Linux-Kernel-Handbuch

Leitfaden zu Design und Implementierung von Kernel 2.6

Author: Robert Love

Publisher: Pearson Deutschland GmbH

ISBN: 9783827322470

Category:

Page: 472

View: 1750

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Understanding the Linux Kernel

From I/O Ports to Process Management

Author: Daniel P. Bovet,Marco Cesati

Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."

ISBN: 9780596554910

Category: Computers

Page: 944

View: 2851

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In order to thoroughly understand what makes Linux tick and why it works so well on a wide variety of systems, you need to delve deep into the heart of the kernel. The kernel handles all interactions between the CPU and the external world, and determines which programs will share processor time, in what order. It manages limited memory so well that hundreds of processes can share the system efficiently, and expertly organizes data transfers so that the CPU isn't kept waiting any longer than necessary for the relatively slow disks. The third edition of Understanding the Linux Kernel takes you on a guided tour of the most significant data structures, algorithms, and programming tricks used in the kernel. Probing beyond superficial features, the authors offer valuable insights to people who want to know how things really work inside their machine. Important Intel-specific features are discussed. Relevant segments of code are dissected line by line. But the book covers more than just the functioning of the code; it explains the theoretical underpinnings of why Linux does things the way it does. This edition of the book covers Version 2.6, which has seen significant changes to nearly every kernel subsystem, particularly in the areas of memory management and block devices. The book focuses on the following topics: Memory management, including file buffering, process swapping, and Direct memory Access (DMA) The Virtual Filesystem layer and the Second and Third Extended Filesystems Process creation and scheduling Signals, interrupts, and the essential interfaces to device drivers Timing Synchronization within the kernel Interprocess Communication (IPC) Program execution Understanding the Linux Kernel will acquaint you with all the inner workings of Linux, but it's more than just an academic exercise. You'll learn what conditions bring out Linux's best performance, and you'll see how it meets the challenge of providing good system response during process scheduling, file access, and memory management in a wide variety of environments. This book will help you make the most of your Linux system.

Linux Administration Handbook

Author: Evi Nemeth,Garth Snyder,Trent R. Hein

Publisher: Addison-Wesley Professional

ISBN: 9780137002757

Category: Computers

Page: 1040

View: 4467

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“As this book shows, Linux systems are just as functional, secure, and reliable as their proprietary counterparts. Thanks to the ongoing efforts of thousands of Linux developers, Linux is more ready than ever for deployment at the frontlines of the real world. The authors of this book know that terrain well, and I am happy to leave you in their most capable hands.” –Linus Torvalds “The most successful sysadmin book of all time–because it works!” –Rik Farrow, editor of ;login: “This book clearly explains current technology with the perspective of decades of experience in large-scale system administration. Unique and highly recommended.” –Jonathan Corbet, cofounder, LWN.net “Nemeth et al. is the overall winner for Linux administration: it’s intelligent, full of insights, and looks at the implementation of concepts.” –Peter Salus, editorial director, Matrix.net Since 2001, Linux Administration Handbook has been the definitive resource for every Linux® system administrator who must efficiently solve technical problems and maximize the reliability and performance of a production environment. Now, the authors have systematically updated this classic guide to address today’s most important Linux distributions and most powerful new administrative tools. The authors spell out detailed best practices for every facet of system administration, including storage management, network design and administration, web hosting, software configuration management, performance analysis, Windows interoperability, and much more. Sysadmins will especially appreciate the thorough and up-to-date discussions of such difficult topics such as DNS, LDAP, security, and the management of IT service organizations. Linux® Administration Handbook, Second Edition, reflects the current versions of these leading distributions: Red Hat® Enterprise Linux® FedoraTM Core SUSE® Linux Enterprise Debian® GNU/Linux Ubuntu® Linux Sharing their war stories and hard-won insights, the authors capture the behavior of Linux systems in the real world, not just in ideal environments. They explain complex tasks in detail and illustrate these tasks with examples drawn from their extensive hands-on experience.

