The Transport System and Transport Policy

An Introduction

Author: Bert van Wee,Jan Anne Annema,David Banister

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 0857936905

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 399

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ÔThis very interesting book provides an excellent multi-disciplinary introduction into the functioning of transport systems and the interaction with their environments.Õ Ð Erik Verhoef, VU University Amsterdam, The Netherlands ÔThe editors of this important book have clearly identified that few writings on transport treat the transport system as a whole. Implicit in this is a need for a genuinely multidisciplinary approach. An impressive list of contributors ensures that the book draws on the latest research whilst providing new insights into some of the key challenges facing transport students and researchers, transport providers and policy makers.Õ Ð Roger Vickerman, University of Kent, UK ÔSince ancient times transportation has brought our world together. But the need for connectivity and accessibility in a spatially differentiated world has prompted the emergence of very complex transportation systems. This book offers a fresh and operational contribution to a better understanding of the complexity and manageability of a mobile world, by addressing in a balanced way both conceptual and applied or policy aspects of modern transportation systems.Õ Ð Peter Nijkamp, Free University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands Transport impacts on people and businesses in many different ways, and presents some of the key problems that decision-makers need to address. This comprehensive textbook introduces the transport system in a holistic and multidisciplinary way, bringing together the myriad components of transport. This textbook is written for an international readership of undergraduate and postgraduate students in transport and related subjects, as well as for professionals and policy decision-makers across both public and private sectors. Key features include: ¥ Discussion of the importance of transport accessibility and the impacts of transport on the environment and safety ¥ Policy issues relating to all of the discussed issues and prescribed future options. ¥ Transport evaluation methods and modelling approaches. ¥ Examples to highlight the linkages between components of the transport system Ð for example infrastructures, land-use, vehicle technologies Ð and the relevance of these linkages for decision making.

Transportation Planning, Policy and Analysis

Urban and Regional Planning Series

Author: D. N. M. Starkie

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483156435

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 160

View: 8706

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Urban and Regional Planning Series, Volume 13: Transportation Planning, Policy and Analysis is a review of selected policies affecting the administration, urban transportation, and proposals regarding transport improvements. The book discusses the inter-relationship of transport policy and analysis of transportation planning. The text outlines the development of transportation planning considering the constraints placed upon studies made in the transportation system. The author describes the planning process as evolving, with the nature of the problem changing along with the passing of time. The author reviews the administrative framework and the polices affecting urban traffic and public transports. He evaluates the policy-decision mechanisms influenced by ""maximization subject to constraint."" The author then presents some mathematical simulation models of transport, and then emphasizes that actual testing and experimentation of a model are needed to overcome any cardinal weaknesses. The book also cites the SELNEC and Tyneside studies where their major component is on road expenditure, which studies regarded as not very cost-effective. The author then cites legislations and development proposals that transportation plans should be integrated with land use planning and traffic systems. The author also discusses why developments in transport planning analysis is a political decision. City administrators, officials of traffic and engineering departments and bureaus, civil engineers, and urban developers will find this book of interest.

Handbook of Transport Systems and Traffic Control

Author: Kenneth J. Button,David A. Hensher

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080435954

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 602

View: 1066

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This book discusses transport systems and the implementation of related public policy - a relevant topic with contemporary traffic congestion, environmental intrusion, transport safety, and budget issues. It is a resource for both experienced researchers and those new to the field.

Introduction to Transport Policy

A Public Policy View

Author: Peter Stopher,John Stanley

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1781952450

Category: Electronic books

Page: 360

View: 9984

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This comprehensive and accessible textbook introduces the basic concepts of transport policy and decision-making to students of transport policy, transport planning, urban transport, transport evaluation and public policy. It presents the founda

