Using R for Introductory Statistics

Author: John Verzani

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1315360306

Category: Mathematics

Page: 518

View: 8305

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The second edition of a bestselling textbook, Using R for Introductory Statistics guides students through the basics of R, helping them overcome the sometimes steep learning curve. The author does this by breaking the material down into small, task-oriented steps. The second edition maintains the features that made the first edition so popular, while updating data, examples, and changes to R in line with the current version. See What’s New in the Second Edition: Increased emphasis on more idiomatic R provides a grounding in the functionality of base R. Discussions of the use of RStudio helps new R users avoid as many pitfalls as possible. Use of knitr package makes code easier to read and therefore easier to reason about. Additional information on computer-intensive approaches motivates the traditional approach. Updated examples and data make the information current and topical. The book has an accompanying package, UsingR, available from CRAN, R’s repository of user-contributed packages. The package contains the data sets mentioned in the text (data(package="UsingR")), answers to selected problems (answers()), a few demonstrations (demo()), the errata (errata()), and sample code from the text. The topics of this text line up closely with traditional teaching progression; however, the book also highlights computer-intensive approaches to motivate the more traditional approach. The authors emphasize realistic data and examples and rely on visualization techniques to gather insight. They introduce statistics and R seamlessly, giving students the tools they need to use R and the information they need to navigate the sometimes complex world of statistical computing.

Handbook of Statistics

Computational Statistics with R

Author: N.A

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 044463441X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 412

View: 1613

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R is open source statistical computing software. Since the R core group was formed in 1997, R has been extended by a very large number of packages with extensive documentation along with examples freely available on the internet. It offers a large number of statistical and numerical methods and graphical tools and visualization of extraordinarily high quality. R was recently ranked in 14th place by the Transparent Language Popularity Index and 6th as a scripting language, after PHP, Python, and Perl. The book is designed so that it can be used right away by novices while appealing to experienced users as well. Each article begins with a data example that can be downloaded directly from the R website. Data analysis questions are articulated following the presentation of the data. The necessary R commands are spelled out and executed and the output is presented and discussed. Other examples of data sets with a different flavor and different set of commands but following the theme of the article are presented as well. Each chapter predents a hands-on-experience. R has superb graphical outlays and the book brings out the essentials in this arena. The end user can benefit immensely by applying the graphics to enhance research findings. The core statistical methodologies such as regression, survival analysis, and discrete data are all covered. Addresses data examples that can be downloaded directly from the R website No other source is needed to gain practical experience Focus on the essentials in graphical outlays

Immobilienbewertung mit hedonischen Preismodellen

Theoretische Grundlagen und praktische Anwendung

Author: Gunther Maier,Shanaka Herath

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658028629

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 199

View: 2314

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Im Gegensatz zur traditionellen Immobilienbewertung geht die Methode der hedonischen Preise nicht von dem zu bewertenden Objekt, sondern von den vorhandenen Informationen über die entsprechenden Ereignisse und die involvierten Immobilien aus. "Entsprechende Ereignisse" sind etwa Immobilientransaktionen, Abschlüsse von Mietverträgen oder Immobilienangebote. Mit statistisch-ökonometrischen Methoden werden aus diesen Informationen die hedonischen Preise der beobachtbaren Eigenschaften der Immobilie geschätzt. Wie dies geschieht, ist Gegenstand dieses Buches.