Platzierung von Softwarekomponenten auf Mehrkernprozessoren

Automatisierte Konstruktion und Analyse für funktionssichere Systeme

Author: Robert Hilbrich

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658111739

Category: Computers

Page: 247

View: 3109

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In dieser Arbeit wird ein modellbasiertes Verfahren zur automatisierten Platzierung von Softwarekomponenten unter Berücksichtigung der Echtzeit- und Zuverlässigkeitsanforderungen in der Luft- und Raumfahrt vorgestellt. Es orientiert sich am Leitmotiv „Correctness by Construction“ und bildet die komplexe Problematik auf ein Constraint Satisfaction Problem ab. Das Verfahren wird als Softwarewerkzeug realisiert und dessen Einsatz anhand von zwei Fallbeispielen aus der Luft- und Raumfahrt demonstriert. Der Autor zeigt, dass diese aufwändige und fehlerträchtige Aufgabe automatisierbar ist, sodass korrekte Platzierungen für Systeme realer Größe innerhalb weniger Minuten auf regulären Desktop-Computern konstruiert werden können.

Linux Kernel Development

Author: Robert Love

Publisher: Pearson Education

ISBN: 9780768696790

Category: Computers

Page: 480

View: 6143

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Linux Kernel Development details the design and implementation of the Linux kernel, presenting the content in a manner that is beneficial to those writing and developing kernel code, as well as to programmers seeking to better understand the operating system and become more efficient and productive in their coding. The book details the major subsystems and features of the Linux kernel, including its design, implementation, and interfaces. It covers the Linux kernel with both a practical and theoretical eye, which should appeal to readers with a variety of interests and needs. The author, a core kernel developer, shares valuable knowledge and experience on the 2.6 Linux kernel. Specific topics covered include process management, scheduling, time management and timers, the system call interface, memory addressing, memory management, the page cache, the VFS, kernel synchronization, portability concerns, and debugging techniques. This book covers the most interesting features of the Linux 2.6 kernel, including the CFS scheduler, preemptive kernel, block I/O layer, and I/O schedulers. The third edition of Linux Kernel Development includes new and updated material throughout the book: An all-new chapter on kernel data structures Details on interrupt handlers and bottom halves Extended coverage of virtual memory and memory allocation Tips on debugging the Linux kernel In-depth coverage of kernel synchronization and locking Useful insight into submitting kernel patches and working with the Linux kernel community

The Linux Programming Interface

A Linux and UNIX System Programming Handbook

Author: Michael Kerrisk

Publisher: No Starch Press

ISBN: 159327291X

Category: Computers

Page: 1552

View: 9961

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The Linux Programming Interface (TLPI) is the definitive guide to the Linux and UNIX programming interface—the interface employed by nearly every application that runs on a Linux or UNIX system. In this authoritative work, Linux programming expert Michael Kerrisk provides detailed descriptions of the system calls and library functions that you need in order to master the craft of system programming, and accompanies his explanations with clear, complete example programs. You'll find descriptions of over 500 system calls and library functions, and more than 200 example programs, 88 tables, and 115 diagrams. You'll learn how to: –Read and write files efficiently –Use signals, clocks, and timers –Create processes and execute programs –Write secure programs –Write multithreaded programs using POSIX threads –Build and use shared libraries –Perform interprocess communication using pipes, message queues, shared memory, and semaphores –Write network applications with the sockets API While The Linux Programming Interface covers a wealth of Linux-specific features, including epoll, inotify, and the /proc file system, its emphasis on UNIX standards (POSIX.1-2001/SUSv3 and POSIX.1-2008/SUSv4) makes it equally valuable to programmers working on other UNIX platforms. The Linux Programming Interface is the most comprehensive single-volume work on the Linux and UNIX programming interface, and a book that's destined to become a new classic.

GNU make

Author: Robert Mecklenburg

Publisher: O'Reilly Germany

ISBN: 9783897214088

Category: GNU Emacs

Page: 308

View: 4440

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Linux Device Drivers

Where the Kernel Meets the Hardware

Author: Jonathan Corbet,Alessandro Rubini,Greg Kroah-Hartman

Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."

