The Russian Revolution

Author: Anthony Wood

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317880641

Category: History

Page: 112

View: 3100

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A popular concise guide - one of the clearest available on the Russian Revolution.

Trotsky and the Russian Revolution

Author: Geoffrey Swain

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317812786

Category: History

Page: 172

View: 1443

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Supporters of Stalin saw Trotsky as a traitor and renegade. Trotsky’s own supporters saw him as the only true Leninist. In Trotsky and the Russian Revolution, Geoffrey Swain restores Trotsky to his real and central role in the Russian Revolution. In this succinct and comprehensive study, Swain contests that: In the years between 1903 and 1917, it was the ideas of Trotsky, rather than Lenin, which shaped the nascent Bolshevik Party and prepared it for the overthrow of the Tsar. During the autumn of 1917 workers supported Trotsky’s idea of an insurrection carried out by the soviet, rather than Lenin’s demand for a party orchestrated coup d’etat. During the Russian Civil War, Trotsky persuaded a sceptical Lenin that the only way to victory was through the employment of officers trained in the Tsar’s army. As well as examining Trotsky’s critique of Stalin’s Russia in the 1930s, this seminar reader probes deeper to explore the ideas which drove Trotsky forward during his years of influence over Russia’s revolutionary politics, exploring such key concepts as how to construct a revolutionary party, how to stage a successful insurrection, how to fight a revolutionary war, and how to build a socialist state.

Lenin's Revolution

Russia, 1917-1921

Author: David R. Marples

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131788258X

Category: History

Page: 184

View: 8820

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This study examines one of the key events in history, the Russian Revolution. Since the late Gorbachev period, a wealth of new material has become available to historians that has triggered intense scholarly debate on the nature of revolution. This timely new book takes account of the new scholarship, including - for example - the role of Lenin. It is argued that the intial flexibility of Lenin and the Bolshevik party allowed them to take power, but that the conduct of both changed considerably once they were obliged to take steps to maintain their authority. This book charts the Febuary Revolution, the October Revolution, the Civil War and the main individuals involved, giving a remarkable degree of clarity to the tumultuous events in Russia whose consequences the world lived with for the rest of the twentieth century.

Europe, 1890-1945

Author: Stephen J. Lee

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415254557

Category: History

Page: 410

View: 5864

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In a unique style, this new approach to teaching and learning early twentieth century European history at A level focuses on the key topics within the period to meet the needs of teachers and students studying for revised AS and A2

The Russian Revolution in Retreat, 1920–24

Soviet Workers and the New Communist Elite

Author: Simon Pirani

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134075502

Category: History

Page: 312

View: 1388

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The Russian revolution of 1917 was a defining event of the twentieth century, and its achievements and failures remain controversial in the twenty-first. This book focuses on the retreat from the revolution’s aims in 1920–24, after the civil war and at the start of the New Economic Policy – and specifically, on the turbulent relationship between the working class and the Communist Party in those years. It is based on extensive original research of the actions and reactions of the party leadership and ranks, of dissidents and members of other parties, and of trade union activists and ordinary factory workers. It discusses working-class collective action before, during and after the crisis of 1921, when the Bolsheviks were confronted by the revolt at the Kronshtadt naval base and other protest movements. This book argues that the working class was politically expropriated by the Bolshevik party, as democratic bodies such as soviets and factory committees were deprived of decision-making power; it examines how the new Soviet ruling class began to take shape. It shows how some worker activists concluded that the principles of 1917 had been betrayed, while others accepted a social contract, under which workers were assured of improvements in living standards in exchange for increased labour discipline and productivity, and a surrender of political power to the party.

Hundert Jahre Revolution

Russland und das 20. Jahrhundert

Author: Orlando Figes

Publisher: Hanser Berlin

ISBN: 3446248684

Category: History

Page: 400

View: 1024

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Eine glänzend geschriebene Geschichte Sowjetrusslands – von den Wurzeln des Bolschewismus bis zum Putsch gegen Gorbatschow 1991. Laut Orlando Figes erstreckt sich die Wirkung der Russischen Revolution von 1917 über die Jahrzehnte der Diktatur bis in die Gegenwart. So waren die Sowjetführer bis zuletzt überzeugt, dass sie die von Lenin begonnene Revolution fortsetzten und auf ihre Ziele hinarbeiteten: eine kommunistische Gesellschaft des materiellen Überflusses für das Proletariat und ein neuer kollektiver Menschentyp. In einem historischen Moment, da in Russland unter Putin die autoritäre Staatstradition wiederauflebt, liefert Figes eine überzeugende Interpretation des russischen 20. Jahrhunderts.

