The Romance of Modern Invention; Trending Technology in 1902

Author: Archibald Williams

Publisher: Bosko Books

ISBN: 9780954723972

Category: Computers

Page: 170

View: 4068

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The classic text on media and communication technology in 1902. Now fully restructured and edited by Lon Barfield in 2015. In 1902 Archibald Williams channelled his enthusiasm about the rapid changes that were happening in media, communication and transport into this book. This is the voice of a technologist from the crucible of the information era. His writing is clear and entertaining and covers the underlying technologies and the personal and social ramifications of the dawning world of global communications. Amongst the devices and topics he writes about are: The Photophone (a lesser known project of Graham Bell's) The political and social reasons why the French car industry overtook the British The Telephonograph (or 'voicemail' as we now call it) The workings of the first advertising service on the Hungarian Telephone system The impact of mass electronic media on society The inventions that he describes have become the building blocks of today's technology. A fascinating read for today's designers of digital media and communication systems, and anybody else with an interest in the history of technology. This new edition from Bosko Books has been edited, re-ordered and provided with a foreword by Lon Barfield.

The User Interface

Concepts And Design

Author: Lon Barfield

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780954723903

Category: Computers

Page: 368

View: 5559

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Everybody has problems using technology, from heating controls through to video recorders. Move to computers and the problems are even worse; even the simplest computer programs seem to behave in strange ways. This book considers the problems of usability of technology and examines the factors that play a role in the design of such systems. Its goal is to introduce students and those working in related areas to the issues and to support them in analyzing problems and coming up with their own designs. It covers the issues surrounding the design of everyday technology before bringing computers into the picture and looking at how those issues change with the design of the user interface to computer systems. There are plenty of good seminar style exercises with accompanying guidelines. The text uses numerous real-world examples to get its message across and it does so in an 'amusing and authoritative' style. It steers clear of technical issues which means that it is very general in nature, that it retains its relevance as technologies change and that the text does not get bogged down in technical jargon. As well as the exercises, each chapter has an imaginary dialogue between Hemelsworth; a frustrated lord, and his dim-witted butler Barker, who is prone to behaving like your average computer system. First printed and reprinted by Addison Wesley, this timeless title is now available from Bosko Books. It is still relevant and useful, and continues to be used to teach interaction design courses and computing courses relating to the user interface. More information and extracts at www.idhub.com/concepts

Design for New Media

Interaction Design for Multimedia and the Web

Author: Lon Barfield

Publisher: Pearson Education

ISBN: 9780201596090

Category: Computers

Page: 344

View: 8255

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Design for New Media will be essential reading for students examining design and interaction design principles in their studies. It is suitable for courses and course-modules in multimedia design, interaction design, web design and any design discipline that involves design for use.

Designing the Real World

Author: Lon Barfield

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780954723910

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 184

View: 8849

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Barfield has created an inspirational resource for interaction designers, Web designers, architects, industrial designers, and anybody who has ever struggled with a bit of reluctant technology and said, "Who on earth designed that?" (Technology & Industrial)

The Romance of Modern Invention

Author: Archibald Williams

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 3732659453

Category: Fiction

Page: 212

View: 1063

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Reproduction of the original: The Romance of Modern Invention by Archibald Williams

Childlessness in Europe: Contexts, Causes, and Consequences

Author: Michaela Kreyenfeld,Dirk Konietzka

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319446673

Category: Social Science

Page: 370

View: 8268

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This book is published open access under a CC BY 4.0 license. This open access book provides an overview of childlessness throughout Europe. It offers a collection of papers written by leading demographers and sociologists that examine contexts, causes, and consequences of childlessness in countries throughout the region.The book features data from all over Europe. It specifically highlights patterns of childlessness in Germany, France, the United Kingdom, Finland, Sweden, Austria and Switzerland. An additional chapter on childlessness in the United States puts the European experience in perspective. The book offers readers such insights as the determinants of lifelong childlessness, whether governments can and should counteract increasing childlessness, how the phenomenon differs across social strata and the role economic uncertainties play. In addition, the book also examines life course dynamics and biographical patterns, assisted reproduction as well as the consequences of childlessness. Childlessness has been increasing rapidly in most European countries in recent decades. This book offers readers expert analysis into this issue from leading experts in the field of family behavior. From causes to consequences, it explores the many facets of childlessness throughout Europe to present a comprehensive portrait of this important demographic and sociological trend.