ISBN: 9780596555382

Category: Computers

Page: 640

View: 2268

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Device drivers literally drive everything you're interested in--disks, monitors, keyboards, modems--everything outside the computer chip and memory. And writing device drivers is one of the few areas of programming for the Linux operating system that calls for unique, Linux-specific knowledge. For years now, programmers have relied on the classic Linux Device Drivers from O'Reilly to master this critical subject. Now in its third edition, this bestselling guide provides all the information you'll need to write drivers for a wide range of devices.Over the years the book has helped countless programmers learn: how to support computer peripherals under the Linux operating system how to develop and write software for new hardware under Linux the basics of Linux operation even if they are not expecting to write a driver The new edition of Linux Device Drivers is better than ever. The book covers all the significant changes to Version 2.6 of the Linux kernel, which simplifies many activities, and contains subtle new features that can make a driver both more efficient and more flexible. Readers will find new chapters on important types of drivers not covered previously, such as consoles, USB drivers, and more.Best of all, you don't have to be a kernel hacker to understand and enjoy this book. All you need is an understanding of the C programming language and some background in Unix system calls. And for maximum ease-of-use, the book uses full-featured examples that you can compile and run without special hardware.Today Linux holds fast as the most rapidly growing segment of the computer market and continues to win over enthusiastic adherents in many application areas. With this increasing support, Linux is now absolutely mainstream, and viewed as a solid platform for embedded systems. If you're writing device drivers, you'll want this book. In fact, you'll wonder how drivers are ever written without it.

Just for fun

wie ein Freak die Computerwelt revolutionierte ; [die Biographie des Linux-Erfinders]

Author: Linus Torvalds,David Diamond

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783423362993

Category:

Page: 275

View: 8911

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Introduction to Linux (Third Edition)

Author: Machtelt Garrels

Publisher: Fultus Corporation

ISBN: 159682199X

Category: Computers

Page: 296

View: 9544

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Whether you're just starting out with Linux or looking to hone your existing skills, this book will provide you with the knowledge you need. For new users, it is an exploration tour and getting started guide, with exercises at the end of each chapter. Advanced trainees can consider it a desktop reference, a collection of the base knowledge needed to tackle system and network administration. To help you work more effectively with Linux, this book contains hundreds of real life examples derived from the author's experience as a Linux system and network administrator, trainer and consultant. These examples will help you to get a better understanding of the Linux system and feel encouraged to try out things on your own.

Systems Performance

Enterprise and the Cloud

Author: Brendan Gregg

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: 0133390101

Category: Computers

Page: 792

View: 8024

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The Complete Guide to Optimizing Systems Performance Written by the winner of the 2013 LISA Award for Outstanding Achievement in System Administration Large-scale enterprise, cloud, and virtualized computing systems have introduced serious performance challenges. Now, internationally renowned performance expert Brendan Gregg has brought together proven methodologies, tools, and metrics for analyzing and tuning even the most complex environments. Systems Performance: Enterprise and the Cloud focuses on Linux® and Unix® performance, while illuminating performance issues that are relevant to all operating systems. You’ll gain deep insight into how systems work and perform, and learn methodologies for analyzing and improving system and application performance. Gregg presents examples from bare-metal systems and virtualized cloud tenants running Linux-based Ubuntu®, Fedora®, CentOS, and the illumos-based Joyent® SmartOS™ and OmniTI OmniOS®. He systematically covers modern systems performance, including the “traditional” analysis of CPUs, memory, disks, and networks, and new areas including cloud computing and dynamic tracing. This book also helps you identify and fix the “unknown unknowns” of complex performance: bottlenecks that emerge from elements and interactions you were not aware of. The text concludes with a detailed case study, showing how a real cloud customer issue was analyzed from start to finish. Coverage includes • Modern performance analysis and tuning: terminology, concepts, models, methods, and techniques • Dynamic tracing techniques and tools, including examples of DTrace, SystemTap, and perf • Kernel internals: uncovering what the OS is doing • Using system observability tools, interfaces, and frameworks • Understanding and monitoring application performance • Optimizing CPUs: processors, cores, hardware threads, caches, interconnects, and kernel scheduling • Memory optimization: virtual memory, paging, swapping, memory architectures, busses, address spaces, and allocators • File system I/O, including caching • Storage devices/controllers, disk I/O workloads, RAID, and kernel I/O • Network-related performance issues: protocols, sockets, interfaces, and physical connections • Performance implications of OS and hardware-based virtualization, and new issues encountered with cloud computing • Benchmarking: getting accurate results and avoiding common mistakes This guide is indispensable for anyone who operates enterprise or cloud environments: system, network, database, and web admins; developers; and other professionals. For students and others new to optimization, it also provides exercises reflecting Gregg’s extensive instructional experience.