Turkey's Modernization

Refugees from Nazism and Atatürk's Vision

Author: Arnold Reisman

Publisher: New Academia Publishing, LLC

ISBN: 9780977790883

Category: History

Page: 572

View: 2202

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"This book . . . is the earliest comprehensive essay in the English language on the German imigris who, while taking refuge in Turkey after 1933, contributed to the modernization of its higher education, and to the implementation of research activities and social reforms."--Dr. Feza Gnergun, chair for History of Science, Istanbul University.

Post-Ottoman Turkey

Classical European Music & Opera

Author: Arnold Reisman

Publisher: Createspace Independent Pub

ISBN: N.A

Category: Music

Page: 147

View: 1668

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Turkey?s relationship with music is an important subject because of its cultural transition from an Islamic empire to a Westward looking Republic.

Turkey and the Holocaust

Turkey’s Role in Rescuing Turkish and European Jewry from Nazi Persecution, 1933–1945

Author: Stanford J. Shaw

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1349130419

Category: History

Page: 434

View: 8646

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The neutrality maintained by Turkey during most of the Second World War enabled it to rescue thousands of Jews from the Holocaust in the Nazi-occupied or collaborating countries of Europe. This book shows how in France, the Turkish consuls in Paris and Marseilles intervened to protect Turkish Jews from application of anti-Jewish laws introduced both by the German occupying authorities and the Vichy government and rescued them from concentration camps, getting them off trains destined for the extermination chambers in the East, and arranging train caravans and other special transportation to take them through Nazi-occupied territory to safety in Turkey. 'an important and unique addition to the vast scholarship available on that tragic era' Rabbi Abraham Cooper

Educational Development and Infrastructure for Immigrants and Refugees

Author: Erçetin, ?efika ?ule

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1522533265

Category: Social Science

Page: 375

View: 9970

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Education is a pivotal influence on all members of society. However, in the case of immigrants and refugees integrating into a new country, allowing proper learning opportunities can offer specific challenges that must be overcome. Educational Development and Infrastructure for Immigrants and Refugees is an innovative source of scholarly research on the role of education for refugees and immigrants, and it examines methods to develop effective learning processes for these students. Highlighting a range of perspectives on topics such as lifelong learning, legal considerations, and multiculturalism, this book is ideally designed for teachers, policy makers, researchers, academics, and professionals actively involved in the education sector.

Immigration and the Current Social, Political, and Economic Climate: Breakthroughs in Research and Practice

Breakthroughs in Research and Practice

Author: Management Association, Information Resources

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1522569197

Category: Social Science

Page: 740

View: 7215

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Unstable social climates are causing the displacement of large numbers of people around the world. In consequence, the issue of safe relocation arises, leading to the need for new policies and strategies regarding immigration. Immigration and the Current Social, Political, and Economic Climate: Breakthroughs in Research and Practice is a timely reference source on the challenges, risks, and policies of current relocation and refugee flows and addresses the social, political, and economic problems in relation to these aspects of immigration. Highlighting a range of pertinent topics such as political refugees, human rights, and economic equity, this publication is an ideal reference source for policymakers, managers, academicians, practitioners, and graduate-level students interested in the current state of immigration from social, political, and economic perspectives.

Turkey and the Rescue of European Jews

Author: I. Izzet Bahar

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317625994

Category: History

Page: 308

View: 3583

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This book exposes Turkish policies concerning European Jews during the Hitler era, focusing on three events: 1. The recruitment of German Jewish scholars by the Turkish government after Hitler came to power, 2. The fate of Jews of Turkish origin in German-controlled France during WWII, 3. The Turkish approach to Jewish refugees who were in transit to Palestine through Turkey. These events have been widely presented in literature and popular media as conspicuous evidence of the humanitarian policies of the Turkish government, as well as indications of the compassionate acts of the Turkish officials vis-à-vis Jewish people both in the pre-war years of the Nazi regime and during WWII. This volume contrasts the evidence and facts from a wealth of newly-disclosed documents with the current populist presentation of Turkey as protector of Jews.

