Theory and Methods in Sociology

An Introduction to Sociological Thinking and Practice

Author: John Hughes,Wes Sharrock

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1137111607

Category: Social Science

Page: 376

View: 4368

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This book offers a guide to sociology that explores its theoretical and methodological dimensions. Aiming to provide the reader with a sense of the reasoned character of the discipline, it traces how different theories and methods relate to one another, exploring the particular problems they spawn and the debates that have arisen in response.

Knowledge and the Social Sciences

Theory, Method, Practice

Author: David Goldblatt

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415329750

Category: Social Science

Page: 162

View: 8649

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Is knowledge what counts in today's society? How does knowledge shape social change? Do we trust experts less now than in the past? How do we decide which knowledge counts and which experts to trust? Knowledge and the Social Sciences: Theory, Method, Practice looks at the role of the social sciences in explaining and exploring what has been called the explosion of knowledge in the contemporary world. It takes as its starting point the claim that all forms of knowledge, including the social sciences, must be understood in their social context. It argues that the social sciences both describe and transform what they study and introduces students to some of the key concepts and arguments that are essential for further study in the social sciences. In a radical and practical introduction to ways of thinking and knowing in the social sciences, this text investigates the origins and consequences of different types of knowledge in areas of social change both in everyday thinking and in more academic fields, in medical science, religious belief systems and the environment and political responses to environmental change. These issues are explored in th context of the emergence of what has

An Introduction to Social Work Theory

Making Sense in Practice

Author: David Howe

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 9781857421385

Category: Social Science

Page: 182

View: 8834

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Social workers need to recognize the critical role that theory plays both in the way they make sense of what is going on and in the way they order their work. Such recognition clarifies practice for both the worker and the client. This classic text provides a framework to help social workers develop an understanding of the theories which inescapably underpin their thoughts and actions. The result is a stimulating guide to social work theory which is proven to help social workers both to understand their practices and to practise in a disciplined and imaginative way.

Research for Social Workers

An Introduction to Methods

Author: Margaret Alston,Wendy Bowles

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415307222

Category: Social Science

Page: 334

View: 5734

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An introduction to research methods specifically needed in social work and social welfare, this text outlines the major stages of research projects, covering both quantitative and qualitative methods.

Theory and Method

Author: Mel Churton,Anne Brown

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1137021632

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 6764

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Knowledge of theory is essential to study, but it often seems quite abstract and distant from the 'real world'. Research methods, on the other hand, are strategies that allow us to gather evidence from the people around us to help explain social phenomena. This book explores these two key areas and shows new sociologists how they can understand, appreciate and use both theory and method. Written with student needs firmly in mind, this new edition begins by exploring the most important theories and debates that are essential to understanding sociology. It then goes on to examine the concepts, techniques and trends in research methods, and explains how these link back to theory. Whilst continuing to cover traditional ideas, debates and methodologies, the book has also been updated to address recent thinking and research techniques. It explains how sociologists have responded to contemporary developments in sociology, including postmodernists' views on science, and introduces contemporary research techniques, such as cyberethnography. Exploring the basics of quantitative and qualitative methods, and explaining how to choose the right method, the book combines practical and theoretical coverage throughout. Part of the Skills-Based Sociology series, Theory and Method 2e continues to encourage an active approach to learning. Each chapter uses a variety of tasks, activities and practice questions that promote critical thinking and develop interpretation, analysis and evaluation skills. It is an invaluable guide for those learning about theory and research for the first time.

Social Research and Reflexivity

Author: Tim May,Beth Perry

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446248151

Category: Social Science

Page: 248

View: 9119

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What are the critical gaps in thinking about reflexivity and social research? How is reflexive practice shaped by the contexts and cultures in which researchers work? How might research practice respond to twin demands of excellence and relevance in the knowledge-based economy? Thinking reflexively about the inter-relationships between social research and societal practices is all the more important in the so-called knowledge economy. Developing reflexive practices in social research is not achieved through applying a method. Where and how researchers work is fundamental in shaping the capacities and capabilities to produce research as content and context lie in a dynamic interaction. This book not only provides a history of reflexive thought, but its consequences for the practice of social research and an understanding of the contexts in which it is produced. It provides critical insights into the implications of reflexivity through a discussion of positioning, belonging and degrees of epistemic permeability in disciplines. It is also highly innovative in its suggestions for ways forward in research practice through the introduction of active intermediaries. Overall, the book offers an exciting new position on reflexive research that will generate much debate through its successful achievement of two difficult feats: providing essential reading for orientations on reflexivity and social research in the twenty-first century and making a landmark contribution to thinking and practice in the field. Social Research and Reflexivity is suitable for advanced undergraduates, postgraduates and social researchers in general across a number of disciplines including geography, social research, management and organizations; economics, urban studies, sociology, social policy, anthropology and politics, as well as science and technology studies.

