Understanding Violent Crime

Author: Jones, Stephen

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)

ISBN: 0335204171

Category: Social Science

Page: 220

View: 525

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* How widespread is violence? * Why do people engage in various forms of violence? * What can be done to reduce the level of violence? Understanding Violent Crime provides a concise yet thorough and extensive account of the main explanations of violent behaviour. It draws upon sociological and psychological perspectives on violence as part of a coherent approach to the study of a phenomenon that raises wide public concern. There is also a focus on the ways in which violence is considered by the criminal justice system. Definitions of the main violent offences, including violent sexual offences, are discussed and some indication of the levels of sentencing in particular cases is provided. The final chapter then considers ways in which offenders are able to confront their violent behaviour within the criminal justice system. Frequent references to the definitions and treatment of violence in Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the USA give the book a distinctive comparative perspective. The result is a wide-ranging and essential undergraduate text and a key reference for researchers in the field.

Understanding Criminal Justice

Sociological Perspectives

Author: Philip Daniel Smith,Kristin Natalier

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761940326

Category: Social Science

Page: 225

View: 2768

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Providing an overview of the sociological approaches to law and criminal justice, this book focuses on how law and the criminal justice system inevitably affect one another, and the ways in which both are intimately connected with wider social forces.

Australian Violence

Crime, Criminal Justice and Beyond

Author: Julie Stubbs,Stephen A. Tomsen

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781862879805

Category: Crime

Page: 265

View: 653

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Australia (1990) by Elwyn Lynn Mixed media on canvas 150 x 150 cm UNSW Art Collection (acquired from the CoFA Collection, 1990) © The Estate of Elwyn Lynn, courtesy of Charles Nodrum Gallery______________________________________________Almost three decades have passed since a series of gun massacres shocked the nation and led to a major inquiry into Australian violence. Its ground breaking report unveiled the centrality of violence in our history and society - violence that commonly occurs in the routines and practices of everyday life - and the failings of the criminal justice system to deal with much of it.Australian Violence reflects shifts in our understanding of violence and debates issues surrounding it. It offers contemporary analyses of violence in the lives of women and girls, male drinking violence, prison violence, gun debates and gun-owning culture, and more recent concerns with hate crime, rural crime, harm directed at animals, risky and 'dangerous' offenders, and borders and detention, as well as new forms of community prevention and alternative criminal justice. It acknowledges state violence in Australia's history and present, in the dispossession of Indigenous people and the denial of Indigenous knowledge, and the treatment of refugees and asylum seekers. The book engages with international theory, research and practice but also offers a distinctive Australian approach that considers what it means to be a settler nation in the global south.The authors include scholars and researchers who have led critical study and national debates about these topics and perspectives on violence.

Gendered Justice

Intimate Partner Violence and the Criminal Justice System

Author: Venessa Garcia,Patrick McManimon

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers

ISBN: 0742566455

Category: Social Science

Page: 192

View: 8613

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Gendered Justice takes a unique, multi-layered look at the various elements that factor into our understanding of domestic violence and how the criminal justice system handles situations of domestic violence. The book focuses primarily on the role of gender, but also considers socio-economic status, race, age, education, and the relationship between the victim and criminal. Illustrated with case studies throughout, the book introduces major themes, such as the social construction of gender and victimology, as well as topics such as the portrayal of intimate partner violence in the media and how it shapes our understanding of violence.

Understanding Gender, Crime, and Justice

Author: Merry Morash

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761926306

Category: Social Science

Page: 311

View: 7239

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Why are there pronounced gender differences in rates of criminal victimization? Does gender influence the response of the criminal justice system and other parts of the community to offenders and to crime victims? What part does gender play in the etiology of illegal activities committed by both males and females? Understanding Gender, Crime, and Justice takes a contemporary look at such questions and considers areas that are often neglected in other books on gender, crime, and justice. In the last three decades, there has been an explosion of theory and related research relevant to gender, crime, and justice. Author Merry Morash, a well-known feminist scholar in the field of criminal justice, acquaints readers with key breakthroughs in criminological conceptualization and theories to explain the interplay between gender and both crime and justice. Understanding Gender, Crime, and Justice pays especial attention to race, ethnicity, and immigrant groups, and provides a unique comparative perspective. Key Features Includes first-person accounts from crime victims, workers in the justice system, male lawbreakers, and women engaged in prostitution to give insight into a diversity of experiences and standpoints Parallels the effects of gender and sexual orientation in laws, in patterns and causes of victimization, and in the responses of the justice system to both victims and offenders Integrates international examples to place U.S. experiences in a comparative perspective and to show gender inequities on a worldwide scale Provides numerous photos--unique for a text of this type--to portray people of all sorts in various regions of the world Includes Web site recommendations for further exploration of chapter topics Understanding Gender, Crime, and Justice is an ideal textbook for undergraduate and graduate courses that focus on women and criminal justice. The book is also a valuable asset for gender courses in sociology and for women's studies programs.

