Weaving the Web

The Original Design and Ultimate Destiny of the World Wide Web by Its Inventor

Author: Tim Berners-Lee,Mark Fischetti

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781439500361

Category: Computers

Page: 272

View: 5424

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Discusses the origins and evolution of the Web, offers insights into the current state of the Web, and shares a blueprint for the future

Weaving The Web

The Original Design And Ultimate Destiny Of The World Wide Web by Its Inventor

Author: Tim Berners-Lee,Mark Fischetti

Publisher: Turtleback

ISBN: 9780606303583

Category: Computers

Page: 246

View: 8882

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Discusses the origins and evolution of the Web, offers insights into the current state of the Web, and shares a blueprint for the future

Weaving the Web

The Past, Present and Future of the World Wide Web by Its Inventor

Author: Tim Berners-Lee,Mark Fischetti

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781587990182

Category: World Wide Web

Page: 272

View: 9604

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The World Wide Web's explosion onto the global scene is one of the most dramatic arrivals of technology in history. Consequently, myths and misconceptions about the origins, impact and future of this technology have run wild. Now, for the first time, the world hears from the man who invented the WWW. English computer scientist Tim Berners-Lee quietly laid the groundwork for the WWW (and consequently Hypertext) in 1980, created a prototype in 1990, and unleashed it to the public in 1991. Now the Head of the Worldwide Web Consortium that oversees the WWW's growth, Berners-Lee provides in this book the inside truth about where the WWW came from and the remarkable discoveries that made it the platform to today's communications revolution. He also offers an important analysis of the future development of the WWW, and the likely impact on business and society. Berners-Lee was recently described in The Observer as the man 'who invented the future, who created something which one day will be bigger than all the other industries on earth'.

How the Web was Born

The Story of the World Wide Web

Author: James Gillies,R. Cailliau

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780192862075

Category: Computers

Page: 372

View: 9797

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'This is a scholarly work for the price of a novel' -Gareth Price'It is not a light read but it is a good one!' -David Coleman, Multimedia Information and Technology, February 2001'excellent book' -New Scientist 30/9/00'a good read' -Glasgow Herald, 22/9/00

A History of the Internet and the Digital Future

Author: Johnny Ryan

Publisher: Reaktion Books

ISBN: 1861898355

Category: Computers

Page: 246

View: 1480

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A History of the Internet and the Digital Future tells the story of the development of the Internet from the 1950s to the present and examines how the balance of power has shifted between the individual and the state in the areas of censorship, copyright infringement, intellectual freedom, and terrorism and warfare. Johnny Ryan explains how the Internet has revolutionized political campaigns; how the development of the World Wide Web enfranchised a new online population of assertive, niche consumers; and how the dot-com bust taught smarter firms to capitalize on the power of digital artisans. From the government-controlled systems of the Cold War to today’s move towards cloud computing, user-driven content, and the new global commons, this book reveals the trends that are shaping the businesses, politics, and media of the digital future.

Inventing the Internet

Author: Janet Abbate

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262261332

Category: Science

Page: 268

View: 4168

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Since the late 1960s the Internet has grown from a single experimental network serving a dozen sites in the United States to a network of networks linking millions of computers worldwide. In Inventing the Internet, Janet Abbate recounts the key players and technologies that allowed the Internet to develop; but her main focus is always on the social and cultural factors that influenced the Internets design and use. The story she unfolds is an often twisting tale of collaboration and conflict among a remarkable variety of players, including government and military agencies, computer scientists in academia and industry, graduate students, telecommunications companies, standards organizations, and network users.The story starts with the early networking breakthroughs formulated in Cold War think tanks and realized in the Defense Department's creation of the ARPANET. It ends with the emergence of the Internet and its rapid and seemingly chaotic growth. Abbate looks at how academic and military influences and attitudes shaped both networks; how the usual lines between producer and user of a technology were crossed with interesting and unique results; and how later users invented their own very successful applications, such as electronic mail and the World Wide Web. She concludes that such applications continue the trend of decentralized, user-driven development that has characterized the Internet's entire history and that the key to the Internet's success has been a commitment to flexibility and diversity, both in technical design and in organizational culture.

Where Wizards Stay Up Late

The Origins Of The Internet

Author: Matthew Lyon,Katie Hafner

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 0684872161

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

View: 9129

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Twenty five years ago, it didn't exist. Today, twenty million people worldwide are surfing the Net. Where Wizards Stay Up Late is the exciting story of the pioneers responsible for creating the most talked about, most influential, and most far-reaching communications breakthrough since the invention of the telephone. In the 1960's, when computers where regarded as mere giant calculators, J.C.R. Licklider at MIT saw them as the ultimate communications devices. With Defense Department funds, he and a band of visionary computer whizzes began work on a nationwide, interlocking network of computers. Taking readers behind the scenes, Where Wizards Stay Up Late captures the hard work, genius, and happy accidents of their daring, stunningly successful venture.