Poetologien des Literaturbetriebs

Szenen bei Kirchhoff, Maier, Gstrein und Händler

Author: David-Christopher Assmann

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110386798

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 540

View: 880

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What is the relationship between the business and the practice of literature in the wake of the changes to its structural circumstances since the 1990s? Using texts by Bodo Kirchhoff, Andreas Maier, Norbert Gstrein, and Ernst-Wilhelm Händler, this study examines how German-language literature dealt with this issue around 2000. The study shows that literary depictions meld reflections on literary commerce and literary practice.

Proletarian Imagination

Self, Modernity, and the Sacred in Russia, 1910-1925

Author: Mark D. Steinberg

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780801488269

Category: History

Page: 335

View: 3953

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In fin-de-siecle and early revolutionary Russia, a group of self-educated workers produced a large body of poetry and prose in which they attempted to comprehend their rapidly changing world. Witnesses to wars and revolution, these men and women grappled on paper with the nature of civilization and the imperatives of ethical truth. In a strikingly original approach to Russian culture, Mark D. Steinberg listens to their words, which are little known today. The results of their literary creativity, he finds, were frequently not what the new Soviet order was expecting from its workers, despite its celebration of the notion of a proletarian art.Through insightful readings of a vast fund of lower-class writings, Steinberg shows that the authors focused above all on the uncertain nature and place of the self, the promise and dangers of modernity, and the qualities of the sacred in both their lives and their imaginations. Like their counterparts in the intelligentsia, these worker writers were ambivalent about Marxist ideology's celebration of the city and the factory and even about modern progress itself. Drawing on vast research, Steinberg demonstrates the texts' significance for an understanding of Russian popular mentalities, indeed for the very meaning, philosophically and morally, of these years of crisis and possibility at the end of the old order and the early years of the Soviet regime."

The Weimar Republic

Author: John Hiden

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317888839

Category: History

Page: 128

View: 3824

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It is often assumed that the Weimar Republic was bound to fail due to the harsh terms of the Versailles Settlement. Professor Hiden dispels this simplistic view and shows that it was a complex set of factors which finally brought Hitler to power. This clear and balanced study is now fully revised - for the first time since its publication in 1974 - to take account of the latest research.

Russia Engages the World, 1453-1825

Author: Cynthia H. Whittaker,E. Kasinec,Robert H. Davis

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674012783

Category: History

Page: 208

View: 1151

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Russia Engages the World, 1453-1825, an elegant new book created by a team of leading historians in collaboration with The New York Public Library, traces Russia's development from an insular, medieval, liturgical realm centered on Old Muscovy, into a modern, secular, world power embodied in cosmopolitan St. Petersburg. Featuring eight essays and 120 images from the Library's distinguished collections, it is both an engagingly written work and a striking visual object. Anyone interested in the dramatic history of Russia and its extraordinary artifacts will be captivated by this book. Before the late fifteenth century, Europeans knew virtually nothing about Muscovy, the core of what would become the "Russian Empire." The rare visitor--merchant, adventurer, diplomat--described an exotic, alien place. Then, under the powerful tsar Peter the Great, St. Petersburg became the architectural embodiment and principal site of a cultural revolution, and the port of entry for the Europeanization of Russia. From the reign of Peter to that of Catherine the Great, Russia sought increasing involvement in the scientific advancements and cultural trends of Europe. Yet Russia harbored a certain dualism when engaging the world outside its borders, identifying at times with Europe and at other times with its Asian neighbors. The essays are enhanced by images of rare Russian books, illuminated manuscripts, maps, engravings, watercolors, and woodcuts from the fifteenth to the nineteenth centuries, as well as the treasures of diverse minority cultures living in the territories of the Empire or acquired by Russian voyagers. These materials were also featured in an exhibition of the same name, mounted at The New York Public Library in the fall of 2003, to celebrate the tercentenary of St. Petersburg.

The Longman Companion to Russia Since 1914

Author: Martin McCauley

Publisher: Longman Publishing Group

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 367

View: 9375

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New from the Longman Companions to History Series, Martin McCauley offers a comprehensive and up-to-date reference on every aspect of Russian history and politics since 1914 which serves as an invaluable tool to those interested in Russia. A wealth of information is presented in an accessible, reader-friendly format, with much of the material published for the first time. Materials included are: a political chronology; short essays defining key topics relating to economy, society, religion and culture with key topics covered (i.e. agriculture, health, the press, planned economy, the Russian Orthodox Church etc.); a guide to Russian nationalities and territories including historical background; a substantial section devoted to politics including extended definitions of political terms (i.e. Leninism, Komosol, Orgburo, Rada, etc.); detailed accounts of the attempted coup of 1991 and the nine Russian Congresses of People's Deputies 1990-1993; detailed information on foreign affairs and security; an invaluable list of office holders and 80 concise biographies; and much more.

