Thermal Physics of the Atmosphere

Author: Maarten H. P. Ambaum

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470710371

Category: Science

Page: 256

View: 1010

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Thermal Physics of the Atmosphere offers a concise and thorough introduction on how basic thermodynamics naturally leads on to advanced topics in atmospheric physics. The book starts by covering the basics of thermodynamics and its applications in atmospheric science. The later chapters describe major applications, specific to more specialized areas of atmospheric physics, including vertical structure and stability, cloud formation, and radiative processes. The book concludes with a discussion of non-equilibrium thermodynamics as applied to the atmosphere. This book provides a thorough introduction and invaluable grounding for specialised literature on the subject. Introduces a wide range of areas associated with atmospheric physics Starts from basic level thermal physics Ideally suited for readers with a general physics background Self-assessment questions included for each chapter Supplementary website to accompany the book

Physics of the Atmosphere and Climate

Author: Murry L. Salby

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521767180

Category: Science

Page: 666

View: 3242

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Murry Salby's textbook provides an integrated treatment of processes controlling the Earth-atmosphere system for students and researchers.

An Introduction to Atmospheric Physics

Author: David G. Andrews

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521629584

Category: Science

Page: 229

View: 1464

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This is an intermediate to advanced undergraduate textbook presenting a broad coverage of atmospheric physics.

Physics and Chemistry of Clouds

Author: Dennis Lamb,Johannes Verlinde

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139500945

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 5327

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Clouds affect our daily weather and play key roles in the global climate. Through their ability to precipitate, clouds provide virtually all of the fresh water on Earth and are a crucial link in the hydrologic cycle. With ever-increasing importance being placed on quantifiable predictions – from forecasting the local weather to anticipating climate change – we must understand how clouds operate in the real atmosphere, where interactions with natural and anthropogenic pollutants are common. This textbook provides students – whether seasoned or new to the atmospheric sciences – with a quantitative yet approachable path to learning the inner workings of clouds. Developed over many years of the authors' teaching at Pennsylvania State University, Physics and Chemistry of Clouds is an invaluable textbook for advanced students in atmospheric science, meteorology, environmental sciences/engineering and atmospheric chemistry. It is also a very useful reference text for researchers and professionals.

Fundamentals of Atmospheric Physics

Author: Murry L. Salby

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080532152

Category: Science

Page: 627

View: 6042

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Fundamentals of Atmospheric Physics emphasizes the interrelationships of physical and dynamical meteorology. The text unifies four major subject areas: atmospheric thermodynamics, hydrostatic equilibrium and stability, atmospheric radiation and clouds, and atmospheric dynamics. These fundamental areas serve as cornerstones of modern atmospheric research on environmental issues like global change and ozone depletion. Physical concepts underlying these subject areas are developed from first principles, providing a self-contained text for students and scholars from diverse backgrounds. The presentation is Lagrangian (single-body problems) in perspective, with a balance of theory and application. Each chapter includes detailed and extensive problems; selected answers are provided, as are appendices of various constants. The text requires a thorough foundation in calculus. Presents a comprehensive introduction to atmospheric thermodynamics, hydrostatics, radiation and clouds, and dynamics Develops concepts from first principles, providing a self-contained volume for readers from diverse backgrounds Emphasizes the interaction of physical processes shaping global problems of atmospheric energetics, transport, and chemistry Provides a balance of theory and applications, with examples drawn from a wide range of phenomena figuring in global atmospheric research Extensively illustrated with global satellite imagery and analyses and photographs of laboratory simulations Exercises apply to a wide range of topical problems

Desert Meteorology

Author: Thomas T. Warner

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139449632

Category: Science

Page: 595

View: 6892

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Aridity prevails over more than one third of the land area of the Earth and over a significant fraction of the oceans as well. Yet to date there has been no comprehensive reference volume or textbook dealing with the weather processes that define the character of desert areas. Desert Meteorology fills this gap by treating all aspects of desert weather, such as large-scale and local-scale causes of aridity; precipitation characteristics in deserts; dust storms; floods; climate change in deserts; precipitation processes; desertification; land-surface physics of deserts; numerical modelling of desert atmospheres; and the effect of desert weather on humans. A summary is provided of the climates and surface properties of the desert areas of the world. The book is written with the assumption that the reader has only a basic knowledge of meteorology, physics and calculus, making it useful to those in a wide range of disciplines. It includes review questions and problems for the student. This comprehensive volume will satisfy all who need to know more about the weather and climate of arid lands. It will appeal especially to advanced students and researchers in environmental science, meteorology, physical geography, hydrology and engineering.

