 2000 Wissenschaftler des Census of Marine Life in alte Aufzeichnungen vertieft, sind in die heutigen Meere hinabgetaucht und haben Szenarien für die Zukunft entwickelt. Zusammen haben sie uns ein unbezahlbares Geschenk gemacht: ein erweitertes und verbessertes Verständnis vom Leben im Meer und seiner Bedeutung für all das, was den Menschen am Herzen liegt – Gesundheit, Wirtschaft, Sicherheit und, am wichtigsten, einen Planeten, der für uns da ist. Nun liegt uns ein Destillat ihrer Herkulesarbeit aus zehn Jahren Forschung vor, von den Autoren und Beteiligten wundervoll illustriert und wortgewandt formuliert. Manche werden Schatzkammer Ozean als wertvolles Nachschlagewerk schätzen, andere als einen Ort dramatischer Abenteuer." Aus dem Vorwort von Sylvia Earle In Schatzkammer Ozean berichten Insider von der "Volkszählung in den Weltmeeren", dem Census of Marine Life, und beschreiben, was uns dieses umfassende Forschungsprojekt über ein ernstlich bedrohtes Ökosystem verrät. Der Census of Marine Life wurde im Jahr 2000 mit dem Ziel ins Leben gerufen, eine globale Bestandsaufnahme der Organismen in den Ozeanen der Erde durchzuführen. Zweitausend Wissenschaftler aus 82 Nationen einte dabei das Ziel, drei wichtige Fragen zu beantworten: Was lebte einst in den Weltmeeren? Was lebt heute dort? Was wird in Zukunft dort leben? Mit Abschluss der Volkszählung werden Wissenschaftler auf der ganzen Welt eine Fülle wichtiger Daten zur Verfügung haben, deren Auswertung noch Jahrzehnte in Anspruch nehmen wird. Diese Daten werden helfen, so einfache Fragen zu beantworten wie "Was wird aus den Haien, Walen, Riffen und Lachsen werden?" Das vorliegende Buch befasst sich mit dem Abenteuer und den Erfahrungen der Census-Forschung sowie mit dem Prozess der Datenerhebung, und es offenbart dabei auch die Geschichten hinter der Wissenschaft. Die Autoren stellen die faszinierendsten Erkenntnisse und die spannendsten Entdeckungen vor, sie schildern den Nervenkitzel und die zu überwindenden Schwierigkeiten - begleitet von fantastischen Bildern, die während der Census-Untersuchungen entstanden sind. Das Buch ist durchgehend vierfarbig illustriert und bietet informative Bildunterschriften und Exkurse. Der Text ist anregend geschrieben, und die Fotos sind so schön, wie sie korrekt sind. Die Information ist umfassend, überzeugend und aktuell und repräsentiert das Ergebnis einer enormen gemeinsamen Anstrengung vieler führender Wissenschaftler der Welt. Der Aufbau des Buches folgt der dreiteiligen Census-Zielsetzung. Einzelne Abschnitte widmen sich zudem so verschiedenen Themen wie der Logistik der ozeanischen Volkszählung und den hochmodernen Techniken, die zum Einsatz kamen, um die ungewisse Zukunft der Weltmeere zu erfassen. Schatzkammer Ozean ist die einzigartige Aufzeichnung einer monumentalen globalen Unternehmung und wird ein breites Publikum mit unterschiedlichsten Interessen ansprechen. [Der Census of Marine Life ist ein globales Netzwerk von Forschern aus mehr als 80 Nationen, die in einer wissenschaftlichen Zehn-Jahres-Initiative die Vielfalt, Verteilung und Häufigkeit des Lebens in den Ozeanen bewerten und erklären wollen. Diese weltweit erste umfassende Volkszählung in den Weltmeeren - in Vergangenheit, Gegenwart und Zukunft - wird im Jahr 2010 abgeschlossen sein und öffentlich gemacht werden. Website: http://www.coml.org]

More Good News

Real Solutions to the Global Eco-Crisis

Author: David Suzuki,Holly Dressel

Publisher: Greystone Books

ISBN: 1553656253

Category: Nature

Page: 432

View: 381

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In this edition of their bestseller, the sequel to the best-selling Good News for a Change, authors David Suzuki and Holly Dressel provide the latest inspiring stories about individuals, groups, and businesses that are making real change in the world. More Good News features the most up-to-date information about critical subjects, such as energy and the economy, not covered in the previous edition. These stories offer compelling proof from the front lines that sustainable solutions already exist.

