The Principia: The Authoritative Translation and Guide

Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy

Author: Sir Isaac Newton

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520964810

Category: Science

Page: 992

View: 1977

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In his monumental 1687 work, Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica, known familiarly as the Principia, Isaac Newton laid out in mathematical terms the principles of time, force, and motion that have guided the development of modern physical science. Even after more than three centuries and the revolutions of Einsteinian relativity and quantum mechanics, Newtonian physics continues to account for many of the phenomena of the observed world, and Newtonian celestial dynamics is used to determine the orbits of our space vehicles. This authoritative, modern translation by I. Bernard Cohen and Anne Whitman, the first in more than 285 years, is based on the 1726 edition, the final revised version approved by Newton; it includes extracts from the earlier editions, corrects errors found in earlier versions, and replaces archaic English with contemporary prose and up-to-date mathematical forms. Newton's principles describe acceleration, deceleration, and inertial movement; fluid dynamics; and the motions of the earth, moon, planets, and comets. A great work in itself, the Principia also revolutionized the methods of scientific investigation. It set forth the fundamental three laws of motion and the law of universal gravity, the physical principles that account for the Copernican system of the world as emended by Kepler, thus effectively ending controversy concerning the Copernican planetary system. The illuminating Guide to Newton's Principia by I. Bernard Cohen makes this preeminent work truly accessible for today's scientists, scholars, and students.

The Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy

Author: Sir Isaac Newton,John Machin

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Celestial mechanics

Page: N.A

View: 5238

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Isaac Newton's The Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy translated by Andrew Motte and published in two volumes in 1729 remains the first and only translation of Newton's Philosophia naturalis principia mathematica, which was first published in London in 1687. As the most famous work in the history of the physical sciences there is little need to summarize the contents.--J. Norman, 2006.

The Principia

Author: Sir Isaac Newton

Publisher: Prometheus Books

ISBN: 161614114X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 465

View: 7280

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Sir Isaac Newton's Principia Mathematica (Mathematical Principles) is considered to be among the finest scientific works ever published. His grand unifying idea of gravitation, with effects extending throughout the solar system, explains by one principle such diverse phenomena as the tides, the precession of the equinoxes, and the irregularities of the moon's motion. Newton's brilliant and revolutionary contributions to science explained the workings of a large part of inanimate nature mathematically and suggested that the remainder might be understood in a similar fashion. By taking known facts, forming a theory that explained them in mathematical terms, deducing consequences from the theory, and comparing the results with observed and experimental facts, Newton united, for the first time, the explication of physical phenomena with the means of prediction. By beginning with the physical axioms of the laws of motion and gravitation, he converted physics from a mere science of explanation into a general mathematical system. From the Trade Paperback edition.

The Principia

Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy

Author: Isaac Newton

Publisher: CreateSpace

ISBN: 9781490592152

Category: Science

Page: 455

View: 2890

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Newton's Principia by Sir Isaac Newton is presented here in a high quality paperback edition. This publication was produced from a professional scan of an original edition of the book, which can include imperfections from the original book or through the scanning process, and has been created from an edition which we consider to be of the best possible quality available. This popular classic work by Sir Isaac Newton is in the English language. Newton's Principia is highly recommended for those who enjoy the works of Sir Isaac Newton, and for those discovering the works of Sir Isaac Newton for the first time.

The Principia: The Authoritative Translation

Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy

Author: Isaac Newton,I. Bernard Cohen,Anne Whitman,Julia Budenz

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520290747

Category: Mathematics

Page: 616

View: 4817

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Presents Newton's unifying idea of gravitation and explains how he converted physics from a science of explanation into a general mathematical system.

The Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy

Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica

Author: Isaac Newton

Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform

ISBN: 9781532949685

Category:

Page: 256

View: 1445

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The Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy Isaac Newton Translated into English by Andrew Motte ORIGINAL CLASSIC - COMPLETE Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica (Latin for "Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy"), often referred to as simply the Principia, is a work in three books by Isaac Newton, in Latin, first published 5 July 1687. After annotating and correcting his personal copy of the first edition, Newton also published two further editions, in 1713 and 1726. The Principia states Newton's laws of motion, forming the foundation of classical mechanics, also Newton's law of universal gravitation, and a derivation of Kepler's laws of planetary motion (which Kepler first obtained empirically). The Principia is "justly regarded as one of the most important works in the history of science". The French mathematical physicist Alexis Clairaut assessed it in 1747: "The famous book of mathematical Principles of natural Philosophy marked the epoch of a great revolution in physics. The method followed by its illustrious author Sir Newton ... spread the light of mathematics on a science which up to then had remained in the darkness of conjectures and hypotheses." A more recent assessment has been that while acceptance of Newton's theories was not immediate, by the end of a century after publication in 1687, "no one could deny that" (out of the Principia) "a science had emerged that, at least in certain respects, so far exceeded anything that had ever gone before that it stood alone as the ultimate exemplar of science generally."

Newton's Principia

The Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy

Author: Sir Isaac Newton,Andrew Motte,N. W. Chittenden

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Celestial mechanics

Page: 581

View: 6695

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Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica

Author: Isaac Newton

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 6050477590

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

View: 2285

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Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy - Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica (Latin for Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy), often referred to as simply the Principia, is a work in three books by Isaac Newton, in Latin, first published 5 July 1687. After annotating and correcting his personal copy of the first edition, Newton also published two further editions, in 1713 and 1726. The Principia states Newton's laws of motion, forming the foundation of classical mechanics, also Newton's law of universal gravitation, and a derivation of Kepler's laws of planetary motion (which Kepler first obtained empirically). The Principia is "justly regarded as one of the most important works in the history of science". The French mathematical physicist Alexis Clairaut assessed it in 1747: "The famous book of mathematical Principles of natural Philosophy marked the epoch of a great revolution in physics. The method followed by its illustrious author Sir Newton ... spread the light of mathematics on a science which up to then had remained in the darkness of conjectures and hypotheses." A more recent assessment has been that while acceptance of Newton's theories was not immediate, by the end of a century after publication in 1687, "no one could deny that" (out of the Principia) "a science had emerged that, at least in certain respects, so far exceeded anything that had ever gone before that it stood alone as the ultimate exemplar of science generally." In formulating his physical theories, Newton developed and used mathematical methods now included in the field of calculus. But the language of calculus as we know it was largely absent from the Principia; Newton gave many of his proofs in a geometric form of infinitesimal calculus, based on limits of ratios of vanishing small geometric quantities. In a revised conclusion to the Principia (see General Scholium), Newton used his expression that became famous, Hypotheses non fingo ("I contrive no hypotheses"). Isaac Newton - Sir Isaac Newton (25 December 1642 – 20 March 1726/27) was an English physicist and mathematician (described in his own day as a "natural philosopher") who is widely recognised as one of the most influential scientists of all time and a key figure in the scientific revolution. His book Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica ("Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy"), first published in 1687, laid the foundations for classical mechanics. Newton made seminal contributions to optics, and he shares credit with Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz for the development of calculus.

Newton's Principia: The Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy

Author: Isaac Newton,Andrew Motte

Publisher: Blurb

ISBN: 9780464853077

Category: Philosophy

Page: 398

View: 678

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Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy, often referred to as simply the Principia, is a work in three books by Isaac Newton, in Latin, first published 5 July 1687. The Principia states Newton's laws of motion, forming the foundation of classical mechanics; Newton's law of universal gravitation; and a derivation of Kepler's laws of planetary motion (which Kepler first obtained empirically). The Principia is "justly regarded as one of the most important works in the history of science." Alexis Clairaut assessed it in 1747: "The famous book of mathematical Principles of natural Philosophy marked the epoch of a great revolution in physics. The method followed by its illustrious author Sir Newton ... spread the light of mathematics on a science which up to then had remained in the darkness of conjectures and hypotheses." A more recent assessment has been that while acceptance of Newton's theories was not immediate, by the end of a century after publication, "no one could deny that" (out of the Principia) "a science had emerged that, at least in certain respects, so far exceeded anything that had ever gone before that it stood alone as the ultimate exemplar of science generally."

