The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life

Author: Erving Goffman

Publisher: Penguin Books, Limited (UK)

ISBN: 9780140135718

Category: Self

Page: 251

View: 3146

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In what the General Practitioner called ‘this intelligent searching work’, the author of ‘Stigma’ and ‘Asylums’ presents an analysis of the structures of social encounters from the perspective of the dramatic performance. He shows us exactly how people use such ‘fixed props’ as houses, clothes, and job situations; how they combine in teams resembling secret societies; and how they adopt discrepant roles and communicate out of character. Professor Goffman takes us ‘backstage’ too, into the regions where people both prepare their images and relax from them; and he demonstrates in painful detail what can happen when a performance falls flat.

The Everyday Life Reader

Author: Ben Highmore

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415230247

Category: Social Science

Page: 373

View: 1282

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"The Everyday Life Reader brings together a wide range of thinkers from Freud to Baudrillard with primary sources on everyday life such as the Mass Observation survey and key texts by Michel de Certeau and Henri Lefebvre, to provide a comprehensive resource on theories of everyday life. Ben Highmore's introduction surveys the development of thought about everyday life, setting theories in their social and historical context, and each themed section opens with an essay introducing the debates." -- Book cover.

Foundations of Nursing Practice E-Book

Fundamentals of Holistic Care

Author: Chris Brooker,Anne Waugh

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0723435340

Category: Medical

Page: 748

View: 5154

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This title is directed primarily towards health care professionals outside of the United States. It is written specifically to meet the needs of nursing students undertaking the common foundation programme. It aims to explain how and why sensitive, holistic and evidence-based nursing care is carried out. Therefore it is relevant to students who will enter all branches of nursing and includes material that is both common to all and specific to each branch. The book aims to provide all students on foundation nursing and health care programmes with material of sufficient depth/breadth to achieve the NMC outcomes required for entry into the branch programmes. There is an emphasis not only on the theory that underpins nursing practice in the common foundation programme but also on nursing skills which form an increasingly emphasized part of the programme. The chapters have been reviewed by experts from each branch and also clinical skills to ensure the content reflects each branch accurately and appropriately. Emphasis on clinical skills & lifelong learning Realistic scenarios reinforce the need for patient/client-centred care with a holistic approach Activity boxes for all branches and age groups in each chapter ensure relevance to nurses in diverse settings An integrated approach to health promotion with activity boxes emphasises that health maintenance and promotion are central to contemporary nursing practice Reflection, critical thinking and research/appraisal skills are encouraged with a problem centred approach that will help to develop the skills needed to provide sensitive and effective, high quality care and to integrate theory with practice The emphasis on nursing/clinical skills underlines the importance of core skills - an integral part of the patient/client experience Cultural diversity is a core theme throughout The importance of evidence-based practice is highlighted and the text helps readers are assisted to acquire the skills to provide evidence-based care A wide range of general and branch-specific interactive boxes help to develop an understanding of some issues in other branches as well as the core issues that affect all nurses. Self- test questions and answers provide an opportunity for readers to take responsibility for and check their learning. Valuable learning tools are included: glossary of key terms, useful websites and references

Frankreich Jahrbuch 2003

Politik, Wirtschaft, Gesellschaft, Geschichte, Kultur

Author: Lothar Albertin,Wolfgang Asholt,Frank Baasner,Hans Manfred Bock,Marieluise Christadler,Adolf Kimmel,Ingo Kolboom,Robert Picht,Henrik Uterwedde

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3322805743

Category: Political Science

Page: 270

View: 8359

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Die enge wirtschaftliche und gesellschaftliche Vernetzung Deutschlands und Frankreichs ist zur selbstverständlichen Realität geworden. Angesichts der Dynamik der europäischen Integration werden die Kenntnis des Partnerlandes und der Austausch der Ideen wichtiger denn je. Das Frankreich Jahrbuch versteht sich dabei als Beitrag der Wissenschaft zu besserer Kenntnis der gesellschaftlichen, politischen, wirtschaftlichen und kulturellen Aktualität Frankreichs. Die gesellschaftliche Realität Frankreichs zu verstehen ist eine interdisziplinäre Aufgabe, zu der Politik-, Sozial- und Wirtschaftswissenschaften gleichermaßen beizutragen haben. Darüber hinaus geht es darum, angesichts der Europäisierung der Gesellschaften und Bildungseinrichtungen sowie der zunehmenden kulturellen Vielfalt in einer wachsenden Europäischen Union den nationalstaatlichen Blick auf Frankreich zu erweitern und zu ergänzen.

