The Singing Neanderthals

The Origins of Music, Language, Mind and Body

Author: Steven Mithen

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 1780222580

Category: Science

Page: 384

View: 6074

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A fascinating and incisive examination of our language instinct from award-winning science writer Steven Mithen. Along with the concepts of consciousness and intelligence, our capacity for language sits right at the core of what makes us human. But while the evolutionary origins of language have provoked speculation and impassioned debate, music has been neglected if not ignored. Like language it is a universal feature of human culture, one that is a permanent fixture in our daily lives. In THE SINGING NEANDERTHALS, Steven Mithen redresses the balance, drawing on a huge range of sources, from neurological case studies through child psychology and the communication systems of non-human primates to the latest paleoarchaeological evidence. The result is a fascinating and provocative work and a succinct riposte to those, like Steven Pinker, who have dismissed music as a functionless and unimportant evolutionary byproduct.

Wozu Kunst?

Ästhetik nach Darwin

Author: Winfried Menninghaus

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518770101

Category: Philosophy

Page: 300

View: 6492

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Die Gesangskünste von Vögeln haben Künstler und Denker vielfach zu Parallelen mit den menschlichen Künsten angeregt. Erst Charles Darwin jedoch hat solchen Parallelen eine Theorie gegeben und sie anhand eines allgemeinen evolutionären Modells ästhetischer Darstellung und Rezeption erklärt. Winfried Menninghaus präsentiert Darwins Überlegungen als einen bedeutenden Ansatz zu einer Theorie der Künste, die neben der Musik auch Rhetorik, Poesie und die visuellen Künste umfaßt. Dabei räumt er mit dem verbreiteten Mißverständnis auf, Darwins Musiktheorie postuliere auch für den Menschen einen direkten Zusammenhang von Singen/Musik und sexuellem Werbungserfolg. Das »singing for sex« bleibt, so Darwin, nur mehr als eine archaische Erinnerungsspur erhalten, die die menschlichen Künste phantasmatisch mit einem breiten Spektrum latent sexueller Affekte auflädt, welche alle Nuancen zwischen »love and war« durchlaufen können. Menninghaus liest Darwins Ausführungen vor dem Hintergrund des heute enorm gewachsenen Wissens in Archäologie und Evolutionstheorie sowie im Lichte der philosophischen und empirischen Ästhetik. Er ergänzt Darwins kühne Analyse, indem er die Rolle von Spielverhalten, Technologie und symbolischen Praktiken für die hypothetische Transformation sexueller Werbungspraktiken in menschliche Künste untersucht. Das Buch entwickelt ein überzeugendes Szenario für das "Woraus", "Wie" und "Wann" der Entstehung der menschlichen Künste und gibt eine komplexe Antwort auf die oft gestellte – und noch öfter vermiedene – Frage: "Wozu Kunst?"

From Object to Experience

The New Culture of Architectural Design

Author: Harry Francis Mallgrave

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1350059544

Category: Architecture

Page: 256

View: 9706

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Harry Francis Mallgrave combines a history of ideas about architectural experience with the latest insights from the fields of neuroscience, cognitive science and evolutionary biology to make a powerful argument about the nature and future of architectural design. Today, the sciences have granted us the tools to help us understand better than ever before the precise ways in which the built environment can affect the building user's individual experience. Through an understanding of these tools, architects should be able to become better designers, prioritizing the experience of space - the emotional and aesthetic responses, and the sense of homeostatic well-being, of those who will occupy any designed environment. In From Object to Experience, Mallgrave goes further, arguing that it should also be possible to build an effective new cultural ethos for architectural practice. Drawing upon a range of humanistic and biological sources, and emphasizing the far-reaching implications of new neuroscientific discoveries and models, this book brings up-to-date insights and theoretical clarity to a position that was once considered revolutionary but is fast becoming accepted in architecture.

Strawinskys "Motor Drive"

Author: Monika Woitas,Annette Hartmann

Publisher: epodium

ISBN: 3940388106

Category: Music and dance

Page: 277

View: 5323

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Ein Buch über Strawinsky in Tanz und Musik.

