The Transformation of Corporate Control

Author: Neil Fligstein

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674903593

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 391

View: 597

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In this book Neil Fligstein takes issue with prevailing theories of the corporation and proposes a radically new view that has important implications for American competitiveness.

Engel der Effizienz

Eine Mediengeschichte der Unternehmensberatung

Author: Florian Hoof

Publisher: Konstanz University Press

ISBN: 3835397176

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 412

View: 7818

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Unternehmensberatung, eine bisweilen wundersam anmutende Mischung aus beinharter Rationalisierung, Esoterik und Zukunftsvision, kommt immer dann zum Einsatz, wenn wirtschaftliche Strukturen aus dem Gleichgewicht zu geraten drohen. Was es eigentlich heißt, sich beraten zu lassen, welche Medien dabei eine Rolle spielen und wie die Branche der Unternehmensberatung zu einem zentralen gesellschaftlichen Wissenssystem wurde, ist Gegenstand dieses Buches. Gesellschaftspolitische Entwicklungen werden nicht erst seit der jüngsten Finanzkrise durch Unternehmensberatungen wie McKinsey geprägt. Die Beraterkultur nimmt seit langem Einfluss auf die Gestaltung ökonomischer wie politischer Prozesse. Eine historische Grundlagenstudie zum Visual Management. Entscheidenden Anteil daran, dass die Consulting Branche zu einem zentralen gesellschaftlichen Wissenssystem wurde, hatten Medien der Beratung: der Film, graphische Modelle, Statistiken und Flow-Charts. Mit ihrer Hilfe inszenierte sich etwa der photographie- und filmbegeisterte Consultant Frank Bunker Gilbreth als "Engel der Effizienz", der in den 1910er Jahren in Berlin und den Vereinigten Staaten seinen Auftraggebern verspricht, im Unternehmen verborgene Effizienzpotentiale heben zu können. In den USA erproben Berater zur gleichen Zeit graphische und kinetische Verfahren der Zukunftsantizipation. Daraus gehen Praktiken des Visual Management hervor, die nicht nur ein neues Sinnsystem darstellen, sondern dem durch technologische und soziale Umbrüche verunsicherten Industriemanagement Orientierung versprechen. Die Entzauberung der Welt durch deren ingenieurswissenschaftliche Rationalisierung geht paradoxerweise mit einer Verklärung der Beraterbranche einher. Beratung, eine bisweilen wundersam anmutende Mischung sowohl aus beinharter Rationalisierung und Kontrolle wie auch aus Esoterik und Zukunftsvision, kommt immer dann zum Einsatz, wenn wirtschaftliche Strukturen aus dem Gleichgewicht zu geraten drohen.

The European Crisis and the Transformation of Transnational Governance

Authoritarian Managerialism versus Democratic Governance

Author: Christian Joerges,Carola Glinski

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1782254919

Category: Law

Page: 328

View: 8366

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The debate on law, governance and constitutionalism beyond the state is confronted with new challenges. In the EU, confidence in democratic transnational governance has been shaken by the authoritarian and unsocial practices of crisis management. The ambition of this book, which builds upon many years of close co-operation between its contributors, is to promote a viable interdisciplinary alternative to these developments. "Conflicts-law constitutionalism†? is a concept of transnational governance which derives democratic legitimacy from the supranational control of the external impact of national decision-making, on the one hand, and the co-operative responses to problem interdependencies on the other. The first section of the book contrasts Europe's new modes of economic governance and crisis management with the conditionality of international investments, and reflects upon the communalities and differences between emergency Europe and global exceptionalism. Subsequent sections substantiate the problématique of executive and technocratic rule, explore conflict constellations of prime importance in the fields of environmental and labour law, and discuss the impact and limits of liberalisation strategies. Throughout the book, European and transnational developments are compared and evaluated.

