The Witchcraft Reader

Author: Darren Oldridge

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415214933

Category: History

Page: 448

View: 9017

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Offering a selection of historical writing on witchcraft, this text explores how belief in witchcraft began and the social and cultural context in which this belief flourished. A range of historical perspectives is collected here.

Weltliche Herrschaft in geistlicher Hand

Die Germania Sacra im 17. und 18. Jahrhundert

Author: Hedwig Röckelein,Dietmar Schiersner

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110556618

Category: History

Page: 523

View: 9843

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Die Ausübung weltlicher Macht durch kirchliche Institutionen zählt zu den Besonderheiten des Alten Reiches und seiner Verfassung. Man spricht in diesem Sinne verkürzend vom „Geistlichen Staat", obwohl geistliches und weltliches Regiment - etwa in der Verwaltung - durchweg klar voneinander unterschieden wurden. In ihrer Person freilich vereinten Bischöfe, Äbte oder Äbtissinnen zwei „Charaktere" und repräsentierten sowohl die kirchliche als auch die weltliche Obrigkeit. Wenn beispielsweise noch heute sprichwörtlich die Rede ist vom „guten Leben unterm Krummstab", unterstellt man im Allgemeinen den geistlichen Territorien im Vergleich mit weltlichen Herrschaften eine untertanenfreundlichere Regierung. Wie berechtigt solche Differenzierungen sind und welche Spezifika tatsächlich im 17. und 18. Jahrhundert die weltliche Herrschaft in geistlicher Hand ausmachten, wird in diesem Tagungsband in 16 Beiträgen aus den Perspektiven „Verfassung", „Selbstverständnis", „Repräsentation" und „Ökonomie" untersucht. Ein Schwerpunkt liegt auf wirtschaftlichen Aspekten, die anhand eines nordwest- und eines süddeutschen Fallbeispiels beleuchtet werden, und aus denen sich überraschende Bezüge zur „Kulturpolitik" der Klöster ergeben. Beiträgerinnen und Beiträger des Bandes: Rainald Becker, Bettina Braun, Meinrad von Engelberg, Marian Füssel, Peter Hersche, Gerhard Immler, Matthias Ludwig, Winfried Reininghaus, Winfried Romberg, Teresa Schröder-Stapper, Gerd Schwerhoff, Andrea Thiele, Andreas Waczkat, Sascha Weber, Dieter J. Weiß, Wolfgang Wüst.

Orality: the Quest for Meanings

Author: Zothanchhingi Khiangte

Publisher: Partridge Publishing

ISBN: 1482886715

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 336

View: 9823

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This collection assembles significant research papers on the concept of orality, theoretical approaches, and oral traditions juxtaposed with writing, culture, and folklore. Many of the essays also deal with issues of gender in oral cultures like those of Northeast India. The collection serves as an introduction to the varied ways in which the analysis of oral traditions has revitalized the quest for meanings in orality.

Access to History: The Witchcraze of the 16th and 17th Centuries

Author: Alan Farmer

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 1471838390

Category: Study Aids

Page: 160

View: 9603

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Give your students the best chance of success with this tried and tested series, combining in-depth analysis, engaging narrative and accessibility. Access to History is the most popular, trusted and wide-ranging series for A-level History students. This title: - Supports the content and assessment requirements of the 2015 A-level History specifications - Contains authoritative and engaging content - Includes thought-provoking key debates that examine the opposing views and approaches of historians - Provides exam-style questions and guidance for each relevant specification to help students understand how to apply what they have learnt This title is suitable for a variety of courses including: - Edexcel: The Witchcraze in Britain, Europe and North America c1580-c1750 - OCR: Popular Culture and the Witchcraze of the 16th and 17th Centuries

