The Stone Skeleton

Structural Engineering of Masonry Architecture

Author: Jacques Heyman

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521629638

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 172

View: 8974

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Cambridge's Jacques Heyman provides a thorough and intuitive understanding of masonry structures, such as arch bridges, Greek temples, and Gothic cathedrals. Although his approach is firmly scientific, Heyman does not use complex mathematics. Instead, he introduces the basis of masonry analysis, then considers individual structures, through lucid and informative text. 5 photos. 100 line diagrams. 3 tables.

The Science of Structural Engineering

Author: Jacques Heyman

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 1783261927

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 120

View: 4249

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Structures cannot be created without engineering theory, and design rules have existed from the earliest times for building Greek temples, Roman aqueducts and Gothic cathedrals — and later, for steel skyscrapers and the frames for aircraft. This book is, however, not concerned with the description of historical feats, but with the way the structural engineer sets about his business. Galileo, in the seventeenth century, was the first to introduce recognizably modern science into the calculation of structures; he determined the breaking strength of beams. In the eighteenth century engineers moved away from this ‘ultimate load’ approach, and early in the nineteenth century a formal philosophy of design had been established — a structure should remain elastic, with a safety factor on stress built into the analysis. This philosophy held sway for over a century, until the first tests on real structures showed that the stresses confidently calculated by designers could not actually be measured in practice. Structural engineering has taken a completely different path since the middle of the twentieth century; plastic analysis reverts to Galileo's objective of the calculation of ultimate strength, and powerful new theorems now underpin the activities of the structural engineer. This book deals with a technical subject, but the presentation is completely non-mathematical. It makes available to the engineer, the architect and the general reader the principles of structural design. Contents:The Civil EngineerPre ‘Scientific’ TheoryArch Bridges, Domes and VaultsStresses and StrainsFlexure and BucklingThe Theory of StructuresPlastic Theory Readership: Undergraduates in civil engineering, civil, structural and mechanical engineers; architects. Keywords:History of Science;Structural Engineering;Civil Engineering;Arches;Domes;Masonry Vaults;Buckling;Plasticity Theory;Church Architecture

Structural Analysis

A Historical Approach

Author: Jacques Heyman

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521622493

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 174

View: 7050

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This volume provides a concise, historical review of the methods of structural analysis and design - from Galileo in the seventeenth century, to the present day. Through it, students in structural engineering and professional engineers will gain a deeper understanding of the theory behind the modern software packages they use daily in structural design. This book also offers the reader a lucid examination of the process of structural analysis and how it relates to modern design. The first three chapters cover questions about the strength of materials, and how to calculate local effects. An account is then given of the development of the equations of elastic flexure and buckling, followed by a separate chapter on masonry arches. Three chapters on the overall behaviour of elastic structures lead to a discussion of plastic behaviour, and a final chapter indicates that there are still problems needing solution.

How to Build a Cathedral

Constructing the Story of a Medieval Masterpiece

Author: Malcolm Hislop

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 9781408171776

Category: Architecture, Medieval

Page: 224

View: 5801

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Gothic cathedrals are monuments to God, witnesses to the historic power of the Church, and symbols of the faith of the thousands of believers who contributed to their creation. They are also astonishing feats of construction and engineering, from a period before steel-making, machine tools and computer simulation; breathtaking in their scale and grandeur even hundreds of years after the religious impulse that produced them has largely faded away. How to Build a Cathedral is a visual exploration of the building of these masterpieces, from the initial groundplan to the topping out of the spire. Illustrated throughout with beautiful engravings, it looks at each element of the structure in turn, explaining the process of construction and the methods that were used. At intervals though the book, special gatefold pages offer a detailed snapshot of the evolution of the building as it rises into the heavens. A 16-page colour section allows for appreciation of stained glass and decorative stonework. With text written by a leading architectural historian, How to Build a Cathedral is an illuminating portrait of the genius of the medieval architect.

Modern Practical Masonry

Author: Edmund George Warland

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131774263X

Category: Architecture

Page: 368

View: 795

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This work provides a clear and simple guide to the subject, based on meticulous and beautiful drawings. Organized in three sections, it includes chapters on construction details; methods of working particular structural shapes; both basic and advanced geometry and setting-out. It also includes forms and tables omitted from later editions to be used as templates for costing and estimating work. These are as relevant today as they were in the 1920s. It includes a new introduction by Christopher Weeks.