The Transformation of Solidarity

Changing Risks and the Future of the Welfare State

Author: Romke Jan van der Veen,Mara Yerkes,Peter Achterberg

Publisher: Amsterdam University Press

ISBN: 9089643834

Category: Social Science

Page: 214

View: 1450

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De literatuur over welvaartsstaten richt zich vaak op beleidsveranderingsprocessen en de mechanismen die deze veranderingen veroorzaken of tegenwerken. De werkelijke verandering wordt vaak geïnterpreteerd als gevolg van externe crises of als gevolg van de meer geleidelijke beleidsveranderingsprocessen. Dit boek heeft een ander uitgangspunt: de auteurs onderzoeken de bewering dat de sociale en economische veranderingen als gevolg van de overgang naar een postindustriële samenleving de sociale fundamenten van de verzorgingsstaat hebben verzwakt.

Regulating Corporate Governance in the EU

Towards a Marketization of Corporate Control

Author: L. Horn

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230356400

Category: Political Science

Page: 237

View: 3191

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In the context of the financial and economic crisis, corporate governance and regulatory supervision failures, Laura Horn investigates one of the defining questions in social power relations in contemporary capitalism: who controls the modern corporation, and why.

Endspiel des Kooperativen Kapitalismus?

Institutioneller Wandel unter den Bedingungen des marktzentrierten Paradigmas

Author: Ulrich Brinkmann,Karoline Krenn,Sebastian Schief

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3531905228

Category: Political Science

Page: 284

View: 9777

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"Endet es? Wird es enden? Oder ist es bereits zu Ende?" Diese Fragen dienen als Leitmotiv für dieses Buch über das vermeintliche oder tatsächliche Ende des "Kooperativen Kapitalismus" in Deutschland. Nach langjähriger Persistenz scheint dieser nun das Zeitliche zu segnen. Ist das Modell nun tatsächlich an sein Ende gekommen? Haben wir es mit einem Auslaufmodell zu tun? Die Beiträge dieses Buches thematisieren ausgewählte Prozesse des Umbruchs der rheinischen Variante des Kapitalismus. Diskutiert werden u.a. die Transformation hin zu einem Finanzmarktkapitalismus, der Wandel der Corporate Governance, das Aufscheinen neuer Leitbilder in Unternehmen (wie "Intrapreneur"), die Veränderung der Industriellen Beziehungen in einem internationalen Kontext sowie der sozialen Sicherungssysteme. Der Band gibt einen breiten Überblick über den Zustand des Kooperativen Kapitalismus zu Beginn des 21. Jahrhunderts in einem zunehmend internationalisierten Umfeld und unter der Maxime verstärkter Marktsteuerung - und er vermittelt Deutungsangebote über Art und Ausmaß der zu erwartenden Änderungen.

Rational Choice Theory and Organizational Theory

A Critique

Author: Mary Zey

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1452254966

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 149

View: 8268

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This book addresses a question central to organizational analysis: Given the well-established differences between rational choice and organizational theories, what are the limits of fruitful dialogue and collaboration between the two fields? Rational Choice Theory and Organizational Theory is written in response to the neoclassical economic rational choice theories and organizational economic theories which have emerged in the past decade. Rational choice theory exemplifies a highly abstract, deductive approach characterized by the development of models based on deliberately, rigidly simplified assumptions. In contrast, Mary Zey argues that the empirical validity of the structure of organizations

Corporate Governance and Development

Reform, Financial Systems and Legal Frameworks

Author: Thankom Arun,John Turner

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 184844902X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 226

View: 1338

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This book analyses the complex relationship between corporate governance and economic development by focusing on the reform of corporate governance, the role of the legal system, and the interconnections with the financial system. Corporate governance has a central role to play in helping to increase the flow and lower the cost of the financial capital that firms need to finance their investment activity. The importance of this role has grown considerably in recent years, and the findings of this book emphasize that the standard of corporate governance matters significantly for developing countries. The editors rediscover that improved corporate governance can contribute to sustained productivity growth and stability of institutions. This timely and insightful book offers a one-stop reference guide for practitioners, academics, researchers, donor agencies and those who are interested in understanding the multi-dimensional and interdisciplinary aspects of corporate governance.