The Geography of Transport Systems

Author: Jean-Paul Rodrigue,Claude Comtois,Brian Slack

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1317210107

Category: Transportation

Page: 440

View: 2459

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This expanded and revised fourth edition of The Geography of Transport Systems provides a comprehensive and accessible introduction to the field with a broad overview of its concepts, methods and areas of application. Aimed mainly at an undergraduate audience, it provides an overview of the spatial aspects of transportation and focuses on how the mobility of passengers and freight is linked with geography. The book is divided in ten chapters, each covering a specific conceptual dimension, including networks, modes, terminals, freight transportation, urban transportation and environmental impacts, and updated with the latest information available. The fourth edition offers new material on the issues of transport and the economy, city logistics, supply chains, security, energy, the environment, as well as a revised content structure. With over 160 updated photographs, figures and maps, The Geography of Transport Systems presents transportation systems at different scales ranging from global to local and focuses on different contexts such as North America, Europe and East Asia. This volume is an essential resource for undergraduates studying transport geography, as well as those interested in economic and urban geography, transport planning and engineering. A companion web site, which contains additional material, has been developed for the book and can be found here: http://people.hofstra.edu/geotrans/

Back on Track

Rethinking Transport Policy in Australia and New Zealand

Author: Philip G. Laird,Mark Bachels

Publisher: UNSW Press

ISBN: 9780868404110

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 8355

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Australia's freight transport system now has the highest proportion of truck use of any developed country in the world, and with New Zealand, its cities are heavily dependent on cars. Back on Track considers the historic, economic and political issues that have led to this situation, and concludes that the emergence of such a strongly road-oriented system has not been in the national interest, on both economic and environmental grounds. It develops a detailed analysis of Australia's 'road transport deficit'. The authors suggest that rail is the neglected element in Australian and New Zealand transport systems and despite a history of 'policy paralysis', they offer a rail-based ten point plan that could see both countries' transport systems 'back on track'. Using new data on transportation trends from Australia and around the world, the book sets out a vision for the future of freight and inter-capital transport in Australia and New Zealand, and offers innovative transport strategies for each of the major cities in both countries.

The Urban Transport Crisis in Europe and North America

Author: J. Pucher,C. Lefevre

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230371833

Category: Political Science

Page: 226

View: 7032

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Increasing levels of auto ownership and use are causing severe social, economic, and environmental problems in virtually all countries in Europe and North America. This book documents the worsening transport crisis and differences among countries in their urban transport and land-use systems. The focus is on public policies to deal with urban transport problems. Through in-depth case studies of eight countries, the book seeks to evaluate the effectiveness of alternative solutions to transport problems, and thus a way out of the transport crisis.

The transport debate

Author: Shaw, Jon,Docherty, Iain

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 1447301943

Category: Transportation

Page: 240

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At a time when transport is high on the political agenda and government decision-making is being vigorously scrutinised, there is a need for an incisive and accessible analysis of the key policy issues. This book is a highly readable introduction to the transport debate from two experts in the field. The authors celebrate the advantages of a modern transport system, but argue that years of poorly conceived and executed transport policy have resulted in Britain’s transport system being far worse than it should be. They show that a substandard transport system creates economic, social and environmental costs, but demonstrate how these can be addressed through affordable and politically deliverable changes. Using a refreshingly novel approach, Shaw and Docherty use the familiar idea of the journey as the basis for their discussion. The book follows members of the Smith family as they uncover a wide array of transport issues, including why the problems we all encounter as we travel around actually come about; which policy trade-offs were responsible for creating them in the first place; what impacts we all have to suffer as a result; and what we can do to fix them. This lively and engaging approach will make the book ideal for a wide readership.