Antisemitism and Anti-Zionism in Turkey

From Ottoman Rule to AKP

Author: Efrat Aviv

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1315314118

Category: Political Science

Page: 242

View: 2308

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The Jewish community in Turkey today is very diverse with extremely different views as to whether Jews are reluctant or enthusiastic about living in Turkey. Many see themselves primarily as Turks and only then as Jews, while some believe quite the opposite. Some deny there are any expressions of antisemitism in Turkey while others would call it xenophobia and would claim that the other non-Muslim communities in Turkey share the same antagonism. ‘Antisemitism and Anti-Zionism in Turkey’ provides a comprehensive history of the extent of antisemitism in Turkey, from the time of the Ottomans, through the establishing of the Turkish Republic, and up to recent times and the AK Party. It also provides an in-depth analysis of the effect of Israeli military operations on antisemitism, from the Second Lebanon War in 2006 to Operation Protective Edge in 2014. Much emphasis is given to the last decade, as scholars and local Jews assert that antisemitism has increased during this period. An illustrated overview of antisemitism in Turkish media, covering newspapers, books, entertainment, and education, is provided. The book also analyses Turkish society’s attitude towards Jews in contrast with other minorities, and examines how the other minorities see the Jews according to their experience with Turkish society and government. A unique poll, data collected from personal interviews and the use of both Turkish and Israeli research resources, all help to provide a fresh insight into antisemitism in Turkey. This book will therefore be a key resource for students and scholars of antisemitism and anti-zionism studies, Turkish Studies and Middle East Studies.

Atatürk in the Nazi Imagination

Author: Stefan Ihrig

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674368371

Category: History

Page: 311

View: 3462

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Early in his career, Hitler took inspiration from Mussolini—this fact is widely known. But an equally important role model for Hitler has been neglected: Atatürk, the founder of modern Turkey, who inspired Hitler to remake Germany along nationalist, secular, totalitarian, and ethnically exclusive lines. Stefan Ihrig tells this compelling story.

Turkey's Modernization

Refugees from Nazism and Atatürk's Vision

Author: Arnold Reisman

Publisher: New Academia Publishing, LLC

ISBN: 9780977790883

Category: History

Page: 572

View: 5481

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"This book . . . is the earliest comprehensive essay in the English language on the German imigris who, while taking refuge in Turkey after 1933, contributed to the modernization of its higher education, and to the implementation of research activities and social reforms."--Dr. Feza Gnergun, chair for History of Science, Istanbul University.

The History of Terrorism

From Antiquity to ISIS

Author: Gérard Chaliand,Arnaud Blin

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520292502

Category: History

Page: 536

View: 8956

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First published in English in 2007 under title: The history of terrorism: from antiquity to al Qaeda.

Visual Culture in the Modern Middle East

Rhetoric of the Image

Author: Christiane Gruber,Sune Haugbolle

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 0253008948

Category: Social Science

Page: 376

View: 2016

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This timely book examines the power and role of the image in modern Middle Eastern societies. The essays explore the role and function of image making to highlight the ways in which the images "speak" and what visual languages mean for the construction of Islamic subjectivities, the distribution of power, and the formation of identity and belonging. Visual Culture in the Modern Middle East addresses aspects of the visual in the Islamic world, including the presentation of Islam on television; on the internet and other digital media; in banners, posters, murals, and graffiti; and in the satirical press, cartoons, and children’s books.

Kemalist Turkey and the Middle East

Author: Amit Bein

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107198003

Category: History

Page: 310

View: 900

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To better understand the lasting legacy of international relations in the post-Ottoman Middle East, we must first re-examine Turkey's engagement with the region during the interwar period. Long assumed to be a period of deliberate disengagement and ruptured ties between Turkey and its neighbours, Amit Bein instead argues that in the volatile 1930s, Turkey was in fact perceived as taking steps towards increasing its regional prominence. Bein examines the unstable situation along Turkey's Middle Eastern borders, the bilateral diplomatic relations Ankara established with fledgling governments in the region, grand plans for transforming Turkey into a major transit hub for Middle Eastern and Eurasian transportation and trade, and Ankara's effort to enhance its image as a model for modernization of non-Western societies. Through this, he offers a fresh, enlightening perspective on the Kemalist legacy that still resonates in the modern politics of the region today.

