What is Criminology About?

Philosophical Reflections

Author: Don Crewe,Ronnie Lippens

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317686365

Category: Law

Page: 214

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Since its inception, criminology has had trouble answering the question of what it is about. But although many consider the answer to this question to be self-evident, this book pursues the provocative possibility that criminology does not know what the object of its study is; it merely knows what it is called. Aiming to foster dissent among those who claim to know what criminology is about – and those who don’t – writers from different schools of thought come together in this collection to answer the question "what is criminology about?" Building on a resurgence of interest in the nature of the object of criminology, their responses aim to deepen, and to expand, the current debate. This book will, then, be of considerable interest to contemporary proponents and students of criminology and law.

Philosophy, Crime, and Criminology

Author: Bruce A. Arrigo,Christopher R. Williams

Publisher: University of Illinois Press

ISBN: 9780252090417

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

View: 9815

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Philosophy, Crime, and Criminology represents the first systematic attempt to unpack the philosophical foundations of crime in Western culture. Utilizing the insights of ontology, epistemology, aesthetics, and ethics, contributors demonstrate how the reality of crime is informed by a number of implicit assumptions about the human condition and unstated values about civil society. Charting a provocative and original direction, editors Bruce A. Arrigo and Christopher R. Williams couple theoretically oriented chapters with those centered on application and case study. In doing so, they develop an insightful, sensible, and accessible approach for a philosophical criminology in step with the political and economic challenges of the twenty-first century. Revealing the ways in which philosophical conceits inform prevailing conceptions of crime, Philosophy, Crime, and Criminology is required reading for any serious student or scholar concerned with crime and its impact on society and in our lives.

What Is a Crime?

Defining Criminal Conduct in Contemporary Society

Author: Law Commission of Canada

Publisher: UBC Press

ISBN: 9780774810876

Category: Law

Page: 194

View: 2208

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We all have notions of what it means to commit a crime. Most of usare very much aware of the behaviours which, by law, constitute crime.Rarely, however, do we stop to consider why certain activities andbehaviours are deemed criminal and others are not. What Is A Crime? examines how we define criminal conduct incontemporary society, and how we respond to it once it has beenidentified. Drawing from diverse scholarly traditions, including law, sociology,criminology and socio-legal studies, this rich collection of essayslooks at the processes of defining crime and considers the varied andcomplex implications of our decisions to criminalize certain unwantedbehaviour. From the perspective of various case studies, thecontributors reflect on the social processes that inform definitions ofcrime, criminal law, and its enforcement, while illuminating thesubjective nature of crime and questioning the role of law in dealingwith complex social issues. What Is A Crime? will be of interest to a broad spectrum ofreaders with an interest in the governance of crime and its control incontemporary society. Students and scholars of law, sociology,political science, philosophy, and criminology will find this bookinvaluable in furthering their understanding of the processes ofdefining and responding to crime and criminal behaviour. It will alsohold sway with policymakers, criminal justice practitioners, and anyonewith a stake in our current approaches to crime.

Class, Race, Gender, and Crime

The Social Realities of Justice in America

Author: Gregg Barak,Paul Leighton,Jeanne Flavin

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780742546882

Category: Social Science

Page: 327

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Drawing examples from history, news stories, and popular culture, argues that crime, criminals, and the criminal justice system are socially constructed phenomena and are dependent upon social movements, political interests, media dissemination, and policymakers.

Meta-Philosophical Reflection on Feminist Philosophies of Science

Author: Maria Cristina Amoretti,Nicla Vassallo

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 331926348X

Category: Science

Page: 222

View: 9185

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This volume offers a meta-philosophical reflection on feminist philosophies of science. It emphasizes and discusses both the connections and differences between "traditional" philosophies of science and feminist philosophies of science. The collection systematically analyses feminist contributions to the various philosophies of specific sciences. Each chapter is devoted to a specific area of philosophy of science: general philosophy of science, philosophy of biology, philosophy of climate sciences, philosophy of cognitive sciences and neurosciences, philosophy of economics, philosophy of history and archaeology, philosophy of logic and mathematics, philosophy of medicine, philosophy of psychology, philosophy of physics, and philosophy of social sciences. Since some of these areas have so far rarely been addressed by feminist philosophers, this new collection provides new angels and stimulates the debate on pivotal issues that are part and parcel of both "traditional" philosophies of science and feminist philosophies of science. Using a range of different methodologies and styles, the essays all show great clarity in both arguments and contents.