Transport Nodal System

Author: Adolf Ng,Changmin Jiang,Paul Larson,Barry Prentice,David Timothy Duval

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0128110686

Category: Transportation

Page: 204

View: 5910

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Transport Nodal System provides a comprehensive introduction to the development of transport nodes and nodal systems, focusing on economic, operational, management, planning, policy, regulation and sustainability perspectives. Through a deep analysis on different types of transport nodes from diverse perspectives, this book shows the major issues and challenges that transport node planners, managers, and policymakers face, and how to address them. The book provides a clear framework for identifying the common attributes across all nodes that contribute to the efficient operations, planning, and management of transport facilities. Transport nodes such as seaports, inland terminals, airports, highways, and railroads are hubs in a multimodal transportation network that facilitate the smooth operation of passengers and freight. The book uniquely uses the transport node itself rather than a specific type of structure for a specific type of transport mode as the primary focus of analysis. While stressing the importance of transport nodes in developing efficient logistics and supply chains, the book also demonstrates that transport nodes are geographically embedded within a particular location, and that operations are inevitably affected by local factors, such as culture, the economy, the political and regulatory environment and other institutions. Provides a unified look at multimodal transportation nodes to gain a better understanding of total system performance Includes numerous case studies from developed and emerging economies Uses an interdisciplinary approach where policy, regulations, economics, strategic management, operations, sustainability and technological innovation are considered together Features chapters by scholars who specialize in different transport modes (land, sea and air) Up-to-date outcomes utilizing author’s original research provide a systematic investigation of the nodal system in both theory and practice

Air Transport System Analysis and Modelling

Author: Milan Janic

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482287544

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 318

View: 8318

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Presenting a comprehensive coverage, Air Transport System Analysis and Modelling is a unique text dealing with the analysis and modelling of the processes and operations carried out in all three parts of the air transport system, namely, airports, air traffic control and airlines. Seen from a planners point of view, this book provides insights into current methods and also gives details of new research. Methods are given for the analysis and modelling of the capacity, quality and economics of the service offered to users and includes illustrative analytical and simulation models of the systems operations supported by an appropriate analysis of real world events and applications. Undergraduates and graduates in the field of air transport planning and technology, applied operations research and applied transport economics will find this book to be of interest, as will specialists involved with transport institutes and consulting firms, policy makers dealing with air transport and the analysts and planners employed at air transport enterprises.

Handbook on Transport and Urban Planning in the Developed World

Author: Michiel C.J. Bliemer,Corinne Mulley,Claudine J. Moutou

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1783471395

Category: Political Science

Page: 544

View: 8910

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This Handbook provides comprehensive coverage of all of the major factors that underpin our understanding of urban and transport planning in the developed world. Combining urban and transport planning in one volume, the chapters present the state of the art as well as new research and directions for the future. The contributions from leading international academics at the forefront of their fields consider transport and urban planning from a number of different perspectives including historical, policy and strategy dimensions, appraisal and financing of options, planning and design of urban areas and the management of transport and urban systems. Examples and practical guides from the developed world are included along with a detailed discussion of the emerging issues. The Handbook provides an essential reference to all of the key points on the topic as well as signalling areas of concern and future research paths. Academics, researchers, students, policymakers and practitioners will find it a constant source of information and guidance.

Sustainable Transport

Author: R Tolley

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1855738619

Category: Science

Page: 740

View: 6846

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Cycling and walking are both essential components in sustainable transport strategy and are becoming an ever more important part of urban planning. There is now a wealth of international experience of how well sustainable planning works in practice and how it can be improved. With a wide range of contributions from America, Australia, Europe as well as the UK, Sustainable transport sums up many of the lessons learnt and how they can be applied in improved planning. Non-motorised transport planning depends on combining improvements to infrastructure with education. There are chapters examining both national strategies and local initiatives in cities around the world, including such topics as changes to existing road infrastructure and the integration of cycling and walking with public transport. Since education is a critical element in sustainable transport planning, contributors also consider such topics as developing healthier travel habits and ways of promoting cycling and walking as alternatives to the car. With its blend of practical experience and suggestions for improvement, Sustainable transport is essential reading for urban planners, environmental groups and those researching transport issues. Comprehensive handbook covering sustainable transport initiatives world wide Focuses on walking and cycling as alternatives to motorised transport systems Presents practical advice on how to encourage sustainable transport schemes

European Transport Policy and Sustainable Mobility

Author: David Banister

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9780415234092

Category: Architecture

Page: 255

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This text arises from the European Commission research project Policy Scenarios for Sustainable Mobility. Focusing on transport and related policy analysis and decision making, it sets European transport policy in context and looks at issues of sustainable development and forces of change.