The Routledge Companion to Philosophy and Music

Author: Theodore Gracyk,Andrew Kania

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136821872

Category: Music

Page: 680

View: 6264

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The Routledge Companion to Philosophy and Music is an outstanding guide and reference source to the key topics, subjects, thinkers and debates in philosophy and music. Over fifty entries by an international team of contributors are organised into six clear sections: general issues emotion history figures kinds of music music, philosophy and related disciplines The Routledge Companion to Philosophy and Music is essential reading for anyone interested in philosophy, music and musicology.

Pain and Suffering

Author: Ronald Schleifer

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135016011

Category: Social Science

Page: 182

View: 1567

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Pain is felt by everyone, yet understanding its nature is fragmented across myriad modes of thought. In this compact, yet thoroughly integrative account uniting medical science, psychology, and the humanities Ronald Schleifer offers a deep and complex understanding along with possible strategies of dealing with pain in its most overwhelming forms. A perfect addition to many courses in medicine, healthcare, counseling psychology, and social work.

Deleuze and the Body

Author: Laura Guillaume

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 0748688048

Category: Philosophy

Page: 240

View: 697

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This book will be important reading for those with an interest in Deleuze, but also in performance arts, film, and contemporary culture.

Brain and Music

Author: Stefan Koelsch

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119943116

Category: Science

Page: 352

View: 7150

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A comprehensive survey of the latest neuroscientific research into the effects of music on the brain Covers a variety of topics fundamental for music perception, including musical syntax, musical semantics, music and action, music and emotion Includes general introductory chapters to engage a broad readership, as well as a wealth of detailed research material for experts Offers the most empirical (and most systematic) work on the topics of neural correlates of musical syntax and musical semantics Integrates research from different domains (such as music, language, action and emotion both theoretically and empirically, to create a comprehensive theory of music psychology

The Wisdom of the Liminal

Evolution and Other Animals in Human Becoming

Author: Celia Deane-Drummond

Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing

ISBN: 1467442089

Category: Religion

Page: 378

View: 9147

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A sophisticated theological anthropology that takes into account evolutionary theories and our relationships to other animals In this book Celia Deane-Drummond charts a new direction for theological anthropology in light of what is now known about the evolutionary trajectories of humans and other animals. She presents a case for human beings becoming fully themselves through their encounter with God, after the pattern of Christ, but also through their relationships with each other and with other animals. Drawing on classical sources, particularly the work of Thomas Aquinas, Deane-Drummond explores various facets of humans and other animals in terms of reason, freedom, language, and community. In probing and questioning how human distinctiveness has been defined using philosophical tools, she engages with a range of scientific disciplines, including evolutionary biology, biological anthropology, animal behavior, ethology, and cognitive psychology. The result is a novel, deeply nuanced interpretation of what it means to be distinctively human in the image of God.

Mortal Rituals

What the Story of the Andes Survivors Tells Us About Human Evolution

Author: Matt J. Rossano

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231535465

Category: Science

Page: 248

View: 9853

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On December 21, 1972, sixteen young survivors of Uruguayan Air Force Flight 571 were rescued after spending ten weeks stranded at the crash site of their plane, high in the remote Andes Mountains. The incident made international headlines and spawned several best-selling books, fueled partly by the fact that the young men had resorted to cannibalism to survive. Matt Rossano examines this story from an evolutionary perspective, weaving together findings and ideas from anthropology, psychology, religion, and cognitive science. During their ordeal, these young men broke "civilized" taboos to fend off starvation and abandoned "civilized" modes of thinking to maintain social unity and individual sanity. Through the power of ritual, the survivors were able to endure severe emotional and physical hardship. Rossano ties their story to our story, seeing in the mortal rituals of this struggle for survival a reflection of what it means to be human.

Was für Lebewesen sind wir?

