What Is Paleolithic Art?

Cave Paintings and the Dawn of Human Creativity

Author: Jean Clottes

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022618806X

Category: Art

Page: 192

View: 7306

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Was it a trick of the light that drew our Stone Age ancestors into caves to paint in charcoal and red hematite, to watch the heads of lions, likenesses of bison, horses, and aurochs in the reliefs of the walls, as they flickered by firelight? Or was it something deeper—a creative impulse, a spiritual dawn, a shamanistic conception of the world efflorescing in the dark, dank spaces beneath the surface of the earth where the spirits were literally at hand? In this book, Jean Clottes, one of the most renowned figures in the study of cave paintings, pursues an answer to this “why” of Paleolithic art. While other books focus on particular sites and surveys, Clottes’s work is a contemplative journey across the world, a personal reflection on how we have viewed these paintings in the past, what we learn from looking at them across geographies, and what these paintings may have meant—what function they may have served—for their artists. Steeped in Clottes’s shamanistic theories of cave painting, What Is Paleolithic Art? travels from well-known Ice Age sites like Chauvet, Altamira, and Lascaux to visits with contemporary aboriginal artists, evoking a continuum between the cave paintings of our prehistoric past and the living rock art of today. Clottes’s work lifts us from the darkness of our Paleolithic origins to reveal, by firelight, how we think, why we create, why we believe, and who we are.

Matter Transmission

Mediation in a Paleocyber Age

Author: Nicolás Salazar Sutil

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA

ISBN: 1501339486

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 1908

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Arguing for a paleocybernetic approach to current media studies debates, Nicolas Salazar Sutil develops an original framework for a new media ecology that embraces the primitive, the prehistoric, and the brute. Paying serious attention to materials used for cultural mediation that are unprocessed, unexplained, and raw such as bones and limestones, Salazar Sutil posits that advanced industrialisation of new media technology has prompted countercultural movements that call for radical new ways of transmitting culture, for instance through an experiential and high-tech appreciation of prehistoric landscape heritage. The future calls for a Palaeolithic awareness of living landscape as medium for the embodied transmission of cultural imaginaries and memories. The more media technology spurs mass forms of instantaneous media communication, the greater the need for primitive knowledge of earthling body and earthly landscape, our prime media for sustainable cultural transmission.

Culture and Values: A Survey of the Humanities, Comprehensive Edition

Author: Lawrence Cunningham,John Reich

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 0495568775

Category: Art

Page: 696

View: 8482

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Trusted by professors of the humanities survey course for over twenty years, CULTURE AND VALUES: A SURVEY OF THE HUMANITIES covers Western cultures along with important non-Western cultures, providing students solid, accessible introductions to art, music, philosophy, literature, and more. Available without end-of-chapter readings in two volumes, or as an alternate single comprehensive volume, this text remains the most readable and reliable textbook for college and university students in the integrated humanities. The volumes without readings can be customized with readings that you select through our innovative ’Make It Yours’ program. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Culture and Values: A Survey of the Humanities

Author: Lawrence Cunningham,John Reich

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 0495570656

Category: Art

Page: 360

View: 5376

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Trusted by professors of the humanities survey course for over twenty years, CULTURE AND VALUES: A SURVEY OF THE HUMANITIES covers Western cultures along with important non-Western cultures, providing students solid, accessible introductions to art, music, philosophy, literature, and more. Available without end-of-chapter readings in two volumes, or as an alternate single comprehensive volume, this text remains the most readable and reliable textbook for college and university students in the integrated humanities. The volumes without readings can be customized with readings that you select through our innovative ’Make It Yours’ program. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 364110498X

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 8518

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Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.

Why Beauty Matters. The Transformational Experiences of Art and Music upon the Human Soul

Author: Cyrus Manasseh,Pamela Schmidt

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3668126097

Category: Psychology

Page: 11

View: 8632

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Seminar paper from the year 2012 in the subject Psychology - Media Psychology, Liverpool John Moores University (Art and Design Academy), course: Academic Conference, language: English, abstract: Beauty takes our breath away. We come to rest, are silenced, and in awe. When beauty opens our hearts, our capacity to care for what is just and true enlarges. The triumvirate of western values — truth, beauty, and goodness — has long served as the foundation for positive human development. The experience of beauty takes us deep within ourselves to the most intimate sense of who we are and what we have endured. Beauty is the ultimate attractor and healer. It transcends us by pulling us out of ourselves and generates us to heal, repair, and move forward. Beauty in its many forms has profound neurological and psychological impact upon us. Artistic expression, and flow stimulate the growth of new brain cells in the cerebral cortex. Such experiences raise physiological levels in the immune, the endocrine, and the nervous systems. “Emotions play out in the theatre of the body. Feelings play out in the theatre of the mind.” As a significant psychologically transcendent experience, this arousal increases well-being, optimism, and resilience. Optimism is directly correlated with improved health. Drama, music, and art have the capacity to build and sustain resilience because creative engagement and participation is directly correlated with an overall positive impact on health, morale, and loneliness. This essays draws on some theoretical perspectives and research as they inform an understanding of the power of beauty and its transformational affect on the human psyche and development.

