The Revenge of Geography

What the Map Tells Us About Coming Conflicts and the Battle Against Fate

Author: Robert D. Kaplan

Publisher: Random House

ISBN: 0679604839

Category: Political Science

Page: 448

View: 9316

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In this provocative, startling book, Robert D. Kaplan, the bestselling author of Monsoon and Balkan Ghosts, offers a revelatory new prism through which to view global upheavals and to understand what lies ahead for continents and countries around the world. In The Revenge of Geography, Kaplan builds on the insights, discoveries, and theories of great geographers and geopolitical thinkers of the near and distant past to look back at critical pivots in history and then to look forward at the evolving global scene. Kaplan traces the history of the world’s hot spots by examining their climates, topographies, and proximities to other embattled lands. The Russian steppe’s pitiless climate and limited vegetation bred hard and cruel men bent on destruction, for example, while Nazi geopoliticians distorted geopolitics entirely, calculating that space on the globe used by the British Empire and the Soviet Union could be swallowed by a greater German homeland. Kaplan then applies the lessons learned to the present crises in Europe, Russia, China, the Indian subcontinent, Turkey, Iran, and the Arab Middle East. The result is a holistic interpretation of the next cycle of conflict throughout Eurasia. Remarkably, the future can be understood in the context of temperature, land allotment, and other physical certainties: China, able to feed only 23 percent of its people from land that is only 7 percent arable, has sought energy, minerals, and metals from such brutal regimes as Burma, Iran, and Zimbabwe, putting it in moral conflict with the United States. Afghanistan’s porous borders will keep it the principal invasion route into India, and a vital rear base for Pakistan, India’s main enemy. Iran will exploit the advantage of being the only country that straddles both energy-producing areas of the Persian Gulf and the Caspian Sea. Finally, Kaplan posits that the United States might rue engaging in far-flung conflicts with Iraq and Afghanistan rather than tending to its direct neighbor Mexico, which is on the verge of becoming a semifailed state due to drug cartel carnage. A brilliant rebuttal to thinkers who suggest that globalism will trump geography, this indispensable work shows how timeless truths and natural facts can help prevent this century’s looming cataclysms. Praise for The Revenge of Geography “[An] ambitious and challenging new book . . . [The Revenge of Geography] displays a formidable grasp of contemporary world politics and serves as a powerful reminder that it has been the planet’s geophysical configurations, as much as the flow of competing religions and ideologies, that have shaped human conflicts, past and present.”—Malise Ruthven, The New York Review of Books “Robert D. Kaplan, the world-traveling reporter and intellectual whose fourteen books constitute a bedrock of penetrating exposition and analysis on the post-Cold War world . . . strips away much of the cant that suffuses public discourse these days on global developments and gets to a fundamental reality: that geography remains today, as it has been throughout history, one of the most powerful drivers of world events.”—The National Interest “Kaplan plunges into a planetary review that is often thrilling in its sheer scale . . . encyclopedic.”—The New Yorker “[The Revenge of Geography] serves the facts straight up. . . . Kaplan’s realism and willingness to face hard facts make The Revenge of Geography a valuable antidote to the feel-good manifestoes that often masquerade as strategic thought.”—The Daily Beast From the Hardcover edition.

Die Macht der Geographie

Wie sich Weltpolitik anhand von 10 Karten erklären lässt

Author: Tim Marshall

Publisher: Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag

ISBN: 3423428562

Category: History

Page: 304

View: 9921

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Wie Geografie Geschichte macht Weltpolitik ist auch Geopolitik. Alle Regierungen, alle Staatschefs unterliegen den Zwängen der Geographie. Berge und Ebenen, Flüsse, Meere, Wüsten setzen ihrem Entscheidungsspielraum Grenzen. Um Geschichte und Politik zu verstehen, muss man selbstverständlich die Menschen, die Ideen, die Einstellungen kennen. Aber wenn man die Geographie nicht mit einbezieht, bekommt man kein vollständiges Bild. Zum Beispiel Russland: Von den Moskauer Großfürsten über Iwan den Schrecklichen, Peter den Großen und Stalin bis hin zu Wladimir Putin sah sich jeder russische Staatschef denselben geostrategischen Problemen ausgesetzt, egal ob im Zarismus, im Kommunismus oder im kapitalistischen Nepotismus. Die meisten Häfen frieren immer noch ein halbes Jahr zu. Nicht gut für die Marine. Die nordeuropäische Tiefebene von der Nordsee bis zum Ural ist immer noch flach. Jeder kann durchmarschieren. Russland, China, die USA, Europa, Afrika, Lateinamerika, der Nahe Osten, Indien und Pakistan, Japan und Korea, die Arktis und Grönland: In zehn Kapiteln zeigt Tim Marshall, wie die Geographie die Weltpolitik beeinflusst und beeinflusst hat.

