The State of Food and Agriculture 2001

Author: FAO.,Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org.

ISBN: 9789251046005

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 295

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This publication reports on current developments and issues of importance for world agriculture. It analyses the global agricultural trends as well as the broader economic environment surrounding the agricultural sector in a comprehensive world review. The first part looks at the global situation, the second reviews the situation in the regions of the world, whilst the final part assess the economic impacts of transboundary plant pests and animal diseases. There is also a paper on a selected issue and for this edition the topic is the future of the agricultural trading environment: issues in the current round of negotiations on agriculture.

Animals and the Human Imagination

A Companion to Animal Studies

Author: Aaron S. Gross,Anne Vallely

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231527764

Category: Nature

Page: 400

View: 1310

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Human beings have long imagined their subjectivity, ethics, and ancestry with and through animals, yet not until the mid-twentieth century did contemporary thought reflect critically on animals' significance in human self-conception. Thinkers such as French philosopher Jacques Derrida, South African novelist J. M. Coetzee, and American theorist Donna Haraway have initiated rigorous inquiries into the question of the animal, now blossoming in a number of directions. It is no longer strange to say that if animals did not exist, we would have to invent them. This interdisciplinary and cross-cultural collection reflects the growth of animal studies as an independent field and the rise of "animality" as a critical lens through which to analyze society and culture, on a par with race and gender. Essays consider the role of animals in the human imagination and the imagination of the human; the worldviews of indigenous peoples; animal-human mythology in early modern China; and political uses of the animal in postcolonial India. They engage with the theoretical underpinnings of the animal protection movement, representations of animals in children's literature, depictions of animals in contemporary art, and the philosophical positioning of the animal from Aristotle to Derrida. The strength of this companion lies in its timeliness and contextual diversity, which makes it essential reading for students and researchers while further developing the parameters of the discipline.

Herding Monkeys to Paradise

How Macaque Troops are Managed for Tourism in Japan

Author: John Knight

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004187936

Category: History

Page: 628

View: 4026

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This book is a detailed study of monkey parks in Japan. It describes how the parks manage free-ranging macaque troops for touristic display and examines the various problems that arise, as well as proposals for park reform.

The State of the World's Animal Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture

Author: Barbara Rischkowsky,Dafydd Pilling

Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org.

ISBN: 9789251057629

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 511

View: 6617

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Sustainable management of the world's livestock genetic diversity is of vital importance to agriculture, food production, rural development and the environment. This publication is the first global assessment of these resources. Drawing on 169 Country Reports, contributions from a number of international organizations and 12 specially commissioned thematic studies, it presents an analysis of the state of agricultural biodiversity in the livestock sector - origins and development, uses and values, distribution and exchange, risk status and threats - and of capacity to manage these resources - institutions, policies and legal frameworks, structured breeding activities and conservation programs. Needs and challenges are assessed in the context of the forces driving change in livestock production systems. Tools and methods to enhance the use and development of animal genetic resources are explored in sections on the state of the art in characterization, genetic improvement, economic evaluation and conservation. As well providing a technical reference document, the country-based preparation of "The State of the World" has led to a process of policy development and a "Global Plan of Action for Animal Genetic Resources", which once adopted, will provide an agenda for action by the international community.--Publisher's description.

Superintelligence

Paths, Dangers, Strategies

Author: Nick Bostrom

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191666831

Category: Computers

Page: 272

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The human brain has some capabilities that the brains of other animals lack. It is to these distinctive capabilities that our species owes its dominant position. Other animals have stronger muscles or sharper claws, but we have cleverer brains. If machine brains one day come to surpass human brains in general intelligence, then this new superintelligence could become very powerful. As the fate of the gorillas now depends more on us humans than on the gorillas themselves, so the fate of our species then would come to depend on the actions of the machine superintelligence. But we have one advantage: we get to make the first move. Will it be possible to construct a seed AI or otherwise to engineer initial conditions so as to make an intelligence explosion survivable? How could one achieve a controlled detonation? To get closer to an answer to this question, we must make our way through a fascinating landscape of topics and considerations. Read the book and learn about oracles, genies, singletons; about boxing methods, tripwires, and mind crime; about humanity's cosmic endowment and differential technological development; indirect normativity, instrumental convergence, whole brain emulation and technology couplings; Malthusian economics and dystopian evolution; artificial intelligence, and biological cognitive enhancement, and collective intelligence. This profoundly ambitious and original book picks its way carefully through a vast tract of forbiddingly difficult intellectual terrain. Yet the writing is so lucid that it somehow makes it all seem easy. After an utterly engrossing journey that takes us to the frontiers of thinking about the human condition and the future of intelligent life, we find in Nick Bostrom's work nothing less than a reconceptualization of the essential task of our time.

State of the World 2001

Author: The Worldwatch Institute

Publisher: Island Press

ISBN: 1610916387

Category: Nature

Page: 155

View: 9994

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From the thinning of the Arctic sea ice to the invasion of the mosquito-borne West Nile virus, State of the World 2001 shows how the economic boom of the last decade has damaged natural systems. The increasingly visible evidence of environmental deterioration is only the tip of a much more dangerous problem: the growing inequities in wealth and income between countries and within countries, inequities that will generate enormous social unrest and pressure for change.