Landscape of the Mind

Human Evolution and the Archaeology of Thought

Author: John F. Hoffecker

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 023151848X

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 8749

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In Landscape of the Mind, John F. Hoffecker explores the origin and growth of the human mind, drawing on archaeology, history, and the fossil record. He suggests that, as an indirect result of bipedal locomotion, early humans developed a feedback relationship among their hands, brains, and tools that evolved into the capacity to externalize thoughts in the form of shaped stone objects. When anatomically modern humans evolved a parallel capacity to externalize thoughts as symbolic language, individual brains within social groups became integrated into a "neocortical Internet," or super-brain, giving birth to the mind. Noting that archaeological traces of symbolism coincide with evidence of the ability to generate novel technology, Hoffecker contends that human creativity, as well as higher order consciousness, is a product of the superbrain. He equates the subsequent growth of the mind with human history, which began in Africa more than 50,000 years ago. As anatomically modern humans spread across the globe, adapting to a variety of climates and habitats, they redesigned themselves technologically and created alternative realities through tools, language, and art. Hoffecker connects the rise of civilization to a hierarchical reorganization of the super-brain, triggered by explosive population growth. Subsequent human history reflects to varying degrees the suppression of the mind's creative powers by the rigid hierarchies of nationstates and empires, constraining the further accumulation of knowledge. The modern world emerged after 1200 from the fragments of the Roman Empire, whose collapse had eliminated a central authority that could thwart innovation. Hoffecker concludes with speculation about the possibility of artificial intelligence and the consequences of a mind liberated from its organic antecedents to exist in an independent, nonbiological form.

Cave Art, Perception and Knowledge

Author: M. Rosengren

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137271973

Category: Philosophy

Page: 169

View: 7249

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Using the example of prehistoric paintings discovered in the late 19th century in Spain and France Cave Art, Perception and Knowledge inquires into epistemic questions related to images, depicting and perception that this rich material has given rise to. The book traces the outline of the doxa of cave art studies.

The Making of the Mind

The Neuroscience of Human Nature

Author: Ronald T. Kellogg

Publisher: Prometheus Books

ISBN: 1616147342

Category: Psychology

Page: 293

View: 7087

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Using the findings of recent neuroscience, a psychologist reveals what sets humans apart from all other species, offering a fascinating exploration of our marvelous and sometimes frightening cognitive abilities and potentials. According to human genome research, there is a remarkable degree of overlap in the DNA of humans and chimpanzees. So what accounts for the rapid development of human culture throughout history and the extraordinary creative and destructive aspects of human behavior that make us so different from our primate cousins? Kellogg explores in detail five distinctive parts of human cognition. These are the executive functions of working memory; a social intelligence with "mind-reading" abilities; a capacity for symbolic thought and language; an inner voice that interprets conscious experiences by making causal inferences; and a means for mental time travel to past events and imagined futures. He argues that it is the interaction of these five components that results in our uniquely human mind. This is especially true for three quintessentially human endeavors-morality, spirituality, and literacy, which can be understood only in light of the whole ensemble's interactive effects. Kellogg recaps the story of the human mind and speculates on its future. How might the Internet, 24/7 television, and smart phones affect the way the mind functions? From the Trade Paperback edition.

Die Anfänge der Kunst

Author: Ernst Grosse

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 3955074862

Category:

Page: 320

View: 5902

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In die Die Anfange der Kunst" macht sich Ernst Grosse daran, Ziele und Wege der Kunstwissenschaft zu erlautern, wobei er selbst sein Werk als einen ersten Versuch sieht und es auch als einen solchen bewertet haben mochte. Nimmt man dies als Grundlage, so sind es anregende fragmentartige und dennoch schon sehr detaillierte Ausfuhrungen zu kunstlerischen Einzelthemen wie Ornamentik, Bildnerei, Tanz, Poesie und Musik im Allgemeinen, die Grosse hier vorlegt. Sorgfaltig bearbeiteter Nachdruck der Originalausgabe von 1894.