Can Criminology ever be a value-free discipline?

Author: Timo Hohmuth

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3638323633

Category: Law

Page: 7

View: 7008

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Essay from the year 2000 in the subject Law - Criminal process, Criminology, Law Enforcement, grade: 2 (B), University of Newcastle upon Tyne (Law School), 7 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: Criminology is not a typical law discipline. It can be referred to as an interdisciplinary subject dealing a lot with sociology, psychology, statistics, medicine, economics, political science and geography. It is concerned with a body of knowledge about crime as a social phenomenon. A broad definition would be that crime is behaviour that breaks the law. The studies of crime are supposed to include in their scope describing, analysing and explaining the behaviour of state penal law. This seems to make criminology a rather analytical subject. But is it therefore really valuefree and, if not, should or can it ever be? If we speak of values, we mean emotional attitudes in a subjective way of seeing things as well as moral values. This examination shall basically be focused on the influence of emotional attitudes and if criminology can be free from opinions and subjective views. In some way this is the personal reflection of moral values, too. Specifying the question it should be asked if criminology is or can be practised and used in an objective and neutral way.

Essays on Philosophy in Australia

Author: Jan J.T. Srzednicki,D. Wood

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401580065

Category: History

Page: 330

View: 5046

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Philosophy flourished in Australia after the war. There was spectacular growth in both the number of departments and the number of philosophers. On top of this philosophy spread beyond the philosophy departments. Serious studies, and interest in philosophy is now common in faculties as diverse as law, science and education. Neither is this development merely quantitative, the Australian researcher has come of age and contributes widely to international debates. At least one movement originated in Australia. This makes the study of philosophy in Australia timely, evidenced by the number of articles concerned with this area that begin to appear in international journals. In Australia itself there is growing interest in the history of the country's philosophical development. There are discussions in conferences and meetings: the matter is now the subject of courses.

Criminological Theory

An Analysis of Its Underlying Assumptions

Author: Werner J. Einstadter,Stuart Henry

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780742542914

Category: Social Science

Page: 427

View: 1299

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Designed for upper-level senior and graduate criminological theory courses, this text thoroughly examines the ideas and assumptions underlying each major theoretical perspective in criminology. It lays bare theorists' ideas about human nature, social structure, social order, concepts of law, crime and criminals, the logic of crime causation and the policies and criminal justice practices that follow from these premises. The book provides students with a clear critical, analytic overview of criminological theory that enable enformed evaluative comparisons among different theorists.

Facts and Values

Philosophical Reflections from Western and Non-Western Perspectives

Author: M.C. Doeser,J.N. Kraay

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400944543

Category: Philosophy

Page: 224

View: 8554

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The answer to philosophical questions will often depend on the position one takes regarding the fact-value problem. It is, therefore, not surprising that, in the tradition of western philosophy, the past 200 years or so record an animated discussion of it. In the present collection the debate is continued by representatives of various "schools" in contemporary western thought. A number of philosophers from non-western cultures, too, enter into it. The contributions do not all reflect on the same theme, nor do they use the same approach. Essays written by philosophers sympathetic to the analytical tradition are followed by reflections on the part of those inspired by phe nomenology. A third group of contributions is by non-western thinkers, who are more likely to approach the problem in terms of culture. Their engage ment with the issue clearly shows, among other things, that it is almost exclusively in the western tradition that the fact-value distinction is often understood as an outright dichotomy. The occasion for the publication of this collection is Dr. Cornelis Anthonie van Peursen's retirement as Professor of Philosophy. This year he leaves the Free University, Amsterdam; until 1982 he was professor at the University of Leyden as well. In the Netherlands and beyond he has become known for his concern with constructive comparison of diverging philosophical trends and the cross-cultural fertilization of thought. Characteristic of his career are his efforts to render the results of academic philosophizing understand able to a broader audience.

Researching Crime and Justice

Tales from the Field

Author: Louise Westmarland

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136776311

Category: Social Science

Page: 208

View: 2084

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This book provides a practical introduction to crime and justice research, as well as presenting key research philosophies and discussing the potential problems and pitfalls of a wide range of research methods. As such, it is essential reading for criminology students and other researchers of crime and justice.

