The Transformation of Corporate Control

Author: Neil Fligstein

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674903593

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 391

View: 418

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In this book Neil Fligstein takes issue with prevailing theories of the corporation and proposes a radically new view that has important implications for American competitiveness.

Engel der Effizienz

Eine Mediengeschichte der Unternehmensberatung

Author: Florian Hoof

Publisher: Konstanz University Press

ISBN: 3835397176

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 412

View: 1007

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Unternehmensberatung, eine bisweilen wundersam anmutende Mischung aus beinharter Rationalisierung, Esoterik und Zukunftsvision, kommt immer dann zum Einsatz, wenn wirtschaftliche Strukturen aus dem Gleichgewicht zu geraten drohen. Was es eigentlich heißt, sich beraten zu lassen, welche Medien dabei eine Rolle spielen und wie die Branche der Unternehmensberatung zu einem zentralen gesellschaftlichen Wissenssystem wurde, ist Gegenstand dieses Buches. Gesellschaftspolitische Entwicklungen werden nicht erst seit der jüngsten Finanzkrise durch Unternehmensberatungen wie McKinsey geprägt. Die Beraterkultur nimmt seit langem Einfluss auf die Gestaltung ökonomischer wie politischer Prozesse. Eine historische Grundlagenstudie zum Visual Management. Entscheidenden Anteil daran, dass die Consulting Branche zu einem zentralen gesellschaftlichen Wissenssystem wurde, hatten Medien der Beratung: der Film, graphische Modelle, Statistiken und Flow-Charts. Mit ihrer Hilfe inszenierte sich etwa der photographie- und filmbegeisterte Consultant Frank Bunker Gilbreth als "Engel der Effizienz", der in den 1910er Jahren in Berlin und den Vereinigten Staaten seinen Auftraggebern verspricht, im Unternehmen verborgene Effizienzpotentiale heben zu können. In den USA erproben Berater zur gleichen Zeit graphische und kinetische Verfahren der Zukunftsantizipation. Daraus gehen Praktiken des Visual Management hervor, die nicht nur ein neues Sinnsystem darstellen, sondern dem durch technologische und soziale Umbrüche verunsicherten Industriemanagement Orientierung versprechen. Die Entzauberung der Welt durch deren ingenieurswissenschaftliche Rationalisierung geht paradoxerweise mit einer Verklärung der Beraterbranche einher. Beratung, eine bisweilen wundersam anmutende Mischung sowohl aus beinharter Rationalisierung und Kontrolle wie auch aus Esoterik und Zukunftsvision, kommt immer dann zum Einsatz, wenn wirtschaftliche Strukturen aus dem Gleichgewicht zu geraten drohen.

The European Crisis and the Transformation of Transnational Governance

Authoritarian Managerialism versus Democratic Governance

Author: Christian Joerges,Carola Glinski

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1782254919

Category: Law

Page: 328

View: 2877

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The debate on law, governance and constitutionalism beyond the state is confronted with new challenges. In the EU, confidence in democratic transnational governance has been shaken by the authoritarian and unsocial practices of crisis management. The ambition of this book, which builds upon many years of close co-operation between its contributors, is to promote a viable interdisciplinary alternative to these developments. "Conflicts-law constitutionalism�? is a concept of transnational governance which derives democratic legitimacy from the supranational control of the external impact of national decision-making, on the one hand, and the co-operative responses to problem interdependencies on the other. The first section of the book contrasts Europe's new modes of economic governance and crisis management with the conditionality of international investments, and reflects upon the communalities and differences between emergency Europe and global exceptionalism. Subsequent sections substantiate the problématique of executive and technocratic rule, explore conflict constellations of prime importance in the fields of environmental and labour law, and discuss the impact and limits of liberalisation strategies. Throughout the book, European and transnational developments are compared and evaluated.

Regulating Corporate Governance in the EU

Towards a Marketization of Corporate Control

Author: L. Horn

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230356400

Category: Political Science

Page: 237

View: 5593

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In the context of the financial and economic crisis, corporate governance and regulatory supervision failures, Laura Horn investigates one of the defining questions in social power relations in contemporary capitalism: who controls the modern corporation, and why.

