The Racial Contract

Author: Charles W. Mills

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 0801471346

Category: Philosophy

Page: 192

View: 2978

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The Racial Contract puts classic Western social contract theory, deadpan, to extraordinary radical use. With a sweeping look at the European expansionism and racism of the last five hundred years, Charles W. Mills demonstrates how this peculiar and unacknowledged "contract" has shaped a system of global European domination: how it brings into existence "whites" and "non-whites," full persons and sub-persons, how it influences white moral theory and moral psychology; and how this system is imposed on non-whites through ideological conditioning and violence. The Racial Contract argues that the society we live in is a continuing white supremacist state. Holding up a mirror to mainstream philosophy, this provocative book explains the evolving outline of the racial contract from the time of the New World conquest and subsequent colonialism to the written slavery contract, to the "separate but equal" system of segregation in the twentieth-century United States. According to Mills, the contract has provided the theoretical architecture justifying an entire history of European atrocity against non-whites, from David Hume's and Immanuel Kant's claims that blacks had inferior cognitive power, to the Holocaust, to the kind of imperialism in Asia that was demonstrated by the Vietnam War. Mills suggests that the ghettoization of philosophical work on race is no accident. This work challenges the assumption that mainstream theory is itself raceless. Just as feminist theory has revealed orthodox political philosophy's invisible white male bias, Mills's explication of the racial contract exposes its racial underpinnings.

Benito Cereno (Basiert auf wahren Begebenheiten)

Author: Herman Melville

Publisher: Musaicum Books

ISBN: 8027211719

Category: Fiction

Page: 161

View: 8633

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Diese Ausgabe von "Benito Cereno" wurde mit einem funktionalen Layout erstellt und sorgfältig formatiert. Herman Melville (1819-1891) war ein amerikanischer Schriftsteller, Dichter und Essayist. Melvilles Moby-Dick gilt als einer der bedeutendsten Romane der Weltliteratur. Aus dem Buch: "Im Jahre 1799 lag Kapitän Amasa Delano aus Duxbury in Massachusetts, Kommandeur eines großen, als Frachter fahrenden Robbenfängers, mit einer wertvollen Ladung im Hafen der Insel St. Maria vor Anker - eines kleinen, wüsten und unbewohnten Eilands am südlichen Ende der langen chilenischen Küste. Er hatte den Hafen angelaufen, um Wasser zu fassen. Am zweiten Tag in aller Morgenfrühe, als er noch in seiner Koje lag, kam sein Steuermann zu ihm und meldete, ein fremdes Schiff laufe in die Bucht ein. Der Schiffsverkehr in jenen Gewässern war damals noch nicht so zahlreich wie heute. Der Kapitän erhob sich, zog sich an und ging an Deck."

Hitler's Black Victims

The Historical Experiences of European Blacks, Africans and African Americans During the Nazi Era

Author: Clarence Lusane

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135955247

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 4314

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Drawing on interviews with the black survivors of Nazi concentration camps and archival research in North America, Europe, and Africa, this book documents and analyzes the meaning of Nazism's racial policies towards people of African descent, specifically those born in Germany, England, France, the United States, and Africa, and the impact of that legacy on contemporary race relations in Germany, and more generally, in Europe. The book also specifically addresses the concerns of those surviving Afro-Germans who were victims of Nazism, but have not generally been included in or benefited from the compensation agreements that have been developed in recent years.