Ice Man

Bekenntnisse eines Mafia-Killers

Author: Philip Carlo

Publisher: Piper Spannungsvoll

ISBN: 3492983383

Category: True Crime

Page: 512

View: 5116

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Er führte ein schockierendes Doppelleben: Hinter dem liebevollen Familienvater Richard Kuklinski verbirgt sich einer der grausamsten Auftragsmörder der USA. In über vierzig Jahren ermordet er mehr als 200 Menschen im Auftrag der Mafia. Seine eiskalten und sadistischen Taten verleihen ihm den Namen »Ice Man«. Und das Unglaubliche: Seine Familie ahnt nichts ... Bestsellerautor Philip Carlo erzählt seine Lebensgeschichte: spannend, packend, rasant.

Monsoon

The Indian Ocean and the Future of American Power

Author: Robert D. Kaplan

Publisher: Random House Incorporated

ISBN: 1400067464

Category: Political Science

Page: 366

View: 3798

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The best-selling author of Imperial Grunts and Hog Pilots explores the international power shift to countries in the Indian Ocean region while explaining how and why America must focus its resources there in order to protect specific political and economic interests.

Die Mauer

13. August 1961 bis 9. November 1989

Author: Fred Taylor

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783570551141

Category:

Page: 576

View: 2510

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Spannend geschriebenes Buch über Vorgeschichte, Bau und Fall der Berliner Mauer.

The Geopolitics of Regional Power

Geography, Economics and Politics in Southern Africa

Author: Mr Sören Scholvin

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1472430751

Category: Political Science

Page: 254

View: 4368

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In the last two decades, various states from the Global South have emerged as important players in international relations. Most popular among them is China. Brazil, India and South Africa have also taken essential roles in global and regional politics. Compared to traditional great powers, they can be labelled ‘regional great powers’ or ‘regional powers’ because their influence is - with the exception of China - concentrated on their neighbourhood. The impact of regions, meaning the impact of geography, on the economics and politics of regional powers is surprisingly understudied. This book analyses how geographical conditions influence the regional economics and politics of South Africa, allowing the author to delineate its region of influence.

I'm your man. Das Leben des Leonard Cohen

Author: Sylvie Simmons

Publisher: btb Verlag

ISBN: 3641081513

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 752

View: 7957

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Der Gentleman des Pop: sein Leben – eine Legende. Er ist der letzte Poet der Popkultur, der Womanzier mit der tiefen Stimme, der melancholische Songwriter, der ganze Generationen beeinflusst hat, rastlose Seele und schillernde Persönlichkeit zugleich. Die renommierte Musikjournalistin Sylvie Simmons ist der lebenden Legende auf den Grund gegangen. Für ihre einzigartige Biographie über das Leben von Leonard Cohen hat sie mit mehr als 100 von Cohens Wegbegleitern gesprochen – seinen Musen, Musiker-Kollegen wie Nick Cave, seinen Produzenten, seinen engsten Freunden aus Kindertagen – und nicht zuletzt mit dem öffentlichkeitsscheuen Leonard Cohen selbst. Herausgekommen ist eine umfassende, sorgfältig recherchierte Biographie, die faszinierende Details offenbart und eine neue Perspektive auf das Leben einer der ungewöhnlichsten Lichtgestalten der Musikgeschichte wirft.

Imperial Grunts

On the Ground with the American Military, from Mongolia to the Philippines to Iraq and Beyond

Author: Robert D. Kaplan

Publisher: Vintage

ISBN: 1400034574

Category: History

Page: 421

View: 6516

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A veteran journalist and author of Balkan Ghosts offers a thought-provoking look at American imperialism from the perspective of the global war on terrorism and the role of America's elite military forces, in a study that reassesses the changing involvement of the United States in world affairs. Reprint. 40,000 first printing.

Soldiers of God

With Islamic Warriors in Afghanistan and Pakistan

Author: Robert D. Kaplan

Publisher: Vintage

ISBN: 9781400030255

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 278

View: 8993

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The author relates his time spent with Afghanistan's mujahidin during their fight against Soviet invaders and provides insight into the circumstances that led to the rise of the Taliban.

