The Song Of The Dodo

Island Biogeography in an Age of Extinctions

Author: David Quammen

Publisher: Random House

ISBN: 1448137403

Category: Nature

Page: 704

View: 2364

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Why have island ecosystems always suffered such high rates of extinction? In our age, with all the world's landscapes, from Tasmania to the Amazon to Yellowstone, now being carved into island-like fragments by human activity, the implications of this question are more urgent than ever. Over the past eight years, David Quammen has followed the threads of island biogeography on a globe-encircling journey of discovery.

Der Gesang des Dodo

eine Reise durch die Evolution der Inselwelten

Author: David Quammen

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783548600406

Category:

Page: 973

View: 1115

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Der Mensch, die Orchidee und der Oktopus

Mein Leben für die Erforschung und Bewahrung unserer Umwelt

Author: Jacques Cousteau,Susan Schiefelbein

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 3593385643

Category: Science

Page: 371

View: 9353

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Eine ganze Generation von Fernsehzuschauern ist mit Jacques Cousteaus Fernsehserie »Geheimnisse des Meeres« aufgewachsen. In den letzten Jahren seines Lebens schrieb der Meeresforscher sein persönliches und umweltpolitisches Vermächtnis. Nun wird es – endlich! – erscheinen.

Die Bienen

Roman

Author: Laline Paull

Publisher: Tropen

ISBN: 3608107304

Category: Fiction

Page: 350

View: 3414

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Flora 717 ist eine Säuberungsbiene aus der untersten Kaste im Bienenkorb. Ausgestattet mit Fähigkeiten, die ihren Rang weit überschreiten, steigt sie schnell auf und darf sogar an der Seite der Königin leben. Alles scheint perfekt. Doch ohne es zu wollen, gebiert Flora eines Tages ein Ei. Ein Umstand, der allein der Königin vorbehalten ist und bei Missachtung schwer bestraft wird. Es beginnt ein Wettlauf um Zeit, Nahrung und Geschicklichkeit, um ihr Leben und das ihres geliebten Kindes zu bewahren. Laline Paull inszeniert gekonnt einen Roman über Aufstieg, Liebe und Gerechtigkeit.

Natural Acts

A Sidelong View of Science and Nature

Author: David Quammen

Publisher: Schocken Books Incorporated

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 221

View: 9042

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Essays discuss bats, octopuses, crows, snakes, cockroaches, dinosaurs, bisons, animal rights, hypothermia, sea cucumbers, black widow spiders, and mosquitoes

Spillover

Der tierische Ursprung weltweiter Seuchen

Author: David Quammen

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 3641128013

Category: Science

Page: 560

View: 8600

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Der tödliche Sprung vom Tier zum Menschen Neue Krankheiten, die sich auf der ganzen Welt ausbreiten, sind ein gefährliches Problem, und es scheint, als würden sie an Bedrohlichkeit zunehmen. Seuchen wie AIDS, Ebola und SARS erreichen dank moderner Verkehrsmittel schnell mehrere Kontinente. Ihnen ist eines gemeinsam: Die Erreger sprangen vom Tier auf den Menschen über – der sogenannte Spillover. In einem ebenso spannend erzählten wie beunruhigenden Buch schildert der preisgekrönte Wissenschaftsautor David Quammen wie und an welchen Orten bevorzugt Viren, Bakterien und andere Erreger auf den Menschen übertragen werden. Er begleitete die führenden Forscher bei der Suche nach dem Ursprung der Seuchen zu Gorillas in den Kongo, beobachtet sie bei der Arbeit mit Fledermäusen in China und Affen in Bangladesch und erklärt, warum die Gefahr des Spillover gestiegen ist. Noch ist nicht klar, woher die nächste große Seuche kommt, aber ihr Ausbruch ist nur eine Frage der Zeit.