The Contract and Domination

Author: Carole Pateman,Charles Mills

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0745636217

Category: Philosophy

Page: 320

View: 9908

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Contract and Domination offers a bold challenge to contemporary contract theory, arguing that it should either be fundamentally rethought or abandoned altogether. Since the publication of John Rawls's A Theory of Justice, contract theory has once again become central to the Western political tradition. But gender justice is neglected and racial justice almost completely ignored. Carole Pateman and Charles Mills's earlier books, The Sexual Contract (1988) and The Racial Contract (1997), offered devastating critiques of gender and racial domination and the contemporary contract tradition's silence on them. Both books have become classics of revisionist radical democratic political theory. Now Pateman and Mills are collaborating for the first time in an interdisciplinary volume, drawing on their insights from political science and philosophy. They are building on but going beyond their earlier work to bring the sexual and racial contracts together. In Contract and Domination, Pateman and Mills discuss their differences about contract theory and whether it has a useful future, excavate the (white) settler contract that created new civil societies in North America and Australia, argue via a non-ideal contract for reparations to black Americans, confront the evasions of contemporary contract theorists, explore the intersections of gender and race and the global sexual-racial contract, and reply to their critics. This iconoclastic book throws the gauntlet down to mainstream white male contract theory. It is vital reading for anyone with an interest in political theory and political philosophy, and the systems of male and racial domination.

From Class to Race

Essays in White Marxism and Black Radicalism

Author: Charles Wade Mills

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780742513020

Category: Philosophy

Page: 285

View: 4656

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Mills argues for a new critical theory that develops the insights of the black radical political tradition. While challenging conventional interpretations of key Marxist concepts and claims, the author contends that Marxism has been 'white' insofar as it has failed to recognize the centrality of race and white supremacy to the making of the modern world.

A New Social Contract in a Latin American Education Context

Author: D. Streck

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230115292

Category: Education

Page: 187

View: 3461

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A New Social Contract in a Latin American Education Context is committed to what has become known as "perspective of the South:" understanding the South not as a geographical reference but as a vindication of the existence of ways of knowing and of living which struggle for their survival and for a legitimate place in a world where the respect for difference is balanced with the right for equality. The metaphor of the new social contract stands for the desire to envision another world, which paradoxically cannot but spring out of the entrails of the existing one. Could the same contract under which the colonial orders were erected serve as a tool for decolonizing relations, knowledge, and power? Consequently, what kind of education could effectively help structure a new social contract? These are some of the questions Streck addresses.

The Wire and Americaäó»s Dark Corners

Critical Essays

Author: Arin Keeble,Ivan Stacy

Publisher: McFarland

ISBN: 1476619603

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 236

View: 647

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In post–9/11 America, while all eyes were on Iraq and Afghanistan, The Wire (2002–2008) focused on the dark realities of those living in America’s disintegrating industrial heartlands and drug-ravaged neighborhoods, striving against the odds in its schools, hospitals and legal system. With compelling story lines and a memorable cast of characters, The Wire has been compared to the work of Tolstoy and Dostoevsky, with a level of detail rarely seen in a dramatic series. While the show garnered critical praise and a loyal following, a discussion of its political aspects—in particular Bush-era America—is overdue. This collection of new essays examines The Wire in terms of the War on Drugs, the racial and economic division of America’s cities, the surveillance state and the meaning of citizenship.

Democracy and the Political Unconscious

Author: Noëlle McAfee

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231511124

Category: Philosophy

Page: 256

View: 9290

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Political philosopher Noëlle McAfee proposes a powerful new political theory for our post-9/11 world, in which an old pathology-the repetition compulsion-has manifested itself in a seemingly endless war on terror. McAfee argues that the quintessentially human desire to participate in a world with others is the key to understanding the public sphere and to creating a more democratic society, a world that all members can have a hand in shaping. But when some are effectively denied this participation, whether through trauma or terror, instead of democratic politics, there arises a political unconscious, an effect of desires unarticulated, failures to sublimate, voices kept silent, and repression reenacted. Not only is this condition undemocratic and unjust, it may lead to further trauma. Unless its troubles are worked through, a political community risks continual repetition and even self-destruction. McAfee deftly weaves together her experience as an observer of democratic life with an array of intellectual schemas, from poststructural psychoanalysis to Rawlsian and Habermasian democratic theories, as well as semiotics, civic republicanism, and American pragmatism. She begins with an analysis of the traumatic effects of silencing members of a political community. Then she explores the potential of deliberative dialogue and other "talking cures" and public testimonies, such as the South African Truth and Reconciliation Commission, to help societies work through, rather than continually act out, their conflicts. Democracy and the Political Unconscious is rich in theoretical insights, but it is also grounded in the practical problems of those who are trying to process the traumas of oppression, terror, and brutality and create more decent and democratic societies. Drawing on a breathtaking range of theoretical frameworks and empirical observations, Democracy and the Political Unconscious charts a course for democratic transformation in a world sorely lacking in democratic practice.

