The Politics of Environmental Discourse

Ecological Modernization and the Policy Process

Author: Maarten A. Hajer

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198279693

Category: History

Page: 332

View: 6972

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This study seeks to open the way for a better understanding of the environmental conflict, showing how language can be seen to shape our view of what environmental politics is really about and how those perceptions can differ between countries.

Ecological Modernisation Around the World

Perspectives and Critical Debates

Author: Arthur P.J. Mol,David A. Sonnenfeld

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317994795

Category: History

Page: 312

View: 8248

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The idea of ecological modernisation originated in Western Europe in the 1980s, gaining attention around the world by the late 1990s. At the core of this social scientific and policy-oriented approach is the view that contemporary societies have the capability of dealing with their environmental crises. Experiences in some countries demonstrate that modern institutions can incorporate environmental interests into their daily routines. Elsewhere, economic and political interests dominate development trajectories and environmental deterioration continues, challenging the premises of ecological modernisation. This volume brings together research on ecological modernisation practices around the world. Studies on Western, Central, and Eastern Europe, the USA, and Southeast Asia examine the applicability of this approach to advanced industrial countries, transitional economies and developing countries respectively. Authors critically examine the premises of ecological modernisation theory, assess its value for understanding past and present environmental transformations, and outline paths for designing future sustainable development. Taken together, the studies in collected this volume offer significant refinements, extensions and critiques of ecological modernisation theory and suggest important directions for future research on social and policy dimensions of environmental change.

Regulatory Realities

The Implementation and Impact of Industrial Environmental Regulation

Author: Andrew Gouldson,Joseph Murphy

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134181256

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 224

View: 3804

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Arguing that the performance of industrial environmental regulation is determined by the level and nature of the innovation it stimulates, this text aims to analyze the influence of different structures and styles of implementation on innovation in regulated companies. Further aims include: examining the economic and environmental performance of different forms of innovation developed and applied by industry in response to regulation; describing the conditions under which industrial environmental regulation can be improved; outlining the implementation approaches required for regulated companies to overcome barriers which prevent them from exploiting the economic and environmental potential of particular forms of innovation; demonstrating how technological and organizational change could lead to lower costs and higher benefits from regulatory compliance; and putting forward to governments and industry proposals to improve the relationship between environmental protection and industrial competitiveness.

Konstruktionen europäischer Identität

Eine Analyse der Berichterstattung über die Beitrittsverhandlungen mit der Türkei 1959 – 2004

Author: Julia Lönnendonker

Publisher: Herbert von Halem Verlag

ISBN: 3869622806

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 680

View: 8967

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Gerade in Krisenzeiten der europäischen Integration stellt sich die Frage nach den Gemeinsamkeiten der Europäer, nach dem was die Gemeinschaft charakterisiert, zusammenhält und von anderen unterscheidet. Bis heute gibt es jedoch keine eindeutige Definition dessen, was 'europäisch sein' eigentlich heißt. Auch wenn der Begriff häufig an die Lage auf einem europäischen Kontinent geknüpft wird, so ist die geografische Raumdefinition von Europa doch höchst uneindeutig. Die Autorin zeichnet die unterschiedlichen Konstruktionen einer europäischen Identität im deutschen Diskurs über einen möglichen Beitritt der Türkei ab den ersten türkischen Assoziationsbemühungen Ende der 1950er-Jahre nach. Sie zeigt, dass sich die Vorstellungen der Gemeinschaft und die ihr zugehörige Raumkonstruktion von 1959 bis 2004 stark verändert und ausdifferenziert haben. Neben der eher abstrakten Deutung der EU als einer politischen und wirtschaftlichen Gemeinschaft, beinhaltet ihre Definition in den jüngeren Untersuchungsjahren auch die einer Wertegemeinschaft und einer Person. Die zunehmende Personifizierung und der verstärkte Bezug auf eine Wertegemeinschaft werden als Ausdruck einer intensivierten Selbstverständigungsdebatte interpretiert.