Material Discourses of Health and Illness

Author: Lucy Yardley

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134773811

Category: Psychology

Page: 256

View: 5466

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Material Discourses of Health and Illness applies discursive approaches to the field of health psychology, in stark contrast to the bio-medical model of health and illness. The discursive approach uses the person's experience and feelings as the central focus of interest, whereas the more traditional models regarded these as coincidental and relatively unimportant. The book provides an accessible and compelling introduction to social constructionist and discursive approaches to those with limited previous knowledge of socio-linguistic theory and research. It provides practical examples of how these approaches can be applied to the field of health psychology with a collection of sophisticated discursive analyses which demonstrate the distinctive contribution that can be made by psychologists to a field that has been largely dominated by sociologists and anthropologists.

Life As Theater

A Dramaturgical Sourcebook

Author: Dennis Brissett,Charles Edgley

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9780202367118

Category: Psychology

Page: 462

View: 4232

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Life as Theater is about understanding people and how the dramaturgical way of thinking helps or hinders such understanding. A volume that has deservedly attained the status of a landmark work, this was the first book to explore systematically the material and subject matter of social psychology from the dramaturgical viewpoint. It has been widely used and quoted, and has sparked ferment and debate in fields as diverse as sociology, psychology, anthropology, political science, speech communication, and formal theater studies. Life as Theater is organized around five substantive issues in social psychology: Social Relationships as Drama; The Dramaturgical Self; Motivation and Drama; Organizational Dramas; and Political Dramas. This classic text was revised and updated for a second edition in 1990, and includes approximately 66 percent new materials, all featuring individual introductions that provide the dramaturgical perspective and reflect the most learned thinking and work being done within this point of view. This book's sophistication will appeal to the scholar, and its clarity and conciseness to the student. Like its predecessor, it is designed to serve as a primary text or supplementary reader in classes. This new paperback edition includes an introduction by Robert A. Stebbins that explains why, even fifteen years after its publication, Life as Theater remains the best single sourcebook on the dramaturgic perspective as applied in the social sciences. Dennis Brissett (died 1996) was professor of behavioral science at the University of Minnesota School of Medicine in Duluth, and also taught at the State University of New York at Buffalo and Portland State University. Charles Edgley is a professor in and head of the Department of Sociology at Oklahoma State University and has been a member of the faculty since 1972. He is coeditor of The Handbook of Thanatology and does editorial work regularly for the journal Symbolic Interaction, where he has published a portion of his research on the health and fitness movement. Robert A. Stebbins is faculty professor and professor of sociology emeritus at the University of Calgary. He is the author of many books, including Between Work and Leisure, from Transaction Publishers.

Sozialpsychologie

Author: Klaus Jonas,Wolfgang Stroebe,Miles Hewstone

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 364241091X

Category: Psychology

Page: 691

View: 6406

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Warum verhält sich jemand aggressiv? Wieso helfen viele Zuschauer bei einem Unfall nicht? Soll ich aufhören zu rauchen, weil es meiner Gesundheit schadet? Wie bildet sich ein Gruppenanführer heraus? Das alles ist Sozialpsychologie! Das vielseitige Fachgebiet beschäftigt sich damit, wie Gedanken, Gefühle und Verhalten von Individuen durch die tatsächliche oder vorgestellte Anwesenheit anderer Menschen beeinflusst werden. Lesen und Lernen mit ausgefeilter Didaktik: Aus der Forschung, Pioniere, Sozialpsychologie im Alltag Deutsch-englisches Glossar Mit interaktiver Lernwebsite: Lernkarten, Quiz, Prüfungsfragen, Links, Materialien für Dozenten

Language and Discrimination

Author: Celia Roberts,Evelyn Davies,Tom Jupp

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317869443

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 480

View: 7957

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Langauge and Discrimination provides a unique and authoritative study of the linguistic dimension of racial discrimination. Based upon extensive work carried out over many years by the Industrial Language Training Service in the U.K, this illuminating analysis argues that a real understanding of how language functions as a means of indirect racial discrimination must be founded on an expanded view of language which recognises the inseparability of language, culture and meaning. After initially introducing the subject matter of the book and providing an overview of discrimination and language learning, the authors examine the relationship between theory and practice in four main areas: theories of interaction and their application; ethnographic and linguistic analysis of workplace settings; training in communication for white professionals; and language training for adult bilingual workers and job-seekers. Detailed case studies illustrate how theory can be turned into practice if appropriate information, research, development and training and co-ordinated in an integrated response to issues of multi-ethnic communication, discrimination and social justice.