The Fair Sex

White Women and Racial Patriarchy in the Early American Republic

Author: Pauline E. Schloesser

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 9780814797631

Category: Political Science

Page: 243

View: 7592

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Prison, Inc. provides a first-hand account of life behind bars in a controversial new type of prison facility: the private prison. These for-profit prisons are becoming increasingly popular as state budgets get tighter. Yet as privatization is seen as a necessary and cost-saving measure, not much is known about how these facilities are run and whether or not they can effectively watch over this difficult and dangerous population. For the first time, Prison, Inc. provides a look inside one of these private prisons as told through the eyes of an actual inmate, K.C. Carceral who has been in the prison system for over twenty years.

Right to Be Hostile

Schools, Prisons, and the Making of Public Enemies

Author: Erica R. Meiners

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135909040

Category: Education

Page: 224

View: 4315

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In Right to be Hostile, scholar and activist Erica Meiners offers concrete examples and new insights into the "school to prison' pipeline phenomenon, showing how disciplinary regulations, pedagogy, pop culture and more not only implicitly advance, but actually normalize an expectation of incarceration for urban youth. Analyzed through a framework of an expanding incarceration nation, Meiners demonstrates how educational practices that disproportionately target youth of color become linked directly to practices of racial profiling that are endemic in state structures. As early as preschool, such educational policies and practices disqualify increasing numbers of students of color as they are funneled through schools as under-educated, unemployable, 'dangerous,' and in need of surveillance and containment. By linking schools to prisons, Meiners asks researchers, activists, and educators to consider not just how our schools’ physical structures resemble prisons— metal detectors or school uniforms— but the tentacles in policies, practices and informal knowledge that support, naturalize, and extend, relationships between incarceration and schools. Understanding how and why prison expansion is possible necessitates connecting schools to prisons and the criminal justice system, and redefining "what counts" as educational policy.

What White Looks Like

African-American Philosophers on the Whiteness Question

Author: George Yancy

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135888450

Category: Philosophy

Page: 296

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First published in 2004. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Setting the agenda

examining the critical legal issues facing African-Americans and minority communities in the 2008 elections

Author: University of California, Berkeley. School of Law

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 260

View: 3432

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Dialogues with Contemporary Political Theorists

Author: G. Browning,R. Prokhovnik,M. Dimova-Cookson

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137271299

Category: Political Science

Page: 225

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A lively and engaging collection which explains the various strands of political theory, identifies key futures trends and explores the foundations of contemporary debate. Features interviews with pre-eminent theorists, including Quentin Skinner, Carole Pateman and Alex Honneth.

The Atkins Diet and Philosophy

Chewing the Fat with Kant and Nietzsche

Author: Lisa Heldke,Kerri Mommer,Cynthia Pineo,William Irwin

Publisher: Open Court

ISBN: 0812698118

Category: Philosophy

Page: 288

View: 1922

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The Atkins diet has transformed the lives of millions of people, revolutionizing grocery store shelves, restaurant menus, and dinner-table conversations. But there are questions beyond its efficacy and longevity. Is the Atkins diet a new wrinkle in capitalist exploitation or a twisted expression of negative body images? Is it a symbol of super-masculinity? Has the Atkins diet really been around for centuries under other names? Can it increase intelligence, or cause global warming and melt the polar ice caps? How does Atkins fit into Kant’s conception of the moral life, or Rousseau’s vision of a kinder, gentler human society? The Atkins Diet and Philosophy wittily explores these and other pressing questions in sixteen entertaining essays. Following the same fun, readable approach as earlier volumes in this series, this book uses philosophy to put the Atkins diet under the microscope, and uses the Atkins diet to teach vital philosophical lessons for life.