The Arctic Climate System

Author: Mark C. Serreze,Roger G. Barry

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139445382

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 2839

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The Arctic can be viewed as an integrated system, characterised by intimate couplings between its atmosphere, ocean and land, linked in turn to the larger global system. This comprehensive, up-to-date assessment begins with an outline of early Arctic exploration and the growth of modern research. Using an integrated systems approach, subsequent chapters examine the atmospheric heat budget and circulation, the surface energy budget, the hydrologic cycle and interactions between the ocean, atmosphere and sea ice cover. Reviews of recent directions in numerical modelling and the characteristics of past Arctic climates set the stage for detailed discussion of recent climate variability and trends, and projected future states. Throughout, satellite remote sensing data and results from recent major field programs are used to illustrate key processes. The Arctic Climate System provides a comprehensive and accessible overview of the subject for researchers and advanced students in a wide range of disciplines.

Meteorological Measurements and Instrumentation

Author: Giles Harrison

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118745809

Category: Science

Page: 280

View: 1150

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This book describes the fundamental scientific principles underlying high quality instrumentation used for environmental measurements. It discusses a wide range of in situ sensors employed in practical environmental monitoring and, in particular, those used in surface based measurement systems. It also considers the use of weather balloons to provide a wealth of upper atmosphere data. To illustrate the technologies in use it includes many examples of real atmospheric measurements in typical and unusual circumstances, with a discussion of the electronic signal conditioning, data acquisition considerations and data processing principles necessary for reliable measurements. This also allows the long history of atmospheric measurements to be placed in the context of the requirements of modern climate science, by building the physical science appreciation of the instrumental record and looking forward to new and emerging sensor and recording technologies.

Meteorology Today

Author: C. Donald Ahrens,Robert Henson

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1305480627

Category: Science

Page: 656

View: 3799

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METEOROLOGY TODAY, 11th Edition combines market-leading content in weather, climate, and earth science with the interactive learning experience you expect from Cengage Learning. Grounded in the scientific method, this student-friendly and highly visual text shows you how to observe, calculate, and synthesize information as a budding scientist, systematically analyzing meteorological concepts and issues. Specific discussions center on severe weather systems, such as tornadoes, thunderstorms, and hurricanes, as well as everyday elements, such as wind, precipitation, condensation, masses and fronts, and the seasons. Events and issues dominating today's news cycles also receive thorough attention, and include analysis of Superstorm Sandy, the Oklahoma tornadoes, and recent findings from the US National Climate Assessment and the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. METEOROLOGY TODAY, 11th Edition is a dynamic learning tool packed with self-testing features such as end-of-chapter summaries, key terms, review questions, exercises and problems, live animations, web links, and more. Whether you choose a bound book or interactive eBook, METEOROLOGY TODAY, 11th Edition takes your learning to atmospheric heights! Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Issues in Global Environment: Climate and Climate Change: 2011 Edition

Author: N.A

Publisher: ScholarlyEditions

ISBN: 1464966222

Category: Science

Page: 556

View: 9026

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Issues in Global Environment: Climate and Climate Change: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Global Environment—Climate and Climate Change. The editors have built Issues in Global Environment: Climate and Climate Change: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Global Environment—Climate and Climate Change in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Global Environment: Climate and Climate Change: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Seasonal Forecasts, Climatic Change and Human Health

Health and Climate

Author: Madeleine C. Thomson,Ricardo Garcia-Herrera,Martin Beniston

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402068778

Category: Medical

Page: 232

View: 9279

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Awareness that many aspects of public health are influenced by climate is growing dramatically. Results presented at the Wengen conference make clear that the science and art of integrating climate knowledge into the control of climate sensitive diseases on a year to year time frame, as well as careful assessments of the potential impacts of climate change on health outcomes over longer time frames, is advancing rapidly. This book provides a snapshot of these emerging themes.

Thermodynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans

Author: Judith A. Curry,Peter J. Webster

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780121995706

Category: Medical

Page: 471

View: 6283

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Thermodynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans presents the first systematic and unifying approach to the thermodynamics of the atmosphere and the ocean and establishes the interrelationship between these subjects. This simultaneous examination of the thermodynamics of the atmosphere and the ocean enriches our understanding of both, and is essential in many issues such as forecasting severe weather and understanding climate variability. Thermodynamics in Atmospheres and Oceans will serve as a text for introductory graduate and advanced undergraduate courses in atmospheric science and oceanography. The logical presentation of formulas, diagrams, and tables will prove valuable to researchers, practicing scientists and engineers working in the field.

30-Second Climate

The 50 Most Topical Events, Measures and Conditions, Each Explained in Half a Minute

Author: Joanna D Haigh

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 178240550X

Category:

Page: 160

View: 7654

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Weather and climate are not the same. Weather is what occurs outdoors on a daily basis and is unpredictable from one week to the next, whereas climate follows a stable pattern that is developed over centuries. The planet is divided into climate zones--tropical, temperate and polar--based on temperature differences with distance from the equator where the sun is most intense and temperature affects humidity, precipitation, cloudiness and wind. To understand what drives our climate, scientists study the atmosphere, the oceans, biosphere, hydrosphere, and lithosphere. 30-Second Climate is an immediately accessible guide to the 50 key factors affecting Earth's climate, past, present and future, each explained in half a minute. From atmospheric circulation to zero carbon, this is the quickest way to know your planet.