Public Transport Planning and Management in Developing Countries

Author: Ashish Verma,T.V. Ramanayya

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466581603

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 278

View: 4366

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Developing Countries Have Different Transportation Issues and Requirements Than Developed Countries An efficient transportation system is critical for a country’s development. Yet cities in developing countries are typically characterized by high-density urban areas and poor public transport, as well as lack of proper roads, parking facilities, road user discipline, and control of land use, resulting in pollution, congestion, accidents, and a host of other transportation problems. Public Transport Planning and Management in Developing Countries examines the status of urban transport in India and other developing countries. It explains the principles of public transport planning and management that are relevant and suitable for developing countries, addresses current transportation system inefficiencies, explores the relationship between mobility and accessibility, and analyzes the results for future use. Considers Socioeconomic and Demographic Characteristics It’s projected that by 2030, developing nations will have more vehicles than developed nations, and automated guided transit (AGT) and other transport systems will soon be available in India. This text compares five cities using specific indicators—urbanization, population growth, vehicle ownership, and usage. It determines demographic and economic changes in India, and examines how these changes have impacted transportation demand and supply, transport policy and regulations, and aspects of economics and finance related to public transport. The authors emphasize preserving and improving existing modes, efficient use of the public transport management infrastructure, implementing proper planning measures, and encouraging a shift towards sustainable modes. They also discuss sustainability in terms of environment, energy, economic, and land use perspectives and consider the trends of motorization, vehicle growth, modal share, effects on mobility and environment, and transport energy consumption and emissions. Public Transport Planning and Management in Developing Countries addresses the growing resource needs and economics of public transport in developing countries, explains various aspects of public transport planning and management, and provides readers with a basic understanding of both urban and rural public transport planning and management in developing countries.

Transport and Ethics

Ethics and the Evaluation of Transport Policies and Projects

Author: Bert van Wee

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1849809658

Category: Transportation

Page: 272

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Prof. van Wee draws on extensive research and nearly three decades of professional experience to shine a welcome spotlight on a neglected yet critical area of transportation research and practice: the role of ethics in the ex ante evaluation of infrastructure projects and transportation policies. Aiming more to raise questions and provoke thought than to provide answers, his balanced and systematic treatment of the subject makes the book an invaluable resource one which should be on the shelves and (more importantly) in the minds of every transportation policymaker, planner, and modeler. Patricia L. Mokhtarian, University of California, Davis, US This book on transport ethics fills a clear gap in the literature. Many researchers and practitioners in the transport field are aware that transport policies have important ethical dimensions, but these have not been systematically explored in the literature. Bert van Wee did a great job by bringing transport and ethics together. His decision to focus on ex ante evaluations of transport policies works out very well, since it enables him to achieve considerable depth on a theme that might otherwise be too broad. Piet Rietveld, Free University, Amsterdam, The Netherlands Transport impacts on all aspects of our lives and businesses, but the inclusion of ethics is not seen as a central concern. This book fills a major gap in the literature, through its understanding of the many important dimensions of ethics and its treatment of a range of situations in transport, through asking about the why, what and how as it relates to ethics. The clear conclusion is reached that ethics should feature much more prominently in all transport decisions, but that it is also context specific in both time and space. The approach adopted is transparent and informative, and the author guides the reader through the main conceptual and theoretical issues, using examples to illustrate the range of important ethical choices raised in the evaluation of transport policies and practices. David Banister, University of Oxford, UK This insightful book discusses the use of Cost Benefit Analysis (CBA) for transport policy options from an ethical perspective. Each detailed chapter deals with issues such as; the use and ethical aspects of CBA in transport, social exclusion, the environment and long term sustainability, safety, ethics of research and modelling transport. It summarizes ethics-based critics on CBA and discusses their relevance for accessibility, the environment and safety. In addition it explores ethical dilemmas of doing CBAs and CBA related research. The book concludes with possible avenues for furthering exploring the links between transport and ethics. Transport and Ethics will appeal to researchers in the area of CBA for transport, postgraduate and undergraduate students in transport economics, transport policy, transport planning and transport geography, as well as policy makers in the area of transport.