Corporate Governance und Mitbestimmung

Author: Dieter Sadowski

Publisher: Rainer Hampp Verlag

ISBN: 3879889813

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 135

View: 6267

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Industrielle Beziehungen, Jahrgang 12, Heft 3, 2005 Schwerpunktheft Corporate Governance und Mitbestimmung IndBez 12(3) herausgegeben von Dieter Sadowski Industrielle Beziehungen sind jene Netzwerke, Institutionen und Systeme, in die die verschiedenen Akteure der Arbeitswelt eingebunden sind und mit denen sie ihre wirtschaftlichen Austauschverhältnisse und sozialen Konfliktbeziehungen faktisch gestalten und normativ regeln. Es reicht heute nicht mehr aus, diese Akteure mit dem traditionellen dichotomischen Modell von Kapital und Arbeit zu beschreiben; ihre mannigfache Ausdifferenzierung in Rollen, Koalitionen und Organisationen sowie ihre zunehmende Interdependenz machen komplexere Analysekonzepte erforderlich. In angelsächsischen Ländern konnten sich Industrial Relations schon früh als eigenständiges Wissenschafts- und Praxisgebiet etablieren. Im deutschen Sprachraum fand dieses Feld nur bei einem kleinen Kreis von Fachleuten aus unterschiedlichen Disziplinen Aufmerksamkeit, obwohl die deutsche institutionelle Lösung des industriellen Konflikts wegen seines Erfolgs in vielen Ländern mit großem Interesse studiert wurde. In jüngster Zeit werden den industriellen Beziehungen auch in Deutschland größere Aufmerksamkeit gewidmet. Es sind vor allem die organisatorischen und technischen Umwälzungen in der Arbeitswelt und die politischen Veränderungen in Europa, die Wissenschaftler und Praktiker vor neue Herausforderungen stellen. Die europäische Einigung provoziert den Vergleich der historisch herausgebildeten nationalen Systeme industrieller Beziehungen und wirft die Frage auf nach ihrer Leistungsfähigkeit für die Konflikt- und Problemverarbeitung in einer dynamischen, vom globalen Wettbewerb bestimmten Wirtschaft. Industrielle Beziehungen werden nunmehr auch als zentrale Aufgabe des Managements gesehen. Der Untertitel – Arbeit, Organisation und Management – trägt diesen Veränderungen Rechnung. Die Zeitschrift will den genannten Wandel zum Thema machen und bietet allen an den industriellen Beziehungen Interessierten ein aktuelles Forum der Analyse und Diskussion.

Corporate Governance and Resource Security in China

The Transformation of China's Global Resources Companies

Author: Xinting Jia,Roman Tomasic

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135254478

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 190

View: 1104

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Corporate governance has become a household term and investors across the world are demanding more transparency and accountability from controllers of listed corporations. The current resources boom that has been driven by soaring demand from China has brought China’s listed resources companies into focus. Some of these companies are beginning to be known internationally, such as Sinopec, PetroChina, CNOOC (in the oil industry) and CHALCO (aluminium); but their governance structures are often not well known. This book explores the corporate governance of these listed companies. Compared with the governance of global companies, such as BHP Billiton, Rio Tinto, Shell, Shevron, the governance of China’s resources companies has special characteristics. While the authors focus is on the governance of resources companies in China, this book also tackles contemporary issues of resource security and environmental change which are closely related to the depletion of the world’s natural resources. Case studies of other international resources giants such as BHP Billiton, Rio Tinto, Shell and Chevron are provided to enhance our understanding of the differences that exist between them and Chinese resources companies. This book will be of interest to the business community and to those readers who are interested in China and its governance related issues.

Corporate Governance and Development

Reform, Financial Systems and Legal Frameworks

Author: Thankom Arun,John Turner

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 184844902X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 226

View: 3402

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This book analyses the complex relationship between corporate governance and economic development by focusing on the reform of corporate governance, the role of the legal system, and the interconnections with the financial system. Corporate governance has a central role to play in helping to increase the flow and lower the cost of the financial capital that firms need to finance their investment activity. The importance of this role has grown considerably in recent years, and the findings of this book emphasize that the standard of corporate governance matters significantly for developing countries. The editors rediscover that improved corporate governance can contribute to sustained productivity growth and stability of institutions. This timely and insightful book offers a one-stop reference guide for practitioners, academics, researchers, donor agencies and those who are interested in understanding the multi-dimensional and interdisciplinary aspects of corporate governance.

Die Architektur der Märkte

Author: Neil Fligstein

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 9783531159645

Category: Social Science

Page: 263

View: 729

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Die Architektur der Märkte fasst grundlegende Schriften Neil Fligsteins aus verschiedenen Arbeitsphasen zusammen, in denen er eine wirtschaftssoziologische Sicht auf kapitalistische Gesellschaften entwickelt hat. Fligstein hat mit der These von der sozialen Konstruktion oder Architektur von Märkten auf die Bedeutung des Staates und der modernen Unternehmen aufmerksam gemacht und die institutionelle Rahmung des Wirtschaftslebens in den Mittelpunkt gerückt. Der Band hat nach seinem Erscheinen für große Aufmerksamkeit gesorgt und gilt zu Recht als eine der wegweisenden Aufsatzsammlungen der neueren Wirtschaftssoziologie.