The Coastlines of the World with Google Earth

Understanding our Environment

Author: Anja M. Scheffers,Sander R. Scheffers,Dieter H. Kelletat

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 940070738X

Category: Science

Page: 293

View: 2036

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Far away shores, exotic islands or adventurous sea voyages - coasts are the destination of dreams for millions of people around the globe. Large numbers of people also call coasts their home; in many countries a narrow coastal strip is densely populated making these places vulnerable to marine natural hazards such as storms or tsunamis. The book Coastlines of the World with Google Earth aims to draw people's attention (within and outside of the science community) towards coastal sciences and spark interest for the extraordinary diversity and beauty of coastal environments. The book illustrates the fascinating variety of coastal landscapes using images from Google Earth's virtual globe that allow us to explore the world and demonstrate knowledge and applications of coastal science in many different fields in an engaging visual tour. The book of Anja and Sander Scheffers and Dieter Kelletat is a true cornucopia for everyone, both scientists and laymen, interested in coastal geomorphology. On the one hand, it documents the enormous significance of Google Earth for coastal science issues and shows how powerful this tool is for visualizing coastal features and processes. On the other hand, the reader gets a vivid insight in the many varieties of coastal science and its applications. This is especially true with regard to coastal hazards such as extreme events and global sea level rise knowing that the vulnerability of coastal zones has dramatically increased during the past decades. The fact that the book is so attractive and inspiring to both beginners and experts is also due to the huge experience that the authors have gained during their manifold research activities. Andreas Vött, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz, Germany This book will have great appeal to coastal researchers, at both beginning and advanced stages, because it integrates Google satellite imagery with coastal marine classification and in-depth studies by the authors from many parts of the world. The world’s coastline is well represented in this book which has a truly global perspective of unique, dramatic and commonplace coastal landforms. The authors in collaboration with the publisher have prepared a very handsome volume that will no doubt become a classic in the fullness of time. This book represents one of the first efforts to utilize Google images in a scientific manner to illustrate the diversity of coastal morphologies on a worldwide basis. The plethora of color satellite images, block diagrams, and oblique photography makes this book a valuable resource for a wide array of specialists that will want to have handy access to this unique work. This coastal compendium is an illustrated tour de force that belongs on researchers' bookshelves as well as on coffee tables for casual enjoyment. Charles Finkl, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL, USA

The Indian Ocean in World History

Author: Edward A. Alpers

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199929947

Category: History

Page: 192

View: 9384

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The Indian Ocean remains the least studied of the world's geographic regions. Yet there have been major cultural exchanges across its waters and around its shores from the third millennium B.C.E. to the present day. Historian Edward A. Alpers explores the complex issues involved in cultural exchange in the Indian Ocean Rim region over the course of this long period of time by combining a historical approach with the insights of anthropology, art history, ethnomusicology, and geography. The Indian Ocean witnessed several significant diasporas during the past two millennia, including migrations of traders, indentured laborers, civil servants, sailors, and slaves throughout the entire basin. Persians and Arabs from the Gulf came to eastern Africa and Madagascar as traders and settlers, while Hadramis dispersed from south Yemen as traders and Muslim teachers to the Comoro Islands, Zanzibar, South India, and Indonesia. Southeast Asians migrated to Madagascar, and Chinese dispersed from Southeast Asia to the Mascarene Islands to South Africa. Alpers also explores the cultural exchanges that diasporas cause, telling stories of identity and cultural transformation through language, popular religion, music, dance, art and architecture, and social organization. For example, architectural and decorative styles in eastern Africa, the Red Sea, the Hadramaut, the Persian Gulf, and western India reflect cultural interchanges in multiple directions. Similarly, the popular musical form of taarab in Zanzibar and coastal East Africa incorporates elements of Arab, Indian, and African musical traditions, while the characteristic frame drum (ravanne) of s?ga, the widespread Afro-Creole dance of the Mascarene and Seychelles Islands, probably owes its ultimate origins to Arabia by way of Mozambique. The Indian Ocean in World History also discusses issues of trade and production that show the long history of exchange throughout the Indian Ocean world; politics and empire-building by both regional and European powers; and the role of religion and religious conversion, focusing mainly on Islam, but also mentioning Hinduism, Buddhism and Christianity. Using a broad geographic perspective, the book includes references to connections between the Indian Ocean world and the Americas. Moving into the twentieth and twenty-first centuries, Alpers looks at issues including the new configuration of colonial territorial boundaries after World War I, and the search for oil reserves.