Hydropolis

Wasser und die Stadt der Moderne

Author: Susanne Frank,Matthew Gandy

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 359340446X

Category: Social Science

Page: 372

View: 1645

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Stinkende Abwässer im städtischen Untergrund oder kristallklares Wasser im heimischen Bad – eine funktionierende Abwasserentsorgung ist in der modernen Stadt ebenso unabdingbar wie eine gute Wasserversorgung. Die Nutzung des Wassers seit dem 19. Jahrhundert untersuchen hier unter anderem Geographen, Soziologen, Medizin- und Umwelthistoriker. Sie schildern die mit der Urbanisierung einhergehenden Veränderungen der sozialen und räumlichen Strukturen in den Städten sowie die politischen Regulierungen der Wassernutzung. Ob schrumpfende ostdeutsche Städte, Großstädte wie Berlin oder »Megacities« wie Lagos und Jakarta: Der Umgang mit Wasser erweist sich als Schlüssel zum Verständnis moderner Stadtkultur. Mit Beiträgen unter anderem von Matthias Bernt, Jürgen Büschenfeld, Elisabeth Heidenreich, Detlev Ipsen, Ulrich Koppitz, Shahrooz Mohajeri, Engelbert Schramm, Eric Swyngedouw, Heinrich Tepasse und Karin Winklhöfer.

Water Policy Processes in India

Discourses of Power and Resistance

Author: Vandana Asthana

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135219184

Category: Political Science

Page: 208

View: 1319

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The privatization of water is a keenly contested issue in an economically-liberalizing India. Since the 1990s, large social groups across India's diverse and disparate peoples have been re-negotiating their cultural relationships with each other as to whether they support or oppose pro-privatization water policy reforms. These claims and counter claims are seen as an impending war over water resources, one that includes many different players with many different agendas located across a wide variety of sites whose actions and interactions shape policy production in India. This book is the first to assess the dynamics of water policy processes in India. Using the case study of Delhi’s water situation, this book analyses emergent dynamics of policy process in India in general and, more specifically, in the post-economic reform era. Taking as its starting point a critique of linear version of policy making, the author explains both how and why particular types of knowledge, practices and values get established in policy as well as the complex interplay of knowledge, power and agency in water policy processes. Water Policy Processes in India covers a critical gap in the literature by analyzing how governments in practice make policies that greatly affect the welfare of their people; the process through which policies are developed and implemented; investigating the aims and motives behind policies; and identifying the potential areas of intervention in order to improve the policy process in both its development and implementation stages.

The Compromise of Liberal Environmentalism

Author: Steven Bernstein

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231504306

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

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The most significant shift in environmental governance over the last thirty years has been the convergence of environmental and liberal economic norms toward "liberal environmentalism"—which predicates environmental protection on the promotion and maintenance of a liberal economic order. Steven Bernstein assesses the reasons for this historical shift, introduces a socio-evolutionary explanation for the selection of international norms, and considers the implications for our ability to address global environmental problems. The author maintains that the institutionalization of "sustainable development" at the 1992 United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) legitimized the evolution toward liberal environmentalism. Arguing that most of the literature on international environmental politics is too rationalist and problem-specific, Bernstein challenges the mainstream thinking on international cooperation by showing that it is always for some purpose or goal. His analysis of the norms that guide global environmental policy also challenges the often-presumed primacy of science in environmental governance.

Environmental Regulation Through Financial Organisations:Comparative Perspectives on the Industrialised Nations

Author: Benjamin Richardson

Publisher: Kluwer Law International B.V.

ISBN: 9041117350

Category: Law

Page: 407

View: 8690

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This book takes a comparative perspective of practice in the European Union, North America, Japan and Australasia, arguing that existing legal reforms to promote sustainable development are unlikely to be successful unless environmental policy can be diffused and embedded in the financial services sector. This sector plays a crucial role in creating the financial conditions that allow much economic development to proceed. Financial markets are already highly regulated in pursuance of various public policy objectives, and there is scope to adapt existing regulation to incorporate environmental aspects into the financial services sector. In terms of specific reforms, the book focuses on the role of corporate environmental reporting, economic instruments and liability rules to provide a proper context for engaging financial organisations with the environment, as well as reforms to the system of prudential regulation that currently governs this sector. Beyond the focus on the financial services sector, the book raises complex questions regarding the relationship between the state and market institutions in environmental policy, and will appeal to scholars from a wide range of disciplines interested in problems of environmental governance.

