Town and Country Planning in the UK

Author: Barry Cullingworth,Vincent Nadin,Trevor Hart,Simin Davoudi,John Pendlebury,Geoff Vigar,David Webb,Tim Townshend

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131758564X

Category: Architecture

Page: 602

View: 5538

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Town and country planning has never been more important to the UK, nor more prominent in national debate. Planning generates great controversy: whether it’s spending £80m and four years’ inquiry into Heathrow’s Terminal 5, or the 200 proposed wind turbines in the Shetland Isles. On a smaller scale telecoms masts, take-aways, house extensions, and even fences are often the cause of local conflict. Town and Country Planning in the UK has been extensively revised by a new author group. This 15th Edition incorporates the major changes to planning introduced by the coalition government elected in 2010, particularly through the National Planning Policy Framework and associated practice guidance and the Localism Act. It provides a critical discussion of the systems of planning, the procedures for managing development and land use change, and the mechanisms for implementing policy and proposals. It reviews current policy for sustainable development and the associated economic, social and environmental themes relevant to planning in both urban and rural contexts. Contemporary arrangements are explained with reference to their historical development, the influence of the European Union, the roles of central and local government, and developing social and economic demands for land use change. Detailed consideration is given to • the nature of planning and its historical evolution • the role of the EU, central, regional and local government • mechanisms for developing policy, and managing these changes • policies for guiding and delivering housing and economic development • sustainable development principles for planning, including pollution control • the importance of design in planning • conserving the heritage • community engagement in planning The many recent changes to the system are explained in detail – the new national planning policy framework; the impact of the loss of the regional tier in planning and of the insertion of neighbourhood level planning; the transition from development control to development management; the continued and growing importance of environmental matters in planning; community engagement; partnership working; changes to planning gain and the introduction of the Community Infrastructure Levy; and new initiatives across a number of other themes. Notes on further reading are provided and at the end of the book there is an extensive bibliography, maintaining its reputation as the ‘bible’ of British planning.

Town and Country Planning in the UK

Author: J. B. Cullingworth,Vincent Nadin

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 0415217741

Category: Political Science

Page: 481

View: 3013

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This text covers the whole of the UK and gives a critical discussion of the current issues and problems. It provides an explanation of the nature of planning, the institutions and organizations involved, the plans and other tools used by planners, the system of controlling development and land use change and planning policies pursued. Detailed consideration is given to the nature of planning and its historical evolution, central and local government and the EU and other agencies. Also, to the framework of plans and other planning instruments, development control, land policy and planning gain, environmental and countryside planning, sustainable development, waste and pollution, heritage and transport planning, urban policies and regeneration and planning, the profession and the public.

British Planning

50 Years of Urban and Regional Policy

Author: J. B. Cullingworth

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 9780485006049

Category: Political Science

Page: 320

View: 7544

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Brings together Britain's leading analysts of planning to present a review and analysis of planning and policy. Covers major issues in contemporary planning, reviews the history of post-war planning, and considers the future for planning, covering both policy and its impact on practice. Includes case material and bandw photos and plans of houses and buildings. Cullingworth is a professor of urban affairs at the University of Delaware and an associate of the Department of Land Economy at the University of Cambridge. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Planning on the Edge

Author: Nick Gallent,Johan Andersson,Marco Bianconi

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134185952

Category: Architecture

Page: 256

View: 4901

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More than a tenth of the land mass of the UK comprises 'urban fringe': the countryside around towns that has been called 'planning's last frontier'. One of the key challenges facing spatial planners is the land-use management of this area, regarded by many as fit only for locating sewage works, essential service functions and other un-neighbourly uses. However, to others it is a dynamic area where a range of urban and rural uses collide. Planning on the Edge fills an important gap in the literature, examining in detail the challenges that planning faces in this no-man’s land. It presents both problems and solutions, and builds a vision for the urban fringe that is concerned with maximising its potential and with bridging the physical and cultural rift between town and country. Its findings are presented in three sections: the urban fringe and the principles underpinning its management sectoral challenges faced at the urban fringe (including commerce, energy, recreation, farming, and housing) managing the urban fringe more effectively in the future. Students, professionals and researchers alike will benefit from the book's structured approach, while the global and transferable nature of the principles and ideas underpinning the study will appeal to an international audience.