Märkte

Author: Patrik Aspers

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658087803

Category: Social Science

Page: 174

View: 4463

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Unser Leben wird von Märkten bestimmt. Sie sind für die kapitalistischen Volkswirtschaften weltweit konstitutiv und haben von Anfang an viele öffentliche Debatten ausgelöst. Während Märkte für die Einen der unübertroffene Modus der Handlungskoordination sind, werden sie von Anderen als Quelle vieler gesellschaftlicher Übel eingestuft und bekämpft. Dieses Buch vereint das Wissen über Märkte von Soziologie, Ökonomie und Anthropologie und untersucht systematisch die verschiedenen Formen von Märkten, denen wir täglich in unserem Leben begegnen.

Endspiel des Kooperativen Kapitalismus?

Institutioneller Wandel unter den Bedingungen des marktzentrierten Paradigmas

Author: Ulrich Brinkmann,Karoline Krenn,Sebastian Schief

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3531905228

Category: Political Science

Page: 284

View: 5122

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"Endet es? Wird es enden? Oder ist es bereits zu Ende?" Diese Fragen dienen als Leitmotiv für dieses Buch über das vermeintliche oder tatsächliche Ende des "Kooperativen Kapitalismus" in Deutschland. Nach langjähriger Persistenz scheint dieser nun das Zeitliche zu segnen. Ist das Modell nun tatsächlich an sein Ende gekommen? Haben wir es mit einem Auslaufmodell zu tun? Die Beiträge dieses Buches thematisieren ausgewählte Prozesse des Umbruchs der rheinischen Variante des Kapitalismus. Diskutiert werden u.a. die Transformation hin zu einem Finanzmarktkapitalismus, der Wandel der Corporate Governance, das Aufscheinen neuer Leitbilder in Unternehmen (wie "Intrapreneur"), die Veränderung der Industriellen Beziehungen in einem internationalen Kontext sowie der sozialen Sicherungssysteme. Der Band gibt einen breiten Überblick über den Zustand des Kooperativen Kapitalismus zu Beginn des 21. Jahrhunderts in einem zunehmend internationalisierten Umfeld und unter der Maxime verstärkter Marktsteuerung - und er vermittelt Deutungsangebote über Art und Ausmaß der zu erwartenden Änderungen.

Corporate Governance in the 21st Century

Japan's Gradual Transformation

Author: Luke Nottage,Leon Wolff,Kent Anderson

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1848445113

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 304

View: 6924

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Corporate Governance in the 21st Century is a very useful addition to the literature on corporate governance in Japan. It is worth reading simply because it updates many of the ongoing issues such as adoptions of takeover defenses, appointments of independent directors, and increases in foreign direct investment. It is also useful because it examines corporate governance from the perspectives of business as well as law. Furthermore, it provides the beginnings of a framework through which to understand the process of gradual transformation. Christina L. Ahmadjian, Journal of Japanese Studies An invaluable set of resources for everyone with an interest in corporate governance in Japan. Covering both basic information and recent developments, the collection provides readers with an excellent survey of the complexity of modern corporate governance and its legal setting. . . in Japan. Hideki Kanda, University of Tokyo, Japan The essays in this collection approach Japanese corporate governance in the 2000s from a variety of novel perspectives novel in terms of subject matter, methodology, and points of comparison. The result is a comprehensive portrait of the current dynamics of change and stasis in the institutional environment for Japanese firms. Curtis Milhaupt, Columbia Law School, US The lost decade of economic stagnation in Japan during the 1990s has become a found decade for regulatory and institutional reform. Nowhere is this more evident than in corporate law. In 2005, for example, a spate of reforms to the Commercial Code culminated in the new Company Act, a statute promising greater organisational flexibility and shareholder empowerment for Japanese corporations competing in a more globalised economy. But does this new law herald a more Americanised system of corporate governance? Has Japan embraced shareholder primacy over its traditional loyalty to other key stakeholders such as main banks , core employees, and partners within diffuse corporate (keiretsu) groups? This book argues that a more complex gradual transformation is unfolding in Japan a process evident in many other post-industrial economies. The book brings together contributions from academics and practitioners from Japan, Australia, New Zealand, Canada and the United States. It includes chapters on comparative corporate governance theory and methodology, lifelong employment, the main bank system, board structures, and governance issues in small and medium-sized enterprises. The procedural, substantive and FDI policy dimensions of takeover law and practice are discussed, as well as empirical changes to corporate governance practices in large, publicly listed companies during the past twenty years. The authors rich mix of national, disciplinary and professional backgrounds allows for a broad comparative perspective on developments in Japanese corporate governance. The book will be of great interest to scholars and students of law, business, political economy and Japanese studies, and will also appeal to corporate lawyers and policymakers.

