Topological Solitons

Author: Nicholas Manton,Paul Sutcliffe

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139454698

Category: Science

Page: N.A

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Topological solitons occur in many nonlinear classical field theories. They are stable, particle-like objects, with finite mass and a smooth structure. Examples are monopoles and Skyrmions, Ginzburg-Landau vortices and sigma-model lumps, and Yang-Mills instantons. This book is a comprehensive survey of static topological solitons and their dynamical interactions. Particular emphasis is placed on the solitons which satisfy first-order Bogomolny equations. For these, the soliton dynamics can be investigated by finding the geodesics on the moduli space of static multi-soliton solutions. Remarkable scattering processes can be understood this way. The book starts with an introduction to classical field theory, and a survey of several mathematical techniques useful for understanding many types of topological soliton. Subsequent chapters explore key examples of solitons in one, two, three and four dimensions. The final chapter discusses the unstable sphaleron solutions which exist in several field theories.

Analysis And Mathematical Physics

Author: Bullett Shaun,Fearn Tom,Smith Frank

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 1786341018

Category: Mathematics

Page: 248

View: 7469

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This is a concise reference book on analysis and mathematical physics, leading readers from a foundation to advanced level understanding of the topic. This is the perfect text for graduate or PhD mathematical-science students looking for support in topics such as distributions, Fourier transforms and microlocal analysis, C* Algebras, value distribution of meromorphic functions, noncommutative differential geometry, differential geometry and mathematical physics, mathematical problems of general relativity, and special functions of mathematical physics. Analysis and Mathematical Physics is the sixth volume of the LTCC Advanced Mathematics Series. This series is the first to provide advanced introductions to mathematical science topics to advanced students of mathematics. Editor the three joint heads of the London Taught Course Centre for PhD Students in the Mathematical Sciences (LTCC), each book supports readers in broadening their mathematical knowledge outside of their immediate research disciplines while also covering specialized key areas.

Xvith International Congress on Mathematical Physics (with Dvd-rom)

Author: Pavel Exner

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814304638

Category: Science

Page: 708

View: 8116

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The International Congress on Mathematical Physics is the flagship conference in this exciting field. Convening every three years, it gives a survey on the progress achieved in all branches of mathematical physics. It also provides a superb platform to discuss challenges and new ideas. The present volume collects material from the XVIth ICMP which was held in Prague, August 2009, and features most of the plenary lectures and invited lectures in topical sessions as well as information on other parts of the congress program. This volume provides a broad coverage of the field of mathematical physics, from dominantly mathematical subjects to particle physics, condensed matter, and application of mathematical physics methods in various areas such as astrophysics and ecology, amongst others.

String-Math 2013

Author: Ron Donagi, Michael R. Douglas,Ljudmila Kamenova,Martin Rocek

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 1470410516

Category: Mathematics

Page: 370

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This volume contains the proceedings of the conference `String-Math 2013' which was held June 17-21, 2013 at the Simons Center for Geometry and Physics at Stony Brook University. This was the third in a series of annual meetings devoted to the interface of mathematics and string theory. Topics include the latest developments in supersymmetric and topological field theory, localization techniques, the mathematics of quantum field theory, superstring compactification and duality, scattering amplitudes and their relation to Hodge theory, mirror symmetry and two-dimensional conformal field theory, and many more. This book will be important reading for researchers and students in the area, and for all mathematicians and string theorists who want to update themselves on developments in the math-string interface.

Topological and Non-Topological Solitons in Scalar Field Theories

Author: Yakov M. Shnir

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316997154

Category: Science

Page: N.A

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Solitons emerge in various non-linear systems as stable localized configurations, behaving in many ways like particles, from non-linear optics and condensed matter to nuclear physics, cosmology and supersymmetric theories. This book provides an introduction to integrable and non-integrable scalar field models with topological and non-topological soliton solutions. Focusing on both topological and non-topological solitons, it brings together debates around solitary waves and construction of soliton solutions in various models and provides a discussion of solitons using simple model examples. These include the Kortenweg-de-Vries system, sine-Gordon model, kinks and oscillons, and skyrmions and hopfions. The classical field theory of scalar field in various spatial dimensions is used throughout the book in presentation of related concepts, both at the technical and conceptual level. Providing a comprehensive introduction to the description and construction of solitons, this book is ideal for researchers and graduate students in mathematics and theoretical physics.

