Topological Solitons

Author: Nicholas Manton,Paul Sutcliffe

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139454698

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 7424

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Topological solitons occur in many nonlinear classical field theories. They are stable, particle-like objects, with finite mass and a smooth structure. Examples are monopoles and Skyrmions, Ginzburg-Landau vortices and sigma-model lumps, and Yang-Mills instantons. This book is a comprehensive survey of static topological solitons and their dynamical interactions. Particular emphasis is placed on the solitons which satisfy first-order Bogomolny equations. For these, the soliton dynamics can be investigated by finding the geodesics on the moduli space of static multi-soliton solutions. Remarkable scattering processes can be understood this way. The book starts with an introduction to classical field theory, and a survey of several mathematical techniques useful for understanding many types of topological soliton. Subsequent chapters explore key examples of solitons in one, two, three and four dimensions. The final chapter discusses the unstable sphaleron solutions which exist in several field theories.

Topological and Non-Topological Solitons in Scalar Field Theories

Author: Yakov M. Shnir

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316997154

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 2951

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Solitons emerge in various non-linear systems as stable localized configurations, behaving in many ways like particles, from non-linear optics and condensed matter to nuclear physics, cosmology and supersymmetric theories. This book provides an introduction to integrable and non-integrable scalar field models with topological and non-topological soliton solutions. Focusing on both topological and non-topological solitons, it brings together debates around solitary waves and construction of soliton solutions in various models and provides a discussion of solitons using simple model examples. These include the Kortenweg-de-Vries system, sine-Gordon model, kinks and oscillons, and skyrmions and hopfions. The classical field theory of scalar field in various spatial dimensions is used throughout the book in presentation of related concepts, both at the technical and conceptual level. Providing a comprehensive introduction to the description and construction of solitons, this book is ideal for researchers and graduate students in mathematics and theoretical physics.

Analysis And Mathematical Physics

Author: Bullett Shaun,Fearn Tom,Smith Frank

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 1786341018

Category: Mathematics

Page: 248

View: 1067

DOWNLOAD NOW »

This is a concise reference book on analysis and mathematical physics, leading readers from a foundation to advanced level understanding of the topic. This is the perfect text for graduate or PhD mathematical-science students looking for support in topics such as distributions, Fourier transforms and microlocal analysis, C* Algebras, value distribution of meromorphic functions, noncommutative differential geometry, differential geometry and mathematical physics, mathematical problems of general relativity, and special functions of mathematical physics. Analysis and Mathematical Physics is the sixth volume of the LTCC Advanced Mathematics Series. This series is the first to provide advanced introductions to mathematical science topics to advanced students of mathematics. Editor the three joint heads of the London Taught Course Centre for PhD Students in the Mathematical Sciences (LTCC), each book supports readers in broadening their mathematical knowledge outside of their immediate research disciplines while also covering specialized key areas.

Xvith International Congress on Mathematical Physics (with Dvd-rom)

Author: Pavel Exner

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814304638

Category: Science

Page: 708

View: 566

DOWNLOAD NOW »

The International Congress on Mathematical Physics is the flagship conference in this exciting field. Convening every three years, it gives a survey on the progress achieved in all branches of mathematical physics. It also provides a superb platform to discuss challenges and new ideas. The present volume collects material from the XVIth ICMP which was held in Prague, August 2009, and features most of the plenary lectures and invited lectures in topical sessions as well as information on other parts of the congress program. This volume provides a broad coverage of the field of mathematical physics, from dominantly mathematical subjects to particle physics, condensed matter, and application of mathematical physics methods in various areas such as astrophysics and ecology, amongst others.

String-Math 2013

Author: Ron Donagi, Michael R. Douglas,Ljudmila Kamenova,Martin Rocek

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 1470410516

Category: Mathematics

Page: 370

View: 1877

DOWNLOAD NOW »

This volume contains the proceedings of the conference `String-Math 2013' which was held June 17-21, 2013 at the Simons Center for Geometry and Physics at Stony Brook University. This was the third in a series of annual meetings devoted to the interface of mathematics and string theory. Topics include the latest developments in supersymmetric and topological field theory, localization techniques, the mathematics of quantum field theory, superstring compactification and duality, scattering amplitudes and their relation to Hodge theory, mirror symmetry and two-dimensional conformal field theory, and many more. This book will be important reading for researchers and students in the area, and for all mathematicians and string theorists who want to update themselves on developments in the math-string interface.