Introduction to Rural Planning

Author: Nick Gallent,Meri Juntti,Sue Kidd,Dave Shaw

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134086342

Category: Science

Page: 384

View: 6487

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Providing an overview of rural (spatial) planning for students on planning, geography and related programmes, this book charts the major patterns and processes of rural change affecting the British countryside, its landscape, its communities and its economies in the twentieth century. The authors examine the role of ‘planning’ in shaping rural spaces, not only the statutory ‘comprehensive’ planning that emerged in the post-war period, but also planning and rural programme delivery undertaken by central, regional and local policy agencies. The book is designed to accompany a typical teaching programme in rural planning and considers: the nature of rural areas and the emergence of statutory planning in England the agents of rural policy delivery and the potential for current planning practice to become a ‘policy hub’ at the local level, co-ordinating the actions and programmes of different agents economic change in the countryside and the influence planning has in shaping rural economies social change, the nature of rural communities and recent debates on housing and rural service provision environmental change, the changing fortunes of farming, landscape protection, and the idea of a multi-functional landscape made by forces that can be shaped by the planning process key areas of current concern in spatial rural planning, including debates surrounding city-regions, the rural the challenge of managing rural change in the twenty-first century through new planning and governance processes. A comprehensive coverage of the forces, processes and outcomes of rural change whilst keeping planning’s influence and role in clear view at all times.

Planning in the UK

An Introduction

Author: Clara Greed

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1137318783

Category: Political Science

Page: 392

View: 3490

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This accessible text introduces the history, theory and key issues of planning. It is designed to give those new to the subject, both planning and non-planning students, a concise overview of the whole field.

The Planning Polity

Planning, Government and the Policy Process

Author: Mark Tewdwr-Jones

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134447892

Category: Architecture

Page: 352

View: 7651

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Planning is not a technical and value free activity. Planning is an overt political system that creates both winners and losers. The Planning Polity is a book that considers the politics of development and decision-making, and political conflicts between agencies and institutions within British town and country planning. The focus of assessment is how British planning has been formulated since the early 1990s, and provides an in-depth and revealing assessment of both the Major and Blair governments' terms of office. The book will prove to be an invaluable guide to the British planning system today and the political demands on it. Students and activists within urban and regional studies, planning, political science and government, environmental studies, urban and rural geography, development, surveying and planning, will all find the book to be an essential companion to their work.

Moscow in the Making

Author: Ernest Simon,Shena Simon,W. A. Robson,J. Jewkes

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317609824

Category: Architecture

Page: 298

View: 4144

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This book, published in 1937, reported on a four week visit to Moscow in 1936 to study the making of Moscow as a showpiece Soviet capital. At its core was the 1935 General Plan for the Reconstruction of Moscow but the book was a study of planning in the Soviet rather than the Western sense. Thus it covered many aspects of the city’s social and economic life including industry and finance, education and housing production as well as governance and town planning. Much first hand detail is included, based on the visit and the authors’ meetings with Soviet officials and citizens that illustrate various points, usually in praise. The book made a significant contribution towards the growing arguments in 1930s Britain and other parts of the Anglophone world for a bolder, more comprehensive and more state-led approach to planning. In turn these arguments had an important impact in shaping the policies adopted in the 1940s.

Environmental Assessment

Author: Ross Singleton,David Short,Pamela Castle

Publisher: Thomas Telford

ISBN: 9780727726124

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 7963

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Environmental assessment is a relatively new area of work and very few practical guides to the subject exist - until now. This invaluable text provides practical information and guidance on why environmental impact assessments are necessary, what they are intended to achieve, what the legal requirements are and, most importantly, how to carry them out on a wide range of projects. The text contains many examples of best practice for a variety of circumstances.

Race and Planning

The UK Experience

Author: Huw Thomas

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135366330

Category: Architecture

Page: 176

View: 4732

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Drawing on a number of research studies of planning and urban policy, ace and Planning asks why racial equality has not been higher on professional and government agendas, and suggests strategies for those working on change. It considers key issues such as how planning activities might lead to more emphasis on the significance of racial equality; might currently it be unwittingly underpinning racial disadvantage? Alternatively, can planning help challenge racism and promote equal opportunities? The book's arguments are sensitive to the rapidly changing focus of the politics of race including: 'fortress Europe', Macpherson and modernism.