Losing Our Cool

Uncomfortable Truths About Our Air-Conditioned World (and Finding New Ways to Get Through the Summer)

Author: Stan Cox

Publisher: The New Press

ISBN: 1595586024

Category: Science

Page: 272

View: 6683

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Losing our Cool shows how indoor climate control is colliding with an out-of-control outdoor climate. In America, energy consumed by home air-conditioning, and the resulting greenhouse emissions, have doubled in just over a decade, and energy to cool retail stores has risen by two-thirds. Now the entire affluent world is adopting the technology. As the biggest economic crisis in eighty years rolls across the globe, financial concerns threaten to shove ecological crises into the background. Reporting from some of the world’s hot zones—from Phoenix, Arizona, and Naples, Florida, to southern India—Cox documents the surprising ways in which air-conditioning changes human experience: giving a boost to the global warming that it is designed to help us endure, providing a potent commercial stimulant, making possible an impossible commuter economy, and altering migration patterns (air-conditioning has helped alter the political hue of the United States by enabling a population boom in the red-state Sun Belt). While the book proves that the planet’s atmosphere cannot sustain even our current use of air-conditioning, it also makes a much more positive argument that loosening our attachment to refrigerated air could bring benefits to humans and the planet that go well beyond averting a climate crisis. Though it saves lives in heat waves, air-conditioning may also be altering our bodies’ sensitivity to heat; our rates of infection, allergy, asthma, and obesity; and even our sex drive. Air-conditioning has eroded social bonds and thwarted childhood adventure; it has transformed the ways we eat, sleep, travel, work, buy, relax, vote, and make both love and war. The final chapter surveys the many alternatives to conventional central air-conditioning. By reintroducing some traditional cooling methods, putting newly emerging technologies into practice, and getting beyond industrial definitions of comfort, we can make ourselves comfortable and keep the planet comfortable, too.

Rediscovering Geography

New Relevance for Science and Society

Author: Rediscovering Geography Committee,Commission on Geosciences, Environment and Resources,Division on Earth and Life Studies,National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309577624

Category: Education

Page: 241

View: 7327

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As political, economic, and environmental issues increasingly spread across the globe, the science of geography is being rediscovered by scientists, policymakers, and educators alike. Geography has been made a core subject in U.S. schools, and scientists from a variety of disciplines are using analytical tools originally developed by geographers. Rediscovering Geography presents a broad overview of geography's renewed importance in a changing world. Through discussions and highlighted case studies, this book illustrates geography's impact on international trade, environmental change, population growth, information infrastructure, the condition of cities, the spread of AIDS, and much more. The committee examines some of the more significant tools for data collection, storage, analysis, and display, with examples of major contributions made by geographers. Rediscovering Geography provides a blueprint for the future of the discipline, recommending how to strengthen its intellectual and institutional foundation and meet the demand for geographic expertise among professionals and the public.

The Lyrical in Epic Time

Modern Chinese Intellectuals and Artists Through the 1949 Crisis

Author: David Der-wei Wang

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 023153857X

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 496

View: 7422

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In this book, David Der-wei Wang uses the lyrical to rethink the dynamics of Chinese modernity. Although the form may seem unusual for representing China's social and political crises in the mid-twentieth century, Wang contends that national cataclysm and mass movements intensified Chinese lyricism in extraordinary ways. Wang calls attention to the form's vigor and variety at an unlikely juncture in Chinese history and the precarious consequences it brought about: betrayal, self-abjuration, suicide, and silence. Despite their divergent backgrounds and commitments, the writers, artists, and intellectuals discussed in this book all took lyricism as a way to explore selfhood in relation to solidarity, the role of the artist in history, and the potential for poetry to illuminate crisis. They experimented with poetry, fiction, film, intellectual treatise, political manifesto, painting, calligraphy, and music. Western critics, Wang shows, also used lyricism to critique their perilous, epic time. He reads Martin Heidegger, Theodor Adorno, Cleanth Brooks, and Paul de Man, among others, to complete his portrait. The Chinese case only further intensifies the permeable nature of lyrical discourse, forcing us to reengage with the dominant role of revolution and enlightenment in shaping Chinese—and global—modernity. Wang's remarkable survey reestablishes Chinese lyricism's deep roots in its own native traditions, along with Western influences, and realizes the relevance of such a lyrical calling of the past century to our time.