Physik unserer Umwelt: Die Atmosphäre

Author: Walter Roedel

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662126966

Category: Law

Page: 467

View: 4955

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Das vorliegende Buch verfolgt zwei Ziele. Es dient zunächst der Einführung in die allgemeine Physik der Atmosphäre und macht das Funktionieren des Systems Atmosphäre verständlich; darüber hinaus bietet es einen Überblick über umweltrelevante Aspekte der atmosphärischen Physik.

Principles of Environmental Physics

Plants, Animals, and the Atmosphere

Author: John Monteith,Mike Unsworth

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0123869935

Category: Science

Page: 422

View: 6809

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Principles of Environmental Physics: Plants, Animals, and the Atmosphere, 4e, provides a basis for understanding the complex physical interactions of plants and animals with their natural environment. It is the essential reference to provide environmental and ecological scientists and researchers with the physical principles, analytic tools, and data analysis methods they need to solve problems. This book describes the principles by which radiative energy reaches the earth’s surface and reviews the latest knowledge concerning the surface radiation budget. The processes of radiation, convection, conduction, evaporation, and carbon dioxide exchange are analyzed. Many applications of environmental physics principles are reviewed, including the roles of surface albedo and atmospheric aerosols in modifying microclimate and climate, remote sensing of vegetation properties, wind forces on trees and crops, dispersion of pathogens and aerosols, controls of evaporation from vegetation and soil (including implications of changing weather and climate), and interpretation of micrometeorological measurements of carbon dioxide and other trace gas fluxes. Presents a unique synthesis of micrometeorology and ecology in its widest sense Deals quantitatively with the impact of weather on living systems but also with the interactions between organisms and the atmosphere that are a central feature of life on earth Offers numerous worked examples and problems with solutions Provides many examples of laboratory and field measurements and their interpretation Includes an up-to-date bibliography and review of recent micrometeorological applications in forestry, ecology, hydrology, and agriculture

Theory of Atmospheric Radiative Transfer

Author: Manfred Wendisch,Ping Yang

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527408363

Category: Science

Page: 321

View: 6653

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Aimed at the senior undergraduate and graduate level, this textbook fills the gap between general introductory texts offering little detail and very technical, advanced books written for mathematicians and theorists rather than experimentalists in the field. The result is a concise course in atmospheric radiative processes, tailored for one semester. The authors are accomplished researchers who know how to reach their intended audience and provide here the content needed to understand climate warming and remote sensing for pollution measurement. They also include supplementary reading for planet scientists and problems. A solutions manual for lecturers will be provided on www.wiley-vch.de. Equally suitable reading for geophysicists, physical chemists, astronomers, environmental chemists and spectroscopists. From the contents: Introduction Notation and Math Refresher Fundamentals Interactions of EM Radiation and Individual Particles Volumetric (Bulk) Optical Properties Radiative Transfer Equation Numerical and Approximate Solution Techniques for the RTE Absorption and Emission by Atmospheric Gases Terrestrial Radiative Transfer

Physics and Modelling of Wind Erosion

Author: Yaping Shao

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402088957

Category: Science

Page: 456

View: 4154

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Wind erosion occurs in many arid, semiarid and agricultural areas of the world. It is an environmental process in?uenced by geological and climatic variations as well as human activities. In general, wind erosion leads to land degradation in agricultural areas and has a negative impact on air quality. Dustemissiongeneratedbywinderosionisthelargestsourceofaerosolswhich directly or indirectly in?uence the atmospheric radiation balance and hence global climatic variations. Strong wind-erosion events, such as severe dust storms, may threaten human lives and cause substantial economic damage. The physics of wind erosion is complex, as it involves atmospheric, soil and land-surface processes. The research on wind erosion is multidisciplinary, covering meteorology, ?uid dynamics, soil physics, colloidal science, surface soil hydrology, ecology, etc. Several excellent books have already been written about the topic, for instance, by Bagnold (1941, The Physics of Blown Sand and Desert Dunes), Greeley and Iversen (1985, Wind as a Geological P- cess on Earth, Mars, Venus and Titan), Pye (1987, Aeolian Dust and Dust Deposits), Pye and Tsoar (1990, Aeolian Sand and Sand Dunes). However, considerable progress has been made in wind-erosion research in recent years and there is a need to systematically document this progress in a new book.

The Weather and Climate of Southern Africa

Author: Peter Daughtrey Tyson,P. D. Tyson,R. A. Preston-Whyte

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 396

View: 7476

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The Weather and Climate of Southern Africa, the second edition of The Atmosphere and Weather of Southern Africa, further consolidates and expands Tyson and Preston-Whyte's in-depth textbook on the meteorology of southern Africa. It offers an introduction to the structure of the atmosphere, anddetailed, well-illustrated discussions on the physics of meteorology, measurement, weather systems, ocean-atmosphere interactions, pollution, climactic change, and forecasting. With a new emphasis on the growing field of climatology, this book is especially pertinent to environmental studies in andon the developing countries of southern Africa, and the relationship of the subcontinent to global weather and climatic changes.