The Supporting Roots of Trees and Woody Plants: Form, Function and Physiology

Author: A. Stokes

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401734690

Category: Science

Page: 431

View: 6116

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This publication comprises the proceedings of the first International Conference devoted to the structural roots of trees and woody plants. 'The Supporting Roots - Structure and Function,' 20-24 July 1998, Bordeaux, France. The meeting was held under the auspices ofIUFRO WPS 2. 01. 13 'Root Physiology and Symbiosis,' and its aim was to bring together scientific researchers, foresters and arboriculturalists, to discuss current problems in structural root research and disseminate knowledge to an audience from a wide disciplinary background. For the first time in an international conference, emphasis was placed on presenting recent reseach in the field of tree anchorage mechanics and root biomechanics. The way in which tree stability can be affected by root system symmetry and architecture was addressed, as well as how movement during wind sway can influence the development and shape of woody roots. The role of different nursery and planting techniques was discussed, in relation to effects on root system form and development. Root response to different environmental stresses, including water, temperature, nutrient and mechanical stress was addressed in detail. The structure and function of woody roots was also considered at different levels, from coarse to fine roots, with several papers discussing the interaction between roots and the rhizosphere. One of the conference highlights was the presentation of new methods in root research, by a series of workshops held at LRBB-INRA, Pierroton, on the northern border of the Gascony forest.

Plant Roots

The Hidden Half, Third Edition

Author: Yoav Waisel,Amram Eshel,Tom Beeckman,Uzi Kafkafi

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0824744748

Category: Science

Page: 1136

View: 8405

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The third edition of a standard resource, this book offers a state-of-the-art, multi-disciplinary presentation of plant roots. It examines structure and development, assemblage of root systems, metabolism and growth, stressful environments, and interactions at the rhizosphere. Reflecting the explosion of advances and emerging technologies in the field, the book presents developments in the study of root origin, composition, formation, and behavior for the production of novel pharmaceutical and medicinal compounds, agrochemicals, dyes, flavors, and pesticides. It details breakthroughs in genetics, molecular biology, growth substance physiology, biotechnology, and biomechanics.

Routledge Handbook of Urban Forestry

Author: Francesco Ferrini,Cecil C. Konijnendijk van den Bosch,Alessio Fini

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 131723703X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 548

View: 6839

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More than half the world's population now lives in cities. Creating sustainable, healthy and aesthetic urban environments is therefore a major policy goal and research agenda. This comprehensive handbook provides a global overview of the state of the art and science of urban forestry. It describes the multiple roles and benefits of urban green areas in general and the specific role of trees, including for issues such as air quality, human well-being and stormwater management. It reviews the various stresses experienced by trees in cities and tolerance mechanisms, as well as cultural techniques for either pre-conditioning or alleviating stress after planting. It sets out sound planning, design, species selection, establishment and management of urban trees. It shows that close interactions with the local urban communities who benefit from trees are key to success. By drawing upon international state-of-art knowledge on arboriculture and urban forestry, the book provides a definitive overview of the field and is an essential reference text for students, researchers and practitioners.

Measuring Roots

An Updated Approach

Author: Stefano Mancuso

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642220678

Category: Science

Page: 382

View: 9837

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Roots represent half of the plant body – and arguably the more interesting half. Despite its obvious importance for the whole plant, until recently our knowledge of the root apparatus was very limited, mostly due to the inadequacy of the techniques available. Recent advances in the visualization and measurement of roots have resulted in significant progress in our understanding of root architecture, growth and behaviour. In this book international experts highlight the most advanced techniques, both lab and field methods, and discuss them in detail. Measuring Roots combines academic and practical aspects of this topic, making it a universal handbook for all researchers and others interested in root-measuring methods.

Plant User Handbook

A Guide to Effective Specifying

Author: James Hitchmough,Ken Fieldhouse

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1405173092

Category: Architecture

Page: 400

View: 2760

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An invaluable reference source on soft landscape specification for professional landscapers. Each topic is written by a leading specialist in the field and covers technical data with practical guidance. Ecological characteristics, selection, procurement, elements of planting design, site preparation, establishment and maintenance are all considered.

Tree Ecology and Preservation

Author: A. Bernatzky

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 044459938X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 366

View: 1014

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Containing more than 225 illustrations, this is probably the first book to cover both scientific research on trees and tree surgery. It is an authoritative work, written by a man who has had a lifetime's experience of working with trees, and as such, the book will undoubtedly appeal to a wide-ranging readership.