Domestic Violence and Criminal Justice

Author: Nicola Groves,Terry Thomas

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317950607

Category: Social Science

Page: 192

View: 2992

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This book aims to provide an up-to-date and comprehensive introduction to the subject of domestic violence and its interaction with the criminal justice system- including agencies such as the police, the Crown Prosecution Service, the probation service and Children's Services, the courts and the prison service, as well as voluntary agencies such as Women's Aid. The book also looks at how these various agencies work together at a local level and the coordinating role of the Home Office and the direction provided at a central level. Domestic Violence and Criminal Justice examines the phenomenon of domestic violence, the various forms it takes and the theories that have been put forward to explain it. It takes an historical approach to examine policy and legislative developments over the last forty years and how those developments make themselves manifest today. The authors provide an authoritative and critical account of the different agencies and the work they carry out both independently and jointly; they also consider the limits of a crime centred response to domestic violence. The book provides a conceptual framework in which domestic violence and criminal justice might be better understood. It covers all the current issues in this field and it will be a 'source book' in directing readers to further reading. It will be essential reading for both students and practitioners in the field.

Domestic Violence and Criminal Justice

Author: Lee E. Ross

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1498707238

Category: Law

Page: 200

View: 6523

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Domestic Violence and Criminal Justice offers readers an overview of domestic violence and its effects on society, including what can be done to curtail its rapid growth and widespread harm. Criminal justice and sociology students will find this text readable, up-to-date, and rich in historical detail. Geared toward the criminal justice system, this text focuses on civil and criminal justice processes, from securing a restraining order to completing an arrest, all the way to the final disposition.

Understanding the Components Within the Criminal Justice System 101

Author: Alvin S. Hodge

Publisher: Alvin Hodge

ISBN: 9781432718930

Category: Political Science

Page: 212

View: 3746

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This book caters to all people whether citizens or permanent residents, but especially to those persons with little or no knowledge of the Judicial System. It also contains certain aspects for and regarding law enforcement personnel. When certain incidents occur, it makes the Justice system seems unfair to those victims crying out for justice. Therefore, it gives a basic perspective on the operation of the justice system. Finally, it's like a one stop Criminal Justice knowledge center. This book contains some Holy Scriptures that serves as a catalyst for the contents.

The Study of Violent Crime

Its Correlates and Concerns

Author: Scott Mire,Cliff Roberson

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439894310

Category: Law

Page: 244

View: 4717

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Violence is a complex subject that is rooted in a multitude of disciplines, including not only criminology but also psychology, sociology, biology, and other social science disciplines. It is only through understanding violence as a concept that we can hope to respond to it appropriately and to prevent it. The Study of Violent Crime: Its Correlates and Concerns is a comprehensive text that provides a current analysis of violence and violent crime in the United States. Topics discussed include: The history of violence in Europe and America Whether violent behavior can be predicted Possible correlates of violence, including values, poverty, low education, abuse and neglect, alcohol abuse, and shame Sociological theories surrounding crime causation, including social control, conflict and strain, and anomie Psychological approaches to understanding violence from Freud, Bentham, Skinner, and others Biological theories and the influence of positivism and determinism The role of early exposure to violence on future behavior and programs to counteract these effects Gang activity and hate crimes The history of punishment and its effectiveness Victimology and victimization Organized in logical fashion, each chapter builds on previous ones and makes use of concrete examples to clarify concepts. Action boxes help readers focus on salient points and review questions appear at the end of each chapter, enabling readers to test their assimilation of the material.

Violent Crime

Clinical and Social Implications

Author: Christopher J. Ferguson

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9781412959933

Category: Social Science

Page: 398

View: 1490

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This edited volume is designed to cover both the foundations of criminal behavior as well as ′cutting edge′ research on the etiology, nature, assessment, and treatment of individuals who commit violent crime. Interdisciplinary in nature, this text draws from research in clinical psychology, social psychology, criminal justice, medicine, and biology. Equal consideration is given to environmental and biological research into criminal behavior. Furthermore, this text takes a critical approach to the research with frank discussions of what is known and what is yet to be determined, and presents this material in a straightforward manner that will challenge students to think critically.

