The Restructuring of International Relations Theory

Author: Mark A. Neufeld

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521479363

Category: Political Science

Page: 174

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In this book Mark Neufeld argues for a theory of international politics committed to human emancipation. He suggests that international relations theory must move in a nonpositivist direction, and explores recent developments in the discipline, including critical, Gramscian, postmodernist, feminist and normative approaches. Drawing on recent work in social and political theory, as well as international relations, this book offers an accessible review of recent developments in the study of international politics.

Recovering International Relations

The Promise of Sustainable Critique

Author: Daniel Levine

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019991608X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 331

View: 9297

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Surveying six decades of scholarship, Recovering International Relations suggests new ethical and methodological foundations for the study of world politics. IR is conceived as a vocation; one that must balance the insights of normative and empirical theory against each other to address a densely populated, heavily armed, and persistently diverse world.

Critical Theory in International Relations and Security Studies

Interviews and Reflections

Author: Shannon Brincat,Laura Lima,Joao Nunes

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136505717

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 6443

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This book provides an assessment of the legacy, challenges and future directions of Critical Theory in the fields of International Relations and Security Studies. This book provides ‘first-hand’ interviews with some of the pioneers of Critical Theory in the fields of International Relations Theory and Security Studies. The interviews are combined innovatively with reflective essays to create an engaging and accessible discussion of the legacy and challenges of critical thinking. A unique forum that combines first-person discussion and secondary commentary on a variety of theoretical positions, the book explores in detail the interaction between different theories and approaches, including postcolonialism, feminism, and poststructuralism. Scholars from a variety of theoretical backgrounds reflect on the strengths and problems of critical theory, recasting the theoretical discussion about critical theory in the study of world politics and examining the future of the discipline. Both an introduction and an advanced engagement with theoretical developments over the past three decades, Critical Theory in International Relations and Security Studies will be of interest to students and scholars of International Politics, Security Studies and Philosophy.

Bourdieu in International Relations

Rethinking Key Concepts in IR

Author: Rebecca Adler-Nissen

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415528526

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

View: 920

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This book rethinks the key concepts of International Relations by drawing on the work of Pierre Bourdieu. The last few years have seen a genuine wave of publications promoting sociology in international relations. Scholars have suggested that Bourdieu's vocabulary can be applied to study security, diplomacy, migration and global environmental politics. Yet we still lack a systematic and accessible analysis of what Bourdieu-inspired IR might look like. This book provides the answer. It offers an introduction to Bourdieu's thinking to a wider IR audience, challenges key assumptions, which currently structure IR scholarship – and provides an original, theoretical restatement of some of the core concepts in the field. The book brings together a select group of leading IR scholars who draw on both theoretical and empirical insights from Bourdieu. Each chapter covers one central concept in IR: Methodology, Knowledge, Power, Strategy, Security, Culture, Gender, Norms, Sovereignty and Integration. The chapters demonstrate how these concepts can be reinterpreted and used in new ways when exposed to Bourdieusian logic. Challenging key pillars of IR scholarship, Bourdieu in International Relations will be of interest to critical theorists, and scholars of IR theory.

Economic Growth, the Environment and International Relations

The Growth Paradigm

Author: Stephen J. Purdey

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113517900X

Category: Political Science

Page: 192

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The ubiquity of the commitment to economic growth, which Purdey refers to as the growth paradigm, is extraordinary. National governments around the world are seized of the same objective. Major international institutions such as the UN, the WTO, the World Bank, IMF and OECD, powerful international organizations such as regional trading blocs and multinational corporations – even civil societies of all kinds enthusiastically pursue a larger economic pie. This book examines the deep origins and rise to prominence of the commitment to economic growth. It explains why, despite the diversity of regime types, levels of development, cultures and other divisions typical of international relations, all major actors in the modern global polity pursue an identical political priority. Purdey critically examines the growth paradigm highlighting its normative foundations and its environmental impact, especially climate change. Using a neo-Gramscian approach, Purdey re-engages the ‘limits to growth’ controversy, identifying the commitment to growth as a form of utopianism that is as dangerous as it is seductive. By illuminating and interrogating the history, politics and morality of the growth paradigm, this book shifts the terrain of the limits debate from instrumental to ethical considerations. It will be of interest to students and scholars of political economy, international relations, environmental studies and ethics.

The Cambridge History of the Cold War

Author: Melvyn P. Leffler,Odd Arne Westad

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521837197

Category: History

Page: 643

View: 1394

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This volume examines the origins and early years of the Cold War in the first comprehensive historical reexamination of the period. A team of leading scholars shows how the conflict evolved from the geopolitical, ideological, economic and sociopolitical environments of the two world wars and interwar period.

