Unsupervised Learning with R

Author: Erik Rodriguez Pacheco

Publisher: Packt Publishing Ltd

ISBN: 1785885812

Category: Computers

Page: 192

View: 9855

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Work with over 40 packages to draw inferences from complex datasets and find hidden patterns in raw unstructured data About This Book Unlock and discover how to tackle clusters of raw data through practical examples in R Explore your data and create your own models from scratch Analyze the main aspects of unsupervised learning with this comprehensive, practical step-by-step guide Who This Book Is For This book is intended for professionals who are interested in data analysis using unsupervised learning techniques, as well as data analysts, statisticians, and data scientists seeking to learn to use R to apply data mining techniques. Knowledge of R, machine learning, and mathematics would help, but are not a strict requirement. What You Will Learn Load, manipulate, and explore your data in R using techniques for exploratory data analysis such as summarization, manipulation, correlation, and data visualization Transform your data by using approaches such as scaling, re-centering, scale [0-1], median/MAD, natural log, and imputation data Build and interpret clustering models using K-Means algorithms in R Build and interpret clustering models by Hierarchical Clustering Algorithm's in R Understand and apply dimensionality reduction techniques Create and use learning association rules models, such as recommendation algorithms Use and learn about the techniques of feature selection Install and use end-user tools as an alternative to programming directly in the R console In Detail The R Project for Statistical Computing provides an excellent platform to tackle data processing, data manipulation, modeling, and presentation. The capabilities of this language, its freedom of use, and a very active community of users makes R one of the best tools to learn and implement unsupervised learning. If you are new to R or want to learn about unsupervised learning, this book is for you. Packed with critical information, this book will guide you through a conceptual explanation and practical examples programmed directly into the R console. Starting from the beginning, this book introduces you to unsupervised learning and provides a high-level introduction to the topic. We quickly move on to discuss the application of key concepts and techniques for exploratory data analysis. The book then teaches you to identify groups with the help of clustering methods or building association rules. Finally, it provides alternatives for the treatment of high-dimensional datasets, as well as using dimensionality reduction techniques and feature selection techniques. By the end of this book, you will be able to implement unsupervised learning and various approaches associated with it in real-world projects. Style and approach This book takes a step-by-step approach to unsupervised learning concepts and tools, explained in a conversational and easy-to-follow style. Each topic is explained sequentially, explaining the theory and then putting it into practice by using specialized R packages for each topic.

R Deep Learning Essentials

Author: Dr. Joshua F. Wiley

Publisher: Packt Publishing Ltd

ISBN: 1785284711

Category: Computers

Page: 170

View: 6426

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Build automatic classification and prediction models using unsupervised learning About This Book Harness the ability to build algorithms for unsupervised data using deep learning concepts with R Master the common problems faced such as overfitting of data, anomalous datasets, image recognition, and performance tuning while building the models Build models relating to neural networks, prediction and deep prediction Who This Book Is For This book caters to aspiring data scientists who are well versed with machine learning concepts with R and are looking to explore the deep learning paradigm using the packages available in R. You should have a fundamental understanding of the R language and be comfortable with statistical algorithms and machine learning techniques, but you do not need to be well versed with deep learning concepts. What You Will Learn Set up the R package H2O to train deep learning models Understand the core concepts behind deep learning models Use Autoencoders to identify anomalous data or outliers Predict or classify data automatically using deep neural networks Build generalizable models using regularization to avoid overfitting the training data In Detail Deep learning is a branch of machine learning based on a set of algorithms that attempt to model high-level abstractions in data by using model architectures. With the superb memory management and the full integration with multi-node big data platforms, the H2O engine has become more and more popular among data scientists in the field of deep learning. This book will introduce you to the deep learning package H2O with R and help you understand the concepts of deep learning. We will start by setting up important deep learning packages available in R and then move towards building models related to neural networks, prediction, and deep prediction, all of this with the help of real-life examples. After installing the H2O package, you will learn about prediction algorithms. Moving ahead, concepts such as overfitting data, anomalous data, and deep prediction models are explained. Finally, the book will cover concepts relating to tuning and optimizing models. Style and approach This book takes a practical approach to showing you the concepts of deep learning with the R programming language. We will start with setting up important deep learning packages available in R and then move towards building models related to neural network, prediction, and deep prediction - and all of this with the help of real-life examples.