R in a Nutshell

Author: Joseph Adler

Publisher: O'Reilly Germany

ISBN: 3897216507

Category: Computers

Page: 768

View: 2883

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Wozu sollte man R lernen? Da gibt es viele Gründe: Weil man damit natürlich ganz andere Möglichkeiten hat als mit einer Tabellenkalkulation wie Excel, aber auch mehr Spielraum als mit gängiger Statistiksoftware wie SPSS und SAS. Anders als bei diesen Programmen hat man nämlich direkten Zugriff auf dieselbe, vollwertige Programmiersprache, mit der die fertigen Analyse- und Visualisierungsmethoden realisiert sind – so lassen sich nahtlos eigene Algorithmen integrieren und komplexe Arbeitsabläufe realisieren. Und nicht zuletzt, weil R offen gegenüber beliebigen Datenquellen ist, von der einfachen Textdatei über binäre Fremdformate bis hin zu den ganz großen relationalen Datenbanken. Zudem ist R Open Source und erobert momentan von der universitären Welt aus die professionelle Statistik. R kann viel. Und Sie können viel mit R machen – wenn Sie wissen, wie es geht. Willkommen in der R-Welt: Installieren Sie R und stöbern Sie in Ihrem gut bestückten Werkzeugkasten: Sie haben eine Konsole und eine grafische Benutzeroberfläche, unzählige vordefinierte Analyse- und Visualisierungsoperationen – und Pakete, Pakete, Pakete. Für quasi jeden statistischen Anwendungsbereich können Sie sich aus dem reichen Schatz der R-Community bedienen. Sprechen Sie R! Sie müssen Syntax und Grammatik von R nicht lernen – wie im Auslandsurlaub kommen Sie auch hier gut mit ein paar aufgeschnappten Brocken aus. Aber es lohnt sich: Wenn Sie wissen, was es mit R-Objekten auf sich hat, wie Sie eigene Funktionen schreiben und Ihre eigenen Pakete schnüren, sind Sie bei der Analyse Ihrer Daten noch flexibler und effektiver. Datenanalyse und Statistik in der Praxis: Anhand unzähliger Beispiele aus Medizin, Wirtschaft, Sport und Bioinformatik lernen Sie, wie Sie Daten aufbereiten, mithilfe der Grafikfunktionen des lattice-Pakets darstellen, statistische Tests durchführen und Modelle anpassen. Danach werden Ihnen Ihre Daten nichts mehr verheimlichen.

Statistical Computing with R

Author: Maria L. Rizzo

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1584885459

Category: Mathematics

Page: 416

View: 1255

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Computational statistics and statistical computing are two areas that employ computational, graphical, and numerical approaches to solve statistical problems, making the versatile R language an ideal computing environment for these fields. One of the first books on these topics to feature R, Statistical Computing with R covers the traditional core material of computational statistics, with an emphasis on using the R language via an examples-based approach. Suitable for an introductory course in computational statistics or for self-study, it includes R code for all examples and R notes to help explain the R programming concepts. After an overview of computational statistics and an introduction to the R computing environment, the book reviews some basic concepts in probability and classical statistical inference. Each subsequent chapter explores a specific topic in computational statistics. These chapters cover the simulation of random variables from probability distributions, the visualization of multivariate data, Monte Carlo integration and variance reduction methods, Monte Carlo methods in inference, bootstrap and jackknife, permutation tests, Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) methods, and density estimation. The final chapter presents a selection of examples that illustrate the application of numerical methods using R functions. Focusing on implementation rather than theory, this text serves as a balanced, accessible introduction to computational statistics and statistical computing.

Using the R Commander

A Point-and-Click Interface for R

Author: John Fox

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1498741932

Category: Mathematics

Page: 219

View: 2302

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This book provides a general introduction to the R Commander graphical user interface (GUI) to R for readers who are unfamiliar with R. It is suitable for use as a supplementary text in a basic or intermediate-level statistics course. It is not intended to replace a basic or other statistics text but rather to complement it, although it does promote sound statistical practice in the examples. The book should also be useful to individual casual or occasional users of R for whom the standard command-line interface is an obstacle. tinyurl.com/RcmdrBook The site includes data files used in the book and an errata list. http://socserv.mcmaster.ca/jfox/Books/RCommander/Writing-Rcmdr-Plugins.pdf Writing R Commander Plug-in Packages