The Witch Hunts

A History of the Witch Persecutions in Europe and North America

Author: Robert Thurston

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317865014

Category: History

Page: 368

View: 9281

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Tens of thousands of people were persecuted and put to death as witches between 1400 and 1700 – the great age of witch hunts. Why did the witch hunts arise, flourish and decline during this period? What purpose did the persecutions serve? Who was accused, and what was the role of magic in the hunts? This important reassessment of witch panics and persecutions in Europeand colonial America both challenges and enhances existing interpretations of the phenomenon. Locating its origins 400 years earlier in the growing perception of threats to Western Christendom, Robert Thurston outlines the development of a ‘persecuting society’ in which campaigns against scapegoats such as heretics, Jews, lepers and homosexuals set the scene for the later witch hunts. He examines the creation of the witch stereotype and looks at how the early trials and hunts evolved, with the shift from accusatory to inquisitorial court procedures and reliance upon confessions leading to the increasing use of torture.

Reading Witchcraft

Author: Marion Gibson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134624859

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 4499

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In this original study of witchcraft, Gibson explores the stories told by and about witches and their 'victims' through trial records, early news books, pamphlets and fascinating personal accounts. The author discusses the issues surrounding the interpretation of original historical sources and demonstrates that their representations of witchcraft are far from straight forward or reliable. Innovative and thought-provoking, this book sheds new light on early modern people's responses to witches and on the sometimes bizarre flexibility of the human imagination.

The Witch in History

Early Modern and Twentieth-Century Representations

Author: Diane Purkiss

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134882394

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 304

View: 2770

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'Diane Purkiss ... insists on taking witches seriously. Her refusal to write witch-believers off as unenlightened has produced some richly intelligent meditations on their -- and our -- world.' - The Observer 'An invigorating and challenging book ... sets many hares running.' - The Times Higher Education Supplement

The Witchcraft Sourcebook

Second Edition

Author: Brian P. Levack

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317503570

Category: History

Page: 390

View: 658

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The Witchcraft Sourcebook, now in its second edition, is a fascinating collection of documents that illustrates the development of ideas about witchcraft from ancient times to the eighteenth century. Many of the sources come from the period between 1400 and 1750, when more than 100,000 people - most of them women - were prosecuted for witchcraft in Europe and colonial America. During these years the prominent stereotype of the witch as an evil magician and servant of Satan emerged. Catholics and Protestants alike feared that the Devil and his human confederates were destroying Christian society. Including trial records, demonological treatises and sermons, literary texts, narratives of demonic possession, and artistic depiction of witches, the documents reveal how contemporaries from various periods have perceived alleged witches and their activities. Brian P. Levack shows how notions of witchcraft have changed over time and considers the connection between gender and witchcraft and the nature of the witch's perceived power. This second edition includes an extended section on the witch trials in England, Scotland and New England, fully revised and updated introductions to the sources to include the latest scholarship and a short bibliography at the end of each introduction to guide students in their further reading. The Sourcebook provides students of the history of witchcraft with a broad range of sources, many of which have been translated into English for the first time, with commentary and background by one of the leading scholars in the field.

The Global History of Childhood Reader

Author: Heidi Morrison

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415782481

Category: History

Page: 478

View: 8832

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The Global History of Childhood Reader provides an essential collection of chapters and articles on the global history of childhood. The Reader is structured thematically so as to provide both a representative sampling of the historiography as well as an overview of the key issues of the field, such as childhood as a social construct, commonalities and differences globally, and why the twentieth century was not the "century of the child" for most of the world's children. The Reader is divided into four parts: Theories and methodologies of the history of childhood Constructions of childhood in different times and places Children's experiences in different times and places Usage of the past to articulate solutions to problems facing children today. Topics covered include theories and methodologies in the global history of childhood, sources for writing a global history of childhood, education, gender, disability, race, class and religion, the individual in history and emotions, violence, labour and illiteracy. With introductions that contextualize each of the four parts and the articles, further reading sections and questions; this is the perfect guide for all students of the history of childhood.

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 364110498X

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 3213

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Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.