A Framework for Web Science

Author: Tim Berners-Lee,Wendy Hall,James A. Hendler

Publisher: Now Publishers Inc

ISBN: 1933019336

Category: Computers

Page: 134

View: 7968

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A Framework for Web Science sets out a series of approaches to the analysis and synthesis of the World Wide Web, and other web-like information structures. A comprehensive set of research questions is outlined, together with a sub-disciplinary breakdown, emphasising the multi-faceted nature of the Web, and the multi-disciplinary nature of its study and development. These questions and approaches together set out an agenda for Web Science, the science of decentralised information systems. Web Science is required both as a way to understand the Web, and as a way to focus its development on key communicational and representational requirements. A Framework for Web Science surveys central engineering issues, such as the development of the Semantic Web, Web services and P2P. Analytic approaches to discover the Web's topology, or its graph-like structures, are examined. Finally, the Web as a technology is essentially socially embedded; therefore various issues and requirements for Web use and governance are also reviewed. A Framework for Web Science is aimed primarily at researchers and developers in the area of Web-based knowledge management and information retrieval. It will also be an invaluable reference for students in computer science at the postgraduate level, academics and industrial practitioners.

Being Digital

Author: Nicholas Negroponte

Publisher: Vintage

ISBN: 1101911824

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 272

View: 4930

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In lively, mordantly witty prose, Negroponte decodes the mysteries--and debunks the hype--surrounding bandwidth, multimedia, virtual reality, and the Internet, and explains why such touted innovations as the fax and the CD-ROM are likely to go the way of the BetaMax. "Succinct and readable. . . . If you suffer from digital anxiety . . . here is a book that lays it all out for you."--Newsday.

Mozart's Brain and the Fighter Pilot

Unleashing Your Brain's Potential

Author: Richard Restak, M.D.

Publisher: Harmony

ISBN: 0307421309

Category: Self-Help

Page: 224

View: 955

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In Mozart’s Brain and the Fighter Pilot, eminent neuropsychiatrist and bestselling author Richard Restak, M.D., combines the latest research in neurology and psychology to show us how to get our brain up to speed for managing every aspect of our busy lives. Everything we think and everything we choose to do alters our brain and fundamentally changes who we are, a process that continues until the end of our lives. Few people think of the brain as being susceptible to change in its actual structure, but in fact we can preselect the kind of brain we will have by continually exposing ourselves to rich and varied life experiences. Unlike other organs that eventually wear out with repeated and sustained use, the brain actually improves the more we challenge it. Most of us incorporate some kind of physical exercise into our daily lives. We do this to improve our bodies and health and generally make us feel better. Why not do the same for the brain? The more we exercise it, the better it performs and the better we feel. Think of Restak as a personal trainer for your brain—he will help you assess your mental strengths and weaknesses, and his entertaining book will set you to thinking about the world and the people around you in a new light, providing you with improved and varied skills and capabilities. From interacting with colleagues to recognizing your own psychological makeup, from understanding the way you see something to why you’re looking at it in the first place, from explaining the cause of panic attacks to warding off performance anxiety, this book will tell you the whys and hows of the brain’s workings. Packed with practical advice and fascinating examples drawn from history, literature, and science, Mozart’s Brain and the Fighter Pilot provides twenty-eight informative and realistic steps that we can all take to improve our brainpower. From the Hardcover edition.

How the Internet Became Commercial

Innovation, Privatization, and the Birth of a New Network

Author: Shane Greenstein

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400874297

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 488

View: 7394

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In less than a decade, the Internet went from being a series of loosely connected networks used by universities and the military to the powerful commercial engine it is today. This book describes how many of the key innovations that made this possible came from entrepreneurs and iconoclasts who were outside the mainstream—and how the commercialization of the Internet was by no means a foregone conclusion at its outset. Shane Greenstein traces the evolution of the Internet from government ownership to privatization to the commercial Internet we know today. This is a story of innovation from the edges. Greenstein shows how mainstream service providers that had traditionally been leaders in the old-market economy became threatened by innovations from industry outsiders who saw economic opportunities where others didn't—and how these mainstream firms had no choice but to innovate themselves. New models were tried: some succeeded, some failed. Commercial markets turned innovations into valuable products and services as the Internet evolved in those markets. New business processes had to be created from scratch as a network originally intended for research and military defense had to deal with network interconnectivity, the needs of commercial users, and a host of challenges with implementing innovative new services. How the Internet Became Commercial demonstrates how, without any central authority, a unique and vibrant interplay between government and private industry transformed the Internet.