Le bien-être des animaux et l'intensification de la production animale

une autre interprétation

Author: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org.

ISBN: 9789252053866

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 36

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Ce document étudie les caractéristiques principales de l'intensification de la production animale par rapport au bien-être animal et à l'éthique animale. Il passe en revue un certain nombre des concepts éthiques classiques sur l'entretien des animaux afin d'expliquer de quelle manière l'intensification de la production animale est devenue un problème social et éthique aussi important. Il fait valoir qu'un certain nombre des allégations types émises par les critiques de l'élevage intensif manquent sérieusement de rigueur, et propose une autre interprétation pour rendre compte de quelques-uns des développements fondamentaux en matière d'intensification de la production animale. Enfin, il analyse la manière dont cette interprétation, si son bien-fondé est confirmé, peut se traduire par l'adoption d'un jeu de mesures différentes afin de remédier aux préoccupations en matière du bien-être des animaux dans le cadre des systèmes d'élevage intensif.

Animals Erased

Discourse, Ecology, and Reconnection with the Natural World

Author: Arran Stibbe

Publisher: Wesleyan University Press

ISBN: 0819572330

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 224

View: 6798

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Animals are disappearing, vanishing, and dying out—not just in the physical sense of becoming extinct, but in the sense of being erased from our consciousness. Increasingly, interactions with animals happen at a remove: mediated by nature programs, books, and cartoons; framed by the enclosures of zoos and aquariums; distanced by the museum cases that display lifeless bodies. In this thought-provoking book, Arran Stibbe takes us on a journey of discovery, revealing the many ways in which language affects our relationships with animals and the natural world. Animal-product industry manuals, school textbooks, ecological reports, media coverage of environmental issues, and animal-rights polemics all commonly portray animals as inanimate objects or passive victims. In his search for an alternative to these negative forms of discourse, Stibbe turns to the traditional culture of Japan. Within Zen philosophy, haiku poetry, and even contemporary children’s animated films, animals appear as active agents, leading their own lives for their own purposes, and of value in themselves.

The State of the Nation's Ecosystems

Measuring the Lands, Waters, and Living Resources of the United States

Author: H. John Heinz III Center for Science, Economics, and the Environment

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521525725

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 270

View: 5476

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Provides succinct, comprehensive - yet scientifically sound and non-partisan - view of state of ecosystems in US.

Fema's Role in Managing Bioterrorist Attacks and the Impact of Public Health Concerns on Bioterrorism Preparedness

Hearing Before the International Security, Proliferation and Federal Services Subcommittee of the Committee on Governmental Affairs United States Sena

Author: Daniel K. Akaka

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 0756726069

Category: Medical

Page: 72

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Hearing held on what the Federal Government is doing to prepare our local communities for bioterrorism, on what people's concerns are, & how effective our Federal programs have been. Witnesses: Bruce Baughman, Dir., Planning & Readiness, Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA); Scott R. Lillibridge, M.D., Special Assistant to the Secretary, U.S. Dept. of Health & Human Services (HHS) for National Security & Emergency Management; Tara J. O'Toole, M.D., M.P.H., Johns Hopkins Center for Civilian Biodefense Studies; & Dan Hanfling, M.D., FACEP, Chmn., Disaster Preparedness Committee, Inova Fairfax Hospital, Falls Church, VA.

Countering Agricultural Bioterrorism

Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Life Sciences,Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources,Committee on Biological Threats to Agricultural Plants and Animals

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309085458

Category: Political Science

Page: 192

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Public confidence in the security of the US food and fiber system has been sustained by the quality, variety, abundance, and affordability of agricultural products in the United States. Although the system in place to defend against unintentional threats to agriculture has weaknesses and needs, the demonstrated ability of the system to resolve, accommodate, or manage critical food safety problems, temporary shortages of some commodities, plant and animal infestations and diseases, and natural disasters indicates that, in general, such confidence has been warranted. However, over the last several years, there has been recognition of the possibility and consequences of intentional threats directed at US agriculture. Such attacks could come from foreign or domestic terrorists and use biological, chemical, or radiological agents. They could be directed at the pre harvest (live plant and live animal) or post harvest (processing and distribution) stages of food and fiber production. Countering Agricultural Bioterrorism asseses the vulnerability of US agriculture to intentional threats and provides recommendations needed to strengthen and adapt the US system for defense against biological threats to agriculture.

Crocodiles

Biology, Husbandry and Diseases

Author: F. W. Huchzermeyer

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 9780851997988

Category: Nature

Page: 352

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This book is a comprehensive reference work on the biology, management and health of crocodiles, alligators and gharials. It is applicable to both farmed and captive animals.The introductory chapter describes crocodilian anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, and behaviour. One chapter is devoted to important aspects of crocodile farming, namely nutrition; incubation of eggs; rearing; breeding; slaughter; and welfare. Subsequent chapters cover transmissible, nontransmissible and organ diseases, and diseases of eggs and hatchlings.