Making Sense of Social Theory

A Practical Introduction

Author: Charles H. Powers

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780742530478

Category: Social Science

Page: 243

View: 4852

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In this short introductory sociology textbook, Powers (anthropology and sociology, Santa Clara U.) aims to provide a conceptual and historical map of the discipline, explain some of its major theoretical principles, and demonstrate the links between research and theory. He offers chapters on Durkhei

Knowledge and the Social Sciences

Theory, Method, Practice

Author: Open University

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415222860

Category: Philosophy

Page: 165

View: 3278

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This book provides a clear introduction to key philosophical and epistemological issues in the social sciences, to both positivist and interpretative methodologies through comparing contemporary debates surrounding social change.

Theory and Method in Organization Studies

Paradigms and Choices

Author: Antonio Strati

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9781446239049

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 256

View: 7659

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`This introductory book is really worth buying. It is accessible without being patronizing. It stimulates thought without using rhetoric. It offers exciting content on methods and techniques without being arrogant' - Organization Studies In this introduction to theory and method, students of organization will find a comprehensive view of the key theories in their field, combined with a toolkit of guidelines linking these to the different methods available for analyzing and interpreting organizational life. Distinguishing `the external society' and the `internal society', Antonio Strati sheds light on the different contexts that shape organizational life and the different levels of analysis that may be used. By showing the many levels at which organizations function and can be understood this book provides an invaluable introduction to analysis and research for advanced students. Recent concepts such as `the organization as hypertext'; `communities of practice'; 'tacit knowledge'; and organizational learning; are explored as ways of approaching organizations: this book shows how to link such approaches to appropriate methodologies in order to achieve insightful analysis.

Approaches to Sociology (RLE Social Theory)

An Introduction to Major Trends in British Sociology

Author: John Rex

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317652525

Category: Social Science

Page: 310

View: 3006

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These essays, commissioned by John Rex, reflect the state of sociology in Britain today. Leading representatives of the diverse ‘schools’ provide lucid accounts of their own particular approaches to this complex discipline and in doing so demonstrate the techniques described. Topics covered include the empirical study of stratification, social evolution, survey techniques, mathematical sociology, systems theory, phenomenological approaches, Weberian sociology, structuralism, contemporary Marxism, and the development of theory after Talcott Parsons.

Theory and Practice in Sociology

Author: Ian Marsh

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317904842

Category: Social Science

Page: 336

View: 6327

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Theory and Practise in Sociology provide's students with a comprehensive, clear and accessible introduction to the main methods of research and the main theoretical approaches in sociology, and help's them examine the relationship between methods and theory.

Power and Everyday Practices

Author: Deborah Rose Brock,Mark Preston Thomas,Rebecca Raby

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 0176502033

Category: Equality

Page: 383

View: 2730

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Power and Everyday Practices is a unique, contributed text: one that takes up sociological theory and methods in the approachable context of everyday objects and practices primarily through Foucaultian and Marxist lenses. Rather than focusing first on abstract concepts, many of the chapters are organized around a familiar everyday activity for students, which engages the students and seeks to "trouble" their normative assumptions about the everyday world (for example, the chapter on coffee examines how our everyday activity of drinking coffee is linked to global economic relations and inequalities). This text uniquely focuses on "unpacking the centre" rather than concentrating on the margins (as an example, rather than focus on people of colour, the chapter on whiteness unpacks how whiteness works to occupy the centre and thus reproduce privilege). Students are asked to explore not only why questions but also how questions; to make visible not only why things are as they are, but how they have come to be historically, socially, and culturally organized. Deftly edited by Brock, Raby, and Thomas, a group of renowned Canadian sociologists have gathered to write a perfect core text for undergraduate and graduate courses on the subject of power and inequality.

The Rules of Sociological Method

And Selected Texts on Sociology and its Method

Author: Emile Durkheim

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 143911837X

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 8653

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Revised for the first time in over thirty years, this edition of Emile Durkheim’s masterful work on the nature and scope of sociology is updated with a new introduction and improved translation by leading scholar Steven Lukes that puts Durkheim’s work into context for the twenty-first century reader. The Rules of Sociological Method represents Emile Durkheim’s manifesto for sociology. He argues forcefully for the objective, scientific, and methodological underpinnings of sociology as a discipline and establishes guiding principles for future research. The substantial new introduction by leading Durkheim scholar Steven Lukes explains and sets into context Durkheim’s arguments. Lukes examines the still-controversial debates about The Rules of Sociological Method’s six chapters and explains their relevance to present-day sociology. The edition also includes Durkheim’s subsequent thoughts on method in the form of articles, debates with scholars from other disciplines, and letters. The original translation has been revised and reworked in order to make Durkheim’s arguments clearer and easier to read. This is an essential resource for students and scholars hoping to deepen their understanding of one of the pioneering voices in modern sociology and twentieth-century social thought.