Witchcraft Myths in American Culture

Author: Marion Gibson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135862834

Category: History

Page: 304

View: 9087

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A fascinating examination of how Americans think about and write about witches, from the 'real' witches tried and sometimes executed in early New England to modern re-imaginings of witches as pagan priestesses, comic-strip heroines and feminist icons. The first half of the book is a thorough re-reading of the original documents describing witchcraft prosecutions from 1640-1700 and a re-thinking of these sources as far less coherent and trustworthy than most historians have considered them to be. The second half of the book examines how these historical narratives have transformed into myths of witchcraft still current in American society, writing and visual culture. The discussion includes references to everything from Increase Mather and Edgar Allan Poe to Joss Whedon (the writer/director of Buffy the Vampire Slayer, which includes a Wiccan character) and The Blair Witch Project.

The Supernatural in Tudor and Stuart England

Author: Darren Oldridge

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317278194

Category: History

Page: 186

View: 1514

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The Supernatural in Tudor and Stuart England reflects upon the boundaries between the natural and the otherworldly in early modern England as they were understood by the people of the time. The book places supernatural beliefs and events in the context of the English Reformation to show how early modern people reacted to the world of unseen spirits and magical influences. It sets out the conceptual foundations of early modern encounters with the supernatural, and shows how occult beliefs penetrated almost every aspect of life. Darren Oldridge considers many of the spiritual forces that pervaded early modern England: an immanent God who sometimes expressed Himself through ‘signs and wonders’ and the various lesser inhabitants of the world of spirits including ghosts, goblins, demons and angels. He explores human attempts to comprehend, harness or accommodate these powers through magic and witchcraft, and the role of the supernatural in early modern science. This book presents a concise and accessible up-to-date synthesis of the scholarship of the supernatural in Tudor and Stuart England. It will be essential reading for students of early modern England, religion, witchcraft and the supernatural.

The Appearance of Witchcraft

Author: Charles Zika

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135632995

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 7894

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Shortlisted for the 2008 Katharine Briggs Award. For centuries the witch has been a powerful figure in the European imagination; but the creation of this figure has been hidden from our view. Charles Zika’s groundbreaking study investigates how the visual image of the witch was created in late fifteenth- and sixteenth-century Europe. He charts the development of the witch as a new visual subject, showing how the traditional imagery of magic and sorcery of medieval Europe was transformed into the sensationalist depictions of witches in the pamphlets and prints of the sixteenth century. This book shows how artists and printers across the period developed key visual codes for witchcraft, such as the cauldron and the riding of animals. It demonstrates how influential these were in creating a new iconography for representing witchcraft incorporating themes such as the power of female sexuality, male fantasy, moral reform, divine providence and punishment, the superstitions of non-Christian peoples and the cannibalism of the new world. Lavishly illustrated and encompassing in its approach, The Appearance of Witchcraft is the first systematic study of the visual representation of witchcraft in the later fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. It will give the reader a unique insight into how the image of the witch evolved in the early modern world.

Witch-hunting in Scotland

law, politics and religion

Author: Brian P. Levack

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 217

View: 6267

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Witch-Hunting in Scotland presents a fresh perspective on the trial and execution of the hundreds of women and men prosecuted for the crime of witchcraft, an offence that involved the alleged practice of maleficent magic and the worship of the devil, for inflicting harm on their neighbours and making pacts with the devil. Brian P. Levack draws on law, politics and religion to explain the intensity of Scottish witch-hunting. Topics discussed include: the distinctive features of the Scottish criminal justice system the use of torture to extract confessions the intersection of witch-hunting with local and national politics the relationship between state-building and witch-hunting and the role of James VI Scottish Calvinism and the determination of zealous Scottish clergy and magistrates to achieve a godly society. This original survey combines broad interpretations of the rise andfall of Scottish witchcraft prosecutions with detailed case studies of specific witch-hunts. Witch-Hunting in Scotland makes fascinating reading for anyone with an interest in witchcraft or in the political, legal and religious history of the early modern period.