Conservation of Historic Buildings

Author: Bernard Feilden

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136415297

Category: Architecture

Page: 408

View: 1188

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Since its publication in 1982 Sir Bernard Feilden's Conservation of Historic Buildings has become the standard text for architects and others involved in the conservation of historic structures. Leading practitioners around the world have praised the book as being the most significant single volume on the subject to be published. This third edition revises and updates a classic book, including completely new sections on conservation of Modern Movement buildings and non-destructive investigation. The result of the lifetime's experience of one of the world's leading architectural conservators, the book comprehensively surveys the fundamental principles of conservation in their application to historic buildings, and provides the basic information needed by architects, engineers and surveyors for the solution of problems of architectural conservation in almost every climatic region of the world. This edition is organized into three complementary parts: in the first the structure of buildings is dealt with in detail; the second focuses attention on the causes of decay and the materials they affect; and the third considers the practical role of the architect involved in conservation and rehabilitation. As well as being essential reading for architects and others concerned with conservation, many lay people with various kinds of responsibility for historic buildings will find this clearly written, jargon-free work a fruitful source of guidance and information.

Gothic Architecture

Author: Paul Frankl,Paul Crossley

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300087994

Category: Architecture

Page: 408

View: 9863

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This study of Gothic architecture traces the meaning and development of the Gothic style through medieval churches across Europe. Ranging geographically from Poland to Portugal and from Sicily to Scotland and chronologically from 1093 to 1530, the book analyzes changes from Romanesque to Gothic as well as the evolution within the Gothic style and places these changes in the context of the creative spirit of the Middle Ages.

Elements of Stress Analysis

Author: Jacques Heyman

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521245234

Category: Science

Page: 105

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This book analyses problems in elasticity theory, highlighting elements of structural analysis in a simple and straightforward way.

Shaping Structures

Statics

Author: Waclaw Zalewski,Edward Allen

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: 9780471289968

Category: Science

Page: 424

View: 4996

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In Shaping Structures, an engineer and an architect, both longtime teachers of structures at major American universities, collaborate to present an inspired synthesis of the creative and the technical, explicating both the principles of statics and their application to the fascinating task of finding good form for structures. This richly visual volume features: * An easily understood development of the fundamentals of statics * Step-by-step demonstrations, using both numerical and graphical techniques, of simple yet powerful methods for finding form and forces for arched structures, suspended structures, cable-stayed structures, and highly efficient trusses * 120 photographs and more than 300 crisp drawings that illustrate and explain the magnificent structural triumphs of master architects and engineers -including Gustave Eiffel's famous tower, Robert Maillart's soaring bridges, Pier Luigi Nervi's landmark Turin Exhibition Hall, and many others * Calculations in both SI metric and conventional units throughout the book Requiring only the most rudimentary mathematical background yet accurate and fully functional, Shaping Structures provides an inviting point of entry to the study of structural design for engineering and architecture students -proving that the science of statics doesn't have to be lifeless, simplistic, or dull.

An Architect and His Son

The Immigrant Journey of Rafael Guastavino II and Rafael Guastavino III

Author: Rafael Guastavino,Rafael Guastavino, IV

Publisher: Heritage Books

ISBN: 0788441434

Category: Reference

Page: 124

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Ita s the late nineteenth century and New York City is booming. In the midst of an industrial revolution, with growth and opportunity everywhere, the city attracts those with ambition and talent like a magnet. Caught in the pull is a young and accomplished

Constructing Architecture

Materials, Processes, Structures

Author: Andrea Deplazes

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3764371900

Category: Architecture

Page: 508

View: 9466

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Now in its second edition: the trailblazing introduction and textbook on construction includes a new section on translucent materials and an article on the use of glass.

Building Construction Before Mechanization

Author: John Fitchen

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262560474

Category: Architecture

Page: 326

View: 1060

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Discusses building stresses, falsework, lifting devices, ropes, ladders, wood construction, masonry, native homes, the pyramids, safety, and the cultural and physical aspects of architecture

Basic Structural Theory

Author: Jacques Heyman

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139473220

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: N.A

View: 5573

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This text introduces the basic equations of the theory of structures. Conventional presentations of these equations follow the ideas of elastic analysis, introduced nearly two hundred years ago. The book is written against the background of advances made in structural theory during the last fifty years, notably by the introduction of so-called plastic theory. The emphasis throughout is on the derivation and application of the structural equations, rather than on details of their solution (nowadays best done by computer), and the numerical examples are deliberately kept simple.

Multi-Storey Precast Concrete Framed Structures

Author: Kim S. Elliott,Colin Jolly

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118587359

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 760

View: 999

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Precast reinforced and prestressed concrete frames provide a high strength, stable, durable and robust solution for any multi-storey structure, and are widely regarded as a high quality, economic and architecturally versatile technology for the construction of multi-storey buildings. The resulting buildings satisfy a wide range of commercial and industrial needs. Precast concrete buildings behave in a different way to those where the concrete is cast in-situ, with the components subject to different forces and movements. These factors are explored in detail in the second edition of Multi-Storey Precast Concrete Framed Structures, providing a detailed understanding of the procedures involved in precast structural design. This new edition has been fully updated to reflect recent developments, and includes many structural calculations based on EUROCODE standards. These are shown in parallel with similar calculations based on British Standards to ensure the designer is fully aware of the differences required in designing to EUROCODE standards. Civil and structural engineers as well as final year undergraduate and postgraduate students of civil and structural engineering will all find this book to be thorough overview of this important construction technology.