King of the Mountain

The Nature of Political Leadership

Author: Arnold M. Ludwig

Publisher: University Press of Kentucky

ISBN: 0813143306

Category: Political Science

Page: 496

View: 935

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People may choose to ignore their animal heritage by interpreting their behavior as divinely inspired, socially purposeful, or even self-serving, all of which they attribute to being human, but they masticate, fornicate, and procreate, much as chimps and apes do, so they should have little cause to get upset if they learn that they act like other primates when they politically agitate, debate, abdicate, placate, and administrate, too." -- from the book King of the Mountain presents the startling findings of Arnold M. Ludwig's eighteen-year investigation into why people want to rule. The answer may seem obvious -- power, privilege, and perks -- but any adequate answer also needs to explain why so many rulers cling to power even when they are miserable, trust nobody, feel besieged, and face almost certain death. Ludwig's results suggest that leaders of nations tend to act remarkably like monkeys and apes in the way they come to power, govern, and rule. Profiling every ruler of a recognized country in the twentieth century -- over 1,900 people in all­­, Ludwig establishes how rulers came to power, how they lost power, the dangers they faced, and the odds of their being assassinated, committing suicide, or dying a natural death. Then, concentrating on a smaller sub-set of 377 rulers for whom more extensive personal information was available, he compares six different kinds of leaders, examining their characteristics, their childhoods, and their mental stability or instability to identify the main predictors of later political success. Ludwig's penetrating observations, though presented in a lighthearted and entertaining way, offer important insight into why humans have engaged in war throughout recorded history as well as suggesting how they might live together in peace.

Refugees and Reforms

Turkey's Journey

Author: Arnold Reisman

Publisher: Createspace Independent Pub

ISBN: 9781439224519

Category: History

Page: 453

View: 394

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This book discusses the accomplishments of several eminent scholars who made history... but for reasons which defy wisdom this history has never been documented before in the English language.

Turkish Studies in the History and Philosophy of Science

Author: G. Irzik,Güven Güzeldere

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402033338

Category: Science

Page: 308

View: 1385

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As an academic discipline, the philosophy and history of science in Turkey was marked by two historical events: Hans Reichenbach's immigrating to Turkey and taking a post between 1933 and 1938 at Istanbul University prior to his tenure at UCLA, and Aydin Sayili's establishing a chair in the history of science in 1952 after having become the first student to receive a Ph.D. under George Sarton at Harvard University. Since then, both disciplines have flourished in Turkey. The present book, which contains seventeen newly commissioned articles, aims to give a rich overview of the current state of research by Turkish philosophers and historians of science. Topics covered address issues in methodology, causation, and reduction, and include philosophy of logic and physics, philosophy of psychology and language, and Ottoman science studies. The book also contains an unpublished interview with Maria Reichenbach, Hans Reichenbach's wife, which sheds new light on Reichenbach's academic and personal life in Istanbul and at UCLA.

Judgment At Istanbul

The Armenian Genocide Trials

Author: Vahakn N. Dadrian,Taner Akçam

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 085745286X

Category: History

Page: 376

View: 8400

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Turkey's bid to join the European Union has lent new urgency to the issue of the Armenian Genocide as differing interpretations of the genocide are proving to be a major reason for the delay of the its accession. This book provides vital background information and is a prime source of legal evidence and authentic Turkish eyewitness testimony of the intent and the crime of genocide against the Armenians. After a long and painstaking effort, the authors, one an Armenian, the other a Turk, generally recognized as the foremost experts on the Armenian Genocide, have prepared a new, authoritative translation and detailed analysis of the Takvim-i Vekâyi, the official Ottoman Government record of the Turkish Military Tribunals concerning the crimes committed against the Armenians during World War I. The authors have compiled the documentation of the trial proceedings for the first time in English and situated them within their historical and legal context. These documents show that Wartime Cabinet ministers, Young Turk party leaders, and a number of others inculpated in these crimes were court-martialed by the Turkish Military Tribunals in the years immediately following World War I. Most were found guilty and received sentences ranging from prison with hard labor to death. In remarkable contrast to Nuremberg, the Turkish Military Tribunals were conducted solely on the basis of existing Ottoman domestic penal codes. This substitution of a national for an international criminal court stands in history as a unique initiative of national self-condemnation. This compilation is significantly enhanced by an extensive analysis of the historical background, political nature and legal implications of the criminal prosecution of the twentieth century's first state-sponsored crime of genocide.