Adapting Institutions to Climate Change

Twenty-eighth Report

Author: Great Britain. Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution

Publisher: The Stationery Office

ISBN: 9780101784320

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 169

View: 2510

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The overwhelming scientific consensus is that the earth is warming because of human activities. Adaptation will be necessary even if mitigation efforts are markedly increased, because we are already locked in to climate change as a result of historic greenhouse gas emissions. Projections show that it is likely that global average temperatures will rise by 2 degrees C, and there is the potential for a 4 degree C rise by the end of the century. UK projections suggest warmer, drier summers and warmer wetter winters. The consequences are likely to be profound, even devastating with more extreme events - floods, drought and heat waves - coupled with sea level rises. Policies and practice on water management, coast protection, and nature conservation will need to change. This report explores how institutions should adapt their policies to a changing climate and offers a ten point check list to be followed by all organisations. The Commission found many institutions are poorly prepared to adapt to climate change and many have simply not started to consider it. The Commission makes recommendations designed to help institutions develop their capacity to respond to this challenge. In contrast to climate change mitigation (where local actions have global benefits), adaptation is primarily about local action with local consequences that may differ markedly in different parts of the UK.

Zoned in the USA

The Origins and Implications of American Land-Use Regulation

Author: Sonia A. Hirt

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 0801454700

Category: Political Science

Page: 248

View: 5390

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Why are American cities, suburbs, and towns so distinct? Compared to European cities, those in the United States are characterized by lower densities and greater distances; neat, geometric layouts; an abundance of green space; a greater level of social segregation reflected in space; and—perhaps most noticeably—a greater share of individual, single-family detached housing. In Zoned in the USA, Sonia A. Hirt argues that zoning laws are among the important but understudied reasons for the cross-continental differences. Hirt shows that rather than being imported from Europe, U.S. municipal zoning law was in fact an institution that quickly developed its own, distinctly American profile. A distinct spatial culture of individualism—founded on an ideal of separate, single-family residences apart from the dirt and turmoil of industrial and agricultural production—has driven much of municipal regulation, defined land-use, and, ultimately, shaped American life. Hirt explores municipal zoning from a comparative and international perspective, drawing on archival resources and contemporary land-use laws from England, Germany, France, Australia, Russia, Canada, and Japan to challenge assumptions about American cities and the laws that guide them.

International and Comparative Mineral Law and Policy

Trends and Prospects

Author: Elizabeth Bastida,Thomas W. Waelde,Janeth Warden-Fernández

Publisher: Kluwer Law International B.V.

ISBN: 9041121161

Category: Law

Page: 1114

View: 7136

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This book covers a broad spectrum of issues shaping the current paradigm of minerals sector governance. The ultimate aim of the book is to understand trends and developments in mineral law and policy occurring at international, regional, cross-border and in some selected cases at national level and also to identify some of the challenges lying ahead. With these objectives in view, the book brings together a representative selection of the most knowledgeable authors on the subject. The contributions deal with a diverse range of issues tackled from interdisciplinary perspectives. Topics are divided into five main chapters: international and comparative aspects of mineral law; actors and policies in the minerals industry; investment prospects, financial and fiscal issues; sustainable development and regional outlooks. The book aspires to serve as a useful reference for scholars, practitioners, students and all those with an interest in current developments in the areas reviewed. Elizabeth Bastida is the Rio Tinto Research Fellow and the Director of the Mineral Law and Policy Programme at the Centre for Energy, Petroleum, Mineral Law and Policy at the University of Dundee (CEPMLP/Dundee). Thomas W?lde is the Professor of International Economic, Natural Resources and Energy Law and was (until 2001) the Executive Director of CEPMLP/Dundee. He currently runs TWA, his private consultancy firm, which provides advisory services in natural resources and energy law, regulatory reform, investment promotion, state enterprise/agency appraisal and restructuring, privatisation, contract assessment, negotiation and dispute management. Janeth Warden-Fern?ndez is a Research and Teaching Fellow, an advisor of the Mineral Law and Policy Programme and the Manager of the Distance Learning Programme at CEPMLP/Dundee.

Strategic Planning for Regional Development in the UK

Author: Harry T. Dimitriou,Robin Thompson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134273185

Category: Architecture

Page: 384

View: 8299

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With contributions from leading academics and practitioners, Strategic Planning for Regional Development in the UK is the most up-to-date treatment of a fast-changing subject. The book discusses: The evolution of regional planning in the UK and the strategic thinking involved The spatial implications of regional economic development policies The methods and techniques needed for the implementation of strategic planning for regional development How strategic planning for regional development is currently put into practice in three UK regions with different priorities. Strategic Planning for Regional Development in the UK is essential reading for students and academics working within strategic and regional planning and provides policy makers and practitioners with a comprehensive and thought provoking introduction to this critically important emerging field.