Understanding Criminal Justice in Hong Kong

Author: Wing Hong Chui,T. Wing Lo

Publisher: Willan

ISBN: 1134003153

Category: Social Science

Page: 296

View: 996

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This book provides a much-needed overview of the criminal justice system in Hong Kong. It outlines the basic concepts of criminal law in Hong Kong, and analyses the process of the criminal justice system, ranging from the report of a crime through to the correctional system. It is an invaluable source of information about how criminal justice operates in Hong Kong for both students and practitioners.

Women and the Criminal Justice System

Failing Victims and Offenders?

Author: Emma Milne,Karen Brennan,Nigel South,Jackie Turton

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319767747

Category: Social Science

Page: 252

View: 1018

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Bringing together academics and professionals, this edited collection considers key issues in current criminal justice policy and practice related specifically to women to answer the important question: are women being failed by the criminal justice system? In a landscape where women’s involvement in the criminal justice system still tends to be ignored or lost in discussions about men, contributors place special emphasis on women as both victims and offenders. The chapters cover a wide range of topics relating to women and crime, including: violent and sexual victimisation, violent offending, sentencing and punishment, and rape myths. Since the peak of feminist criminal justice scholarship in the 1990s, the place of women in the criminal justice system has arguably slipped down the agenda and the authors of this collection draw on original research to make the compelling case for a swift remedy to this. Drawing on recent academic studies and professional experience to set an agenda for future research – as well as legal and policy reform – this book injects new life into the dialogue surrounding women and the criminal justice system. Innovative and timely, this collection of essays holds broad appeal to academics and practitioners, as well as students of criminology, criminal justice and law, and all those with an interest in feminism, justice, and inequality.

Understanding Crime in Jamaica

New Challenges for Public Policy

Author: Anthony Harriott

Publisher: University of West Indies Press

ISBN: 9789766401443

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 239

View: 7253

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In this text the authors assert that the Jamaican state is a form of predatory state that incorporates contradictory social forces into an arrangement that is hierarchical, often brutal and ultimately debilitating to democracy.

Women, Crime and the Criminal Justice System

Author: LaVerne McQuiller Williams,Feminist Press

Publisher: Feminist Press at CUNY

ISBN: 9781558614864

Category: Social Science

Page: 250

View: 2882

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A special issue of WSQ looks at women and crime--as offenders, victims, and criminal justice professionals.

Understanding Public Attitudes to Criminal Justice

Author: Julian V. Roberts

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)

ISBN: 0335225802

Category: Social Science

Page: 201

View: 2075

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This book provides an introduction to public attitudes towards criminal justice. It explores the public’s lack of confidence in criminal justice processes, and summarizes findings on public attitudes towards the three principal components of the criminal process: the police, the courts, and the prison system. It examines the importance that people attach to different criminal justice functions, such as preventing crime, prosecuting and punishing offenders, and protecting the public.

Violence, Gender and Justice

Author: Maggie Wykes,Kirsty Welsh

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 0857026674

Category: Social Science

Page: 208

View: 703

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`This is a very impressive piece of thorough scholarship. It is an important book that highlights the need to consider gender when developing policies to respond to interpersonal violence. It is written in a clear and accessible style and should be required reading for all criminal justice students.' - Dr Malcolm Cowburn, Sheffield Hallam University This comprehensive text provides an overview of the relationship between violence, gender, crime and justice. It brings together theory with contemporary cases to enable the reader to understand the key concepts, issues and connections involved. Enlightening and accessible, the book examines the experiences and treatment of men and women as victims and criminals. It explores whether and how offending patterns differ according to gender, and investigates the connections between gender, offending and victimisation. The book covers different types of inter-personal violence including sexual violence, 'domestic' violence, 'domestic' murder, male-on-male violence and child abuse. It explores how sexual and 'domestic' violence have been represented in the media, in the law and in criminal justice processes. Not only does the book present a comprehensive introduction to the field, it also offers reflective questions at the end of each chapter to enable the reader to integrate and interrogate the material covered. Chapter summaries and annotated bibliographies enhance the learning process by helping students to consolidate and further investigate key points. This book is essential for students and academics in criminology, criminal justice, sociology and gender studies.