Solitons

Author: R. MacKenzie,M.B. Paranjape,W.J. Zakrzewski

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387988955

Category: Mathematics

Page: 312

View: 2317

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Solitons were discovered by John Scott Russel in 1834 and have intrigued scientists and mathematicians ever since. They have been the subject of a large body of research not only in mathematics and physics, but also engineering, biology, and other disciplines. This volume comprises the presentations at an interdisciplinary workshop held at Querns University in Kingston, Ontario. It includes chapters on mathematical and numerical aspects of solitons, recent developments in string theory, and applications of solitons in such areas as nuclear and particle physics, cosmology, and condensed-matter physics.

Séminaire Bourbaki

volume 2005/2006 : exposés 952-966

Author: Société mathématique de France

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Algebra

Page: 401

View: 8440

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As in the preceding volumes of this seminar, one finds here fifteen survey lectures on topics of current interest: two lectures on algebraic geometry, three on partial differential equations, one on Arakelov geometry, one on $p$-adic analytic geometry, one on Galois representations, one on number theory, one on $p$-divisible groups, one on graph theory, one on operator algebras, one on representation theory, one on singular integral operators, and one on dynamical systems.

Classical Solutions in Quantum Field Theory

Solitons and Instantons in High Energy Physics

Author: Erick J. Weinberg

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521114632

Category: Science

Page: 326

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Overview of classical solutions and their consequences in quantum field theory, high energy physics and cosmology for graduates and researchers.

Differentialgeometrie, Topologie und Physik

Author: Mikio Nakahara

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662453002

Category: Science

Page: 597

View: 2889

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Differentialgeometrie und Topologie sind wichtige Werkzeuge für die Theoretische Physik. Insbesondere finden sie Anwendung in den Gebieten der Astrophysik, der Teilchen- und Festkörperphysik. Das vorliegende beliebte Buch, das nun erstmals ins Deutsche übersetzt wurde, ist eine ideale Einführung für Masterstudenten und Forscher im Bereich der theoretischen und mathematischen Physik. - Im ersten Kapitel bietet das Buch einen Überblick über die Pfadintegralmethode und Eichtheorien. - Kapitel 2 beschäftigt sich mit den mathematischen Grundlagen von Abbildungen, Vektorräumen und der Topologie. - Die folgenden Kapitel beschäftigen sich mit fortgeschritteneren Konzepten der Geometrie und Topologie und diskutieren auch deren Anwendungen im Bereich der Flüssigkristalle, bei suprafluidem Helium, in der ART und der bosonischen Stringtheorie. - Daran anschließend findet eine Zusammenführung von Geometrie und Topologie statt: es geht um Faserbündel, characteristische Klassen und Indextheoreme (u.a. in Anwendung auf die supersymmetrische Quantenmechanik). - Die letzten beiden Kapitel widmen sich der spannendsten Anwendung von Geometrie und Topologie in der modernen Physik, nämlich den Eichfeldtheorien und der Analyse der Polakov'schen bosonischen Stringtheorie aus einer gemetrischen Perspektive. Mikio Nakahara studierte an der Universität Kyoto und am King’s in London Physik sowie klassische und Quantengravitationstheorie. Heute ist er Physikprofessor an der Kinki-Universität in Osaka (Japan), wo er u. a. über topologische Quantencomputer forscht. Diese Buch entstand aus einer Vorlesung, die er während Forschungsaufenthalten an der University of Sussex und an der Helsinki University of Sussex gehalten hat.