Twentieth-Century Europe

A Brief History, 1900 to the Present

Author: N.A

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118651383

Category: History

Page: 416

View: 6839

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Twentieth-Century Europe: A Brief History presents readers with a concise and accessible survey of the most significant themes and political events that shaped European history in the 20th and 21st centuries. Features updates that include a new chapter that reviews major political and economic trends since 1989 and an extensively revised chapter that emphasizes the intellectual and cultural history of Europe since World War II Organized into brief chapters that are suitable for traditional courses or for classes in non-traditional courses that allow for additional material selected by the professor Includes the addition of a variety of supplemental materials such as chronological timelines, maps, and illustrations

The Making of Modern Georgia, 1918-2012

The First Georgian Republic and its Successors

Author: Stephen F. Jones

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317815920

Category: Social Science

Page: 394

View: 3963

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When most of Eastern Europe was struggling with dictatorships of one kind or another, the Democratic Republic of Georgia (1918-1921) established a constitution, a parliamentary system with national elections, an active opposition, and a free press. Like the Democratic Republic of Georgia in 1918, its successors emerged after 1991 from a bankrupt empire, and faced, yet again, the task of establishing a new economic, political and social system from scratch. In both 1918 and 1991, Georgia was confronted with a hostile Russia and followed a pro-Western and pro-democratic course. The top regional experts in this book explore the domestic and external parallels between the Georgian post-colonial governments of the early twentieth and twenty-first centuries. How did the inexperienced Georgian leaders in both eras deal with the challenge of secessionism, what were their state building strategies, and what did democracy mean to them? What did their electoral systems look like, why were their economic strategies so different, and how did they negotiate with the international community neighbouring threats. These are the central challenges of transitional governments around the world today. Georgia’s experience over one hundred years suggests that both history and contemporary political analysis offer the best (and most interesting) explanation of the often ambivalent outcomes.

Asia's Cauldron

The South China Sea and the End of a Stable Pacific

Author: Robert D. Kaplan

Publisher: Random House Trade Paperbacks

ISBN: 0812984803

Category: History

Page: 225

View: 9860

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oEurope is a landscape; East Asia is a seascape.o Thus begins the first chapter of Asia's Cauldronand thus does renowned travel writer and foreign policy expert Robert D. Kaplan draw the line between European conflicts and the geopolitical struggles of the future. Kaplan explains Chinese dominance over the body of water that multiple countries claim and exposes the underreported military buildup in the region. As he describes the conflicting interests that are heating up in East Asia, Kaplan interprets America's interests and responsibilities to Asian allegiances in the context of a more dominant China. Asia's Cauldronis sure to become required reading for Asia watchers and general readers alike.

The Ends of the Earth

From Togo to Turkmenistan, from Iran to Cambodia, a Journey to the Frontiers of Anarchy

Author: Robert D. Kaplan

Publisher: Vintage

ISBN: 9780679751236

Category: History

Page: 476

View: 6071

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The author describes his odyssey through some of the world's most troubled regions, where ancient cultural rivalries and traditional ethnic barriers threaten to reshape the world. Reprint. 30,000 first printing. Tour.

The Coming Anarchy

Shattering the Dreams of the Post Cold War

Author: Robert D. Kaplan

Publisher: Vintage

ISBN: 037570759X

Category: Political Science

Page: 198

View: 6728

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Debunking overly optimistic theories of an idyllic post-Cold War world, the author of Balkan Ghosts predicts that war, ethnic conflict, random violence, and fear will be hallmarks of the next century. Reprint. 30,000 first printing.

Warrior Politics

Why Leadership Demands a Pagan Ethos

Author: Robert D. Kaplan

Publisher: Vintage

ISBN: 0375726276

Category: Philosophy

Page: 198

View: 7837

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The author of Balkan Ghosts draws on the historical wisdom of Sun-Tzu, Thucydides, Hobbes, Machiavelli, and other great thinkers to provide valuable guidelines for modern-day world leaders--in both politics and business environments--confronted with the complex challenges of modern life. Reprint. 60,000 first printing.

An Empire Wilderness

Travels Into America's Future

Author: Robert D. Kaplan

Publisher: Vintage

ISBN: 9780679776871

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 393

View: 2809

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The author describes his journey westward from Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, in search of the large-scale political, economic, social, and cultural changes affecting America.