The Chip

How Two Americans Invented the Microchip and Launched a Revolution

Author: T.R. Reid

Publisher: Random House

ISBN: 0307432033

Category: Computers

Page: 320

View: 1459

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Barely fifty years ago a computer was a gargantuan, vastly expensive thing that only a handful of scientists had ever seen. The world’s brightest engineers were stymied in their quest to make these machines small and affordable until the solution finally came from two ingenious young Americans. Jack Kilby and Robert Noyce hit upon the stunning discovery that would make possible the silicon microchip, a work that would ultimately earn Kilby the Nobel Prize for physics in 2000. In this completely revised and updated edition of The Chip, T.R. Reid tells the gripping adventure story of their invention and of its growth into a global information industry. This is the story of how the digital age began. From the Trade Paperback edition.

The Unfinished Revolution

Human-Centered Computers and What They Can Do for Us

Author: Michael L. Dertouzos

Publisher: HarperBusiness

ISBN: 9780066620671

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 240

View: 919

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If our cars were as difficult to drive as our computers are to operate, they would never leave the garage. Yet everyday we put up with infuriating complications and incomprehensible error messages that spew forth from our technology: software upgrades crash our machines, Web sites take forever to download, e-mail overwhelms us. We spend endless time on the phone waiting for automated assistance. In effect, we continue to serve our machines' lowly needs, instead of insisting that they serve us -- a situation that will only get worse as millions of new mobile devices arrive on the scene. Our world doesn't have to be this way. It shouldn't be this way. Wouldn't it be great if using your computer was as effortless as steering your car? In The Unfinished Revolution, Michael Dertouzos introduces human-centered computing a radical change in the way we fashion and use computer systems that will ultimately make this goal possible. The Unfinished Revolution is nothing less than an inspired manifesto for the future of computing. Dertouzos's vision will change how businesses, organizations, and governments work with each other, and how individuals interact. It represents the dawn of a new era in information technology. Human-centered computing goes well beyond the empty promises of "user-friendly" interfaces. At its foundation are five key technologies that will dramatically amplify our human capabilities: natural interaction, automation, individualized information access, collaboration, and customization. Human-centered systems will understand us when we speak to them; will do much of our routine brainwork for us; will get us the information we want, when and where we want it; will help us work with other people across space and time; and will adapt on their own to our individual needs and desires. By exploiting these five emerging technologies in combination -- in our professional specialties and in our personal lives -- we will see a vast increase in our productivity and a marked change in the ways we live and work. Human-centered technologies will make computers simpler, more natural, and more useful to us. The collective benefits of human-centered machines will give ordinary people capabilities that go beyond those enjoyed today by the most privileged. Human-centered systems will give us the gaspedal, brakes, and steering wheel of the Information Age. When can all this happen? Dertouzos says the time to start is now. You can begin simplifying and improving your relationship with computers today. Dertouzos offers dozens of scenarios that illustrate the potential of human centered computing, as well as a preview of the MIT Oxygen project -- a prototype now under development that aims to make pervasive human-centered computing a reality. Dertouzos also provides the new century's first glimpse of how upcoming information technology advances will significantly improve our lives and truly revolutionize our relationships with the computer. This is a book for everyone, professionals and nonspecialists, who yearn for machines that live up to the grand promise of the Information Revolution -- fulfilling real human needs with greater simplicity -- that still lingers unfulfilled. The Unfinished Revlolution is for those who want to enhance their computer productivity and fun, in short, for every person who wants to do more by doing less.

A Brief History of the Future

Author: John Naughton

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 1474602770

Category: Computers

Page: 352

View: 8977

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The Internet is the most remarkable thing human beings have built since the Pyramids. John Naughton's book intersperses wonderful personal stories with an authoritative account of where the Net actually came from, who invented it and why and where it might be taking us. Most of us have no idea how the Internet works, or who created it. Even fewer have any idea what it means for society and the future. In a cynical age, John Naughton has not lost his capacity for wonder. He examines the nature of his own enthusiasm for technology and traces its roots in his lonely childhood and in his relationship with his father. A Brief History of the Future is an intensely personal celebration of vision and altruism, ingenuity and determination and, above all, of the power of ideas, passionately felt, to change the world.