The Oxford Handbook of Asian Business Systems

Author: Michael A. Witt,Gordon Redding

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191626554

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 752

View: 9221

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Much of the existing literature within the "varieties of capitalism " (VOC) and "comparative business systems " fields of research is heavily focused on Europe, Japan, and the Anglo-Saxon nations. As a result, the field has yet to produce a detailed empirical picture of the institutional structures of most Asian nations and to explore to what extent existing theory applies to the Asian context. The Oxford Handbook of Asian Business Systems aims to address this imbalance by exploring the shape and consequences of institutional variations across the political economies of different societies within Asia. Drawing on the deep knowledge of 32 leading experts, this book presents an empirical, comparative institutional analysis of 13 major Asian business systems between India and Japan. To aid comparison, each country chapter follows the same consistent outline. Complementing the country chapters are eleven contributions examining major themes across the region in comparative perspective and linking the empirical picture to existing theory on these themes. A further three chapters provide perspectives on the influence of history and institutional change. The concluding chapters spell out the implications of all these chapters for scholars in the field and for business practitioners in Asia. The Handbook is a major reference work for scholars researching the causes of success and failure in international business in Asia.

Corporate Governance and Resource Security in China

The Transformation of China's Global Resources Companies

Author: Xinting Jia,Roman Tomasic

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135254478

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 190

View: 2086

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Corporate governance has become a household term and investors across the world are demanding more transparency and accountability from controllers of listed corporations. The current resources boom that has been driven by soaring demand from China has brought China’s listed resources companies into focus. Some of these companies are beginning to be known internationally, such as Sinopec, PetroChina, CNOOC (in the oil industry) and CHALCO (aluminium); but their governance structures are often not well known. This book explores the corporate governance of these listed companies. Compared with the governance of global companies, such as BHP Billiton, Rio Tinto, Shell, Shevron, the governance of China’s resources companies has special characteristics. While the authors focus is on the governance of resources companies in China, this book also tackles contemporary issues of resource security and environmental change which are closely related to the depletion of the world’s natural resources. Case studies of other international resources giants such as BHP Billiton, Rio Tinto, Shell and Chevron are provided to enhance our understanding of the differences that exist between them and Chinese resources companies. This book will be of interest to the business community and to those readers who are interested in China and its governance related issues.

Märkte

Author: Patrik Aspers

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658087803

Category: Social Science

Page: 174

View: 7670

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Unser Leben wird von Märkten bestimmt. Sie sind für die kapitalistischen Volkswirtschaften weltweit konstitutiv und haben von Anfang an viele öffentliche Debatten ausgelöst. Während Märkte für die Einen der unübertroffene Modus der Handlungskoordination sind, werden sie von Anderen als Quelle vieler gesellschaftlicher Übel eingestuft und bekämpft. Dieses Buch vereint das Wissen über Märkte von Soziologie, Ökonomie und Anthropologie und untersucht systematisch die verschiedenen Formen von Märkten, denen wir täglich in unserem Leben begegnen.

The Oxford Handbook of Employment Relations

Author: Adrian Wilkinson,Geoffrey Wood,Richard Deeg

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191651494

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 760

View: 2422

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There have been numerous accounts exploring the relationship between institutions and firm practices. However, much of this literature tends to be located into distinct theoretical-traditional 'silos', such as national business systems, social systems of production, regulation theory, or varieties of capitalism, with limited dialogue between different approaches to enhance understanding of institutional effects. Again, evaluations of the relationship between institutions and employment relations have tended to be of the broad-brushstroke nature, often founded on macro-data, and with only limited attention being accorded to internal diversity and details of actual practice. The Handbook aims to fill this gap by bringing together an assembly of comprehensive and high quality chapters to enable understanding of changes in employment relations since the early 1970s. Theoretically-based chapters attempt to link varieties of capitalism, business systems, and different modes of regulation to the specific practice of employment relations, and offer a truly comparative treatment of the subject, providing frameworks and empirical evidence for understanding trends in employment relations in different parts of the world. Most notably, the Handbook seeks to incorporate at a theoretical level regulationist accounts and recent work that link bounded internal systemic diversity with change, and, at an applied level, a greater emphasis on recent applied evidence, specifically dealing with the employment contract, its implementation, and related questions of work organization. It will be useful to academics and students of industrial relations, political economy, and management.