Monsters of God

The Man-eating Predator in the Jungles of History and the Mind

Author: David Quammen

Publisher: Vintage

ISBN: 9780091799571

Category: Dangerous animals

Page: 515

View: 6790

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Great and terrible flesh-eating beasts have always shared the landscape with humans. Now, of course, as humans spread and despoil the planet, predators may only survive on the glass barriers and chain-link fences. David Quammen is no armchair evolutionary theorist, and, in The Song of Dodo, everything he writes about he has experienced first-hand. In this book he examines the fate of lions in India's Gir forest, salt water crocodiles in northern Australia, brown bears in the mountains of Romania and Siberian tigers. He is equally intrigued by the traditional relationship between the great predators and the people who live among them, and weaves into his story the fears and myths that have haunted humankind for millennia.

The Sixth Extinction

An Unnatural History

Author: Elizabeth Kolbert

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1408851237

Category: Nature

Page: 336

View: 6671

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Over the last half a billion years, there have been five mass extinctions of life on earth. Scientists around the world are currently monitoring the sixth, predicted to be the most devastating extinction event since the asteroid impact that wiped out the dinosaurs. Elizabeth Kolbert combines brilliant field reporting, the history of ideas and the work of geologists, botanists and marine biologists to tell the gripping stories of a dozen species – including the Panamanian golden frog and the Sumatran rhino – some already gone, others at the point of vanishing. The sixth extinction is likely to be mankind's most lasting legacy and Elizabeth Kolbert's book urgently compels us to rethink the fundamental question of what it means to be human.

The Boilerplate Rhino

Nature in the Eye of the Beholder

Author: David Quammen

Publisher: Scribner Book Company

ISBN: N.A

Category: Nature

Page: 287

View: 7612

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A collection of twentysix essays about the natural world captures the relationship between human and animal, with such topics as rattlesnakes and their handlers, and spiders and arachnophobia, all told in an entertaining, enlightening style.

Mount Mitchell and the Black Mountains

An Environmental History of the Highest Peaks in Eastern America

Author: Timothy Silver

Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press

ISBN: 0807863149

Category: Nature

Page: 352

View: 5524

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Each year, thousands of tourists visit Mount Mitchell, the most prominent feature of North Carolina's Black Mountain range and the highest peak in the eastern United States. From Native Americans and early explorers to land speculators and conservationists, people have long been drawn to this rugged region. Timothy Silver explores the long and complicated history of the Black Mountains, drawing on both the historical record and his experience as a backpacker and fly fisherman. He chronicles the geological and environmental forces that created this intriguing landscape, then traces its history of environmental change and human intervention from the days of Indian-European contact to today. Among the many tales Silver recounts is that of Elisha Mitchell, the renowned geologist and University of North Carolina professor for whom Mount Mitchell is named, who fell to his death there in 1857. But nature's stories--of forest fires, chestnut blight, competition among plants and animals, insect invasions, and, most recently, airborne toxins and acid rain--are also part of Silver's narrative, making it the first history of the Appalachians in which the natural world gets equal time with human history. It is only by understanding the dynamic between these two forces, Silver says, that we can begin to protect the Black Mountains for future generations.

Relicts of a Beautiful Sea

Survival, Extinction, and Conservation in a Desert World

Author: Christopher Norment

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 1469618672

Category: Nature

Page: 288

View: 4202

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Along a tiny spring in a narrow canyon near Death Valley, seemingly against all odds, an Inyo Mountain slender salamander makes its home. "The desert," writes conservation biologist Christopher Norment, "is defined by the absence of water, and yet in the desert there is water enough, if you live properly." Relicts of a Beautiful Sea explores the existence of rare, unexpected, and sublime desert creatures such as the black toad and four pupfishes unique to the desert West. All are anomalies: amphibians and fish, dependent upon aquatic habitats, yet living in one of the driest places on earth, where precipitation averages less than four inches per year. In this climate of extremes, beset by conflicts over water rights, each species illustrates the work of natural selection and the importance of conservation. This is also a story of persistence--for as much as ten million years--amid the changing landscape of western North America. By telling the story of these creatures, Norment illustrates the beauty of evolution and explores ethical and practical issues of conservation: what is a four-inch-long salamander worth, hidden away in the heat-blasted canyons of the Inyo Mountains, and what would the cost of its extinction be? What is any lonely and besieged species worth, and why should we care?