Sir Isaac Newton's Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy and His System of the World

Author: Isaac Newton

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520009271

Category: Science

Page: 680

View: 7889

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I consider philosophy rather than arts and write not concerning manual but natural powers, and consider chiefly those things which relate to gravity, levity, elastic force, the resistance of fluids, and the like forces, whether attractive or impulsive; and therefore I offer this work as the mathematical principles of philosophy.In the third book I give an example of this in the explication of the System of the World. I derive from celestial phenomena the forces of gravity with which bodies tend to the sun and other planets.

The Principia: The Authoritative Translation and Guide

Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy

Author: Isaac Newton,Julia Budenz

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520290879

Category: Mathematics

Page: 992

View: 9357

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In his monumental 1687 work, Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica, known familiarly as the Principia, Isaac Newton laid out in mathematical terms the principles of time, force, and motion that have guided the development of modern physical science. Even after more than three centuries and the revolutions of Einsteinian relativity and quantum mechanics, Newtonian physics continues to account for many of the phenomena of the observed world, and Newtonian celestial dynamics is used to determine the orbits of our space vehicles. This authoritative, modern translation by I. Bernard Cohen and Anne Whitman, the first in more than 285 years, is based on the 1726 edition, the final revised version approved by Newton; it includes extracts from the earlier editions, corrects errors found in earlier versions, and replaces archaic English with contemporary prose and up-to-date mathematical forms. Newton's principles describe acceleration, deceleration, and inertial movement; fluid dynamics; and the motions of the earth, moon, planets, and comets. A great work in itself, the Principia also revolutionized the methods of scientific investigation. It set forth the fundamental three laws of motion and the law of universal gravity, the physical principles that account for the Copernican system of the world as emended by Kepler, thus effectively ending controversy concerning the Copernican planetary system. The illuminating Guide to Newton's Principia by I. Bernard Cohen makes this preeminent work truly accessible for today's scientists, scholars, and students. Designed with collectors in mind, this deluxe edition has faux leather binding covered with a beautiful dustjacket.

Die mathematischen Prinzipien der Physik

Author: Isaac Newton

Publisher: De Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110161052

Category: Philosophy

Page: 683

View: 1215

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Die Mathematischen Prinzipien (1687) von Isaac Newton ist einer der bedeutendsten Klassiker der Naturwissenschaft. Mit diesem Werk versetzte Newton der damals vorherrschenden Physik den Todesstoß und legte die Grundlagen für die klassische Mechanik und Dynamik, die man heute kurz als Newtonsche Physik bezeichnet. Der Leser findet in dieser Ausgabe eine wissenschaftlich fundierte deutsche Neuübersetzung der Principia. Wiedergegeben werden die stark divergierenden Texte der ersten, zweiten und dritten Ausgabe wie die handschriftlichen Anmerkungen Newtons und seine Erläuterungen einiger wichtigen Passagen. Zudem sind die Übersetzungen der zeitgenössischen Rezensionen zu den Principia u.a. von so berühmten Autoren wie John Locke und Christian Wolff berücksichtigt. Durch ihre philologische Sorgfalt und den reichen Anmerkungsapparat macht diese neue deutsche Übersetzung den Entstehungsprozeß der Prinzipien nachvollziehbar und bietet eine große Hilfe für das Studium dieses berühmten Buches.

A History of Physical Theories of Comets, From Aristotle to Whipple

Author: Tofigh Heidarzadeh

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402083238

Category: Science

Page: 278

View: 8045

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Although the development of ideas about the motion and trajectory of comets has been investigated piecemeal, we lack a comprehensive and detailed survey of ph- ical theories of comets. The available works either illustrate relatively short periods in the history of physical cometology or portray a landscape view without adequate details. The present study is an attempt to review – with more details – the major physical theories of comets in the past two millennia, from Aristotle to Whipple. My research, however, did not begin with antiquity. The basic question from which this project originated was a simple inquiry about the cosmic identity of comets at the dawn of the astronomical revolution: how did natural philosophers and astronomers define the nature and place of a new category of celestial objects – comets – after Brahe’s estimation of cometary distances? It was from this turning point in the history of cometary theories that I expanded my studies in both the pre-modern and modern eras. A study starting merely from Brahe and ending with Newton, without covering classical and medieval thought about comets, would be incomplete and leave the fascinating achievements of post-Newtonian cometology unexplored.