Liebe und Mathematik

Im Herzen einer verborgenen Wirklichkeit

Author: Edward Frenkel

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662434210

Category: Mathematics

Page: 317

View: 9798

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Mathematical works

Author: Helmut Wielandt

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110124538

Category: Mathematics

Page: 802

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Contains all the mathematical works of the 20th-century German mathematician except those on group theory, which comprise the first volume. Most are on matrix theory. Among them are 24 research papers arranged chronologically, many with commentary by specialists; lecture notes on the analytic theory of matrix groups; his series of contributions to the mathematical treatment of complex eigenvalue problems prepared during the Second World War; and 1973 lecture notes on selected topics of permutation groups. About half of the pieces are in German. No index. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Geometrical Dynamics of Complex Systems

A Unified Modelling Approach to Physics, Control, Biomechanics, Neurodynamics and Psycho-Socio-Economical Dynamics

Author: Vladimir G. Ivancevic,Tijana T. Ivancevic

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 140204545X

Category: Science

Page: 824

View: 9646

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Geometrical Dynamics of Complex Systems is a graduate?level monographic textbook. Itrepresentsacomprehensiveintroductionintorigorousgeometrical dynamicsofcomplexsystemsofvariousnatures. By?complexsystems?,inthis book are meant high?dimensional nonlinear systems, which can be (but not necessarily are) adaptive. This monograph proposes a uni?ed geometrical - proachtodynamicsofcomplexsystemsofvariouskinds:engineering,physical, biophysical, psychophysical, sociophysical, econophysical, etc. As their names suggest, all these multi?input multi?output (MIMO) systems have something in common: the underlying physics. However, instead of dealing with the pop- 1 ular ?soft complexity philosophy?, we rather propose a rigorous geometrical and topological approach. We believe that our rigorous approach has much greater predictive power than the soft one. We argue that science and te- nology is all about prediction and control. Observation, understanding and explanation are important in education at undergraduate level, but after that it should be all prediction and control. The main objective of this book is to show that high?dimensional nonlinear systems and processes of ?real life? can be modelled and analyzed using rigorous mathematics, which enables their complete predictability and controllability, as if they were linear systems. It is well?known that linear systems, which are completely predictable and controllable by de?nition ? live only in Euclidean spaces (of various - mensions). They are as simple as possible, mathematically elegant and fully elaborated from either scienti?c or engineering side. However, in nature, no- ing is linear. In reality, everything has a certain degree of nonlinearity, which means: unpredictability, with subsequent uncontrollability.

Lehr- und Wanderjahre eines Mathematikers

Aus dem Französischen von Theresia Übelhör

Author: André Weil

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3034850476

Category: Science

Page: 212

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Mein Leben, oder zumindest das, was diesen Namen verdient -ein außer gewöhnlich glückliches Leben mit einigen Schicksalsschlägen -erstreckte sich auf die Zeit zwischen dem 6. Mai 1906, dem Tag meiner Geburt, und dem 24. Mai 1986, dem Todestag meiner Frau und Gefährtin Eveline. Wenn auf diesen Seiten, die ihr gewidmet sind, von meiner Frau recht wenig die Rede sein wird, heißt das nicht, daß sie in meinem Leben und in meinen Gedanken einen geringen Platz eingenommen hätte. Sie war im Gegenteil, beinahe vom Tag unserer ersten Begegnung an, so eng damit verwoben, daß von mir oder von ihr zu sprechen ein und dasselbe ist. Ihre Anwesenheit beziehungsweise ihre Abwesenheit bestimmte die Textur meines ganzen Lebens. Was könnte ich anderes dazu sagen, als daß unsere Ehe eine von jenen war, die La Rochefoucauld Lügen strafen? »Fulsere vere candidi mihi soles . . . . « Ebenso wird meine Schwester kaum erwähnt werden. Es ist schon lange her, daß ich meine Erinnerungen an sie Simone Petrement mitgeteilt habe, die sie in ihre gute Biographie La vie de Simone Weil einfließen ließ, wo man viele Einzelheiten über unsere gemeinsame Kindheit erfahren kann, und es wäre unnötig, dies hier zu wiederholen. Als Kinder waren wir unzertrennlich, aber ich war der große Bruder und sie die kleine Schwester. Später waren wir selten zusammen, und meist sprachen wir in scherzhaftem Ton miteinander, denn sie hatte ein fröhliches und humorvolles Naturell, wie alle, die sie kannten, bestätigt haben.