The Oxford Handbook of Asian Business Systems

Author: Michael A. Witt,Gordon Redding

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191626554

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 752

View: 2611

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Much of the existing literature within the "varieties of capitalism" (VOC) and "comparative business systems" fields of research is heavily focused on Europe, Japan, and the Anglo-Saxon nations. As a result, the field has yet to produce a detailed empirical picture of the institutional structures of most Asian nations and to explore to what extent existing theory applies to the Asian context. The Oxford Handbook of Asian Business Systems aims to address this imbalance by exploring the shape and consequences of institutional variations across the political economies of different societies within Asia. Drawing on the deep knowledge of 31 leading experts, this book presents an empirical, comparative institutional analysis of 13 major Asian business systems between India and Japan. To aid comparison, each country chapter follows the same consistent outline. Complementing the country chapters are eleven contributions examining major themes across the region in comparative perspective and linking the empirical picture to existing theory on these themes. A further three chapters provide perspectives on the influence of history and institutional change. The concluding chapters spell out the implications of all these chapters for scholars in the field and for business practitioners in Asia. The Handbook is a major reference work for scholars researching the causes of success and failure in international business in Asia.

Rational Choice Theory and Organizational Theory

A Critique

Author: Mary Zey

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780803951365

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 137

View: 7314

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This book addresses a question central to organizational analysis: Given the well-established differences between rational choice and organizational theories, what are the limits of fruitful dialogue and collaboration between the two fields? Rational Choice Theory and Organizational Theory is written in response to the neoclassical economic rational choice theories and organizational economic theories which have emerged in the past decade. Rational choice theory exemplifies a highly abstract, deductive approach characterized by the development of models based on deliberately, rigidly simplified assumptions. In contrast, Mary Zey argues that the empirical validity of the structure of organizations

The Architecture of Markets

An Economic Sociology of Twenty-First-Century Capitalist Societies

Author: Neil Fligstein

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 069118626X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 274

View: 2103

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Market societies have created more wealth, and more opportunities for more people, than any other system of social organization in history. Yet we still have a rudimentary understanding of how markets themselves are social constructions that require extensive institutional support. This groundbreaking work seeks to fill this gap, to make sense of modern capitalism by developing a sociological theory of market institutions. Addressing the unruly dynamism that capitalism brings with it, leading sociologist Neil Fligstein argues that the basic drift of any one market and its actors, even allowing for competition, is toward stabilization. The Architecture of Markets represents a major and timely step beyond recent, largely empirical studies that oppose the neoclassical model of perfect competition but provide sparse theory toward a coherent economic sociology. Fligstein offers this theory. With it he interprets not just globalization and the information economy, but developments more specific to American capitalism in the past two decades--among them, the 1980s merger movement. He makes new inroads into the ''theory of fields,'' which links the formation of markets and firms to the problems of stability. His political-cultural approach explains why governments remain crucial to markets and why so many national variations of capitalism endure. States help make stable markets possible by, for example, establishing the rule of law and adjudicating the class struggle. State-building and market-building go hand in hand. Fligstein shows that market actors depend mightily upon governments and the members of society for the social conditions that produce wealth. He demonstrates that systems favoring more social justice and redistribution can yield stable markets and economic growth as readily as less egalitarian systems. This book will surely join the classics on capitalism. Economists, sociologists, policymakers, and all those interested in what makes markets function as they do will read it for many years to come.

The Oxford Handbook of Employment Relations

Author: Adrian Wilkinson,Geoffrey Wood,Richard Deeg

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191651494

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 760

View: 1204

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There have been numerous accounts exploring the relationship between institutions and firm practices. However, much of this literature tends to be located into distinct theoretical-traditional 'silos', such as national business systems, social systems of production, regulation theory, or varieties of capitalism, with limited dialogue between different approaches to enhance understanding of institutional effects. Again, evaluations of the relationship between institutions and employment relations have tended to be of the broad-brushstroke nature, often founded on macro-data, and with only limited attention being accorded to internal diversity and details of actual practice. The Handbook aims to fill this gap by bringing together an assembly of comprehensive and high quality chapters to enable understanding of changes in employment relations since the early 1970s. Theoretically-based chapters attempt to link varieties of capitalism, business systems, and different modes of regulation to the specific practice of employment relations, and offer a truly comparative treatment of the subject, providing frameworks and empirical evidence for understanding trends in employment relations in different parts of the world. Most notably, the Handbook seeks to incorporate at a theoretical level regulationist accounts and recent work that link bounded internal systemic diversity with change, and, at an applied level, a greater emphasis on recent applied evidence, specifically dealing with the employment contract, its implementation, and related questions of work organization. It will be useful to academics and students of industrial relations, political economy, and management.