Philosophies of art and beauty

introducing aesthetics

Author: Hugh Bredin,Liberato Santoro

Publisher: Edinburgh Univ Pr

ISBN: N.A

Category: Art

Page: 226

View: 7650

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As a historical and systematic survey of philosophies of the arts, this book provides descriptive analyses of the most significant and influential art forms which help to define European culture, past and present: literature, drama, music, architecture, sculpture and painting. They are considered in relation to theories of art, aesthetic theories and poetics, which have emerged from the human need to reflect upon the arts in order to discover their nature, value and social and cultural roles.Philosophies of Art and Beautyoffers a history of European philosophical systems and aesthetic and poetic theories together with explanatory descriptions of the major Western arts, both in their current forms and as they have developed from their beginning to the present.

Mammuts

Riesen der Eiszeit

Author: Adrian Lister,Paul G. Bahn

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783799590495

Category:

Page: 192

View: 8348

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Reich illustrierte Darstellung der Naturgeschichte der Mammuts und ihrer Bedeutung für die eiszeitliche Kultur.

A World History of Art

Author: Hugh Honour,John Fleming

Publisher: Laurence King Publishing

ISBN: 9781856694513

Category: Art

Page: 936

View: 3949

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Expanded to include the latest discoveries in prehistoric art as well as the most recent developments in non-Western and modern art, this is an up-to-date and wide ranging history of art.

Collecting in a Consumer Society

Author: Russell W. Belk

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134575998

Category: Social Science

Page: 208

View: 795

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This groundbreaking book examines the relationship between the development of the consumer society and the rise of collecting by individuals and institutions. Rusell Belk considers how and why people collect, as individuals, corporations and museums, and the impact this collecting has on us and our culture. Collecting in a Consumer Society outlines the history of museum collecting from ancient civilizations to the present. It also looks at aspects of consumer culture - advertizing, department stores, mass merchandizing, consumer desires, and how this relates to the activity of collecting. Collecting in a Consumer Society is the first book to focus on collecting as material consumption. This is a provocative and engaging book, essential reading for anyone involved with the process of collecting.

Evolution and the Emergent Self

The Rise of Complexity and Behavioral Versatility in Nature

Author: Raymond L. Neubauer

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231521685

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 4238

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Evolution and the Emergent Self is an eloquent and evocative new synthesis that explores how the human species emerged from the cosmic dust. Lucidly presenting ideas about the rise of complexity in our genetic, neuronal, ecological, and ultimately cosmological settings, the author takes readers on a provocative tour of modern science's quest to understand our place in nature and in our universe. Readers fascinated with "Big History" and drawn to examine big ideas will be challenged and enthralled by Raymond L. Neubauer's ambitious narrative. How did humans emerge from the cosmos and the pre-biotic Earth, and what mechanisms of biological, chemical, and physical sciences drove this increasingly complex process? Neubauer presents a view of nature that describes the rising complexity of life in terms of increasing information content, first in genes and then in brains. The evolution of the nervous system expanded the capacity of organisms to store information, making learning possible. In key chapters, the author portrays four species with high brain:body ratios—chimpanzees, elephants, ravens, and dolphins—showing how each species shares with humans the capacity for complex communication, elaborate social relationships, flexible behavior, tool use, and powers of abstraction. A large brain can have a hierarchical arrangement of circuits that facilitates higher levels of abstraction. Neubauer describes this constellation of qualities as an emergent self, arguing that self-awareness is nascent in several species besides humans and that potential human characteristics are embedded in the evolutionary process and have emerged repeatedly in a variety of lineages on our planet. He ultimately demonstrates that human culture is not a unique offshoot of a language-specialized primate, but an analogue of fundamental mechanisms that organisms have used since the beginning of life on Earth to gather and process information in order to buffer themselves from fluctuations in the environment. Neubauer also views these developments in a cosmic setting, detailing open thermodynamic systems that grow more complex as the energy flowing through them increases. Similar processes of increasing complexity can be found in the "self-organizing" structures of both living and nonliving forms. Recent evidence from astronomy indicates that planet formation may be nearly as frequent as star formation. Since life makes use of the elements commonly seeded into space by burning and expiring stars, it is reasonable to speculate that the evolution of life and intelligence that happened on our planet may be found across the universe.

Rouffignac

das Heiligtum der Mammuts

Author: Gerhard Bosinski

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783799590068

Category:

Page: 97

View: 2003

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Frankreich - Paläolithikum - Religionsgeschichte.