Erotic Fantasy Art

Author: Duddlebug,Aly Fell

Publisher: Harper Collins

ISBN: 0061441511

Category: Comics & Graphic Novels

Page: 192

View: 951

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Erotic Fantasy Art is a unique showcase of the very best of today's erotic art. Drawing on a wide variety of work by traditional and digital painters and illustrators from all over the world, it is a stunning sourcebook of ideas and inspiration guaranteed to stimulate the imagination and the senses in one lush full-color volume. Inside you'll find: An inspirational showcase of images from leading erotic fantasy artists and rising stars The art of talents from around the globe such as Jim Murray, Arthur Suydam, Patrick Reilly, Cyril Van Der Haegen, Francis Tsai, and many many more The artists' inspirations, their techniques, and the stories behind their work Digital techniques that have introduced new styles into erotic fantasy art Exclusive interviews with artists, which reveal the secrets of their unique effects

The Atlas of New Librarianship

Author: R. David Lankes

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780262529921

Category:

Page: 424

View: 1672

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Libraries have existed for millennia, but today the library field is searching for solid footing in an increasingly fragmented (and increasingly digital) information environment. What is librarianship when it is unmoored from cataloging, books, buildings, and committees? In "The Atlas of New Librarianship," R. David Lankes offers a guide to this new landscape for practitioners. He describes a new librarianship based not on books and artifacts but on knowledge and learning; and he suggests a new mission for librarians: to improve society through facilitating knowledge creation in their communities. The vision for a new librarianship must go beyond finding library-related uses for information technology and the Internet; it must provide a durable foundation for the field. Lankes recasts librarianship and library practice using the fundamental concept that knowledge is created though conversation. New librarians approach their work as facilitators of conversation; they seek to enrich, capture, store, and disseminate the conversations of their communities. To help librarians navigate this new terrain, Lankes offers a map, a visual representation of the field that can guide explorations of it; more than 140 Agreements, statements about librarianship that range from relevant theories to examples of practice; and Threads, arrangements of Agreements to explain key ideas, covering such topics as conceptual foundations and skills and values. Agreement Supplements at the end of the book offer expanded discussions. Although it touches on theory as well as practice, the Atlas is meant to be a tool: textbook, conversation guide, platform for social networking, and call to action. Copublished with the Association of College & Research Libraries.

Innovative Business Practices

Prevailing a Turbulent Era

Author: Demetris Vrontis,Alkis Thrassou

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 1443849936

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 403

View: 824

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This second decade of the millennium finds the world changing at a once unimaginable pace. Businesses, tangled in the interwoven threads of galloping globalization, technological advances, cultural diversity, economic recession and deep-rooted human social evolution, struggle to keep up with incessant changes; consequently and inexorably experiencing severe difficulties and disorientation. Executives, much bewildered, habitually turn to conventional, time-honoured strategies and practices, which increasingly fail to offer the much-sought answers and means to survival, competitiveness and growth. We are currently experiencing a business era of turbulence and dynamic change – an era that inherently rejects conventionality and orthodox business theory to reward businesses embracing agility, reflex-style adaptability, innovation and creativity. This turbulence is, however, not a parenthesis or even a pattern, but the new reality in which each business must reinvent and redefine itself. This is a new reality of stakeholders that shift focus from the external to the internal, from the tangible to the intangible, and from fact to perception. This book presents research and paradigms that transcend classical theory in order to examine how business practice is positively affected by these conditions. Across a multitude of sectors and organisational types, scholars of different business specialisations set the theoretical foundations of contemporary thinking and present their practical implementations.

Garden Cities of To-morrow

(being the Second Edition of "To-morrow: a Peaceful Path to Real Reform")

Author: Sir Ebenezer Howard

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Garden cities

Page: 167

View: 8726

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Awakenings

Author: Oliver Sacks

Publisher: Vintage

ISBN: 0307834093

Category: Psychology

Page: 464

View: 6739

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Awakenings--which inspired the major motion picture--is the remarkable story of a group of patients who contracted sleeping-sickness during the great epidemic just after World War I. Frozen for decades in a trance-like state, these men and women were given up as hopeless until 1969, when Dr. Oliver Sacks gave them the then-new drug L-DOPA, which had an astonishing, explosive, "awakening" effect. Dr. Sacks recounts the moving case histories of his patients, their lives, and the extraordinary transformations which went with their reintroduction to a changed world.

The Athlete's Way

Training Your Mind and Body to Experience the Joy of Exercise

Author: Christopher Bergland

Publisher: St. Martin's Press

ISBN: 9781429995092

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 384

View: 2908

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"The Athlete's Way is amazingly informative and complete with a program to get and keep you off the couch. Bravo, for another exercising zealot who has written a book that should be read on your elliptical or stationary bike. He pushed me to go farther on a sleepy Sunday." - John J. Ratey, M.D., author of Spark: The Revolutionary New Science in Exercise and the Brain, and co-author of Driven to Distraction