Machine Learning with R

Author: Abhijit Ghatak

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9811068089

Category: Computers

Page: 210

View: 9305

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This book helps readers understand the mathematics of machine learning, and apply them in different situations. It is divided into two basic parts, the first of which introduces readers to the theory of linear algebra, probability, and data distributions and it’s applications to machine learning. It also includes a detailed introduction to the concepts and constraints of machine learning and what is involved in designing a learning algorithm. This part helps readers understand the mathematical and statistical aspects of machine learning. In turn, the second part discusses the algorithms used in supervised and unsupervised learning. It works out each learning algorithm mathematically and encodes it in R to produce customized learning applications. In the process, it touches upon the specifics of each algorithm and the science behind its formulation. The book includes a wealth of worked-out examples along with R codes. It explains the code for each algorithm, and readers can modify the code to suit their own needs. The book will be of interest to all researchers who intend to use R for machine learning, and those who are interested in the practical aspects of implementing learning algorithms for data analysis. Further, it will be particularly useful and informative for anyone who has struggled to relate the concepts of mathematics and statistics to machine learning.

Mastering Machine Learning with R

Author: Cory Lesmeister

Publisher: Packt Publishing Ltd

ISBN: 1787284484

Category: Computers

Page: 420

View: 1623

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Master machine learning techniques with R to deliver insights in complex projects About This Book Understand and apply machine learning methods using an extensive set of R packages such as XGBOOST Understand the benefits and potential pitfalls of using machine learning methods such as Multi-Class Classification and Unsupervised Learning Implement advanced concepts in machine learning with this example-rich guide Who This Book Is For This book is for data science professionals, data analysts, or anyone with a working knowledge of machine learning, with R who now want to take their skills to the next level and become an expert in the field. What You Will Learn Gain deep insights into the application of machine learning tools in the industry Manipulate data in R efficiently to prepare it for analysis Master the skill of recognizing techniques for effective visualization of data Understand why and how to create test and training data sets for analysis Master fundamental learning methods such as linear and logistic regression Comprehend advanced learning methods such as support vector machines Learn how to use R in a cloud service such as Amazon In Detail This book will teach you advanced techniques in machine learning with the latest code in R 3.3.2. You will delve into statistical learning theory and supervised learning; design efficient algorithms; learn about creating Recommendation Engines; use multi-class classification and deep learning; and more. You will explore, in depth, topics such as data mining, classification, clustering, regression, predictive modeling, anomaly detection, boosted trees with XGBOOST, and more. More than just knowing the outcome, you'll understand how these concepts work and what they do. With a slow learning curve on topics such as neural networks, you will explore deep learning, and more. By the end of this book, you will be able to perform machine learning with R in the cloud using AWS in various scenarios with different datasets. Style and approach The book delivers practical and real-world solutions to problems and a variety of tasks such as complex recommendation systems. By the end of this book, you will have gained expertise in performing R machine learning and will be able to build complex machine learning projects using R and its packages.

Introduction to Machine Learning with R

Rigorous Mathematical Analysis

Author: Scott V. Burger

Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."

ISBN: 149197639X

Category: Computers

Page: 226

View: 4932

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Machine learning is an intimidating subject until you know the fundamentals. If you understand basic coding concepts, this introductory guide will help you gain a solid foundation in machine learning principles. Using the R programming language, you’ll first start to learn with regression modelling and then move into more advanced topics such as neural networks and tree-based methods. Finally, you’ll delve into the frontier of machine learning, using the caret package in R. Once you develop a familiarity with topics such as the difference between regression and classification models, you’ll be able to solve an array of machine learning problems. Author Scott V. Burger provides several examples to help you build a working knowledge of machine learning. Explore machine learning models, algorithms, and data training Understand machine learning algorithms for supervised and unsupervised cases Examine statistical concepts for designing data for use in models Dive into linear regression models used in business and science Use single-layer and multilayer neural networks for calculating outcomes Look at how tree-based models work, including popular decision trees Get a comprehensive view of the machine learning ecosystem in R Explore the powerhouse of tools available in R’s caret package