Islands

Nature and Culture

Author: Stephen A. Royle

Publisher: Reaktion Books

ISBN: 1780234015

Category: Nature

Page: 224

View: 421

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From Charles Darwin’s enlightening voyage to the Galapagos Islands to moat-encased prisons incarcerating the world’s deadliest prisoners, islands have been sites of immense scientific, political, and creative importance. An inspiration for artists and writers, they can be lively centers of holiday revelry or remote, mysterious spots; places of escape or of exile and imprisonment. In this cultural and scientific history of these alluring, isolated territories, Stephen A. Royle describes the great variety of islands, their economies, and the animals, plants, and people who thrive on them. Royle shows that despite the view of some islands as earthly paradises, they are often beset by severe limitations in both resources and opportunities. Detailing the population loss many islands have faced in recent years, he considers how islanders have developed their homes into tourist destinations in order to combat economic instability. He also explores their exotic, otherworldly beauty and the ways they have provided both refuge and inspiration for artists, such as Paul Gauguin in Tahiti and George Orwell on the Scottish island of Jura. Filled with illustrations, Islands is a compelling and comprehensive survey of the geographical and cultural aspects of island life.

The Blue Sapphire of the Mind

Notes for a Contemplative Ecology

Author: Douglas E. Christie

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199986649

Category: Religion

Page: 488

View: 4254

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"There are no unsacred places," the poet Wendell Berry has written. "There are only sacred places and desecrated places." What might it mean to behold the world with such depth and feeling that it is no longer possible to imagine it as something separate from ourselves, or to live without regard for its well-being? To understand the work of seeing things as an utterly involving moral and spiritual act? Such questions have long occupied the center of contemplative spiritual traditions. In The Blue Sapphire of the Mind, Douglas E. Christie proposes a distinctively contemplative approach to ecological thought and practice that can help restore our sense of the earth as a sacred place. Drawing on the insights of the early Christian monastics as well as the ecological writings of Henry David Thoreau, Aldo Leopold, Annie Dillard, and many others, Christie argues that, at the most basic level, it is the quality of our attention to the natural world that must change if we are to learn how to live in a sustainable relationship with other living organisms and with one another. He notes that in this uniquely challenging historical moment, there is a deep and pervasive hunger for a less fragmented and more integrated way of apprehending and inhabiting the living world--and for a way of responding to the ecological crisis that expresses our deepest moral and spiritual values. Christie explores how the wisdom of ancient and modern contemplative traditions can inspire both an honest reckoning with the destructive patterns of thought and behavior that have contributed so much to our current crisis, and a greater sense of care and responsibility for all living beings. These traditions can help us cultivate the simple, spacious awareness of the enduring beauty and wholeness of the natural world that will be necessary if we are to live with greater purpose and meaning, and with less harm, to our planet.

On the Origin of Species

Author: Charles Darwin,David Quammen

Publisher: Sterling Signature

ISBN: 9781402789595

Category: Science

Page: 544

View: 8510

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Reintroduces the author's work about the theory of evolution with over three hundred fifty illustrations and photographs, accompanied by excerpts from his diaries, letters, and other writings.

Darwin's Dice

The Idea of Chance in the Thought of Charles Darwin

Author: Curtis Johnson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199361436