Hidden Markov Models for Time Series

An Introduction Using R, Second Edition

Author: Walter Zucchini,Iain L. MacDonald,Roland Langrock

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482253844

Category: Mathematics

Page: 370

View: 1588

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Hidden Markov Models for Time Series: An Introduction Using R, Second Edition illustrates the great flexibility of hidden Markov models (HMMs) as general-purpose models for time series data. The book provides a broad understanding of the models and their uses. After presenting the basic model formulation, the book covers estimation, forecasting, decoding, prediction, model selection, and Bayesian inference for HMMs. Through examples and applications, the authors describe how to extend and generalize the basic model so that it can be applied in a rich variety of situations. The book demonstrates how HMMs can be applied to a wide range of types of time series: continuous-valued, circular, multivariate, binary, bounded and unbounded counts, and categorical observations. It also discusses how to employ the freely available computing environment R to carry out the computations. Features Presents an accessible overview of HMMs Explores a variety of applications in ecology, finance, epidemiology, climatology, and sociology Includes numerous theoretical and programming exercises Provides most of the analysed data sets online New to the second edition A total of five chapters on extensions, including HMMs for longitudinal data, hidden semi-Markov models and models with continuous-valued state process New case studies on animal movement, rainfall occurrence and capture–recapture data

The R Software

Fundamentals of Programming and Statistical Analysis

Author: Pierre Lafaye de Micheaux,Rémy Drouilhet,Benoit Liquet

Publisher: Springer Science & Business

ISBN: 1461490200

Category: Computers

Page: 628

View: 5951

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The contents of The R Software are presented so as to be both comprehensive and easy for the reader to use. Besides its application as a self-learning text, this book can support lectures on R at any level from beginner to advanced. This book can serve as a textbook on R for beginners as well as more advanced users, working on Windows, MacOs or Linux OSes. The first part of the book deals with the heart of the R language and its fundamental concepts, including data organization, import and export, various manipulations, documentation, plots, programming and maintenance. The last chapter in this part deals with oriented object programming as well as interfacing R with C/C++ or Fortran, and contains a section on debugging techniques. This is followed by the second part of the book, which provides detailed explanations on how to perform many standard statistical analyses, mainly in the Biostatistics field. Topics from mathematical and statistical settings that are included are matrix operations, integration, optimization, descriptive statistics, simulations, confidence intervals and hypothesis testing, simple and multiple linear regression, and analysis of variance. Each statistical chapter in the second part relies on one or more real biomedical data sets, kindly made available by the Bordeaux School of Public Health (Institut de Santé Publique, d'Épidémiologie et de Développement - ISPED) and described at the beginning of the book. Each chapter ends with an assessment section: memorandum of most important terms, followed by a section of theoretical exercises (to be done on paper), which can be used as questions for a test. Moreover, worksheets enable the reader to check his new abilities in R. Solutions to all exercises and worksheets are included in this book.

R in a Nutshell

A Desktop Quick Reference

Author: Joseph Adler

Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."

ISBN: 1449358233

Category: Computers

Page: 724

View: 9237

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If you’re considering R for statistical computing and data visualization, this book provides a quick and practical guide to just about everything you can do with the open source R language and software environment. You’ll learn how to write R functions and use R packages to help you prepare, visualize, and analyze data. Author Joseph Adler illustrates each process with a wealth of examples from medicine, business, and sports. Updated for R 2.14 and 2.15, this second edition includes new and expanded chapters on R performance, the ggplot2 data visualization package, and parallel R computing with Hadoop. Get started quickly with an R tutorial and hundreds of examples Explore R syntax, objects, and other language details Find thousands of user-contributed R packages online, including Bioconductor Learn how to use R to prepare data for analysis Visualize your data with R’s graphics, lattice, and ggplot2 packages Use R to calculate statistical fests, fit models, and compute probability distributions Speed up intensive computations by writing parallel R programs for Hadoop Get a complete desktop reference to R