Gramsci, Political Economy, and International Relations Theory

Modern Princes and Naked Emperors

Author: Alison J. Ayers

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 1137356952

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 338

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This book uses a multi-disciplinary approach to provide the most comprehensive and sustained engagement and critique of neo-Gramscian analyses available

The Restructuring of Capitalism in Our Time

Author: William K. Tabb

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231158424

Category: Political Science

Page: 341

View: 2389

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Actions taken by the United States and other countries during the Great Recession focused on restoring the viability of major financial institutions while guaranteeing debt and stimulating growth. Once the markets stabilized, the United States enacted regulatory reforms that ultimately left basic economic structures unchanged. At the same time, the political class pursued austerity measures to curb the growing national debt. Drawing on the economic theories of Keynes and Minsky and applying them to the modern evolution of American banking and finance, William K. Tabb offers a chilling prediction about future crises and the structural factors inhibiting true reform. Tabb follows the rise of banking practices and financial motives in America over the past thirty years and the simultaneous growth of a shadow industry of hedge funds, private equity firms, and financial innovations such as derivatives. He marks the shift from an American economy based primarily on the production of goods and nonfinancial services to one characterized by financialization, then shows how these developments, perspectives, and approaches not only contributed to the recent financial crisis but also prevented the enactment of effective regulatory reform. He incisively analyzes the damage that increasing unsustainable debt and excessive risk-taking has done to our financial system and expands his critique to a discussion of world systems and globalization. Revealing the willful blind spots of mainstream finance theory, Tabb moves beyond an economic model reliant on debt expansion and dangerous levels of leverage, proposing instead a social structure of accumulation that places economic justice over profit and, more practically, institutes an inclusive, sustainable model for growth.

Kalevi Holsti: A Pioneer in International Relations Theory, Foreign Policy Analysis, History of International Order, and Security Studies

Author: Kalevi Holsti

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319266241

Category: Political Science

Page: 156

View: 3903

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In honour of Prof. Kalevi Holsti’s 80th birthday, this collection presents 15 of the renowned Political Scientist’s major essays and research projects. It also offers a collection of his writings and essays on theories of international relations, foreign policy analysis, security and the world order. These previously published works address issues that remain “hot topics” on the international agenda, such as the changing nature of warfare and the causes of failed states; major essays also evaluate the current search for international order. Prof. Holsti is the author of a major textbook that has been translated into Mandarin, Korean, Japanese, and Bahasa Indonesian. Thousands of undergraduates around the world are acquainted with his work.

The ethics of peacebuilding

Author: Timothy Murithi

Publisher: Edinburgh Univ Pr

ISBN: 9780748624485

Category: History

Page: 188

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This book explores the ethical dimension of peacebuilding. In the aftermath of the Cold War the hope for a more stable and just international order was rapidly dissolved by the internecine conflicts that plagued all continents. The Rwanda and Srebrenica genocides demonstrated the challenge of promoting peace in a world increasingly defined by intra-state conflict and sub-national groups confronting nation-states. Murithi interrogates the role that ethics plays in promoting and consolidating peacebuilding and presents a synthesis of moral philosophy and international relations and an analysis of the ethics of negotiation, mediation, forgiveness and reconciliation.

Securitization and the Iraq War

The rules of engagement in world politics

Author: Faye Donnelly

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135131880

Category: History

Page: 208

View: 1727

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This book critiques the conceptualization of security found in mainstream and critical theoretical debates, and applies this to the empirical case of the 2003 Iraq War. The Iraq War represents one of the most puzzling, complex, and controversial events in the post-Cold War era. The manner in which the Bush administration finally decided to hold Saddam Hussein accountable through military intervention provoked a worldwide outcry due to the narratives they constructed to justify the "pre-emptive use of force" and "enhanced interrogation techniques." Responding to constructivist and post-structuralist scholars' calls for a turn to discourse, and aligning its argument with critical security studies, particularly the Copenhagen School (CS), this book conceptualizes language as a pivotal mechanism of power. Adopting a Wittgensteinian approach, it moves away from thinking about the nexus between security and language from a single action, or speech act, to a series of actions or interactions. To illustrate this new approach, the author examines two cases in particular: the UN inspectors' finding that there was no credible evidence that Iraq possessed weapons of mass destruction (WMD) in early 2003 and the Abu Ghraib scandal in 2004. Both events show that the boundaries and relations between securitized rules and environments are not pre-given but produced in a particular language game. This book will be of much interest to students of critical security studies, US foreign policy, and IR in general.