Understanding Mergers and Acquisitions in the 21st Century

A Multidisciplinary Approach

Author: K. McCarthy,W. Dolfsma

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137278072

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 295

View: 7478

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The first volume to explore mergers and acquisitions in the 21st century. The authors systematically introduce, characterize and evaluate these mergers, and discuss the methodologies that can be employed to measure them. They also consider a number of factors relevant to the performance of mergers and acquisitions.

The Columbia History of Post-World War II America

Author: Mark C Carnes

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231511809

Category: History

Page: 544

View: 359

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Beginning with an analysis of cultural themes and ending with a discussion of evolving and expanding political and corporate institutions, The Columbia History of Post-World War II America addresses changes in America's response to the outside world; the merging of psychological states and social patterns in memorial culture, scandal culture, and consumer culture; the intersection of social practices and governmental policies; the effect of technological change on society and politics; and the intersection of changing belief systems and technological development, among other issues. Many had feared that Orwellian institutions would crush the individual in the postwar era, but a major theme of this book is the persistence of individuality and diversity. Trends toward institutional bigness and standardization have coexisted with and sometimes have given rise to a countervailing pattern of individualized expression and consumption. Today Americans are exposed to more kinds of images and music, choose from an infinite variety of products, and have a wide range of options in terms of social and sexual arrangements. In short, they enjoy more ways to express their individuality despite the ascendancy of immense global corporations, and this volume imaginatively explores every facet of this unique American experience.

The New Institutionalism in Organizational Analysis

Author: Walter W. Powell,Paul J. DiMaggio

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022618594X

Category: Social Science

Page: 486

View: 9522

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Long a fruitful area of scrutiny for students of organizations, the study of institutions is undergoing a renaissance in contemporary social science. This volume offers, for the first time, both often-cited foundation works and the latest writings of scholars associated with the "institutional" approach to organization analysis. In their introduction, the editors discuss points of convergence and disagreement with institutionally oriented research in economics and political science, and locate the "institutional" approach in relation to major developments in contemporary sociological theory. Several chapters consolidate the theoretical advances of the past decade, identify and clarify the paradigm's key ambiguities, and push the theoretical agenda in novel ways by developing sophisticated arguments about the linkage between institutional patterns and forms of social structure. The empirical studies that follow—involving such diverse topics as mental health clinics, art museums, large corporations, civil-service systems, and national polities—illustrate the explanatory power of institutional theory in the analysis of organizational change. Required reading for anyone interested in the sociology of organizations, the volume should appeal to scholars concerned with culture, political institutions, and social change.

A Theory of Fields

Author: Neil Fligstein,Doug McAdam

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199977143

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 3231

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Finding ways to understand the nature of social change and social order-from political movements to market meltdowns-is one of the enduring problems of social science. A Theory of Fields draws together far-ranging insights from social movement theory, organizational theory, and economic and political sociology to construct a general theory of social organization and strategic action. In a work of remarkable synthesis, imagination, and analysis, Neil Fligstein and Doug McAdam propose that social change and social order can be understood through what they call strategic action fields. They posit that these fields are the general building blocks of political and economic life, civil society, and the state, and the fundamental form of order in our world today. Similar to Russian dolls, they are nested and connected in a broader environment of almost countless proximate and overlapping fields. Fields are mutually dependent; change in one often triggers change in another. At the core of the theory is an account of how social actors fashion and maintain order in a given field. This sociological theory of action, what they call "social skill," helps explain what individuals do in strategic action fields to gain cooperation or engage in competition. To demonstrate the breadth of the theory, Fligstein and McAdam make its abstract principles concrete through extended case studies of the Civil Rights Movement and the rise and fall of the market for mortgages in the U.S. since the 1960s. The book also provides a "how-to" guide to help others implement the approach and discusses methodological issues. With a bold new approach, A Theory of Fields offers both a rigorous and practically applicable way of thinking through and making sense of social order and change-and how one emerges from the other-in modern, complex societies.