Analyzing Baseball Data with R

Author: Max Marchi,Jim Albert

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466570237

Category: Mathematics

Page: 334

View: 6706

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With its flexible capabilities and open-source platform, R has become a major tool for analyzing detailed, high-quality baseball data. Analyzing Baseball Data with R provides an introduction to R for sabermetricians, baseball enthusiasts, and students interested in exploring the rich sources of baseball data. It equips readers with the necessary skills and software tools to perform all of the analysis steps, from gathering the datasets and entering them in a convenient format to visualizing the data via graphs to performing a statistical analysis. The authors first present an overview of publicly available baseball datasets and a gentle introduction to the type of data structures and exploratory and data management capabilities of R. They also cover the traditional graphics functions in the base package and introduce more sophisticated graphical displays available through the lattice and ggplot2 packages. Much of the book illustrates the use of R through popular sabermetrics topics, including the Pythagorean formula, runs expectancy, career trajectories, simulation of games and seasons, patterns of streaky behavior of players, and fielding measures. Each chapter contains exercises that encourage readers to perform their own analyses using R. All of the datasets and R code used in the text are available online. This book helps readers answer questions about baseball teams, players, and strategy using large, publically available datasets. It offers detailed instructions on downloading the datasets and putting them into formats that simplify data exploration and analysis. Through the book’s various examples, readers will learn about modern sabermetrics and be able to conduct their own baseball analyses.

Introductory Fisheries Analyses with R

Author: Derek H. Ogle

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1315360187

Category: Mathematics

Page: 317

View: 2476

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A How-To Guide for Conducting Common Fisheries-Related Analyses in R Introductory Fisheries Analyses with R provides detailed instructions on performing basic fisheries stock assessment analyses in the R environment. Accessible to practicing fisheries scientists as well as advanced undergraduate and graduate students, the book demonstrates the flexibility and power of R, offers insight into the reproducibility of script-based analyses, and shows how the use of R leads to more efficient and productive work in fisheries science. The first three chapters present a minimal introduction to the R environment that builds a foundation for the fisheries-specific analyses in the remainder of the book. These chapters help you become familiar with R for basic fisheries analyses and graphics. Subsequent chapters focus on methods to analyze age comparisons, age-length keys, size structure, weight-length relationships, condition, abundance (from capture-recapture and depletion data), mortality rates, individual growth, and the stock-recruit relationship. The fundamental statistical methods of linear regression, analysis of variance (ANOVA), and nonlinear regression are demonstrated within the contexts of these common fisheries analyses. For each analysis, the author completely explains the R functions and provides sufficient background information so that you can confidently implement each method. Web Resource The author’s website at http://derekogle.com/IFAR/ includes the data files and R code for each chapter, enabling you to reproduce the results in the book as well as create your own scripts. The site also offers supplemental code for more advanced analyses and practice exercises for every chapter.

R für Dummies

Author: Andrie de Vries,Joris Meys

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527812520

Category: Computers

Page: 414

View: 5553

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Wollen Sie auch die umfangreichen Möglichkeiten von R nutzen, um Ihre Daten zu analysieren, sind sich aber nicht sicher, ob Sie mit der Programmiersprache wirklich zurechtkommen? Keine Sorge - dieses Buch zeigt Ihnen, wie es geht - selbst wenn Sie keine Vorkenntnisse in der Programmierung oder Statistik haben. Andrie de Vries und Joris Meys zeigen Ihnen Schritt für Schritt und anhand zahlreicher Beispiele, was Sie alles mit R machen können und vor allem wie Sie es machen können. Von den Grundlagen und den ersten Skripten bis hin zu komplexen statistischen Analysen und der Erstellung aussagekräftiger Grafiken. Auch fortgeschrittenere Nutzer finden in diesem Buch viele Tipps und Tricks, die Ihnen die Datenauswertung erleichtern.