Proceedings of the International Congress of Mathematicians

Madrid, August 22-30, 2006

Author: Marta Sanz Solé

Publisher: Amer Mathematical Society

ISBN: 9783037190227

Category: Mathematics

Page: 4500

View: 5477

DOWNLOAD NOW »

The International Congress of Mathematicians (ICM) is held every four years. It is a major scientific event, bringing together mathematicians from all over the world and demonstrating the vital role that mathematics play in our society. In particular, the Fields Medals are awarded to recognize outstanding mathematical achievement. At the same time, the International Mathematical Union awards the Nevanlinna Prize for work in the field of theoretical computer science. The proceedings of ICM 2006, published as a three-volume set, present an overview of current research in all areas of mathematics and provide a permanent record the congress. The first volume features the works of Fields Medallists and the Nevanlinna Prize winner, the plenary lectures, and the speeches and pictures of the opening and closing ceremonies and award sessions. The other two volumes present the invited lectures, arranged according to their mathematical subject. Information for our distributors: Distributed within the Americas by the American Mathematical Society. All commerical channel discounts apply.

Differentialgeometrie, Topologie und Physik

Author: Mikio Nakahara

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662453002

Category: Science

Page: 597

View: 2825

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Differentialgeometrie und Topologie sind wichtige Werkzeuge für die Theoretische Physik. Insbesondere finden sie Anwendung in den Gebieten der Astrophysik, der Teilchen- und Festkörperphysik. Das vorliegende beliebte Buch, das nun erstmals ins Deutsche übersetzt wurde, ist eine ideale Einführung für Masterstudenten und Forscher im Bereich der theoretischen und mathematischen Physik. - Im ersten Kapitel bietet das Buch einen Überblick über die Pfadintegralmethode und Eichtheorien. - Kapitel 2 beschäftigt sich mit den mathematischen Grundlagen von Abbildungen, Vektorräumen und der Topologie. - Die folgenden Kapitel beschäftigen sich mit fortgeschritteneren Konzepten der Geometrie und Topologie und diskutieren auch deren Anwendungen im Bereich der Flüssigkristalle, bei suprafluidem Helium, in der ART und der bosonischen Stringtheorie. - Daran anschließend findet eine Zusammenführung von Geometrie und Topologie statt: es geht um Faserbündel, characteristische Klassen und Indextheoreme (u.a. in Anwendung auf die supersymmetrische Quantenmechanik). - Die letzten beiden Kapitel widmen sich der spannendsten Anwendung von Geometrie und Topologie in der modernen Physik, nämlich den Eichfeldtheorien und der Analyse der Polakov'schen bosonischen Stringtheorie aus einer gemetrischen Perspektive. Mikio Nakahara studierte an der Universität Kyoto und am King’s in London Physik sowie klassische und Quantengravitationstheorie. Heute ist er Physikprofessor an der Kinki-Universität in Osaka (Japan), wo er u. a. über topologische Quantencomputer forscht. Diese Buch entstand aus einer Vorlesung, die er während Forschungsaufenthalten an der University of Sussex und an der Helsinki University of Sussex gehalten hat.

Formeln und Sätze für die Speziellen Funktionen der Mathematischen Physik

Author: Wilhelm Magnus,Fritz Oberhettinger

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 366241791X

Category: Science

Page: 172

View: 2589

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Dieser Buchtitel ist Teil des Digitalisierungsprojekts Springer Book Archives mit Publikationen, die seit den Anfängen des Verlags von 1842 erschienen sind. Der Verlag stellt mit diesem Archiv Quellen für die historische wie auch die disziplingeschichtliche Forschung zur Verfügung, die jeweils im historischen Kontext betrachtet werden müssen. Dieser Titel erschien in der Zeit vor 1945 und wird daher in seiner zeittypischen politisch-ideologischen Ausrichtung vom Verlag nicht beworben.