Grundkurs Künstliche Intelligenz

Eine praxisorientierte Einführung

Author: Wolfgang Ertel

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658135492

Category: Computers

Page: 385

View: 535

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Alle Teilgebiete der KI werden mit dieser Einführung kompakt, leicht verständlich und anwendungsbezogen dargestellt. Hier schreibt jemand, der das Gebiet nicht nur bestens kennt, sondern auch in der Lehre engagiert und erfolgreich vertritt. Von der klassischen Logik über das Schließen mit Unsicherheit und maschinelles Lernen bis hin zu Anwendungen wie Expertensysteme oder lernfähige Roboter. Neben dem umfassenden Einblick in dieses faszinierende Teilgebiet der Informatik gewinnen Sie vertiefte Kenntnisse, z. B. hinsichtlich wichtiger Verfahren zur Repräsentation und Verarbeitung von Wissen. Der Anwendungsbezug steht im Fokus der Darstellung. Viele Übungsaufgaben mit Lösungen sowie strukturierte Verweise auf Literatur und Ressourcen im Web ermöglichen ein effektives und kurzweiliges Selbststudium. Für die 3. Auflage ...

Learning Social Media Analytics with R

Author: Raghav Bali,Dipanjan Sarkar,Tushar Sharma

Publisher: Packt Publishing Ltd

ISBN: 1787125467

Category: Computers

Page: 394

View: 639

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Tap into the realm of social media and unleash the power of analytics for data-driven insights using R About This Book A practical guide written to help leverage the power of the R eco-system to extract, process, analyze, visualize and model social media data Learn about data access, retrieval, cleaning, and curation methods for data originating from various social media platforms. Visualize and analyze data from social media platforms to understand and model complex relationships using various concepts and techniques such as Sentiment Analysis, Topic Modeling, Text Summarization, Recommendation Systems, Social Network Analysis, Classification, and Clustering. Who This Book Is For It is targeted at IT professionals, Data Scientists, Analysts, Developers, Machine Learning Enthusiasts, social media marketers and anyone with a keen interest in data, analytics, and generating insights from social data. Some background experience in R would be helpful, but not necessary, since this book is written keeping in mind, that readers can have varying levels of expertise. What You Will Learn Learn how to tap into data from diverse social media platforms using the R ecosystem Use social media data to formulate and solve real-world problems Analyze user social networks and communities using concepts from graph theory and network analysis Learn to detect opinion and sentiment, extract themes, topics, and trends from unstructured noisy text data from diverse social media channels Understand the art of representing actionable insights with effective visualizations Analyze data from major social media channels such as Twitter, Facebook, Flickr, Foursquare, Github, StackExchange, and so on Learn to leverage popular R packages such as ggplot2, topicmodels, caret, e1071, tm, wordcloud, twittR, Rfacebook, dplyr, reshape2, and many more In Detail The Internet has truly become humongous, especially with the rise of various forms of social media in the last decade, which give users a platform to express themselves and also communicate and collaborate with each other. This book will help the reader to understand the current social media landscape and to learn how analytics can be leveraged to derive insights from it. This data can be analyzed to gain valuable insights into the behavior and engagement of users, organizations, businesses, and brands. It will help readers frame business problems and solve them using social data. The book will also cover several practical real-world use cases on social media using R and its advanced packages to utilize data science methodologies such as sentiment analysis, topic modeling, text summarization, recommendation systems, social network analysis, classification, and clustering. This will enable readers to learn different hands-on approaches to obtain data from diverse social media sources such as Twitter and Facebook. It will also show readers how to establish detailed workflows to process, visualize, and analyze data to transform social data into actionable insights. Style and approach This book follows a step-by-step approach with detailed strategies for understanding, extracting, analyzing, visualizing, and modeling data from several major social network platforms such as Facebook, Twitter, Foursquare, Flickr, Github, and StackExchange. The chapters cover several real-world use cases and leverage data science, machine learning, network analysis, and graph theory concepts along with the R ecosystem, including popular packages such as ggplot2, caret,dplyr, topicmodels, tm, and so on.