Plant Stems

Physiology and Functional Morphology

Author: N.A

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080539089

Category: Science

Page: 440

View: 9558

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Stems, of various sizes and shapes, are involved in most of the organic processes and interactions of plants, ranging from support, transport, and storage to development and protection. The stem itself is a crucially important intermediary: it links above- and below ground organs-connecting roots to leaves. An international team of leading researchers vividly illustrate that stems are more than pipes, more than simple connecting and supporting structures; rather stems are critical, anatomically distinct structures of enormous variability. It is, to an unappreciated extent, this variability that underpins both the diversity and the success of plants in myriad ecosystems. Plant Stems will be a valuable resource on form/function relationships for researchers and graduate-level students in ecology, evolutionary biology, physiology, development, genetics, agricultural sciences, and horticulture as they unravel the mechanisms and processes that allow organisms and ecosystems to function. Syntheses of structural, physiological, and ecological functions of stems Multiple viewpoints on how stem structure relates to performance Highlights of major areas of plant biology long neglected

Proceedings

Soil Moisture ... Site Productivty Symposium, Myrtle Beach, S.C., Nov. 1-3, 1977

Author: United States. State and Private Forestry. Southeastern Area

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 9981

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The British Encyclopedia

Or, Dictionary of Arts and Sciences. Comprising an Accurate and Popular View of the Present Improved State of Human Knowledge

Author: William Nicholson

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Natural history

Page: N.A

View: 8291

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Permafrost Ecosystems

Siberian Larch Forests

Author: Akira Osawa,Olga A. Zyryanova,Yojiro Matsuura,Takuya Kajimoto,Ross W. Wein

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402096938

Category: Science

Page: 502

View: 7738

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Drawing from a decade-long collaboration between Japan and Russia, this important volume presents the first major synthesis of current knowledge on the ecophysiology of the coniferous forests growing on permafrost at high latitudes. It presents ecological data for a region long inaccessible to most scientists, and raises important questions about the global carbon balance as these systems are affected by the changing climate. Making up around 20% of the entire boreal forests of the northern hemisphere, these ‘permafrost forest ecosystems’ are subject to particular constraints in terms of temperature, nutrient availability, and root space, creating exceptional ecosystem characteristics not known elsewhere. This authoritative text explores their diversity, structure, dynamics and physiology. It provides a comparison of these forests in relation to boreal forests elsewhere, and concludes with an assessment of the potential responses of this unique biome to climate change. The book will be invaluable to advanced students and researchers interested in boreal vegetation, forest ecology, silviculture and forest soils, as well as to researchers into climate change and the global carbon balance.

Ecology of Lianas

Author: Stefan Schnitzer,Frans Bongers,Robyn J. Burnham,Francis E. Putz

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118392485

Category: Science

Page: 504

View: 8504

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Lianas are woody vines that were the focus of intense study byearly ecologists, such as Darwin, who devoted an entire book to thenatural history of climbing plants. Over the past quartercentury, there has been a resurgence in the study of lianas, andliana are again recognized as important components of many forests,particularly in the tropics. The increasing amount ofresearch on lianas has resulted in a fundamentally deeperunderstanding of liana ecology, evolution, and life-history, aswell as the myriad roles lianas play in forest dynamics andfunctioning. This book provides insight into the ecology and evolution oflianas, their anatomy, physiology, and natural history, theirglobal abundance and distribution, and their wide-ranging effectson the myriad organisms that inhabit tropical and temperateforests.

Design in Nature

Learning from Trees

Author: Claus Mattheck

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540629375

Category: Architecture

Page: 276

View: 2341

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This book is dedicated to the understanding if biomechanical optimization of shape, and not only that: With the knowledge of these perfect processes of self-optimization in nature, tecnhiques for the improvement of mechanical structural members could be developed. Industry already uses them. Nature shows us the way to eco-design, to machines in accordance with natures' laws governing structures and shapes.

Das geheime Leben der Bäume

Was sie fühlen, wie sie kommunizieren - die Entdeckung einer verborgenen Welt

Author: Peter Wohlleben

Publisher: Ludwig

ISBN: 3641114004

Category: Nature

Page: 224

View: 896

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Ein neuer Blick auf alte Freunde Erstaunliche Dinge geschehen im Wald: Bäume, die miteinander kommunizieren. Bäume, die ihren Nachwuchs, aber auch alte und kranke Nachbarn liebevoll umsorgen und pflegen. Bäume, die Empfindungen haben, Gefühle, ein Gedächtnis. Unglaublich? Aber wahr! – Der Förster Peter Wohlleben erzählt faszinierende Geschichten über die ungeahnten und höchst erstaunlichen Fähigkeiten der Bäume. Dazu zieht er die neuesten wissenschaftlichen Erkenntnisse ebenso heran wie seine eigenen unmittelbaren Erfahrungen mit dem Wald und schafft so eine aufregend neue Begegnung für die Leser: Wir schließen Bekanntschaft mit einem Lebewesen, das uns vertraut schien, uns aber hier erstmals in seiner ganzen Lebendigkeit vor Augen tritt. Und wir betreten eine völlig neue Welt ...