Understanding Mergers and Acquisitions in the 21st Century

A Multidisciplinary Approach

Author: K. McCarthy,W. Dolfsma

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137278072

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 295

View: 7279

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The first volume to explore mergers and acquisitions in the 21st century. The authors systematically introduce, characterize and evaluate these mergers, and discuss the methodologies that can be employed to measure them. They also consider a number of factors relevant to the performance of mergers and acquisitions.

The Columbia History of Post-World War II America

Author: Mark C Carnes

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231511809

Category: History

Page: 544

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Beginning with an analysis of cultural themes and ending with a discussion of evolving and expanding political and corporate institutions, The Columbia History of Post-World War II America addresses changes in America's response to the outside world; the merging of psychological states and social patterns in memorial culture, scandal culture, and consumer culture; the intersection of social practices and governmental policies; the effect of technological change on society and politics; and the intersection of changing belief systems and technological development, among other issues. Many had feared that Orwellian institutions would crush the individual in the postwar era, but a major theme of this book is the persistence of individuality and diversity. Trends toward institutional bigness and standardization have coexisted with and sometimes have given rise to a countervailing pattern of individualized expression and consumption. Today Americans are exposed to more kinds of images and music, choose from an infinite variety of products, and have a wide range of options in terms of social and sexual arrangements. In short, they enjoy more ways to express their individuality despite the ascendancy of immense global corporations, and this volume imaginatively explores every facet of this unique American experience.

Die Architektur der Märkte

Author: Neil Fligstein

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 9783531159645

Category: Social Science

Page: 263

View: 1931

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Die Architektur der Märkte fasst grundlegende Schriften Neil Fligsteins aus verschiedenen Arbeitsphasen zusammen, in denen er eine wirtschaftssoziologische Sicht auf kapitalistische Gesellschaften entwickelt hat. Fligstein hat mit der These von der sozialen Konstruktion oder Architektur von Märkten auf die Bedeutung des Staates und der modernen Unternehmen aufmerksam gemacht und die institutionelle Rahmung des Wirtschaftslebens in den Mittelpunkt gerückt. Der Band hat nach seinem Erscheinen für große Aufmerksamkeit gesorgt und gilt zu Recht als eine der wegweisenden Aufsatzsammlungen der neueren Wirtschaftssoziologie.

The New Institutionalism in Organizational Analysis

Author: Walter W. Powell,Paul J. DiMaggio

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022618594X

Category: Social Science

Page: 486

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Long a fruitful area of scrutiny for students of organizations, the study of institutions is undergoing a renaissance in contemporary social science. This volume offers, for the first time, both often-cited foundation works and the latest writings of scholars associated with the "institutional" approach to organization analysis. In their introduction, the editors discuss points of convergence and disagreement with institutionally oriented research in economics and political science, and locate the "institutional" approach in relation to major developments in contemporary sociological theory. Several chapters consolidate the theoretical advances of the past decade, identify and clarify the paradigm's key ambiguities, and push the theoretical agenda in novel ways by developing sophisticated arguments about the linkage between institutional patterns and forms of social structure. The empirical studies that follow—involving such diverse topics as mental health clinics, art museums, large corporations, civil-service systems, and national polities—illustrate the explanatory power of institutional theory in the analysis of organizational change. Required reading for anyone interested in the sociology of organizations, the volume should appeal to scholars concerned with culture, political institutions, and social change.