Rebels in Groups

Dissent, Deviance, Difference, and Defiance

Author: Jolanda Jetten,Matthew J. Hornsey

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781444390834

Category: Psychology

Page: 400

View: 6191

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With contributions from leading scholars in the field, Rebels in Groups brings together the latest research which, contrary to traditional views, considers dissent, deviance, difference and defiance to be a normal and healthy aspect of group life. Brings together the latest research on the role of dissent, deviance, difference and defiance within groups Presents a new approach which considers dissent, deviance, difference and defiance to be a normal and healthy aspect of group life Examines a broad range of groups, such as political groups, task groups, and teams in organizations Considers diverse fields of psychology, including social, organizational, and developmental psychology Contributors are among the leading scholars in their areas of psychology

Management and Marketing of Services

Author: Peter Mudie,Angela Cottam

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1136386459

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 306

View: 8210

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This second edition of The Management and Marketing of Services builds on the success of the first edition and now includes increased coverage of many key areas, extensive examples and case studies. This second edition looks closely at relationship marketing and public sector issues as well as providing expanded sections on: the definition of services, expectations, competitive advantage, pricing of services, segmentation/positioning of services, the service encounter and service employees. The Management and Marketing of Services is a highly accessible text ideal for practitioners and students looking for a comprehensive treatment of this subject area.

The Handbook of the Psychology of Communication Technology

Author: S. Shyam Sundar

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118426525

Category: Social Science

Page: 600

View: 1064

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The Handbook of the Psychology of Communication Technology offers an unparalleled source for seminal and cutting-edge research on the psychological aspects of communicating with and via emergent media technologies, with leading scholars providing insights that advance our knowledge on human-technology interactions. • A uniquely focused review of extensive research on technology and digital media from a psychological perspective • Authoritative chapters by leading scholars studying psychological aspects of communication technologies • Covers all forms of media from Smartphones to Robotics, from Social Media to Virtual Reality • Explores the psychology behind our use and abuse of modern communication technologies • New theories and empirical findings about ways in which our lives are transformed by digital media

Kleine Geheimnisse

Alltagssoziologische Einsichten

Author: Heinz Bude,Michael Dellwing,Scott Grills

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658004878

Category: Social Science

Page: 229

View: 5593

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Wie leisten Menschen Ordnung in Beziehungen? Wie gewinnt "Dreck" soziale Bedeutung? Von Totengräbern in Siebenbürgen zu lap-dancern in den USA haben sich die Beiträge einer "geerdeten Soziologie" verschrieben, die den Alltag neugierig betrachtet, um seine verborgenen lokalen Ordnungsleistungen zu entdecken. Der "Alltag" wird dabei nicht als abgetrennte Sektion der Welt beschrieben: Es steht nicht "Alltag" gegen "Ausnahme". "Alltag" ist vielmehr ein Zugriff zur Perspektivenänderung, die eine Orientierung zur konstanten Leistung von Bedeutung in einem pluralistischen, "dicht bevölkerten" Universum herstellt. Dieser Band bietet eine lebensweltliche, ethnografisch orientierte und interpretative Soziologie, die die Welt verrätselt und enträtselt, indem sie einen Einblick in die "Matrix" dieser Welt an einem bestimmten ihrer Knotenpunkte zeigt: Alltäglichkeiten sind von ihr als aufwändige und kreative Leistungen zu erkennen, die alles andere als "natürlich" oder "selbstverständlich" sind.