Mastering Data Analysis with R

Author: Gergely Daroczi

Publisher: Packt Publishing Ltd

ISBN: 1783982039

Category: Computers

Page: 396

View: 718

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Gain sharp insights into your data and solve real-world data science problems with R—from data munging to modeling and visualization About This Book Handle your data with precision and care for optimal business intelligence Restructure and transform your data to inform decision-making Packed with practical advice and tips to help you get to grips with data mining Who This Book Is For If you are a data scientist or R developer who wants to explore and optimize your use of R's advanced features and tools, this is the book for you. A basic knowledge of R is required, along with an understanding of database logic. What You Will Learn Connect to and load data from R's range of powerful databases Successfully fetch and parse structured and unstructured data Transform and restructure your data with efficient R packages Define and build complex statistical models with glm Develop and train machine learning algorithms Visualize social networks and graph data Deploy supervised and unsupervised classification algorithms Discover how to visualize spatial data with R In Detail R is an essential language for sharp and successful data analysis. Its numerous features and ease of use make it a powerful way of mining, managing, and interpreting large sets of data. In a world where understanding big data has become key, by mastering R you will be able to deal with your data effectively and efficiently. This book will give you the guidance you need to build and develop your knowledge and expertise. Bridging the gap between theory and practice, this book will help you to understand and use data for a competitive advantage. Beginning with taking you through essential data mining and management tasks such as munging, fetching, cleaning, and restructuring, the book then explores different model designs and the core components of effective analysis. You will then discover how to optimize your use of machine learning algorithms for classification and recommendation systems beside the traditional and more recent statistical methods. Style and approach Covering the essential tasks and skills within data science, Mastering Data Analysis provides you with solutions to the challenges of data science. Each section gives you a theoretical overview before demonstrating how to put the theory to work with real-world use cases and hands-on examples.

Advanced Analytics with R and Tableau

Author: Jen Stirrup,Ruben Oliva Ramos

Publisher: Packt Publishing Ltd

ISBN: 1786460246

Category: Computers

Page: 178

View: 2019

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Leverage the power of advanced analytics and predictive modeling in Tableau using the statistical powers of R About This Book A comprehensive guide that will bring out the creativity in you to visualize the results of complex calculations using Tableau and R Combine Tableau analytics and visualization with the power of R using this step-by-step guide Wondering how R can be used with Tableau? This book is your one-stop solution. Who This Book Is For This book will appeal to Tableau users who want to go beyond the Tableau interface and deploy the full potential of Tableau, by using R to perform advanced analytics with Tableau. A basic familiarity with R is useful but not compulsory, as the book will start off with concrete examples of R and will move quickly into more advanced spheres of analytics using online data sources to support hands-on learning. Those R developers who want to integrate R in Tableau will also benefit from this book. What You Will Learn Integrate Tableau's analytics with the industry-standard, statistical prowess of R. Make R function calls in Tableau, and visualize R functions with Tableau using RServe. Use the CRISP-DM methodology to create a roadmap for analytics investigations. Implement various supervised and unsupervised learning algorithms in R to return values to Tableau. Make quick, cogent, and data-driven decisions for your business using advanced analytical techniques such as forecasting, predictions, association rules, clustering, classification, and other advanced Tableau/R calculated field functions. In Detail Tableau and R offer accessible analytics by allowing a combination of easy-to-use data visualization along with industry-standard, robust statistical computation. Moving from data visualization into deeper, more advanced analytics? This book will intensify data skills for data viz-savvy users who want to move into analytics and data science in order to enhance their businesses by harnessing the analytical power of R and the stunning visualization capabilities of Tableau. Readers will come across a wide range of machine learning algorithms and learn how descriptive, prescriptive, predictive, and visually appealing analytical solutions can be designed with R and Tableau. In order to maximize learning, hands-on examples will ease the transition from being a data-savvy user to a data analyst using sound statistical tools to perform advanced analytics. By the end of this book, you will get to grips with advanced calculations in R and Tableau for analytics and prediction with the help of use cases and hands-on examples. Style and approach Tableau (uniquely) offers excellent visualization combined with advanced analytics; R is at the pinnacle of statistical computational languages. When you want to move from one view of data to another, backed up by complex computations, the combination of R and Tableau makes the perfect solution. This example-rich guide will teach you how to combine these two to perform advanced analytics by integrating Tableau with R and create beautiful data visualizations.

Neural Networks with R

Smart models using CNN, RNN, deep learning, and artificial intelligence principles