English Stone Building

Author: Alec Clifton-Taylor,Archibald Spencer Ireson

Publisher: Trafalgar Square

ISBN: 9780575058460

Category: Architecture

Page: 285

View: 1092

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Using a mimimum of technical jargon, this is a history of the early use of stone, and a description of English building-stones. Chapters cover types of masonry, mortars and pointing, decorative uses of stone, and roofing. An essay by Michael Stratton on contemporary stone building is included.

The Bridges of Medieval England

Transport and Society, 400-1800

Author: David Featherstone Harrison

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199272743

Category: History

Page: 249

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Medieval bridges are startling achievements of design and engineering comparable with the great cathedrals of the period, and are also proof of the great importance of road transport in the middle ages and of the size and sophistication of the medieval economy. Dr Harrison has undertaken the first thorough study of bridges and in this book he rewrites their history from early Anglo-Saxon England right up to the Industrial Revolution, providing new insights into many aspects of the subject. Dr Harrison looks at the role of bridges in the creation of a new road system, which was significantly different from its Roman predecessor and which largely survived until the twentieth century. He examines the design of bridges, which were built in the most difficult circumstances - broad flood plains, deep tidal waters, and steep upland valleys - and withstood all but the most catastrophic floods. He also investigates the immense efforts put into their construction and upkeep, rangingfrom the mobilization of large work forces by the old English state to the role of resident hermits and the charitable donations which produced bridge trusts with huge incomes. The evidence presented in The Bridges of Medieval England shows that the network of bridges, which had been in place since the thirteenth century, was capable of serving the needs of the economy on the eve of the Industrial Revolution. This has profound implications for our understanding of pre-industrial society, challenging accepted accounts of the development of medieval trade and communications, and bringing to the fore the continuities from the late Anglo-Saxon period to the eighteenth century. This book is essential reading for those interested in architecture, engineering, transport, and economics, and any historian sceptical about the achievements of medieval England.

Persian Architectural Heritage

Architecture, Structure and Conservation

Author: Mehrdad Hejazi,Fatemeh Mehdizadeh Saradj

Publisher: WIT Press

ISBN: 1784660701

Category: Architecture

Page: 527

View: 3269

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During its long history Persian culture has played a fundamental role in, and has made major contributions to, human civilisation. During the last few decades, scholarly interest in Persian culture, including its history, archaeology, art and architecture, has accelerated research into Persian cultural heritage. Scientific studies have provided information about knowledge on which Persian traditional buildings are based and methodologies used for their preservation. This book gives comprehensive information about Persian architectural heritage for scholars, students and practicing engineers in civil, structural, architectural, hydraulic, and restoration engineering, and other related disciplines.

Persian Architectural Heritage

Structure

Author: M. M. Hejazi,F. Mehdizadeh Saradj

Publisher: WIT Press

ISBN: 184564882X

Category: Architecture

Page: 208

View: 1361

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During its long history Persian culture has played a fundamental role in, and has made major contributions to, human civilisation. During the last few decades, scholarly interest in Persian culture, including its history, archaeology, art and architecture, has accelerated research into Persian cultural heritage. Scientific studies have provided information about knowledge on which Persian traditional buildings are based and methodologies used for their preservation. This book gives comprehensive information about Persian architectural heritage for scholars, students and practicing engineers in civil, structural, architectural, hydraulic, and restoration engineering, and other related disciplines. The book focuses on the structural features of heritage architecture. It describes the construction materials used in architectural heritage structures, traditional construction technology and structural analysis of architectural heritage, arches, vaults, and domes. The book is not only a reference work but also contains theory written in such a way that it appeals to practising engineers, as well as students and researchers.

Mechanics of Masonry Structures

Author: Maurizio Angelillo

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3709117747

Category: Science

Page: 341

View: 1592

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The experience of people working with different perspectives in different fields of masonry modeling, from mathematics to applied engineering and practice, is brought together in this book. It presents both the theoretical background and an overview of the state-of-the-art in static and dynamic masonry modeling.

Nexus Network Journal 8,2

Architecture and Mathematics

Author: N.A

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783764377618

Category: Mathematics

Page: 117

View: 5898

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This book presents an exploration of the arch from the points of view of architecture, mathematics, engineering, construction history, and cultural symbolism. Leonardo da Vinci described the arch as "two weaknesses which, leaning on each other, become a strength," a metaphor for the way that science and art lean on each other to strengthen our lives.