The Welfare of Laboratory Animals

Author: Eila Kaliste

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402022719

Category: Science

Page: 346

View: 3116

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This book examines the general principles of laboratory animal maintenance and experimental use as well as factors that have to be taken into account when good research is done with animals. In addition, it provides species specific coverage, concentrating on the species most used as laboratory animals. The book gives a comprehensive description of the welfare questions considered to be important for each species under laboratory conditions.

Animals and the Law

A Sourcebook

Author: Jordan Curnutt

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1576071472

Category: Law

Page: 591

View: 5751

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Provides an overview of legislation intended to protect animals and covers issues surrounding such legislation.

Derrida and Our Animal Others

Derrida’s Final Seminar, the Beast and the Sovereign

Author: David Farrell Krell

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 0253009456

Category: Philosophy

Page: 196

View: 1462

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Jacques Derrida’s final seminars were devoted to animal life and political sovereignty—the connection being that animals slavishly adhere to the law while kings and gods tower above it and that this relationship reveals much about humanity in the West. David Farrell Krell offers a detailed account of these seminars, placing them in the context of Derrida’s late work and his critique of Heidegger. Krell focuses his discussion on questions such as death, language, and animality. He concludes that Heidegger and Derrida share a commitment to finding new ways of speaking and thinking about human and animal life.

Animal Oppression and Human Violence

Domesecration, Capitalism, and Global Conflict

Author: David A. Nibert

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231525516

Category: Nature

Page: 352

View: 9165

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Jared Diamond and other leading scholars have argued that the domestication of animals for food, labor, and tools of war has advanced the development of human society. But by comparing practices of animal exploitation for food and resources in different societies over time, David A. Nibert reaches a strikingly different conclusion. He finds in the domestication of animals, which he renames "domesecration," a perversion of human ethics, the development of large-scale acts of violence, disastrous patterns of destruction, and growth-curbing epidemics of infectious disease. Nibert centers his study on nomadic pastoralism and the development of commercial ranching, a practice that has been largely controlled by elite groups and expanded with the rise of capitalism. Beginning with the pastoral societies of the Eurasian steppe and continuing through to the exportation of Western, meat-centered eating habits throughout today's world, Nibert connects the domesecration of animals to violence, invasion, extermination, displacement, enslavement, repression, pandemic chronic disease, and hunger. In his view, conquest and subjugation were the results of the need to appropriate land and water to maintain large groups of animals, and the gross amassing of military power has its roots in the economic benefits of the exploitation, exchange, and sale of animals. Deadly zoonotic diseases, Nibert shows, have accompanied violent developments throughout history, laying waste to whole cities, societies, and civilizations. His most powerful insight situates the domesecration of animals as a precondition for the oppression of human populations, particularly indigenous peoples, an injustice impossible to rectify while the material interests of the elite are inextricably linked to the exploitation of animals. Nibert links domesecration to some of the most critical issues facing the world today, including the depletion of fresh water, topsoil, and oil reserves; global warming; and world hunger, and he reviews the U.S. government's military response to the inevitable crises of an overheated, hungry, resource-depleted world. Most animal-advocacy campaigns reinforce current oppressive practices, Nibert argues. Instead, he suggests reforms that challenge the legitimacy of both domesecration and capitalism.

Islamic Republic of Afghanistan

Interim Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper

Author: International Monetary Fund

Publisher: International Monetary Fund

ISBN: N.A

Category: Afghanistan

Page: 75

View: 8891

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The report describes the policy framework for the Interim Afghanistan National Development Strategy (I-ANDS) and the vision for Afghanistan's developments. It reviews the progress under I-ANDS, analyzes the macroeconomic environment, characteristics of poverty and the policy goals, assesses the national budgeting framework through which the I-ANDS will be integrated into Afghanistan’s financial planning mechanisms to ensure both fiscal sustainability and financial independence, and also summarizes how government policies and programs will be transparently monitored, coordinated, refined, and revised in the full ANDS.

Animal farming and environmental interactions in the Mediterranean region

Author: Isabel Casasús,Jozo Rogosić,Andrea Rosati,Igor Stoković,Dunixi Gabiña

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9086867413

Category: Science

Page: 276

View: 7032

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Livestock production systems are the result of an interaction between domestic animals and the environment, modulated by man, that dates back to Neolithic times. As a consequence of this interaction among the wide diversity of animal resources, natural habitats and population needs, very different farming systems have developed across the Mediterranean Basin. Understanding the mechanisms and effects of these relationships is key to design the farming systems best adapted to each condition, guaranteeing an adequate balance between target animal production and environmental outcomes provided by these systems. This is indeed a multidimensional topic, influenced by animal genetics, feeding resources, flock management, and economic and social aspects inside and outside the household. Therefore, this book focuses on the basis of the animal-environment interactions and the impact of human activities on the type and magnitude of these interactions. In this context, the issue of sustainability of livestock production is evaluated considering economic, social and environmental aspects. This book contributes to upgrade the state of the art in Mediterranean conditions, providing indicators and procedures of application across a wide range of systems, and hence of interest for researchers, students and professionals concerned with livestock production and the environment.