Author: Giuseppe Ciaburro,Balaji Venkateswaran

Publisher: Packt Publishing Ltd

ISBN: 1788399412

Category: Computers

Page: 270

View: 6422

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Uncover the power of artificial neural networks by implementing them through R code. About This Book Develop a strong background in neural networks with R, to implement them in your applications Build smart systems using the power of deep learning Real-world case studies to illustrate the power of neural network models Who This Book Is For This book is intended for anyone who has a statistical background with knowledge in R and wants to work with neural networks to get better results from complex data. If you are interested in artificial intelligence and deep learning and you want to level up, then this book is what you need! What You Will Learn Set up R packages for neural networks and deep learning Understand the core concepts of artificial neural networks Understand neurons, perceptrons, bias, weights, and activation functions Implement supervised and unsupervised machine learning in R for neural networks Predict and classify data automatically using neural networks Evaluate and fine-tune the models you build. In Detail Neural networks are one of the most fascinating machine learning models for solving complex computational problems efficiently. Neural networks are used to solve wide range of problems in different areas of AI and machine learning. This book explains the niche aspects of neural networking and provides you with foundation to get started with advanced topics. The book begins with neural network design using the neural net package, then you'll build a solid foundation knowledge of how a neural network learns from data, and the principles behind it. This book covers various types of neural network including recurrent neural networks and convoluted neural networks. You will not only learn how to train neural networks, but will also explore generalization of these networks. Later we will delve into combining different neural network models and work with the real-world use cases. By the end of this book, you will learn to implement neural network models in your applications with the help of practical examples in the book. Style and approach A step-by-step guide filled with real-world practical examples.

Learning Data Mining with R

Author: Bater Makhabel

Publisher: Packt Publishing Ltd

ISBN: 178398211X

Category: Computers

Page: 314

View: 1061

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This book is intended for the budding data scientist or quantitative analyst with only a basic exposure to R and statistics. This book assumes familiarity with only the very basics of R, such as the main data types, simple functions, and how to move data around. No prior experience with data mining packages is necessary; however, you should have a basic understanding of data mining concepts and processes.

An Introduction to Statistical Learning

with Applications in R

Author: Gareth James,Daniela Witten,Trevor Hastie,Robert Tibshirani

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461471389

Category: Mathematics

Page: 426

View: 8699

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An Introduction to Statistical Learning provides an accessible overview of the field of statistical learning, an essential toolset for making sense of the vast and complex data sets that have emerged in fields ranging from biology to finance to marketing to astrophysics in the past twenty years. This book presents some of the most important modeling and prediction techniques, along with relevant applications. Topics include linear regression, classification, resampling methods, shrinkage approaches, tree-based methods, support vector machines, clustering, and more. Color graphics and real-world examples are used to illustrate the methods presented. Since the goal of this textbook is to facilitate the use of these statistical learning techniques by practitioners in science, industry, and other fields, each chapter contains a tutorial on implementing the analyses and methods presented in R, an extremely popular open source statistical software platform. Two of the authors co-wrote The Elements of Statistical Learning (Hastie, Tibshirani and Friedman, 2nd edition 2009), a popular reference book for statistics and machine learning researchers. An Introduction to Statistical Learning covers many of the same topics, but at a level accessible to a much broader audience. This book is targeted at statisticians and non-statisticians alike who wish to use cutting-edge statistical learning techniques to analyze their data. The text assumes only a previous course in linear regression and no knowledge of matrix algebra.

Statistics for Machine Learning

Author: Pratap Dangeti

Publisher: Packt Publishing Ltd

ISBN: 1788291220

Category: Computers

Page: 442

View: 3113

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Build Machine Learning models with a sound statistical understanding. About This Book Learn about the statistics behind powerful predictive models with p-value, ANOVA, and F- statistics. Implement statistical computations programmatically for supervised and unsupervised learning through K-means clustering. Master the statistical aspect of Machine Learning with the help of this example-rich guide to R and Python. Who This Book Is For This book is intended for developers with little to no background in statistics, who want to implement Machine Learning in their systems. Some programming knowledge in R or Python will be useful. What You Will Learn Understand the Statistical and Machine Learning fundamentals necessary to build models Understand the major differences and parallels between the statistical way and the Machine Learning way to solve problems Learn how to prepare data and feed models by using the appropriate Machine Learning algorithms from the more-than-adequate R and Python packages Analyze the results and tune the model appropriately to your own predictive goals Understand the concepts of required statistics for Machine Learning Introduce yourself to necessary fundamentals required for building supervised & unsupervised deep learning models Learn reinforcement learning and its application in the field of artificial intelligence domain In Detail Complex statistics in Machine Learning worry a lot of developers. Knowing statistics helps you build strong Machine Learning models that are optimized for a given problem statement. This book will teach you all it takes to perform complex statistical computations required for Machine Learning. You will gain information on statistics behind supervised learning, unsupervised learning, reinforcement learning, and more. Understand the real-world examples that discuss the statistical side of Machine Learning and familiarize yourself with it. You will also design programs for performing tasks such as model, parameter fitting, regression, classification, density collection, and more. By the end of the book, you will have mastered the required statistics for Machine Learning and will be able to apply your new skills to any sort of industry problem. Style and approach This practical, step-by-step guide will give you an understanding of the Statistical and Machine Learning fundamentals you'll need to build models.