Narrative Methods for the Human Sciences

Author: Catherine Kohler Riessman

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483360180

Category: Social Science

Page: 264

View: 5013

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"Cathy Riessman is the leading figure in narrative research and her new book is a delight. Covering basic issues of transcription and research credibility as well as visual data and engagingly written, it is a goldmine for students and researchers alike. If we want to make narrative research serious and revealing, it is to this book that we should turn." —David Silverman, Professor Emeritus, Goldsmiths' College, University of London "Narrative Methods for the Human Sciences provides an accessible framework for researchers — to analyse narrative texts with confidence, empathy, and humility. —NARRATIVE INQUIRY "This is a terrific book. Cathy Riessman has an encyclopedic knowledge of this field and of the participants in it. This breadth and depth of knowledge is abundantly clear throughout the book." —Susan Bell, Bowdoin College "This book has been a great source of inspiration to me and my students, not only for its methodological clarity, but also for the spirit of social activism it engenders." —Ian Baptiste, The Pennsylvania State University "Narrative Methods for the Human Sciences is an essential starting point for both students and experienced researchers interested in using narrative analysis in applied or other contexts. Written with admirable clarity, an engaging style, and supported by detailed examples of analysis, the book outlines the main methodological issues and approaches within the exciting and fast-developing field of narrative research. Even researchers already familiar with narrative methods should find the presentation of thematic, structural, dialogic/performance, and visual forms of analysis a fruitful stimulus to new research endeavours." —Brian Roberts, University of Central Lancashire, U.K. "I just had to thank you for paving the path for us new and 'hopeful' narrative researchers. I have been a student of both your books on narrative analysis, and want to thank you for your guidance from your work, and also your latest book Narrative Methods for the Human Sciences. This work and the references you have chosen for us have helped me immensely during this time in my doctoral program, especially as I enter into the analysis phase." —Maria T. Yelle, nursing doctoral candidate, University of Wisconsin-Madison Narrative Methods for the Human Sciences provides a lively overview of research based on constructing and interpreting narrative. Designed to improve research practice, it gives a detailed discussion of four analytic methods that students can adapt. Author Catherine Kohler Riessman explains how to conduct the four kinds of narrative analysis using model studies from sociology, anthropology, psychology, education and nursing. Throughout the book, she compares different approaches including thematic analysis, structural analysis, dialogic/performance analysis, and visual narrative analysis. The book helps students confront specific issues in their research practice, including how to construct a transcript in an interview study; complexities of working with materials translated from another language; defining narrative segments; relating text and context; locating oneself as the researcher in a responsible way in an inquiry; and arguing for the credibility of the case-based approach. Broad in scope, Narrative Methods for the Human Sciences also offers concrete guidance in individual chapters for students and established scholars wanting to join the "narrative turn" in social research. Key Features Focuses on four particular methods of narrative analysis: This text provides specific diverse exemplars of good narrative research, as practiced in several social science and human service disciplines. Offers guidance for narrative interviewing: The author discusses the complexities between spoken language and any written transcript. In the process, she encourages students to be mindful of the texts they construct from dialogues among speakers. Presents arguments about validation in case-based research: Riessman presents several ways to think about credibility in narrative studies, contextualizing validity in relation to epistemology and theoretical orientation of a study. Explores the differences between grounded theory methods and narrative analysis: The author clarifies distinctions between inductive thematic coding in grounded theory, and other interpretive approaches, and narrative analysis. Presents social linguistic methods for analyzing oral narrative: This text makes the approach accessible to readers not trained in social linguistics in part by providing rich examples from a number of different disciplines in the social and behavioral sciences. Employs visual methods of analysis: Riessman takes narrative research beyond the spoken or written texts by showing how exemplary researchers have connected participants' words and images made during the research process. She also discusses other research that incorporates "found" images (in archives) in a narrative inquiry. This text is designed as a supplement to the qualitative research course taught in graduate departments across the social and behavioral sciences, and as a core book in the narrative course.

Self, Ego, and Identity

Integrative Approaches

Author: Daniel K. Lapsley,F. Clark Power

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461578345

Category: Psychology

Page: 294

View: 9043

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In the midst of the "cognitive revolution," there has been a veritable ex plosion of interest in topics that have been long banished from academic consideration under the intellectual hegemony of behaviorism. Most notably, notions of self, ego, and identity are reasserting themselves as fundamental problems in a variety of research traditions within psychol ogy and the social sciences. Theoretical models, review articles, edited vol umes, and empirical work devoted to these constructs are proliferating at a dizzying rate. This clearly attests to the renascent interest in these topics, the vitality of these research paradigms, and the promise that these constructs hold for explaining fundamental aspects of human development and behavior. Although the renewed academic interest in self, ego, and identity is obviously an exciting and healthy development, there is always the tenden cy for research to take on a parochial character. When boundaries are erected among different theoretical perspectives, when empirical findings are viewed in isolation, when theories are too sharply delimited and segre gated from other domains of behavior, then what may seem like progres sive, healthy, and content-increasing tendencies in a research paradigm may turn out to be, on closer inspection, merely an inchoate thrashing about. Fortunately there is an internal dynamic to scientific investigation that tends to combat this degenerating tendency. There is something about the rhythm of science that bids us to transcend parochial theoretical in terests and seek the most general theory.

Contesting Psychiatry

Social Movements in Mental Health

Author: Nick Crossley

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134258542

Category: Medical

Page: 240

View: 9205

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Resistance and social movements in mental health have been important in shaping current practice in both mental health and psychiatry. Contesting Psychiatry, focusing largely on the UK, examines the history of resistance to psychiatry between 1950 and 2000. Building on the author’s extensive research, the book provides an empirical account and exploration of the key features including: an account of the key social movements and organizations who have contested psychiatry over the last fifty years the theorization of resistance to psychiatry which might apply to other national contexts and to social movement formation and protest in other medical arenas the exploration of theories of power in psychiatry. Original and provocative in its approach, this book offers a new sociological perspective on psychiatry.