Finance: The Discreet Regulator

How Financial Activities Shape and Transform the World

Author: I. Huault,C. Richard

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137033606

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 272

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The financial sector is the talk of the global village. This book highlights that, before asserting that the institutions of the financial sector deserve to be regulated, one should consider that these very institutions are themselves the discreet regulators of the markets where their activity takes place.

A Theory of Fields

Author: Neil Fligstein,Doug McAdam

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199977143

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 6560

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Finding ways to understand the nature of social change and social order-from political movements to market meltdowns-is one of the enduring problems of social science. A Theory of Fields draws together far-ranging insights from social movement theory, organizational theory, and economic and political sociology to construct a general theory of social organization and strategic action. In a work of remarkable synthesis, imagination, and analysis, Neil Fligstein and Doug McAdam propose that social change and social order can be understood through what they call strategic action fields. They posit that these fields are the general building blocks of political and economic life, civil society, and the state, and the fundamental form of order in our world today. Similar to Russian dolls, they are nested and connected in a broader environment of almost countless proximate and overlapping fields. Fields are mutually dependent; change in one often triggers change in another. At the core of the theory is an account of how social actors fashion and maintain order in a given field. This sociological theory of action, what they call "social skill," helps explain what individuals do in strategic action fields to gain cooperation or engage in competition. To demonstrate the breadth of the theory, Fligstein and McAdam make its abstract principles concrete through extended case studies of the Civil Rights Movement and the rise and fall of the market for mortgages in the U.S. since the 1960s. The book also provides a "how-to" guide to help others implement the approach and discusses methodological issues. With a bold new approach, A Theory of Fields offers both a rigorous and practically applicable way of thinking through and making sense of social order and change-and how one emerges from the other-in modern, complex societies.

Schlüsselwerke der Wirtschaftssoziologie

Author: Klaus Kraemer,Florian Brugger

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658081848

Category: Social Science

Page: 540

View: 8644

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Das Buch bietet einen fundierten Überblick über die zentralen Inspirationsquellen und Schlüsselwerke der Wirtschaftssoziologie und ordnet sie historisch wie systematisch ein. Die moderne Wirtschaft ist ohne soziologisches Wissen über ihre sozialen, kulturellen und politisch-institutionellen Grundlagen nicht angemessen zu verstehen. Von dieser Grundannahme ausgehend untersucht die Wirtschaftssoziologie Märkte und Unternehmen, Geld und Eigentum, Tauschformen und Wirtschaftsordnungen. Wie wirken Netzwerke und Kooperationen, Wertideen und Konventionen, Konflikte und Machtasymmetrien auf Märkten und in Unternehmen? Welchen Einfluss haben kulturelle und staatliche Ordnungen auf Wirtschaftssysteme? Wie kann der Aufstieg und der Niedergang von Märkten soziologisch erklärt werden? Warum sind zahllose Tauschbeziehungen in modernen Gesellschaften marktförmig organisiert, während in anderen Bereichen Märkte abgelehnt werden oder sogar untersagt sind?

Financialization and Strategy

Narrative and Numbers

Author: Julie Froud,Sukhdev Johal,Adam Leaver,Karel Williams

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113431454X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 416

View: 1339

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Considering the recent impact of the capital market on corporate strategy, this text analyzes, through argument and supportive case studies, how pressures from the capital bull market of the 1990s and bear market of the early 2000s, have reshaped management action and calculation in large, publicly quoted US and UK corporations. Beginning with the dissatisfaction with classical strategy and its limited engagement with the processes of financialization, the book moves on to cover three detailed company case studies (General Electric, Ford and GlaxoSmithKline) which use long run financial data and analysis of company and industry narratives to illustrate and explore key themes. The book emphasizes the importance of company and industry narrative, while also analyzing long term financial results, and helps to explain the limits of management action and the burden of expectations placed on corporate governance. Presenting financial and market information on trajectory in an accessible way, this book provides a distinctive, critical social science account of management in large UK and US corporations, and it is a valuable resource for students, scholars and researchers of business, management, political economy and non-mainstream economics. short listed for the 2007 IPEG Book Prize