Learning Predictive Analytics with R

Author: Eric Mayor

Publisher: Packt Publishing Ltd

ISBN: 1782169369

Category: Computers

Page: 332

View: 6430

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Get to grips with key data visualization and predictive analytic skills using R About This Book Acquire predictive analytic skills using various tools of R Make predictions about future events by discovering valuable information from data using R Comprehensible guidelines that focus on predictive model design with real-world data Who This Book Is For If you are a statistician, chief information officer, data scientist, ML engineer, ML practitioner, quantitative analyst, and student of machine learning, this is the book for you. You should have basic knowledge of the use of R. Readers without previous experience of programming in R will also be able to use the tools in the book. What You Will Learn Customize R by installing and loading new packages Explore the structure of data using clustering algorithms Turn unstructured text into ordered data, and acquire knowledge from the data Classify your observations using Naive Bayes, k-NN, and decision trees Reduce the dimensionality of your data using principal component analysis Discover association rules using Apriori Understand how statistical distributions can help retrieve information from data using correlations, linear regression, and multilevel regression Use PMML to deploy the models generated in R In Detail R is statistical software that is used for data analysis. There are two main types of learning from data: unsupervised learning, where the structure of data is extracted automatically; and supervised learning, where a labeled part of the data is used to learn the relationship or scores in a target attribute. As important information is often hidden in a lot of data, R helps to extract that information with its many standard and cutting-edge statistical functions. This book is packed with easy-to-follow guidelines that explain the workings of the many key data mining tools of R, which are used to discover knowledge from your data. You will learn how to perform key predictive analytics tasks using R, such as train and test predictive models for classification and regression tasks, score new data sets and so on. All chapters will guide you in acquiring the skills in a practical way. Most chapters also include a theoretical introduction that will sharpen your understanding of the subject matter and invite you to go further. The book familiarizes you with the most common data mining tools of R, such as k-means, hierarchical regression, linear regression, association rules, principal component analysis, multilevel modeling, k-NN, Naive Bayes, decision trees, and text mining. It also provides a description of visualization techniques using the basic visualization tools of R as well as lattice for visualizing patterns in data organized in groups. This book is invaluable for anyone fascinated by the data mining opportunities offered by GNU R and its packages. Style and approach This is a practical book, which analyzes compelling data about life, health, and death with the help of tutorials. It offers you a useful way of interpreting the data that's specific to this book, but that can also be applied to any other data.

Practical Guide to Cluster Analysis in R

Unsupervised Machine Learning

Author: Alboukadel Kassambara

Publisher: STHDA

ISBN: 1542462703

Category: Cluster analysis

Page: 187

View: 1762

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Although there are several good books on unsupervised machine learning, we felt that many of them are too theoretical. This book provides practical guide to cluster analysis, elegant visualization and interpretation. It contains 5 parts. Part I provides a quick introduction to R and presents required R packages, as well as, data formats and dissimilarity measures for cluster analysis and visualization. Part II covers partitioning clustering methods, which subdivide the data sets into a set of k groups, where k is the number of groups pre-specified by the analyst. Partitioning clustering approaches include: K-means, K-Medoids (PAM) and CLARA algorithms. In Part III, we consider hierarchical clustering method, which is an alternative approach to partitioning clustering. The result of hierarchical clustering is a tree-based representation of the objects called dendrogram. In this part, we describe how to compute, visualize, interpret and compare dendrograms. Part IV describes clustering validation and evaluation strategies, which consists of measuring the goodness of clustering results. Among the chapters covered here, there are: Assessing clustering tendency, Determining the optimal number of clusters, Cluster validation statistics, Choosing the best clustering algorithms and Computing p-value for hierarchical clustering. Part V presents advanced clustering methods, including: Hierarchical k-means clustering, Fuzzy clustering, Model-based clustering and Density-based clustering.

Big Data Analytics with R and Hadoop

Author: Vignesh Prajapati

Publisher: Packt Publishing Ltd

ISBN: 1782163298

Category: Computers

Page: 238

View: 1742

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Big Data Analytics with R and Hadoop is a tutorial style book that focuses on all the powerful big data tasks that can be achieved by integrating R and Hadoop.This book is ideal for R developers who are looking for a way to perform big data analytics with Hadoop. This book is also aimed at those who know Hadoop and want to build some intelligent applications over Big data with R packages. It would be helpful if readers have basic knowledge of R.