Understanding Psychology and Crime

Author: James McGuire

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)

ISBN: 0335226434

Category: Social Science

Page: 280

View: 8656

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"This is an exceptional book that comprehensively covers the interface between psychology and criminology regarding an empirical understanding of crime. It is written in an engaging and accessible manner, nicely linking key themes in order to situate the contribution of psychology to theories of criminal behaviour, strategies for informed practice, and contemporary challenges. It should prove to be an incredible resource for students, but also be of interest to researchers and clinicians. I cannot recommend this text more heartily." Dr Ralph Serin, Carleton University, Canada "James McGuire is one of the leading international experts on what works in reducing reoffending, and he has written an extremely valuable and accessible textbook on psychology and crime. The book is a clearly written, well-researched and up-to-date survey of important contributions of psychology to key criminological issues. It is especially noteworthy for its illuminating reviews of cognitive-social learning theories, risk factors and longitudinal studies, risk assessment, cognitive-behavioural programmes and meta-analyses of treatment effectiveness." Professor David Farrington, Institute of Criminology, University of Cambridge What contributions can psychology make to our understanding of crime? How can psychological models and research help to prevent crime and reduce repeat offending? This highly readable book discusses the complex relationships between psychology, criminology and criminal justice. Challenging the assumptions of those who object to the use of psychology within criminology, this book shows how a methodical approach to the study of criminal behaviour can generate both systematic findings and practical solutions to problems. McGuire argues for a broader understanding of crime, based on factors such as the individual's cognitive and emotional development, in addition to the influences of socialization, peer groups, and the social and economic environment. He highlights the value of understanding 'pathways' to offending behaviour, and the critical points at which choices are made. Topics include: Theoretical and empirical research foundations of 'criminogenic risk factors' Theory turned into practice - the development of offending behaviour programmes A psychological perspective on some core concepts in criminology: retribution, deterrence and incapacitation Major practical applications of psychology in policing, prosecution and sentencing This authoritative and stimulating text is essential reading for students in criminology and psychology and for criminal justice practitioners and policy makers.

Narrative Criminology

Understanding Stories of Crime

Author: Lois Presser,Sveinung Sandberg

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 1479823414

Category: Social Science

Page: 336

View: 6591

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Stories are much more than a means of communication—stories help us shape our identities, make sense of the world, and mobilize others to action. In Narrative Criminology, prominent scholars from across the academy and around the world examine stories that animate offending. From an examination of how criminals understand certain types of crime to be less moral than others, to how violent offenders and drug users each come to understand or resist their identity as ‘criminals’, to how cultural narratives motivate genocidal action, the case studies in this book cover a wide array of crimes and justice systems throughout the world. The contributors uncover the narratives at the center of their essays through qualitative interviews, ethnographic fieldwork, and written archives, and they scrutinize narrative structure and meaning by analyzing genres, plots, metaphors, and other components of storytelling. In doing so, they reveal the cognitive, ideological, and institutional mechanisms by which narratives promote harmful action. Finally, they consider how offenders’ narratives are linked to and emerge from those of conventional society or specific subcultures. Each chapter reveals important insights and elements for the development of a framework of narrative criminology as an important approach for understanding crime and criminal justice. An unprecedented and landmark collection, Narrative Criminology opens the door for an exciting new field of study on the role of stories in motivating and legitimizing harm.

Criminal Justice 101

A First Course

Author: Richard C. Sprinthall,John J. DeFrancesco,Althea Lloyd

Publisher: Universal-Publishers

ISBN: 1627340416

Category: Law

Page: 328

View: 5753

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Criminal Justice 101: A First Course is an introductory level book intended for beginning criminal justice students. It provides students with a practical, reader-friendly experience and we present and explain our materials, as much as possible, in an easy-to-read, conversational style. The fundamentals and basic tenets of criminal justice are explored in 12 chapters (easily covered in one semester) and we avoid the sometimes lengthy and oftentimes cumbersome information that is prevalent in so many other publications. Our text also attempts to eliminate the unnecessary legal formulations and esoteric terminology that the beginning criminal justice student may not always need. The book provides basic and fundamental information that can easily be absorbed by the beginning criminal justice student in one semester. It is our intent to provide a book that will engage students, rather than burdening them with information that may, at times, be overwhelming and unnecessary at the introductory level.

The Criminal Justice System

Author: Ronald G. Burns

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 118

View: 9525

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This book explains the criminal justice system and how criminal cases are processed via the police, the court, and the correctional system. To give readers a better understanding of how the criminal justice systems works the author follows one case throughout the book to demonstrate how it is processed step-by-step through the justice system. It uses critical thinking exercises and Point/Counterpoint debate sections to explore hot issues from different points of view including parole, prisoners with HIV, crime reporting practices' impact on minority groups, and inmates with mental illness. Detailed discussions i.e., who gets arrested and why and what role a defendant's appearance plays are among the many topics addressed, which makes this a compelling text. Covers the steps of the criminal justice system including entry into the system; processing and pretrial procedures; trials, sentencing and appeals; and corrections. Includes information on how we address crime in society. Explores important issues within the system such as victim impact statements, who reports crime?; the investigative process; factors influencing arrest; case processing & the grand jury; the arraignment process; jury trials & sentencing; and the appeals process. Appropriate for introductory criminal justice courses and for those seeking to better understand the criminal justice system.