An Urban Politics of Climate Change

Experimentation and the Governing of Socio-Technical Transitions

Author: Harriet A Bulkeley,Vanesa Castán Broto,Gareth A.S. Edwards

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317650093

Category: Science

Page: 270

View: 1141

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The confluence of global climate change, growing levels of energy consumption and rapid urbanization has led the international policy community to regard urban responses to climate change as ‘an urgent agenda’ (World Bank 2010). The contribution of cities to rising levels of greenhouse gas emissions coupled with concerns about the vulnerability of urban places and communities to the impacts of climate change have led to a relatively recent and rapidly proliferating interest amongst both academic and policy communities in how cities might be able to respond to mitigation and adaptation. Attention has focused on the potential for municipal authorities to develop policy and plans that can address these twin issues, and the challenges of capacity, resource and politics that have been encountered. While this literature has captured some of the essential means through which the urban response to climate change is being forged, is that it has failed to take account of the multiple sites and spaces of climate change response that are emerging in cities ‘off-plan’. An Urban Politics of Climate Change provides the first account of urban responses to climate change that moves beyond the boundary of municipal institutions to critically examine the governing of climate change in the city as a matter of both public and private authority, and to engage with the ways in which this is bound up with the politics and practices of urban infrastructure. The book draws on cases from multiple cities in both developed and emerging economies to providing new insight into the potential and limitations of urban responses to climate change, as well as new conceptual direction for our understanding of the politics of environmental governance.

Between God & Green

How Evangelicals Are Cultivating a Middle Ground on Climate Change

Author: Katharine K. Wilkinson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199942854

Category: Religion

Page: 256

View: 9675

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Despite three decades of scientists' warnings and environmentalists' best efforts, the political will and public engagement necessary to fuel robust action on global climate change remain in short supply. Katharine K. Wilkinson shows that, contrary to popular expectations, faith-based efforts are emerging and strengthening to address this problem. In the US, perhaps none is more significant than evangelical climate care. Drawing on extensive focus group and textual research and interviews, Between God & Green explores the phenomenon of climate care, from its historical roots and theological grounding to its visionary leaders and advocacy initiatives. Wilkinson examines the movement's reception within the broader evangelical community, from pew to pulpit. She shows that by engaging with climate change as a matter of private faith and public life, leaders of the movement challenge traditional boundaries of the evangelical agenda, partisan politics, and established alliances and hostilities. These leaders view sea-level rise as a moral calamity, lobby for legislation written on both sides of the aisle, and partner with atheist scientists. Wilkinson reveals how evangelical environmentalists are reshaping not only the landscape of American climate action, but the contours of their own religious community. Though the movement faces complex challenges, climate care leaders continue to leverage evangelicalism's size, dominance, cultural position, ethical resources, and mechanisms of communication to further their cause to bridge God and green.

The Drama of the Commons

Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on the Human Dimensions of Global Change

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309169981

Category: Social Science

Page: 533

View: 2117

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The "tragedy of the commons" is a central concept in human ecology and the study of the environment. It has had tremendous value for stimulating research, but it only describes the reality of human-environment interactions in special situations. Research over the past thirty years has helped clarify how human motivations, rules governing access to resources, the structure of social organizations, and the resource systems themselves interact to determine whether or not the many dramas of the commons end happily. In this book, leaders in the field review the evidence from several disciplines and many lines of research and present a state-of-the-art assessment. They summarize lessons learned and identify the major challenges facing any system of governance for resource management. They also highlight the major challenges for the next decade: making knowledge development more systematic; understanding institutions dynamically; considering a broader range of resources (such as global and technological commons); and taking into account the effects of social and historical context. This book will be a valuable and accessible introduction to the field for students and a resource for advanced researchers.