Author: Noam Chomsky

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518748289

Category: Philosophy

Page: 248

View: 1047

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Noam Chomsky gilt als der Begründer der modernen Linguistik und als einer der Gründerväter der Kognitionswissenschaften. Zugleich ist er einer der meistgelesenen politischen Denker der Welt. Dieses Buch ist die philosophische Summe seines Lebens: Erstmals führt er alle seine großen Themen zusammen und begibt sich auf die Suche nach dem Wesen des Menschen. Chomsky nimmt seinen Ausgang bei der Sprache. Diese ist für ihn ein angeborener Mechanismus, der ein keineswegs zwingendes Muster aufweist und unser Denken bestimmt. Wir alle denken gemäß diesem Muster – und daher können wir auch nur das wissen, was die menschliche Sprache zu denken erlaubt. Einige Geheimisse der Natur könnten uns deshalb für immer verborgen bleiben. Zugleich eröffnet die Sprache aber eine kreative Freiheit; uns ist ein Freiheitsinstinkt gegeben, der uns gegen Herrschaft aufbegehren und eine freie Entfaltung suchen lässt. In der libertären Tradition von Wilhelm von Humboldt, John Stuart Mill und Rudolf Rocker zeichnet uns Chomsky als anarchische Lebewesen, die nach einer Assoziation freier Menschen streben.

On Repeat

How Music Plays the Mind

Author: Elizabeth Hellmuth Margulis

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199990859

Category: Music

Page: 240

View: 4654

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Winner of the Wallace Berry Award, Society for Music Theory Winner of the Deems Taylor/Virgil Thomson Award, ASCAP What is it about the music you love that makes you want to hear it again? Why do we crave a "hook" that returns, again and again, within the same piece? And how does a song end up getting stuck in your head? Whether it's a motif repeated throughout a composition, a sample looped under an electronic dance beat, a passage replayed incessantly by a musician in a practice room-or an "earworm" burrowing through your mind like a broken record-repetition is nearly as integral to music as the notes themselves. Its centrality has been acknowledged by everyone from evolutionary biologist W. Tecumseh Fitch, who has called it a "design feature" of music, to the composer Arnold Schoenberg who admitted that "intelligibility in music seems to be impossible without repetition." And yet, stunningly little is actually understood about repetition and its role in music. On Repeat offers the first in-depth inquiry into music's repetitive nature, focusing not on a particular style, or body of work, but on repertoire from across time periods and cultures. Author Elizabeth Hellmuth Margulis draws on a diverse array of fields including music theory, psycholinguistics, neuroscience, and cognitive psychology, to look head-on at the underlying perceptual mechanisms associated with repetition. Her work sheds light on a range of issues from repetition's use as a compositional tool to its role in characterizing our behavior as listeners, and then moves beyond music to consider related implications for repetition in language, learning, and communication. Written in engaging prose, and enlivening otherwise complex concepts for the specialist and non-specialist alike, On Repeat will captivate scholars and students across numerous disciplines from music theory and history, to psychology and neuroscience-and anyone fascinated by the puzzle of repetition in music.

Human Expeditions

Inspired by Bruce Trigger

Author: Stephen Chrisomalis,André Costopoulos

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442664568

Category: Social Science

Page: 316

View: 1432

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In its 2007 obituary of Bruce Trigger (1937–2006), the Times of London referred to the Canadian anthropologist and archaeologist as “Canada’s leading prehistorian” and “one of the most influential archaeologists of his time.” Trained at Yale University and a faculty member at McGill University for more than forty years, he was best known for his History of Archaeological Thought, which the Times called “monumental.” Trigger inspired scholars all over the world through his questioning of assumptions and his engagement with social and political causes. Human Expeditions pays tribute to Trigger’s immense legacy by bringing together cutting edge work from internationally recognized and emerging researchers inspired by his example. Covering the length and breadth of Trigger’s wide-ranging interests – from Egyptology to the history of archaeological theory to North American aboriginal cultures – this volume highlights the diversity of his academic work and the magnitude of his impact in many different areas of scholarship.

The Things that Nobody Knows

501 Mysteries of Life, the Universe and Everything

Author: William Hartston

Publisher: Atlantic Books Ltd

ISBN: 0857897160

Category: Reference

Page: 384

View: 4153

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HERE ARE MANY, MANY THINGS THAT NOBODY KNOWS . . . Why are so many giraffes gay? Has human evolution stopped? Where did our alphabet come from? Can robots become self-aware? Can lobsters recognize other lobsters by sight? What goes on inside a black hole? Are cell phones bad for us? Why can't we remember anything from our earliest years? Full of the mysteries of life, the universe and everything, The Things that Nobody Knows is a fascinating and unputdownable exploration of the limits of human knowledge of our planet, its history and culture, and the universe beyond.