Linear Mixed-Effects Models Using R

A Step-by-Step Approach

Author: Andrzej Gałecki,Tomasz Burzykowski

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461439000

Category: Mathematics

Page: 542

View: 2082

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Linear mixed-effects models (LMMs) are an important class of statistical models that can be used to analyze correlated data. Such data are encountered in a variety of fields including biostatistics, public health, psychometrics, educational measurement, and sociology. This book aims to support a wide range of uses for the models by applied researchers in those and other fields by providing state-of-the-art descriptions of the implementation of LMMs in R. To help readers to get familiar with the features of the models and the details of carrying them out in R, the book includes a review of the most important theoretical concepts of the models. The presentation connects theory, software and applications. It is built up incrementally, starting with a summary of the concepts underlying simpler classes of linear models like the classical regression model, and carrying them forward to LMMs. A similar step-by-step approach is used to describe the R tools for LMMs. All the classes of linear models presented in the book are illustrated using real-life data. The book also introduces several novel R tools for LMMs, including new class of variance-covariance structure for random-effects, methods for influence diagnostics and for power calculations. They are included into an R package that should assist the readers in applying these and other methods presented in this text.

R Graphics, Second Edition

Author: Paul Murrell

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439831777

Category: Computers

Page: 546

View: 4957

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Extensively updated to reflect the evolution of statistics and computing, the second edition of the bestselling R Graphics comes complete with new packages and new examples. Paul Murrell, widely known as the leading expert on R graphics, has developed an in-depth resource that helps both neophyte and seasoned users master the intricacies of R graphics. New in the Second Edition Updated information on the core graphics engine, the traditional graphics system, the grid graphics system, and the lattice package A new chapter on the ggplot2 package New chapters on applications and extensions of R Graphics, including geographic maps, dynamic and interactive graphics, and node-and-edge graphs Organized into five parts, R Graphics covers both "traditional" and newer, R-specific graphics systems. The book reviews the graphics facilities of the R language and describes R’s powerful grid graphics system. It then covers the graphics engine, which represents a common set of fundamental graphics facilities, and provides a series of brief overviews of the major areas of application for R graphics and the major extensions of R graphics.

Reproducible Finance with R

Code Flows and Shiny Apps for Portfolio Analysis

Author: Jonathan K. Regenstein, Jr.

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351052608

Category: Mathematics

Page: 230

View: 9942

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Reproducible Finance with R: Code Flows and Shiny Apps for Portfolio Analysis is a unique introduction to data science for investment management that explores the three major R/finance coding paradigms, emphasizes data visualization, and explains how to build a cohesive suite of functioning Shiny applications. The full source code, asset price data and live Shiny applications are available at reproduciblefinance.com. The ideal reader works in finance or wants to work in finance and has a desire to learn R code and Shiny through simple, yet practical real-world examples. The book begins with the first step in data science: importing and wrangling data, which in the investment context means importing asset prices, converting to returns, and constructing a portfolio. The next section covers risk and tackles descriptive statistics such as standard deviation, skewness, kurtosis, and their rolling histories. The third section focuses on portfolio theory, analyzing the Sharpe Ratio, CAPM, and Fama French models. The book concludes with applications for finding individual asset contribution to risk and for running Monte Carlo simulations. For each of these tasks, the three major coding paradigms are explored and the work is wrapped into interactive Shiny dashboards. ? ?

Computational Actuarial Science with R

Author: Arthur Charpentier

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1498759823

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 656

View: 3228

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A Hands-On Approach to Understanding and Using Actuarial Models Computational Actuarial Science with R provides an introduction to the computational aspects of actuarial science. Using simple R code, the book helps you understand the algorithms involved in actuarial computations. It also covers more advanced topics, such as parallel computing and C/C++ embedded codes. After an introduction to the R language, the book is divided into four parts. The first one addresses methodology and statistical modeling issues. The second part discusses the computational facets of life insurance, including life contingencies calculations and prospective life tables. Focusing on finance from an actuarial perspective, the next part presents techniques for modeling stock prices, nonlinear time series, yield curves, interest rates, and portfolio optimization. The last part explains how to use R to deal with computational issues of nonlife insurance. Taking a do-it-yourself approach to understanding algorithms, this book demystifies the computational aspects of actuarial science. It shows that even complex computations can usually be done without too much trouble. Datasets used in the text are available in an R package (CASdatasets).