Comprehensive Nanoscience and Technology

Author: N.A

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780123743961

Category: Science

Page: 2774

View: 6543

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From the Introduction: Nanotechnology and its underpinning sciences are progressing with unprecedented rapidity. With technical advances in a variety of nanoscale fabrication and manipulation technologies, the whole topical area is maturing into a vibrant field that is generating new scientific research and a burgeoning range of commercial applications, with an annual market already at the trillion dollar threshold. The means of fabricating and controlling matter on the nanoscale afford striking and unprecedented opportunities to exploit a variety of exotic phenomena such as quantum, nanophotonic and nanoelectromechanical effects. Moreover, researchers are elucidating new perspectives on the electronic and optical properties of matter because of the way that nanoscale materials bridge the disparate theories describing molecules and bulk matter. Surface phenomena also gain a greatly increased significance; even the well-known link between chemical reactivity and surface-to-volume ratio becomes a major determinant of physical properties, when it operates over nanoscale dimensions. Against this background, this comprehensive work is designed to address the need for a dynamic, authoritative and readily accessible source of information, capturing the full breadth of the subject. Its six volumes, covering a broad spectrum of disciplines including material sciences, chemistry, physics and life sciences, have been written and edited by an outstanding team of international experts. Addressing an extensive, cross-disciplinary audience, each chapter aims to cover key developments in a scholarly, readable and critical style, providing an indispensible first point of entry to the literature for scientists and technologists from interdisciplinary fields. The work focuses on the major classes of nanomaterials in terms of their synthesis, structure and applications, reviewing nanomaterials and their respective technologies in well-structured and comprehensive articles with extensive cross-references. It has been a constant surprise and delight to have found, amongst the rapidly escalating number who work in nanoscience and technology, so many highly esteemed authors willing to contribute. Sharing our anticipation of a major addition to the literature, they have also captured the excitement of the field itself in each carefully crafted chapter. Along with our painstaking and meticulous volume editors, full credit for the success of this enterprise must go to these individuals, together with our thanks for (largely) adhering to the given deadlines. Lastly, we record our sincere thanks and appreciation for the skills and professionalism of the numerous Elsevier staff who have been involved in this project, notably Fiona Geraghty, Megan Palmer and Greg Harris, and especially Donna De Weerd-Wilson who has steered it through from its inception. We have greatly enjoyed working with them all, as we have with each other.

Calculating Political Risk

Author: Catherine Althaus

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317973151

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 304

View: 2973

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Calculating Political Risk is rich and illuminating, and much more than a political science treatise. Althaus draws on diverse literature, extensive interviews and intriguing case studies to offer interdisciplinary, practical and nuanced insight. This book provides new perspectives and more precise language for making sense of a critical dimension of politics, policy-making and public management. Evert Lindquist, Director and Professor, School of Public Administration, University of Victoria, Canada This powerful new book is the first ever examination of the hard edge of how political risk - something faced by all political actors innumerable times every day - is calculated and used in decision-making. It opens with an outline of the historical and linguistic origins of risk, the various disciplinary understandings of risk, the risk society concept, and how risk has come to be so prominent in the context of environmental disaster and terrorism. The book then defines political risk and looks at its manifestations in the public sector, from project to high-level political risk. It also looks at risk identification versus risk management and compares the concept of political risk with the private sector practice of risk management. Unique research findings from interviews with over 100 risk practitioners and politicians provide a detailed look at how political actors calculate political risk. Case study-based chapters look in-depth at neat and discrete examples: risk calculation in state development plans in Australia; political risk identification and management in the UK during the mad cow crisis; and US government risk calculation in the post-September 11 context. The final chapters draw together the experiences and lessons learned from the case studies and practitioner insights to formulate a better understanding of what political risk is and what its calculation means in political practice. The author shows how political risk calculation provides a fresh perspective on policy analysis and identifies how political risk is relevant to a broader understanding of politics and political science, as well as policy formulation and implementation on the ground.

Discourses of Global Climate Change

Apocalyptic framing and political antagonisms

Author: Jonas Anshelm,Martin Hultman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317671058

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 202

View: 5137

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This book examines the arguments made by political actors in the creation of antagonistic discourses on climate change. Using in-depth empirical research from Sweden, a country considered by the international political community to be a frontrunner in tackling climate change, it draws out lessons that contribute to the worldwide environmental debate. The book identifies and analyses four globally circulated discourses that call for very different action to be taken to achieve sustainability: Industrial fatalism, Green Keynesianism, Eco-socialism and Climate scepticism. Drawing on risk society and post-political theory, it elaborates concepts such as industrial modern masculinity and ecomodern utopia, exploring how it is possible to reconcile apocalyptic framing to the dominant discourse of political conservatism. This highly original and detailed study focuses on opinion leaders and the way discourses are framed in the climate change debate, making it valuable reading for students and scholars of environmental communication and media, global environmental policy, energy research and sustainability.