The Oxford Handbook of International Political Theory

Author: Chris Brown,Robyn Eckersley

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019874692X

Category: Political Science

Page: 712

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International Political Theory (IPT) focuses on the point where two fields of study meet - International Relations and Political Theory. It takes from the former a central concern with the 'international' broadly defined; from the latter it takes a broadly normative identity. IPT studies the 'ought' questions that have been ignored or side-lined by the modern study of International Relations and the 'international' dimension that Political Theory has in the past neglected. A central proposition of IPT is that the 'domestic' and the 'international' cannot be treated as self-contained spheres, although this does not preclude states and the states-system from being regarded by some practitioners of IPT as central points of reference. This Handbook provides an authoritative account of the issues, debates, and perspectives in the field, guided by two basic questions concerning its purposes and methods of inquiry. First, how does IPT connect with real world politics? In particular, how does it engage with real world problems, and position itself in relation to the practices of real world politics? And second, following on from this, what is the relationship between IPT and empirical research in international relations? This Handbook showcases the distinctive and valuable contribution of normative inquiry not just for its own sake but also in addressing real world problems. The Oxford Handbooks of International Relations is a twelve-volume set of reference books offering authoritative and innovative engagements with the principal sub-fields of International Relations. The series as a whole is under the General Editorship of Christian Reus-Smith of the University of Queensland and Duncan Snidal of the University of Oxford, with each volume edited by a distinguished pair of specialists in their respective fields. The series both surveys the broad terrain of International Relations scholarship and reshapes it, pushing each sub-field in challenging new directions. Following the example of the original Reus-Smit and Snidal The Oxford Handbook of International Relations, each volume is organized around a strong central thematic by a pair of scholars drawn from alternative perspectives, reading its sub-field in an entirely new way, and pushing scholarship in challenging new directions.

Critical Theory and International Relations

A Reader

Author: Steven C. Roach

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780415954181

Category: Political Science

Page: 398

View: 1011

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"This reader provides students, scholars, and practitioners with a comprehensive compilation of essays, articles, and book selections which bring together the traditional and essential works of Critical Theory and Critical International Relations (IR) Theory. It features the writings of Kant, Hegel, Marx, Nietzsche, Freud, Weber, Pollock, Horkheimer, Adorno, Marcuse, Habermas, Honneth, Fraser, Cox, Linklater, Ashley and Walker, Sylvester, and Devetak. In addition to a general introduction, it also includes detailed descriptions of each chapter showing the major tensions of four periods of the extension of critical theory into critical IR theory. The principle aim of the reader, then, is to provide the scholar and student with a rich and integrative narrative that tells the story of how critical theory entered into international relations theory. In this way, it seeks to deepen the reader's historical and sociological understanding of critical IR theory and to show how the global realm offers a dynamic context for further extending critical theory's emancipatory project. The last section includes texts on postmodernism and feminism, in order to address the issue of whether the discipline is in crisis, or is working toward a cohesive and reflexive framework. Steven C. Roach is Assistant Professor of Government and International Affairs at the University of South Florida. He is the author of The International Criminal Court, Ethics, and Global Justice: The Politics of Criminalizing Violence (2006) and Cultural Autonomy, Minority Rights and Globalization (2005), and his articles have appeared in numerous peer-reviewed international relations and human rights journals." http://www.loc.gov/catdir/enhancements/fy0654/2006009323-d.html.

The Multiple Realities of International Mediation

Author: Marieke Kleiboer

Publisher: Lynne Rienner Publishers

ISBN: 9781555877699

Category: Law

Page: 249

View: 3059

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Recent experiences have demonstrated once again the complexities of brokering an end to deep-rooted ethnic and international conflicts, as well as the difficulties of evaluating the outcomes of third-party interventions. Addressing these issues, this book offers a sophisticated approach to assessing mediation efforts and to reconstructing and interpreting mediation processes.

International and area studies in India

Author: Mannaraswamighala Sreeranga Rajan

Publisher: Lancer Books

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 210

View: 7695

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This Volume Seeks To Ascertain From Indian Scholars And Retired Diplomats View Why International/Area Studies Has Not Spread Adequately Half A Century After Independence And Seeks To Make A Lengthy Assessment Of The Reasons/Explanations Therefore.

Political Restructuring in Europe

Ethical Perspectives

Author: Chris Brown

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 0415096383

Category: History

Page: 258

View: 1215

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A distinguished selection of contributors provide the theoretical background to the restructuring of Europe that is currently underway. It attempts to situate the ethical debates in a historical, legal and constitutional context, considering important and topical issues such as the rights to seccession and self-determination of minorities in Eastern Europe, and the question of whether national movements are justified in using force to achieve their ends. The authors number legal and constitutional scholars, political philosophers and international relations theorists. There are contributions from Poland and Croatia.