Category: Science

Page: 240

View: 4194

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For evolutionary biologists, the concept of chance has always played a significant role in the formation of evolutionary theory. As far back as Greek antiquity, chance and "luck" were key factors in understanding the natural world. Chance is not just an important concept; it is an entire way of thinking about nature. And as Curtis Johnson shows, it is also one of the key ideas that separates Charles Darwin from other systematic biologists of his time. Studying the concept of chance in Darwin's writing reveals core ideas in his theory of evolution, as well as his reflections on design, purpose, and randomness in nature's progression over the course of history. In Darwin's Dice: The Idea of Chance in the Thought of Charles Darwin, Curtis Johnson examines Darwin's early notebooks, his collected correspondence (now in 19 volumes), and most of his published writing to trace the evolution of his ideas about chance in evolution. This proved to be one of Darwin's most controversial ideas among his reading public, so much so that it drew hostile reactions even from Darwin's scientific friends, not to mention the more general reader. The firestorm of criticism forced Darwin to forge a retreat, not in terms of removing chance from his theory--his commitment to it was unshakable--but in terms of how he chose to present his theory. Briefly, by changing his wording and by introducing metaphors and images (the stone-house metaphor, the evolution of giraffes, and others), Darwin succeeded in making his ideas seem less threatening than before without actually changing his views. Randomness remained a focal point for Darwin throughout his life. Through the lens of randomness, Johnson reveals implications of Darwin's views for religion, free will, and moral theory. Darwin's Dice presents a new way to look at Darwinist thought and the writings of Charles Darwin.

21st Century Geography

Author: Joseph P. Stoltman

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 141297464X

Category: Science

Page: 883

View: 1343

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This is a theoretical and practical guide on how to undertake and navigate advanced research in the arts, humanities and social sciences.

Strangers in the South Seas

The Idea of the Pacific in Western Thought : an Anthology

Author: Richard Lansdown

Publisher: University of Hawaii Press

ISBN: 0824829026

Category: Travel

Page: 429

View: 661

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Long before Magellan entered the Pacific in 1521 Westerners entertained ideas of undiscovered oceans, mighty continents, and paradisal islands at the far ends of the earth-such ideas would have a long life and a deep impact in both the Pacific and the West. With the discovery of Tahiti in 1767 another powerful myth was added to this collection: the noble savage. For the first time Westerners were confronted by a people who seemed happier than themselves. This revolution in the human sciences was accompanied by one in the natural sciences after Darwin's momentous visit to the Galapagos Islands. The Pacific produced other challenges for nineteenth-century researchers on race and culture, and for those intent on exporting their religions to this immense quarter of the globe. As the century wore on, the region presented opportunities and dilemmas for the imperial powers, a process was accelerated by the Pacific War between 1941 and 1945. Strangers in the South Seas recounts and illustrates this story using a wealth of primary texts. It includes generous excerpts from the work of explorers, soldiers, naturalists, anthropologists, artists, and writers--some famous, some obscure. It shows how "the Great South Sea" has been an irreplaceable "distant mirror" of the West and its intellectual obsessions since the Renaissance.

Empire of Extinction

Russians and the North Pacific's Strange Beasts of the Sea, 1741-1867

Author: Ryan Tucker Jones

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199373809

Category: History

Page: 336

View: 6448

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In the second half of the eighteenth century, the Russian Empire-already the largest on earth-expanded its dominion onto the ocean. Through a series of government-sponsored voyages of discovery and the establishment of a private fur trade, Russians crossed and re-crossed the Bering Strait and the North Pacific Ocean, establishing colonies in Kamchatka and Alaska and exporting marine mammal furs to Europe and China. In the process they radically transformed the North Pacific, causing environmental catastrophe. In one of the most hotly-contested imperial arenas of the day, the Russian empire organized a host of Siberian and Alaskan native peoples to rapaciously hunt for fur seals, sea otters, and other fur-bearing animals. The animals declined precipitously, and Steller's sea cow went extinct. This destruction captured the attention of natural historians who for the first time began to recognize the threat of species extinction. These experts drew upon Enlightenment and Romantic-era ideas about nature and imperialism but their ideas were refracted through Russian scientific culture and influenced by the region's unique ecology. Cosmopolitan scientific networks ensured the spread of their ideas throughout Europe. Heeding the advice of these scientific experts, Russian colonial governors began long-term management of marine mammal stocks and instituted some of the colonial world's most forward-thinking conservationist policies. Highlighting the importance of the North Pacific in Russian imperial and global environmental history, Empire of Extinction focuses on the development of ideas about the natural world in a crucial location far from what has been considered the center of progressive environmental attitudes.