Learning Bayesian Models with R

Author: Dr. Hari M. Koduvely

Publisher: Packt Publishing Ltd

ISBN: 1783987618

Category: Computers

Page: 168

View: 1440

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Become an expert in Bayesian Machine Learning methods using R and apply them to solve real-world big data problems About This Book Understand the principles of Bayesian Inference with less mathematical equations Learn state-of-the art Machine Learning methods Familiarize yourself with the recent advances in Deep Learning and Big Data frameworks with this step-by-step guide Who This Book Is For This book is for statisticians, analysts, and data scientists who want to build a Bayes-based system with R and implement it in their day-to-day models and projects. It is mainly intended for Data Scientists and Software Engineers who are involved in the development of Advanced Analytics applications. To understand this book, it would be useful if you have basic knowledge of probability theory and analytics and some familiarity with the programming language R. What You Will Learn Set up the R environment Create a classification model to predict and explore discrete variables Get acquainted with Probability Theory to analyze random events Build Linear Regression models Use Bayesian networks to infer the probability distribution of decision variables in a problem Model a problem using Bayesian Linear Regression approach with the R package BLR Use Bayesian Logistic Regression model to classify numerical data Perform Bayesian Inference on massively large data sets using the MapReduce programs in R and Cloud computing In Detail Bayesian Inference provides a unified framework to deal with all sorts of uncertainties when learning patterns form data using machine learning models and use it for predicting future observations. However, learning and implementing Bayesian models is not easy for data science practitioners due to the level of mathematical treatment involved. Also, applying Bayesian methods to real-world problems requires high computational resources. With the recent advances in computation and several open sources packages available in R, Bayesian modeling has become more feasible to use for practical applications today. Therefore, it would be advantageous for all data scientists and engineers to understand Bayesian methods and apply them in their projects to achieve better results. Learning Bayesian Models with R starts by giving you a comprehensive coverage of the Bayesian Machine Learning models and the R packages that implement them. It begins with an introduction to the fundamentals of probability theory and R programming for those who are new to the subject. Then the book covers some of the important machine learning methods, both supervised and unsupervised learning, implemented using Bayesian Inference and R. Every chapter begins with a theoretical description of the method explained in a very simple manner. Then, relevant R packages are discussed and some illustrations using data sets from the UCI Machine Learning repository are given. Each chapter ends with some simple exercises for you to get hands-on experience of the concepts and R packages discussed in the chapter. The last chapters are devoted to the latest development in the field, specifically Deep Learning, which uses a class of Neural Network models that are currently at the frontier of Artificial Intelligence. The book concludes with the application of Bayesian methods on Big Data using the Hadoop and Spark frameworks. Style and approach The book first gives you a theoretical description of the Bayesian models in simple language, followed by details of its implementation in the R package. Each chapter has illustrations for the use of Bayesian model and the corresponding R package, using data sets from the UCI Machine Learning repository. Each chapter also contains sufficient exercises for you to get more hands-on practice.