Soundings

Newsletter of the International Marine Animal Trainers Association

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Marine animals

Page: N.A

View: 8831

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Atlas of Oceans

A Fascinating Hidden World

Author: John Farndon

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1408146908

Category: Nature

Page: 256

View: 5520

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Seventy per cent of our planet's surface is covered with water, but most conventional atlases focus on the other thirty per cent. This fascinating and beautifully presented survey of the world's oceans and what lives within them is published in association with the Census on Marine Life, a decade-long scientific initiative between researchers from over 80 countries to assessing and explaining the rich diversity and abundance of undersea life. Every aspect of the oceans is explored, from the seabed, continental shelves, currents, water circulation and waves, to all the wildlife that calls these places home. Each ocean (the Atlantic, Pacific, Indian, Southern, Arctic, the Seas of Europe, the Eurasian Inland Seas and the South China Sea) is examined in great detail, revealing its characteristics, underwater topography, principal species and particular features, including the effects of habitat erosion. Topics covered include: - Coastlines, beaches, estuaries, salt marshes - the clash of man and wildlife - Temperate waters - plankton, seaweed forests and the Newfoundland Great Banks - Tropical waters - coral reefs, mangrove swamps and seagrass meadows - Polar waters - floating ice, migrations, life beneath the ice - The open ocean - currents, CO2 storage capacity, global warming and acidification - The ocean deeps - the mysterious twilight world and the least explored of all environments

Deep Sea

Eine Reise zum Grund des Ozeans

Author: James Nestor

Publisher: Piper ebooks

ISBN: 3492967353

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 320

View: 1708

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Ein Besuch der Apnoe-Weltmeisterschaft wird für James Nestor zum Beginn eines persönlichen Abenteuers: Fasziniert von der Kompromisslosigkeit dieses Sports, erlernt er selbst das Freitauchen. Und fortan zieht es ihn immer tiefer in die verborgene Welt der Ozeane hinab: Er besucht eine Forschungsstation 20 Meter unter der Meeresoberfläche, trifft renommierten Meeresbiologen bei ihrer Arbeit, schwimmt mit Walen und geht im U-Boot auf Tauchstation. Dabei entdeckt er einen unfassbar reichen Lebensraum, mit telepathischen Korallen, leuchtenden Fischen und rätselhaften Riesenkraken. Bis er schließlich den tiefsten Punkt der Erde erreicht – die absolute Grenze für Mensch und Technik. Eine grandiose Entdeckungsreise, die zugleich unseren Wurzeln nachspürt.

Der Mensch und das Meer

Warum der größte Lebensraum der Erde in Gefahr ist

Author: Callum Roberts

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 3641100062

Category: Social Science

Page: 592

View: 6335

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Der Wandel eines faszinierenden, bedrohten Lebensraums Die Ozeane sind nicht nur der größte Lebensraum der Erde, sondern auch der am wenigsten erforschte. Die unermessliche Vielfalt dieses Ökosystems beginnen wir erst jetzt bis in die letzten Winkel zu begreifen – auch wie wichtig das Meer für unser Leben ist. Im letzten Jahrhundert hat jedoch die Herrschaft des Menschen über die Natur auch die Ozeane erreicht: Wir fischen die Meere leer und füllen sie stattdessen mit Umweltgiften. Tiefseebergbau droht den Lebensraum unzähliger Pflanzen und Tiere bis zur Unkenntlichkeit zu verändern. Die Klimaerwärmung ließ bereits ein Viertel aller Korallen zugrunde gehen. In seinem aufrüttelnden Buch beschreibt der Meeresbiologe und –schützer Callum Roberts den großen Reichtum der Ozeane und ihren Wandel, und er ruft dazu auf, der Zerstörung der Meere endlich Einhalt zu gebieten, denn noch ist es nicht zu spät.