History and Climate Change

A Eurocentric Perspective

Author: Neville Brown

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134977581

Category: History

Page: 416

View: 7559

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History and Climate Change is a balanced and comprehensive overview of the links between climate and man's advance from early to modern times. It draws upon demographic, economic, urban, religious and military perspectives. It is a synthesis of the many historical and scientific theories, which have arisen regarding man's progress through the ages. Central to the book is the question of whether climate variation is a fundamental trigger mechanism from which other historical sequences develop, or one amongst a number of other factors, decisive only when a regime/society is poised for change. Evidence for prolonged climate change is not that extensive. But it is clear that climatic variation has regularly played a part in historical development. Paricular attention is here paid to Europe since AD 211. Cold and warmth, wetness and aridity can create contrary reactions within societies, which can be interpreted in vary different ways by scholars from differenct disciplines. Does climate change exacerbate famine and epidemics? Did climate fluctuation play a part in pivotal historical events such as the mass exodus of Hsuing-nu from China, the pressure of the Huns on the Romans and the genesis of the Crusades? Did the bitter Finnish winter of 1939-40 ensure the ultimate defeat of Hitler? These episodes, and many others are discussed throughout the book in the authors distinctive style, with maps and photographs to illustrate the examples given.

FRBR, Before and After

A Look at Our Bibliographic Models

Author: Karen Coyle

Publisher: American Library Association

ISBN: 0838913458

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 200

View: 7276

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Coyle’s expert ability to draw from the deep historical background of cataloging theory to illuminate the potentials of library data on the Web helped win her the 2011 ALCTS Outstanding Publication Award. Here she persuasively argues that to more effectively connect library users with books, movies, music, computer games, and other resources, library data needs to move beyond FRBR towards a more integrative approach to bibliographic models. But doing so requires fundamental changes in the approach to library data. Combing a sweeping perspective with a critical eye, she assesses how we define a work in the bibliographic world. Showing how bibliographic models reflect technology and our assumed goals of libraries, she points the way ahead for catalogers and metadata specialists, providing clear explanations and analysis on such topics as library data models and their connection to technology, from early printing to relational databases and the Semantic Web;ideas and influence of leading thinkers such Lubetsky, Wilson, and Tillet, along with lesser known theorists like Tanaguchi;IFLA meetings that led to the FRBR study group, including its original charge and final report;FRBR as a conceptual model, and how that differs from data models;the FRBR document’s flawed entity-relationship model and how it overlooks user needs;efforts to define a work as a meaningful, creative unit separate from the physical package;detailed analysis of the FRBR entities; andimplementations of FRBR both inside and outside the library community.Coyle's articulate treatment of the issues at hand helps bridge the divide between traditional cataloging practice and the algorithmic metadata approach, making this book an important resource for both LIS students and practitioners.

The Hancocks of Marlborough

Rubber, Art and the Industrial Revolution - A Family of Inventive Genius

Author: John Loadman,Francis James

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199573557

Category: Science

Page: 274

View: 3773

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The children of James and Betty Hancock constituted a unique family which made a staggering yet virtually unknown contribution to the industrial revolution in the nineteenth century. Foremost among the seven brothers, all of whom had a significant contribution to make to the development of Victorian science and culture, was Thomas, who founded the UK rubber industry when he discovered how to vulcanize rubber reliably. This book tells the story of thefamily and the remarkable people in it, from the Great Fire of Marlborough to the present day, using the family archive of many unpublished and previously unknown documents.

Paper Machines

About Cards & Catalogs, 1548-1929

Author: Markus Krajewski,Peter Krapp

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262297272

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 224

View: 3270

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Today on almost every desk in every office sits a computer. Eighty years ago, desktops were equipped with a nonelectronic data processing machine: a card file. In Paper Machines, Markus Krajewski traces the evolution of this proto-computer of rearrangeable parts (file cards) that became ubiquitous in offices between the world wars. The story begins with Konrad Gessner, a sixteenth-century Swiss polymath who described a new method of processing data: to cut up a sheet of handwritten notes into slips of paper, with one fact or topic per slip, and arrange as desired. In the late eighteenth century, the card catalog became the librarian's answer to the threat of information overload. Then, at the turn of the twentieth century, business adopted the technology of the card catalog as a bookkeeping tool. Krajewski explores this conceptual development and casts the card file as a "universal paper machine" that accomplishes the basic operations of Turing's universal discrete machine: storing, processing, and transferring data. In telling his story, Krajewski takes the reader on a number of illuminating detours, telling us, for example, that the card catalog and the numbered street address emerged at the same time in the same city (Vienna), and that Harvard University's home-grown cataloging system grew out of a librarian's laziness; and that Melvil Dewey (originator of the Dewey Decimal System) helped bring about the technology transfer of card files to business.