Traffic and Transport Psychology

Theory and Application

Author: Geoffrey Underwood

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080550794

Category: Psychology

Page: 656

View: 1054

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Just as our transport systems become more and more important to our economic and social well-being, so they become more and more crowded and more at risk from congestion, disruption, and collapse. Technology and engineering can provide part of the solution, but the complete solution will need to take account of the behaviour of the users of the transport networks. The role of psychologists in this is to understand how people make decisions about the alternative modes of transport and about the alternative routes to their destinations, to understand how novice and other vulnerable users can develop safe and effective behaviours, how competent users can operate within the transport system optimally and within their perceptual and cognitive limitations. The contributions to this volume address these issues of how the use of our transport systems can be improved by taking into account knowledge of the behaviour of the people who use the systems. Topics discussed include driver training and licensing, driver impairment, road user attitudes and behaviour, enforcement and behaviour change, driver support systems, and the psychology of mobility and transport mode choice. This work will be of value not only to psychologists but to all transport professionals interested in the application of psychology to traffic.

Integrated Transport

From Policy to Practice

Author: Moshe Givoni,David Banister

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136965475

Category: Social Science

Page: 368

View: 1324

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Travel is an essential part of everyday life and today most journeys are multimodal. It is the total travel experience that counts and integrated transport must reduce the inconvenience of transfers between modes. Most research and many publications on transport policy advocate sustainable transport, but the priority given to integration has been negligible. Yet integration is one of the most important means to advance sustainable transport and sustainability more generally. While integrated transport systems are seen to be an ideal, there is a failure to make the transition from policy to practice. The authors argue that the achievement of sustainable transport is still a dream, as an integrated transport policy is a prerequisite for a sustainable transport system. It is only when the two concepts of sustainability and integration operate in the same direction and in a positive way that real progress can be made. In this book, transportation experts from across the world have addressed the questions about what is integration, why is it so important and why is it so hard to achieve? The book provides an in-depth analysis of these issues and it aims to provide a better understanding of the subject, about what should be strived for, about what is realistic to expect, and about how to move forward towards a more integrated provision of transport infrastructure, services and management.

The Air Transport System

Author: M Hirst

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1845695224

Category: Transportation

Page: 352

View: 6840

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Major operational elements of the world’s air transport system are examined in this important book, which provides a rare overview and an invaluable single information source to managers in all sectors of the air transport industry. The air transport system considers route structure options in terms of operational impacts and describes the context and boundaries of the industry – the natural, regulatory and operational environments. ‘Systems’ perspectives are introduced to integrate the discussion of aircraft, airlines, airports and airspace issues. The issues faced in ensuring symbiosis of all these elements of the changing scene and the scope for developing balanced strategies to suit all stakeholder requirements are considered in depth to produce a comprehensive text with the potential to influence how well the air transport industry succeeds in meeting its many future challenges. Examines major operational elements of the world's air transport system Considers route structure options in terms of operational impacts Examines the natural, regulatory and operational boundaries of the industry

Transport Justice

Designing fair transportation systems

Author: Karel Martens

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317599578

Category: Architecture

Page: 256

View: 8537

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Transport Justice develops a new paradigm for transportation planning based on principles of justice. Author Karel Martens starts from the observation that for the last fifty years the focus of transportation planning and policy has been on the performance of the transport system and ways to improve it, without much attention being paid to the persons actually using – or failing to use – that transport system. There are far-reaching consequences of this approach, with some enjoying the fruits of the improvements in the transport system, while others have experienced a substantial deterioration in their situation. The growing body of academic evidence on the resulting disparities in mobility and accessibility, have been paralleled by increasingly vocal calls for policy changes to address the inequities that have developed over time. Drawing on philosophies of social justice, Transport Justice argues that governments have the fundamental duty of providing virtually every person with adequate transportation and thus of mitigating the social disparities that have been created over the past decades. Critical reading for transport planners and students of transportation planning, this book develops a new approach to transportation planning that takes people as its starting point, and justice as its end.

Sustainable Urban Transport

Author: Maria Attard,Yoram Shiftan

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 1784416150

Category: Transportation

Page: 304

View: 7937

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This publication brings together an international group of researchers and presents work from different countries dealing with issues related to transport policy, attitudes and mode choice, car sharing and alternative modes of transport, and discusses the future of non-motorized modes of transport.