Sociology and Social Practice

A Sociological Analysis of Contemporary Social Processes and Their Interrelationship with Science

Author: Niko Yahiel

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483149978

Category: Social Science

Page: 234

View: 6356

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Sociology and Social Practice: A Sociological Analysis of Contemporary Social Processes and Their Interrelationship with Science reviews the interaction of sociological knowledge and social practice, with emphasis on the role of the practical functions of sociological science in the various spheres of society. This treatise examines from the sociological standpoint some fundamental problems that have arisen in the process of building the new society in Bulgaria and how science can help solve these problems. This book is comprised of 10 chapters organized into three sections. After an introduction to the theoretical aspects of the relationship between sociological knowledge and social practice (political practice and policy-making in particular), the discussion turns to some topical and interrelated problems such as the scientific and technical revolution; the intellectualization of social practice; the intensification of socio-economic development; the efficiency of science; and the essence of the multiplier approach. The last section explores some key problems of science as a social institution and includes chapters that discuss the scientific manpower potential in Bulgaria; scientific-information activity; and the scientific community as a collective subject of scientific activity. This monograph will be useful to sociologists and social scientists.

An Introduction to the Work of Pierre Bourdieu

The Practice of Theory

Author: Richard Harker,Cheleen Mahar,Chris Wilkes

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1349211346

Category: Social Science

Page: 247

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Pierre Bourdieu has been making a distinguished contribution to European sociology for the past 25 years. He is Professor of Sociology at the Collge de France in Paris and author of many influential books including, most recently, Distinction and Homo Academicus, which have both been translated into English. This book serves to introduce this important body of work to the Anglo-American world. In a cross-disciplinary collaboration Richard Harker, Cheleen Mahar and Chris Wilkes provide the reader with the necessary tools to understand this complex and rewarding body of French sociology. Post modernist sociology has already been influenced by the French theorist Foucault; it is likely that the generation to come will be reading Bourdieu.

Social Work

Critical Theory and Practice

Author: Jan Fook

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761972518

Category: Social Science

Page: 179

View: 760

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In this text, Jan Fook takes a reflective approach to social work. The reader is encouraged to develop his or her own ideas, using the material covered in this book.

A Brief Introduction to Social Work Theory

Author: David Howe

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 0230365248

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 1003

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Learning about social work theory is a bit like hot air ballooning – it's about looking at the world from above and going on a voyage of discovery to find out what guides social work practice. In 25 clearly labelled chapters, this book explains and discusses social work theory in a crisp, clear and accessible way. Whether you're a student, a newly qualified social worker or a 'seasoned' professional you will find plenty in this book to inform, enlighten and refresh you. Written by David Howe, one of the top British writers in social work, his simple, easy-to-read style makes this text ideal for quick reference in lectures, on placement or in practice. A Brief Introduction to Social Work Theory manages to be both compact and comprehensive. You will return to this 'can't live without it' text time and time again.

Soziologische Phantasie

Author: C. Wright Mills

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 365810015X

Category: Social Science

Page: 325

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Soziologische Phantasie, die erstmals 1963 erschienene deutsche Übersetzung von C. Wright Mills‘ The Sociological Imagination, darf zurecht als Meilenstein wissenschaftlich-politischer Debatten in den Vereinigten Staaten betrachtet werden und zählt auch heute noch zu einer der wichtigsten Selbstkritiken der Soziologie. Mills schlägt hier einen dritten Weg zwischen bloßem Empirismus und abgehobener Theorie ein: Er plädiert für eine kritische Sozialwissenschaft, die sich weder bürokratisch instrumentalisieren lässt noch selbstverliebt vor sich hin prozessiert, sondern gesellschaftliche Bedeutung erlangt, indem sie den Zusammenhang von persönlichen Schwierigkeiten und öffentlichen Problemen erhellt. Eben dies sei Aufgabe und Verheißung einer Soziologie, die sich viel zu häufig „einer merkwürdigen Lust an der Attitüde des Unbeteiligten“ hingebe.

Re/Structuring Science Education

ReUniting Sociological and Psychological Perspectives

Author: Wolff-Michael Roth

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789048139965

Category: Education

Page: 381

View: 5365

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Since its beginnings, science education has been under the influence of psychological theories of knowing and learning, while in more recent years, social constructivist and sociological frameworks have also begun to emerge. With little work being done on showing how the perspectives of these separate approaches might be integrated, this work aims to plug the gap. The book helps lay the groundwork for reuniting sociological and psychological perspectives on the knowing, learning, and teaching of science. Featuring a range of integrative efforts beginning with simple conversation, the chapters here include not only articles but also commentaries that engage with other papers, as well as a useful running narrative that, from the introduction to the epilogue, contextualizes the book and its sections. Specific attention is given to cultural-historical activity theory, which already offers an integration of psychological and cultural-historical (sociological) perspectives on collectively motivated human activities. A number of chapters, as well as the contextualizing narrative, explicitly use this theory as a framework for rethinking science education to achieve the reunification that is the goal of this work. All the contributors to this volume have produced texts that contribute to the effort of overcoming the extant divide between sociological and psychological approaches to science education research and practice. From very different positions—gender, culture, race—they provide valuable insights to reuniting approaches in both theory and method in the field. As an ensemble, the contributions constitute a rich menu of ideas from which new forms of science education can emerge.