The New Carbon Economy

Constitution, Governance and Contestation

Author: Peter Newell,Max Boykoff,Emily Boyd

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118315944

Category: Science

Page: 276

View: 7445

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The New Carbon Economy provides a critical understanding ofthe carbon economy. It offers key insights into the constitution,governance and effects of the carbon economy, across a variety ofgeographical settings. Examines different dimensions of the carbon economy from arange of disciplinary angles in a diversity of settings Provides ways for researchers to subject claims ofnewness and uniqueness to critical scrutiny Historicizes claims of the 'newness' of the carbon economy Covers a range of geographical settings including Europe, theUS and Central America

Trade-offs in Conservation

Deciding What to Save

Author: Nigel Leader-Williams,William M. Adams,Robert J. Smith

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444348108

Category: Science

Page: 432

View: 748

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This book demonstrates that trade-offs can be very important for conservationists. Its various chapters show how and why trade-offs are made, and why conservationists need to think very hard about what, if anything, to do about them. The book argues that conservationists must carefully weigh up, and be explicit about, the trade-offs that they make every day in deciding what to save. Key Features: Discusses the wider non-biological issues that surround making decisions about which species and biogeographic areas to prioritise for conservation Focuses on questions such as: What are these wider issues that are influencing the decisions we make? What factors need to be included in our assessment of trade-offs? What package of information and issues do managers need to consider in making a rational decision? Who should make such decisions? Part of the Conservation Science and Practice book series This volume is of interest to policy-makers, researchers, practitioners and postgraduate students who are concerned about making decisions that include recognition of trade-offs in conservation planning.

New Instruments for Environmental Policy in the EU

Author: Jonathan Golub

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113472957X

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 2000

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New Instruments for Environmental Policy in the EU provides a comprehensive analysis of the debate over new forms of environmental regulation in the European Union. The conclusions draw attention to critical aspects of instrument design, as well as the difficulty of accommodating national policy diversity without contravening EU and international trade rules. Drawing on critical research and practical experience, this book presents a number of recommendations for improving the next generation of environmental policies and explores comparisons between the search for new environmental instruments in the EU and similar regulatory transitions worldwide.

Netzwerkanalysen

Gemeindepsychologische Perspektiven für Forschung und Praxis

Author: Florian Straus

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3663108848

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 339

View: 2962

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führt theoretische Analysen zur sozialen Verortung von Menschen durch. Darüber hinaus zeigt er, dass die qualitative Netzwerkanalyse sich sowohl für Anliegen der qualitativen Forschung als auch für diagnostische und interventorische Zwecke der psychosozialen Praxis nutzen lässt.

Coastal Mass Tourism

Diversification and Sustainable Development in Southern Europe

Author: Prof. Bill Bramwell

Publisher: Channel View Publications

ISBN: 1845413733

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 385

View: 3960

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The Mediterranean coastal regions of Southern Europe have long been world leaders in mass tourism. This book examines some key questions for tourism development in these areas, with implications for similar regions across the world. The standardised forms of mass tourism are diversifying – with more specialised forms, notably those based on nature, culture and heritage, and those catering for special interests. There is a growing spectrum of modes of tourism, with an emphasis on variety, flexibility and permeability. Both mass tourism and the more diversified forms substantially impact on sustainable development. Policies promoting sustainable development are often of two main types: developing smaller-scale, alternative tourism products that are intended to be less damaging to the environment and society, and secondly, attempts to make mass tourism coastal resorts more sustainable. But there has been little critical assessment of these policies, either evaluating their basic assumptions or their successes and failures in practice. This edited book critically examines these issues for varied coastal regions in Southern Europe, including case studies from Spain, Croatia, Turkey, and north and south Cyprus.