Midnight at the Pera Palace: The Birth of Modern Istanbul

Author: Charles King

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 0393245780

Category: History

Page: 480

View: 8507

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“Timely . . . brilliant . . . hugely enjoyable, magnificently researched and deeply absorbing.”—Jason Goodwin, New York Times Book Review At midnight, December 31, 1925, citizens of the newly proclaimed Turkish Republic celebrated the New Year. For the first time ever, they had agreed to use a nationally unified calendar and clock. Yet in Istanbul—an ancient crossroads and Turkey's largest city—people were looking toward an uncertain future. Never purely Turkish, Istanbul was home to generations of Greeks, Armenians, and Jews, as well as Muslims. It welcomed White Russian nobles ousted by the Russian Revolution, Bolshevik assassins on the trail of the exiled Leon Trotsky, German professors, British diplomats, and American entrepreneurs—a multicultural panoply of performers and poets, do-gooders and ne’er-do-wells. During the Second World War, thousands of Jews fleeing occupied Europe found passage through Istanbul, some with the help of the future Pope John XXIII. At the Pera Palace, Istanbul's most luxurious hotel, so many spies mingled in the lobby that the manager posted a sign asking them to relinquish their seats to paying guests. In beguiling prose and rich character portraits, Charles King brings to life a remarkable era when a storied city stumbled into the modern world and reshaped the meaning of cosmopolitanism.

Ally No More

Erdogan's New Turkish Caliphate and the Rising Jihadist Threat to the West

Author: Clare Lopez,Harold Rhode,David P. Goldman,Christopher Hull,Daniel Pipes,Burak Bekdil,Uzay Bulut,Deborah Weiss

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781717071675

Category:

Page: 194

View: 1330

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"Whither Turkey?" is a question that has become one of the most pressing national security topics of our time. The available evidence - including notably the increasingly overt ambition of Recep Tayyip Erdogan to become the Caliph of a neo-Ottoman empire, his naked hostility toward the United States and the damage being done by Turkey to America's vital interests and those of the rest of NATO and other allies like Israel and the Kurds - suggests the answer is alarming. That evidence is thoughtfully assessed in Ally No More, including in essays about the presence of Turkish influence operations and infrastructure that could bring here the threat posed to this country by Erdogan, as well, making it required reading for policy-makers and the public, alike.

Mathematicians Fleeing from Nazi Germany

Individual Fates and Global Impact

Author: Reinhard Siegmund-Schultze

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691125937

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 471

View: 9572

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The emigration of mathematicians from Europe during the Nazi era signaled an irrevocable and important historical shift for the international mathematics world. Mathematicians Fleeing from Nazi Germany is the first thoroughly documented account of this exodus. In this greatly expanded translation of the 1998 German edition, Reinhard Siegmund-Schultze describes the flight of more than 140 mathematicians, their reasons for leaving, the political and economic issues involved, the reception of these emigrants by various countries, and the emigrants' continuing contributions to mathematics. The influx of these brilliant thinkers to other nations profoundly reconfigured the mathematics world and vaulted the United States into a new leadership role in mathematics research. Based on archival sources that have never been examined before, the book discusses the preeminent emigrant mathematicians of the period, including Emmy Noether, John von Neumann, Hermann Weyl, and many others. The author explores the mechanisms of the expulsion of mathematicians from Germany, the emigrants' acculturation to their new host countries, and the fates of those mathematicians forced to stay behind. The book reveals the alienation and solidarity of the emigrants, and investigates the global development of mathematics as a consequence of their radical migration. An in-depth yet accessible look at mathematics both as a scientific enterprise and human endeavor, Mathematicians Fleeing from Nazi Germany provides a vivid picture of a critical chapter in the history of international science.

The Ghost of Freedom

A History of the Caucasus

Author: Charles King

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0195177754

Category: History

Page: 291

View: 5764

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" ... The first general history of the modern Caucasus, stretching from the beginning of Russian imperial expansion up to rise of new countries after the Soviet Union's collapse."--Cover.