The Witch of Edmonton

Author: William Rowley,Peter Corbin,Thomas Dekker,John Ford

Publisher: Manchester University Press

ISBN: 9780719052477

Category: Drama

Page: 149

View: 7426

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The Witch of Edmonton has received considerable attention recently both from scholars and critics interested in witchcraft practices and also from the directors in the theatre. The play, based on a sensational witchcraft trial of 1621, presents Mother Sawyer and her local community in the grip of a witch-mania reflecting popular belief and superstition of the time. This edition offers a thorough reconsideration of the text with a complete transcription of the original pamphlet by Henry Goodcole. This edition will be of particular interest not only to students of Renaissance Drama but also of the cultural history of the seventeenth century. Open University adopted text (for their new Renaissance Drama module).

Argonauten des westlichen Pazifik

ein Bericht über Unternehmungen und Abenteuer der Eingeborenen in den Inselwelten von Melanesisch-Neuguinea

Author: Bronislaw Malinowski

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783880744509

Category: Barter

Page: 585

View: 6262

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The Witch-Hunt in Early Modern Europe

Author: Brian P. Levack

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317412419

Category: History

Page: 310

View: 684

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The Witch-Hunt in Early Modern Europe, now in its fourth edition, is the perfect resource for both students and scholars of the witch-hunts written by one of the leading names in the field. For those starting out in their studies of witch-beliefs and witchcraft trials, Brian Levack provides a concise survey of this complex and fascinating topic, while for more seasoned scholars the scholarship is brought right up to date. This new edition includes the most recent research on children, gender, male witches and demonic possession as well as broadening the exploration of the geographical distribution of witch prosecutions to include recent work on regions, cities and kingdoms enabling students to identify comparisons between countries. Now fully integrated with Brian Levack’s The Witchcraft Sourcebook, there are links to the sourcebook throughout the text, pointing students towards key primary sources to aid them in their studies. The two books are drawn together on a new companion website with supplementary materials for those wishing to advance their studies, including an extensive guide to further reading, a chronology of the history of witchcraft and an interactive map to show the geographical spread of witch-hunts and witch trials across Europe and North America. A long-standing favourite with students and lecturers alike, this new edition of The Witch-Hunt in Early Modern Europe will be essential reading for those embarking on or looking to advance their studies of the history of witchcraft

Strange Histories

The Trial of the Pig, the Walking Dead, and Other Matters of Fact from the Medieval and Renaissance Worlds

Author: Darren Oldridge

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351595717

Category: History

Page: 200

View: 6123

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Strange Histories is an exploration of some of the most extraordinary beliefs that existed in the late Middle Ages through to the end of the seventeenth century. Presenting serious accounts of the appearance of angels and demons, sea monsters and dragons within European and North American history, this book moves away from "present-centred thinking" and instead places such events firmly within their social and cultural context. By doing so, it offers a new way of understanding the world in which dragons and witches were fact rather than fiction, and presents these riveting phenomena as part of an entirely rational thought process for the time in which they existed. This new edition has been fully updated in light of recent research. It contains a new guide to further reading as well as a selection of pictures that bring its themes to life. From ghosts to witches, to pigs on trial for murder, the book uses a range of different case studies to provide fascinating insights into the world-view of a vanished age. It is essential reading for all students of early modern history. .

Languages of Witchcraft

Narrative, Ideology and Meaning in Early Modern Culture

Author: Stuart Clark

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 113723251X

Category: Religion

Page: 256

View: 6051

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Different conceptions of the world and of reality have made witchcraft possible in some societies and impossible in others. How did the people of early modern Europe experience it and what was its place in their culture? The new essays in this collection illustrate the latest trends in witchcraft research and in cultural history in general. After three decades in which the social analysis of witchcraft accusations has dominated the subject, they turn instead to its significance and meaning as a cultural phenomenon - to the 'languages' of witchcraft, rather than its causes. As a result, witchcraft seems less startling than it once was, yet more revealing of the world in which it occurred.