R in a Nutshell

Author: Joseph Adler

Publisher: O'Reilly Germany

ISBN: 3897216507

Category: Computers

Page: 768

View: 6666

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Wozu sollte man R lernen? Da gibt es viele Gründe: Weil man damit natürlich ganz andere Möglichkeiten hat als mit einer Tabellenkalkulation wie Excel, aber auch mehr Spielraum als mit gängiger Statistiksoftware wie SPSS und SAS. Anders als bei diesen Programmen hat man nämlich direkten Zugriff auf dieselbe, vollwertige Programmiersprache, mit der die fertigen Analyse- und Visualisierungsmethoden realisiert sind – so lassen sich nahtlos eigene Algorithmen integrieren und komplexe Arbeitsabläufe realisieren. Und nicht zuletzt, weil R offen gegenüber beliebigen Datenquellen ist, von der einfachen Textdatei über binäre Fremdformate bis hin zu den ganz großen relationalen Datenbanken. Zudem ist R Open Source und erobert momentan von der universitären Welt aus die professionelle Statistik. R kann viel. Und Sie können viel mit R machen – wenn Sie wissen, wie es geht. Willkommen in der R-Welt: Installieren Sie R und stöbern Sie in Ihrem gut bestückten Werkzeugkasten: Sie haben eine Konsole und eine grafische Benutzeroberfläche, unzählige vordefinierte Analyse- und Visualisierungsoperationen – und Pakete, Pakete, Pakete. Für quasi jeden statistischen Anwendungsbereich können Sie sich aus dem reichen Schatz der R-Community bedienen. Sprechen Sie R! Sie müssen Syntax und Grammatik von R nicht lernen – wie im Auslandsurlaub kommen Sie auch hier gut mit ein paar aufgeschnappten Brocken aus. Aber es lohnt sich: Wenn Sie wissen, was es mit R-Objekten auf sich hat, wie Sie eigene Funktionen schreiben und Ihre eigenen Pakete schnüren, sind Sie bei der Analyse Ihrer Daten noch flexibler und effektiver. Datenanalyse und Statistik in der Praxis: Anhand unzähliger Beispiele aus Medizin, Wirtschaft, Sport und Bioinformatik lernen Sie, wie Sie Daten aufbereiten, mithilfe der Grafikfunktionen des lattice-Pakets darstellen, statistische Tests durchführen und Modelle anpassen. Danach werden Ihnen Ihre Daten nichts mehr verheimlichen.

Practical Machine Learning

Author: Sunila Gollapudi

Publisher: Packt Publishing Ltd

ISBN: 1784394017

Category: Computers

Page: 468

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Tackle the real-world complexities of modern machine learning with innovative, cutting-edge, techniques About This Book Fully-coded working examples using a wide range of machine learning libraries and tools, including Python, R, Julia, and Spark Comprehensive practical solutions taking you into the future of machine learning Go a step further and integrate your machine learning projects with Hadoop Who This Book Is For This book has been created for data scientists who want to see machine learning in action and explore its real-world application. With guidance on everything from the fundamentals of machine learning and predictive analytics to the latest innovations set to lead the big data revolution into the future, this is an unmissable resource for anyone dedicated to tackling current big data challenges. Knowledge of programming (Python and R) and mathematics is advisable if you want to get started immediately. What You Will Learn Implement a wide range of algorithms and techniques for tackling complex data Get to grips with some of the most powerful languages in data science, including R, Python, and Julia Harness the capabilities of Spark and Hadoop to manage and process data successfully Apply the appropriate machine learning technique to address real-world problems Get acquainted with Deep learning and find out how neural networks are being used at the cutting-edge of machine learning Explore the future of machine learning and dive deeper into polyglot persistence, semantic data, and more In Detail Finding meaning in increasingly larger and more complex datasets is a growing demand of the modern world. Machine learning and predictive analytics have become the most important approaches to uncover data gold mines. Machine learning uses complex algorithms to make improved predictions of outcomes based on historical patterns and the behaviour of data sets. Machine learning can deliver dynamic insights into trends, patterns, and relationships within data, immensely valuable to business growth and development. This book explores an extensive range of machine learning techniques uncovering hidden tricks and tips for several types of data using practical and real-world examples. While machine learning can be highly theoretical, this book offers a refreshing hands-on approach without losing sight of the underlying principles. Inside, a full exploration of the various algorithms gives you high-quality guidance so you can begin to see just how effective machine learning is at tackling contemporary challenges of big data. This is the only book you need to implement a whole suite of open source tools, frameworks, and languages in machine learning. We will cover the leading data science languages, Python and R, and the underrated but powerful Julia, as well as a range of other big data platforms including Spark, Hadoop, and Mahout. Practical Machine Learning is an essential resource for the modern data scientists who want to get to grips with its real-world application. With this book, you will not only learn the fundamentals of machine learning but dive deep into the complexities of real world data before moving on to using Hadoop and its wider ecosystem of tools to process and manage your structured and unstructured data. You will explore different machine learning techniques for both supervised and unsupervised learning; from decision trees to Naive Bayes classifiers and linear and clustering methods, you will learn strategies for a truly advanced approach to the statistical analysis of data. The book also explores the cutting-edge advancements in machine learning, with worked examples and guidance on deep learning and reinforcement learning, providing you with practical demonstrations and samples that help take the theory–and mystery–out of even the most advanced machine learning methodologies. Style and approach A practical data science tutorial designed to give you an insight into the practical application of machine learning, this book takes you through complex concepts and tasks in an accessible way. Featuring information on a wide range of data science techniques, Practical Machine Learning is a comprehensive data science resource.