Extending the Linear Model with R

Generalized Linear, Mixed Effects and Nonparametric Regression Models

Author: Julian J. Faraway

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780203492284

Category: Mathematics

Page: 312

View: 7915

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Linear models are central to the practice of statistics and form the foundation of a vast range of statistical methodologies. Julian J. Faraway's critically acclaimed Linear Models with R examined regression and analysis of variance, demonstrated the different methods available, and showed in which situations each one applies. Following in those fo

Introduction to Scientific Programming and Simulation Using R

Author: Owen Jones,Robert Maillardet,Andrew Robinson

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420068740

Category: Mathematics

Page: 472

View: 1795

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Known for its versatility, the free programming language R is widely used for statistical computing and graphics, but is also a fully functional programming language well suited to scientific programming. An Introduction to Scientific Programming and Simulation Using R teaches the skills needed to perform scientific programming while also introducing stochastic modelling. Stochastic modelling in particular, and mathematical modelling in general, are intimately linked to scientific programming because the numerical techniques of scientific programming enable the practical application of mathematical models to real-world problems. Following a natural progression that assumes no prior knowledge of programming or probability, the book is organised into four main sections: Programming In R starts with how to obtain and install R (for Windows, MacOS, and Unix platforms), then tackles basic calculations and program flow, before progressing to function based programming, data structures, graphics, and object-oriented code A Primer on Numerical Mathematics introduces concepts of numerical accuracy and program efficiency in the context of root-finding, integration, and optimization A Self-contained Introduction to Probability Theory takes readers as far as the Weak Law of Large Numbers and the Central Limit Theorem, equipping them for point and interval estimation Simulation teaches how to generate univariate random variables, do Monte-Carlo integration, and variance reduction techniques In the last section, stochastic modelling is introduced using extensive case studies on epidemics, inventory management, and plant dispersal. A tried and tested pedagogic approach is employed throughout, with numerous examples, exercises, and a suite of practice projects. Unlike most guides to R, this volume is not about the application of statistical techniques, but rather shows how to turn algorithms into code. It is for those who want to make tools, not just use them.

Causal Inference for Statistics, Social, and Biomedical Sciences

An Introduction

Author: Guido W. Imbens,Donald B. Rubin

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316094391

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

View: 405

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Most questions in social and biomedical sciences are causal in nature: what would happen to individuals, or to groups, if part of their environment were changed? In this groundbreaking text, two world-renowned experts present statistical methods for studying such questions. This book starts with the notion of potential outcomes, each corresponding to the outcome that would be realized if a subject were exposed to a particular treatment or regime. In this approach, causal effects are comparisons of such potential outcomes. The fundamental problem of causal inference is that we can only observe one of the potential outcomes for a particular subject. The authors discuss how randomized experiments allow us to assess causal effects and then turn to observational studies. They lay out the assumptions needed for causal inference and describe the leading analysis methods, including matching, propensity-score methods, and instrumental variables. Many detailed applications are included, with special focus on practical aspects for the empirical researcher.

Programmieren mit R

Author: Uwe Ligges

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3540267328

Category: Mathematics

Page: 237

View: 5403

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R ist eine objekt-orientierte und interpretierte Sprache und Programmierumgebung für Datenanalyse und Grafik - frei erhältlich unter der GPL. Ziel dieses Buches ist es, nicht nur ausführlich in die Grundlagen der Sprache R einzuführen, sondern auch ein Verständnis der Struktur der Sprache zu vermitteln. Leicht können so eigene Methoden umgesetzt, Objektklassen definiert und ganze Pakete aus Funktionen und zugehöriger Dokumentation zusammengestellt werden. Die enormen Grafikfähigkeiten von R werden detailliert beschrieben. Das Buch richtet sich an alle, die R als flexibles Werkzeug zur Datenenalyse und -visualisierung einsetzen möchten: Studierende, die Daten in Projekten oder für ihre Diplomarbeit analysieren möchten, Forschende, die neue Methoden ausprobieren möchten, und diejenigen, die in der Wirtschaft täglich Daten aufbereiten, analysieren und anderen in komprimierter Form präsentieren.