Marketing Communication

Principles and Practice

Author: Richard J. Varey

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415230407

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 389

View: 2119

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This text challenges the orthodox view of marketing communication. Using references to communication studies, cultural studies, and critical management studies, the focus of managing marketing communication is shifted from message-making to relationship-building. This textbook provides a contemporary examination of marketing as a social process. The scope of communication theory is broadened and a two-way conception of communication is introduced. The existing model of marketing communication is replaced with a new and exciting concept, that integrates the relational and social emphases of the twenty-first century. "Marketing Communication" investigates the problems of organizing and locating marketing in a business corporation, management responsibility for planning and decision making, and the role of the marketing communication manager in contemporary society.

Organization, Society and Politics

An Aristotelian Perspective

Author: K. Morrell

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 113702688X

Category: Political Science

Page: 218

View: 4755

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This thought-provoking book will appeal to both specialists and newcomers to Aristotle. Specialists will welcome the attention to original texts that underpin many of our ideas on politics, business studies, and other social sciences, whilst newcomers will appreciate the lucid summaries and applications that make Aristotle fascinatingly accessible.

The Learning Self

Understanding the Potential for Transformation

Author: Mark Tennant

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118206762

Category: Education

Page: 224

View: 5128

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PRAISE FOR THE LEARNING SELF "In this age of self-help, the 'self' is a term thrown around with abandon. For educators, the notion of self-directed learning is a key concept. Yet the notion of self is deeply problematic, even contentious. The world has needed a book that deftly and accessibly takes the idea of the self and looks at it in a sympathetic but critical way. Mark Tennant has written that book. It is a highly readable and fascinating deconstruction of this key idea that will be appreciated by all helping professionals." —STEPHEN BROOKFIELD, Distinguished University Professor, University of St. Thomas, Minneapolis-St. Paul "An excellent contribution to the field! This is a clearly written text that takes the reader far beyond much contemporary work in psychology and learning. It opens up new ways of thinking about the learning self and provides a significant contribution to transformative learning theory. This is a book that should be read by every student of psychology, learning, and the self." —PETER JARVIS, professor emeritus of continuing education, University of Surrey, United Kingdom

Routledge Handbook of Body Studies

Author: Bryan S Turner

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136903313

Category: Social Science

Page: 448

View: 3871

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In the last three decades, the human body has gained increasing prominence in contemporary political debates, and it has become a central topic of modern social sciences and humanities. Modern technologies – such as organ transplants, stem-cell research, nanotechnology, cosmetic surgery and cryonics – have changed how we think about the body. In this collection of thirty original essays by leading figures in the field, these issues are explored across a number of theoretical and disciplinary perspectives, including pragmatism, feminism, queer theory, post-modernism, post-humanism, cultural sociology, philosophy and anthropology. A wide range of case studies, which include cosmetics, diet, organ transplants, racial bodies, masculinity and sexuality, eating disorders, religion and the sacred body, and disability, are used to appraise these different perspectives. In addition, this Handbook explores various epistemological approaches to the basic question: what is a body? It also offers a strongly themed range of chapters on empirical topics that are organized around religion, medicine, gender, technology and consumption. It also contributes to the debate over the globalization of the body: how have military technology, modern medicine, sport and consumption led to this contemporary obsession with matters corporeal? The Handbook’s clear, direct style will appeal to a wide undergraduate audience in the social sciences, particularly for those studying medical sociology, gender studies, sports studies, disability studies, social gerontology, or the sociology of religion. It will serve to consolidate the new field of body studies.

Seductress

Women Who Ravished the World and Their Lost Art of Love

Author: Elizabeth Prioleau

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 9781440684463

Category: History

Page: 384

View: 7965

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In this road map to restoring feminine sexual power, Betsy Prioleau introduces and analyzes the stories and stratagems of history's greatest seductresses. These are the women who ravished the world—from such classic figures as Cleopatra and Mae West to such lesser-known women as the infamous Violet Gordon Woodhouse, who lived in a ménage with four men. Smarts, imagination, courage, and killer charm helped these love maestras claim the men of their choice and keep them fascinated for life. Through an exposé of their secrets, Seductress provides an authoritative, empowering guide to erotic sovereignty.