Machado de Assis

Multiracial Identity and the Brazilian Novelist

Author: G. Reginald Daniel

Publisher: Penn State Press

ISBN: 0271052465

Category: Social Science

Page: 330

View: 6809

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"Examines how racial identity and race relations are expressed in the writings of Joaquim Maria Machado de Assis (1839-1908), Brazil's foremost author of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries"--Provided by publisher.

Religion, Politics, and the Christian Right

Post-9/11 Powers and American Empire

Author: Mark Lewis Taylor

Publisher: Fortress Press

ISBN: 9781451413892

Category: Religion

Page: 194

View: 6072

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Princeton theologian Mark Taylor here looks at the influence and stance of the right-wing Christian movement in the U.S. He questions its religious authenticity, its claim to be called Christian, and the ethical stands it has taken in national politics of the last ten years. The heart of Taylor's argument is Jesus himself. Using the latest New Testament scholarship on the historical Jesus and his tactic in relation to the Roman Empire, Taylor argues that Jesus' life and work and message are inherently political and driven by the need to show God's love for the poor, condemnation of the oppressor, and search for a reign of justice. These Christian hallmarks, Taylor asserts, stand as a critical corrective to a distorted Christianity that often dominates the U.S. political scene today.

Education in the Age of Biocapitalism

Optimizing Educational Life for a Flat World

Author: C. Pierce

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137027835

Category: Education

Page: 211

View: 6046

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Biocapitalism, an economic model built on making new commodities from existing forms of life, has fundamentally changed how we understand the boundaries between nature/culture and human/nonhuman. This is the first book to examine its implications for education and how human capital understandings of education are co-evolving with biocapitalism.

Ethics

The Big Questions

Author: James P. Sterba

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1405191287

Category: Philosophy

Page: 591

View: 8841

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Ethics: The Big Questions, 2nd Edition focuses on the central questions of ethics, including topics such as: What is the nature of morality? How is morality justified? What are the requirements of morality? This volume draws together the best available classical and contemporary readings to help make these questions come alive for todays students. As with the first edition, Utilitarian, Kantian, and Aristotelian viewpoints are all well represented, and the second edition features updated sections throughout-including nineteen new readings-and an entirely new section on multiculturalism.Unique to this volume is its coverage of three main challenges to ethics: from feminism, which shows how gender is relevant to morality; from environmentalism, which raises the question who and what is to count in morality; and from multiculturalism, which emphasizes the importance of different perspectives on morality in different cultures. These challenges must be met if morality is to be justified, an.

Race and the Foundations of Knowledge

Cultural Amnesia in the Academy

Author: Joseph A. Young,Jana Evans Braziel

Publisher: University of Illinois Press

ISBN: 0252072561

Category: Education

Page: 266

View: 2974

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How are literary genres racialized? How are definitions of history and historicity predicated on notions of racial difference? How have the arts been constructed on racialized aesthetic foundations, and how have they benefited from institutions of slavery and colonialism? This anthology demonstrates the longstanding, multifarious, and major role that race has played in the formation of knowledge. The authors demonstrate how race theory intersects with other bodies of knowledge by examining discursive records such as travelogues, literature, and historiography; theoretical structures such as common sense, pseudoscientific racism, and Eurocentrism; social structures of class, advancement, and identity; and politico-economic structures of capitalism, colonialism, and law. Editors Joseph Young and Jana Evans Braziel aim to demonstrate the richness that emerges when race is taken into consideration and the misrepresentation of thought that results when it is not.