Earth-honoring Faith

Religious Ethics in a New Key

Author: Larry L. Rasmussen

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199986843

Category: Philosophy

Page: 480

View: 5351

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Grand Winner of the 2014 Nautilus Book Awards Thoughtful observers agree that the planetary crisis we now face-climate change; species extinction; the destruction of entire ecosystems; the urgent need for a more just economic-political order-is pushing human civilization to a radical turning point: change or perish. But precisely how to change remains an open question. In Earth-honoring Faith, Larry Rasmussen answers that question with a dramatically new way of thinking about human society, ethics, and the ongoing health of our planet. Rejecting the modern assumption that morality applies to human society alone, Rasmussen insists that we must derive a spiritual and ecological ethic that accounts for the well-being of all creation, as well as the primal elements upon which it depends: earth, air, fire, water, and sunlight. He argues that good science, necessary as it is, will not be enough to inspire fundamental change. We must draw on religious resources as well to make the difficult transition from an industrial-technological age obsessed with consumption to an ecological age that restores wise stewardship of all life. Earth-honoring Faith advocates an alliance of spirituality and ecology, in which the material requirements for planetary life are reconciled with deep traditions of spirituality across religions, traditions that include mysticism, sacramentalism, prophetic practices, asceticism, and the cultivation of wisdom. It is these shared spiritual practices that can produce a chorus of world faiths to counter the consumerism, utilitarianism, alienation, oppression, and folly that have pushed us to the brink. Written with passionate commitment and deep insight, Earth-honoring Faith reminds us that we must live in the present with the knowledge that the eyes of future generations will look back at us.

Musik im Kopf

Hören, Musizieren, Verstehen und Erleben im neuronalen Netzwerk

Author: Manfred Spitzer

Publisher: Klett-Cotta

ISBN: 3608169024

Category: Medical

Page: 472

View: 3921

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Von der Physik der Töne zum Konzert der Neuronen Wenn wir etwas mögen, ist es Musik in unseren Ohren, wer den Ton angibt, spielt die erste Geige, und wem der Marsch geblasen wird, der pfeift auf dem letzten Loch. Die Verbindung von Neurobiologie, Medizin und Psychologie mit der Musik ist alt. Neu ist die Tatsache, dass sich Musik und Hirnforschung gegenseitig befruchten. Wer ein Instrument erlernt, verbringt tausende von Stunden damit und vollzieht immer wieder die gleichen oder sehr ähnliche Bewegungsabläufe. Lernen und Gehirn lassen sich also kaum besser studieren als im Bereich Musik. Für das Hören, Ausüben und Genießen von Musik ist die Kenntnis der neuronalen Maschinerie zwar nicht notwendig, der Musiker wird aber vieles besser verstehen, wenn ihm die physikalischen und psychologischen Grundlagen von Musik geläufig sind. Wir alle - und die meisten von uns, ohne viel darüber nachzudenken - gehen ständig und sogar bereits in der Zeit vor unserer Geburt mit Musik um. Dieses Buch soll einen Beitrag dazu leisten, diesen Umgang besser zu verstehen. KEYWORDS: Musik, Gehirn, Hörsinn, Musizieren, Singen, Gesang, Instrument, Gehör, Neurowissenschaften, Psychologie, Tanz, Musikalität

Rammstein on Fire

New Perspectives on the Music and Performances

Author: John T. Littlejohn,Michael T. Putnam

Publisher: McFarland

ISBN: 1476613052

Category: Music

Page: 284

View: 8694

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This volume contains 13 original essays exploring Rammstein’s stage performance and recorded works from multiple academic perspectives. Topics range from Rammstein’s connection with 19th century German literature and their East German heritage to cannibalism and the supernatural. The panoramic view of approaches to Rammstein’s music and performance goes beneath the surface and provides fan and scholar alike with a deeper appreciation for the band.

Gestalttherapie

Grundlagen der Lebensfreude und Persönlichkeitsentfaltung

Author: Frederick S. Perls,Ralph F. Hefferline,Paul Goodman

Publisher: Klett-Cotta

ISBN: 9783608944341

Category:

Page: 340

View: 3299

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