Terrorism in America

Author: Kevin Borgeson,Salem State University Massachusetts Kevin Borgeson,Robin Valeri

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers

ISBN: 0763783757

Category: Law

Page: 166

View: 8852

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Terrorism in America looks at issues of both domestic and international terrorism in the United States. Using existing FBI data and ethnographic data, this book compares and contrasts domestic sources of terrorism in the United States to those in other countries, while also discussing efforts by domestic terrorists to form alliances with foreign groups. Readers are provided with a history of counterterrorism in the United States, as well as research regarding fear of terrorism and its impact on individuals and the nation as a whole. Grounded in research and theory, this comprehensive resource will raise the public s awareness and concern about domestic terrorism, foster a growing body of research about these groups and their links to international terrorism, and stimulate efforts to curtail their actions. Important Notice: The digital edition of this book is missing some of the images or content found in the physical edition."

Emile Durkheim on Crime and Punishment (An Exegesis)

Author: Seamus Breathnach

Publisher: Universal-Publishers

ISBN: 9781581121544

Category: Law

Page: 176

View: 6294

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In civilised society the rising "crime rate" is a thing of terror. Clever governments manipulate it, the public messianically fear it, and the social scientists misunderstand it. In the face of such confusion Emile Durkheim reminds us that without a crime rate society is utterly impossible; it cannot constitute itself, maintain its solidarity, or develop morally. In short, we cannot live with or without a crime rate. This dissertation is an exegetical work, and attempts to unpack the Criminology of Emile Durkheim. It is divided into six chapters, five of which are expository, the sixth critical. It begins with a look - in overview - at Durkheim's philosophy and how it underpins his theories of crime and punishment (chap.1). By their nature theories of crime and punishment (chap.2) presuppose the more primary theoretical formulations both of evolution and society (chap.3), the one answering the theoretical time requirement, the other the spatial requirement, and each symbiotically related to the other in an integral theory of social evolution. Durkheim's treatment of the modern State (and the Conscience Collective) as an organ of social control (chap.4), is of primary importance, not least because it underpins his treatment of the broader issues, such as the connection between civil and criminal law, morality, and authority (chap. 5). Since there is hardly a serious Durkheimian proposition that is reducible to a provable or an uncontentious fact (chap. 6), it can hardly surprise us that, on the one hand, he attracted such copious criticism and, on the other, has remained, perhaps the most popular sociologist of the twentieth and twenty first centuries.

Theoretical Criminology from Modernity to Post-Modernism

Author: Wayne Morrison

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135427011

Category: Law

Page: 540

View: 2325

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This book incorporates many of the exciting debates in the social sciences and philosophy of knowledge concerning the issues of modernity and post-modernism. It sets out a new project for criminology, a criminology of modernity, and offers a sustained critique of theorizing without a concern for social totalities. This book is designed to place criminological theory at the cutting edge of contemporary debates. Wayne Morrison reviews the history and present state of criminology and identifies a range of social problems and large scale social processes which must be addressed if the subject is to attain intellectual commitment. This book marks a new development in criminological texts and will serve a valuable function not only for students and academics but for all those interested in the project of understanding crime in contemporary conditions.

The Philosophy and Practice of Corrections

Author: Marilyn McShane

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136523154

Category: Reference

Page: 392

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Published in 1997, The Philosophy and Practice of Corrections is a valuable contribution to the field of Sociology & Social Policy.

Bearing Witness to Crime and Social Justice

Author: Richard Quinney

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780791447598

Category: Social Science

Page: 289

View: 4901

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Each stage has also incorporated changes that were taking place in Quinney's personal life. Ultimately, there is no separation bewteen life and theory, between witnessing and writing."--BOOK JACKET.

The SAGE Dictionary of Criminology

Author: Eugene McLaughlin,John Muncie

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446200825

Category: Social Science

Page: 510

View: 8772

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Now in its Third Edition, this bestselling reference text has established itself as the authoritative source covering the key concepts, theories, and methods in criminology and criminal justice. Edited by Eugene McLaughlin and John Muncie, two of the leading figures in the discipline, the book is: Comprehensive: with over 300 entries, the new edition contains multiple revisions, new entries and an expanded editorial introduction Definitive: concepts are precisely defined so students have a clear understanding of the history and development of each topic Student-focused: each entry maps connections across various fields and issues and includes further reading to extend students’ knowledge International: over 90 contributions from internationally renowned academics and practitioners ensure this book is global and comparative throughout