Hilbert

Author: Constance Reid,Hermann Weyl

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662286157

Category: Mathematics

Page: 290

View: 8464

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Solitons

Author: R. MacKenzie,M.B. Paranjape,W.J. Zakrzewski

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387988955

Category: Mathematics

Page: 312

View: 9953

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Solitons were discovered by John Scott Russel in 1834 and have intrigued scientists and mathematicians ever since. They have been the subject of a large body of research not only in mathematics and physics, but also engineering, biology, and other disciplines. This volume comprises the presentations at an interdisciplinary workshop held at Querns University in Kingston, Ontario. It includes chapters on mathematical and numerical aspects of solitons, recent developments in string theory, and applications of solitons in such areas as nuclear and particle physics, cosmology, and condensed-matter physics.

Regular Solids and Isolated Singularities

Author: Klaus Lamotke

Publisher: Vieweg+Teubner Verlag

ISBN: 9783528089580

Category: Mathematics

Page: 224

View: 4606

DOWNLOAD NOW »

The last book XIII of Euclid's Elements deals with the regular solids which therefore are sometimes considered as crown of classical geometry. More than two thousand years later around 1850 Schl~fli extended the classification of regular solids to four and more dimensions. A few decades later, thanks to the invention of group and invariant theory the old three dimensional regular solid were involved in the development of new mathematical ideas: F. Klein (Lectures on the Icosa hedron and the Resolution of Equations of Degree Five, 1884) emphasized the relation of the regular solids to the finite rotation groups. He introduced complex coordinates and by means of invariant theory associated polynomial equations with these groups. These equations in turn describe isolated singularities of complex surfaces. The structure of the singularities is investigated by methods of commutative algebra, algebraic and complex analytic geometry, differential and algebraic topology. A paper by DuVal from 1934 (see the References), in which resolutions play an important rele, marked an early stage of these investigations. Around 1970 Klein's polynomials were again related to new mathematical ideas: V. I. Arnold established a hierarchy of critical points of functions in several variables according to growing com plexity. In this hierarchy Kleinls polynomials describe the "simple" critical points.

Grundkurs Theoretische Physik 2

Analytische Mechanik

Author: Wolfgang Nolting

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642419801

Category: Science

Page: 370

View: 1522

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Der beliebte Grundkurs Theoretische Physik deckt in sieben Bänden alle für das Diplom maßgeblichen Gebiete ab. Jeder Band vermittelt gut durchdacht das im jeweiligen Semester nötige theoretische-physikalische Rüstzeug. Zahlreiche Übungsaufgaben mit ausführlichen Lösungen dienen der Vertiefung des Stoffes. Der zweite Band behandelt die Mechanik in der Lagrange-, Hamilton- und Hamilton-Jacobi-Formulierung. Die vorliegende neue Auflage wurde grundlegend überarbeitet und ergänzt. Sie ermöglicht durch die zweifarbige Darstellung einen sehr übersichtlichen und schnellen Zugriff auf den Lehrstoff.

Meine Zahlen, meine Freunde

Glanzlichter der Zahlentheorie

Author: Paulo Ribenboim

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3540879579

Category: Mathematics

Page: 391

View: 4461

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Paulo Ribenboim behandelt Zahlen in dieser außergewöhnlichen Sammlung von Übersichtsartikeln wie seine persönlichen Freunde. In leichter und allgemein zugänglicher Sprache berichtet er über Primzahlen, Fibonacci-Zahlen (und das Nordpolarmeer!), die klassischen Arbeiten von Gauß über binäre quadratische Formen, Eulers berühmtes primzahlerzeugendes Polynom, irrationale und transzendente Zahlen. Nach dem großen Erfolg von „Die Welt der Primzahlen" ist dies das zweite Buch von Paulo Ribenboim, das in deutscher Sprache erscheint.