Territory

The Claiming of Space

Author: David Storey

Publisher: Pearson Education

ISBN: 9780582327900

Category: Science

Page: 195

View: 1303

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Territory provides a comprehensive introduction to theories of territoriality and the geographical outcomes of territorial control. It explores both macro-scale territoriality (e.g. the emergence of nations and state formation) and micro-scale territoriality (e.g. the 'designation' of particular spaces in urban areas or domestic contexts). Politics and political relationships underpin the world we live in. From a geographical perspective, the most obvious manifestation of this is the division of the Earth's surface into political units (states and sub-state divisions). There are also less explicit forms of territorial division which occur in more micro-scale contexts. Whether explicit or implicit, control over territory is a key political motivating force. Competing territory claims are a major source of conflict. The processes of control and the contestation over particular territory are thus key elements in what is known as political geography.

Waste Incineration and the Environment

Author: Ronald E. Hester

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 0854042059

Category: Science

Page: 158

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Waste incineration is finding increasing favour as a waste disposal method and this Issue considers the topic of waste disposal and the place of incineration as an option. It reviews the emissions and environmental impacts of incineration and available control technologies, specific research upon emissions of trace metals and organic micropollutants, and the methodologies for environmental impact assessment. There is currently great interest and considerable controversy over waste incineration and this book gives a dispassionate view of the scientific and technical issues involved. It provides a broad overview of the role incineration can play in waste management and looks at how environmental impacts may be managed and assessed. For municipal waste, when coupled with energy recovery, waste incineration provides an efficient, spatially compact means of bulk waste reduction, which is widely favoured over landfill, and for some chemical wastes, provides the only presently viable disposal option. This book places incineration in the context of other waste disposal options and examines the relative benefits and environmental impacts in a balanced way.

Environmental Policies (Routledge Revivals)

An International Review

Author: Chris C. Park

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134670699

Category: Political Science

Page: 328

View: 527

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The importance of the effective management of the natural environment has become vital over the past few decades. In different countries, varying policies are implemented by governments to manage the environment, both to foster growth and reduce pollution and destruction. Employing a broad country-based approach, this edited collection, first published in 1986, surveys the growth, nature and effectiveness of the environmental management policies implemented by governments around the world. The overarching argument is that a coherent international approach is needed to deal with the problems surrounding environmental sustainability. This title will be of great value to students of the natural environment, sustainability and resource management.

Development Control

Author: Keith Thomas

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134226616

Category: Architecture

Page: 356

View: 1094

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Development Control" is a comprehensive introductory text for students of planning and related subjects. Drawing widely on the literature - the approach and treatment are very much geared to the needs of students on courses, rather than focusing on practical and "how-to-do-it" issues. It should be of interest to students in schools of planning, the built environment, estate management, land economy and other related subjects.

The Industrial Green Game

Implications for Environmental Design and Management

Author: National Academy of Engineering

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309520428

Category: Science

Page: 236

View: 9928

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Industrial ecology is a concept that has emerged in response to growing public concern about the impact of industry on the environment. In this framework the natural flow (or circulation) of materials and energy that takes place in biological ecosystems becomes a model for more efficient industrial "metabolism." What industrial ecology is and how it may be applied to corporate environmentalism are the subject of The Industrial Green Game. This volume examines industrial circulation of materials, energy efficiency strategies, "green" accounting, life-cycle analysis, and other approaches for preventing pollution and improving performance. Corporate leaders report firsthand on "green" efforts at Ciba-Geigy, Volvo, Kennecott, and Norsk Hydro. And an update is provided on the award-winning industrial symbiosis project in Kalundborg, Denmark. The Industrial Green Game looks at issues of special concern to business, such as measuring and shaping public perceptions and marketing "green" products to consumers. It offers discussions of the appropriate roles of government and private business.

Essentials of Environmental Public Health Science

A Handbook for Field Professionals

Author: Naima Bradley,Henrietta Harrison,Greg Hodgson,Robie Kamanyire,Andrew Kibble,Virginia Murray

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191505404

Category: Medical

Page: 224

View: 1743

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Environmental public health is an interdisciplinary approach to the study of the direct and indirect impact of exposure to environmental hazards on the public's health and wellbeing. Assessing and addressing the risks of chemical, ionising and non-ionising radiation, and noise hazards requires a sound knowledge of toxicology, environmental epidemiology, environmental science, health risk assessment, and public health principles. Essentials of Environmental Science for Public Health provides practical guidance on the technical aspects of environmental and public health investigations. Written by leaders in the field, the authors provide practical, expert advice on a range of topics from key concepts and framework for investigation to contaminated land and waste management. Case studies are used to aid learning and understand of the topics discussed. Produced by Health Protection England, Essentials of Environmental Science for Public Health offers a comprehensive and structured approach to understanding environmental public health issues and will be essential reading for all students and professionals in environmental public health.