Die Flüsterer: Leben in Stalins Russland

Author: Orlando Figes

Publisher: ebook Berlin Verlag

ISBN: 3827070279

Category: History

Page: 1040

View: 9099

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Viele Darstellungen behandeln die sichtbaren Aspekte der stalinistischen Diktatur: die Verhaftungen und Prozesse, die Versklavung und das Morden in den Gulags. Kein Buch hat jedoch bislang die Auswirkungen des Regimes auf das Privat- und Familienleben der Menschen untersucht, den ?Stalinismus, der uns alle ergriff", wie es ein russischer Historiker einmal formuliert hat. Auf der Basis von Hunderten Interviews mit Zeitzeugen und zahllosen bislang unbekannten Dokumenten liefert nun Orlando Figes in Die Flüsterer erstmals einen unmittelbaren Einblick in die Innenwelt gewöhnlicher Sowjetbürger und zeigt an zahlreichen eindringlichen Beispielen, wie Einzelne oder Familien in einem von Misstrauen, Angst, Kompromissen und Verrat beherrschten Alltag um ihr Überleben kämpften. Für die Zeit der Revolution von 1917 bis zu Stalins Tod und darüber hinaus rekonstruiert Figes das moralische Gespinst, in dem sich die allermeisten Russen gefangen sahen: Eine einzige falsche Bewegung konnte eine Familie zerstören oder am Ende womöglich deren Rettung bedeuten. Keiner konnte sich sicher fühlen, nicht einmal die überzeugtesten Anhänger des Regimes. Wahrheit und Wahn, Schuld und Unschuld waren in diesem Unterdrückungssystem immer wieder auf fatal miteinander verquickt. Orlando Figes' neues Meisterwerk - in seiner erzählerischen Wucht und Aufrichtigkeit vergleichbar mit Grossmans Jahrhundertroman Leben und Schicksal - ist das breit angelegte Porträt einer Gesellschaft, in der jeder nur noch flüstert - entweder um sich und andere zu schützen oder um zu verraten. Ein ebenso schonungsloser wie ergreifender Bericht davon, wie schwach - und wie unvorstellbar stark - Menschen in einer von Paranoia geprägten totalitären Gesellschaft werden können.

Homosexual Desire in Revolutionary Russia

The Regulation of Sexual and Gender Dissent

Author: Dan Healey

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226322339

Category: History

Page: 392

View: 3228

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The first full-length study of same-sex love in any period of Russian or Soviet history, Homosexual Desire in Revolutionary Russia investigates the private worlds of sexual dissidents during the pivotal decades before and after the 1917 Bolshevik Revolution. Using records and archives available to researchers only since the fall of Communism, Dan Healey revisits the rich homosexual subcultures of St. Petersburg and Moscow, illustrating the ambiguous attitude of the late Tsarist regime and revolutionary rulers toward gay men and lesbians. Homosexual Desire in Revolutionary Russia reveals a world of ordinary Russians who lived extraordinary lives and records the voices of a long-silenced minority.

Stille Revolutionen

Die Neuformierung der Welt seit 1989

Author: Katharina Kucher,Gregor Thum,Sören Urbansky

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 3593419580

Category: History

Page: 250

View: 4668

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Der Zusammenbruch der kommunistischen Regime 1989 hat nicht nur im östlichen Europa tief greifende Veränderungen in Gang gesetzt. Ein ganzer Kontinent ist in Bewegung geraten, mit Auswirkungen, die sich auch in Irkutsk, Shanghai oder Chicago spüren lassen. Wie weitreichend dieser Wandel ist, schildern die Autorinnen und Autoren in 21 farbigen Essays. Welche neuen Räume und Identitäten entstehen? Wie ändert sich der Blick der Menschen auf die Geschichte? Und wie rasch entgleiten uns die Erinnerungen an die Zeit des Kalten Krieges und der Teilung, die unser Denken und Handeln so lange bestimmt haben? Die Essays ergeben ein Mosaik von Beobachtungen und Reflexionen über eine sich seit 1989 auf faszinierende Weise neu formierende Welt. Mit Beiträgen von Markus Ackeret, Felix Ackermann, Hans Magnus Enzensberger, José Maria Faraldo, Sheila Fitzpatrick, Klaus Gestwa, Julian Hans, Helga Hirsch, Gangolf Hübinger, Gerd Koenen, Katharina Kucher, Ruth Leiserowitz, Claudio Magris, Jan Musekamp, Norman M. Naimark, Jan Plamper, Gábor T. Rittersporn, Dirk Sager, Rosalinde Sartorti, Susanne Schattenberg, Gregor Thum und Sören Urbansky.