Networks of Innovation

Change and Meaning in the Age of the Internet

Author: Ilkka Tuomi

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780199269051

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 251

View: 3413

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Innovations are adopted when users integrate them in meaningful ways into existing social practices. Histories of major technological innovations show that often the creative initiative of users and user communities becomes the determining factor in the evolution of particular innovations. The evolutionary routes of the telephone, the Internet, the World Wide Web, email, and the Linux operating system all took their developers by surprise. Articulation of these technologies as meaningfulproducts and systems was made possible by innovative users and unintended resources. Iterative and interactive models have replaced the traditional linear model of innovation during the last decade. Yet, heroic innovators and entrepreneurs, unambiguous functionality of products, and a focus on the up-stream aspects of innovation still underlie much discussion on innovation, intellectual property rights, technology policy, and product development. Coherent conceptual, theoretical and practical conclusions from research on knowledge creation, theory of learning, history of technology, and the social basis of innovative change have rarely been made. This book argues that innovation is about creating meaning; that it is inherently social; and is grounded in existing social practices. To understand the social basis of innovation and technology development we have to move beyond the traditional product-centric view on innovations. Integrating concepts from several disciplinary perspectives and detailed analyses of the evolution of Internet-related innovations, including packet-switched computer networks, World Wide Web, and the Linux open source operating system, the book develops foundations for a new theoretical and practical understanding of innovation. For example, it shows that innovative development can occur in two qualitatively different ways, one based on evolving specialization and the other based on recombination of existing socially produced resources. The expanding communication and collaboration networks have increased the importance of the recombinatory mode making mobility of resources, sociotechnical translation mechanisms, and meaning creation in communities of practice increasingly important for innovation research and product development.

Dogs of God

Columbus, the Inquisition, and the Defeat of the Moors

Author: James Reston

Publisher: Anchor

ISBN: 1400031915

Category: History

Page: 363

View: 4823

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A compelling historical analysis of the pivotal events of the year 1492 focuses on the role of the Spanish Inquisition in strengthening the power of King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella, the campaign against Moorish occupation, the expulsion of the Spanish Jews, and the beginning of the Spanish conquest of the New World. Reprint. 25,000 first printing.

Guiliani

Nasty Man

Author: Ed Koch

Publisher: Barricade Books Incorporated

ISBN: 9781569803370

Category: Political Science

Page: 174

View: 3488

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In the pantheon of politicians people love to hate, Rudy Giuliani is number one. But how much Rudy-bashing is mindless, and how much is meaningful? Former New York City mayor Ed Koch answers that question in Giuliani: Nasty Man, which chronicles Giuliani's two terms in office from the vantage point of a man qualified to judge a Big Apple mayor's performance. Koch exposes Giuliani's nastiness as an impediment to effective governing.

Economic Analysis of the Digital Economy

Author: Avi Goldfarb,Shane M. Greenstein,Catherine E. Tucker

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022620684X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 497

View: 447

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There is a small and growing literature that explores the impact of digitization in a variety of contexts, but its economic consequences, surprisingly, remain poorly understood. This volume aims to set the agenda for research in the economics of digitization, with each chapter identifying a promising area of research. Economics of Digitizationidentifies urgent topics with research already underway that warrant further exploration from economists. In addition to the growing importance of digitization itself, digital technologies have some features that suggest that many well-studied economic models may not apply and, indeed, so many aspects of the digital economy throw normal economics in a loop.Economics of Digitization will be one of the first to focus on the economic implications of digitization and to bring together leading scholars in the economics of digitization to explore emerging research.

Blood of the Reich

A Novel

Author: William Dietrich

Publisher: Harper Collins

ISBN: 0062079433

Category: Fiction

Page: 576

View: 4601

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“WilliamDietrich...should be read by anyone who loves adventure at its grandest!”—James Rollins, author of Alter of Eden Atthe height of WWII, a quartet of daring American adventurers pits theircunning against a cadre of Nazi S.S. agents seeking to acquire a powerfulweapon for the Fuhrer’s arsenal; today, as the Nazi specter begins to rear itshead once again, the descendants of those long-ago adventurers must unlock thesecrets of their forebears’ mission in order to save the world from Hitler’sresurgent Reich. Now, modern science and ancient Tibetan mythology surround adaring zoologist and a beautiful aviatrix who are all that stand between theNazis and world domination in New YorkTimes bestselling author William Dietrich’s Blood of the Reich, a knockout stand-alone novel perfect for fansof Ken Follett, Frederick Forsyth, and Thor Brad.