The Political Philosophy of Muhammad Iqbal

Islam and Nationalism in Late Colonial India

Author: Iqbal Singh Sevea

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107008867

Category: History

Page: 234

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This book reflects upon the political philosophy of Muhammad Iqbal, a towering intellectual figure in South Asian history, revered by many for his poetry and his thought. He lived in India in the twilight years of the British Empire and, apart from a short but significant period studying in the West, he remained in Punjab until his death in 1938. The book studies Iqbal's critique of nationalist ideology and his attempts to chart a path for the development of the 'nation' by liberating it from the centralizing and homogenizing tendencies of the modern state structure. Iqbal frequently clashed with his contemporaries over his view of nationalism as 'the greatest enemy of Islam'. He constructed his own particular interpretation of Islam – forged through an interaction with Muslim thinkers and Western intellectual traditions – that was ahead of its time, and since his death both modernists and Islamists have continued to champion his legacy.

Das intensive Leben

Eine moderne Obsession

Author: Tristan Garcia

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518751069

Category: Philosophy

Page: 215

View: 3354

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Im 18. Jahrhundert fasziniert ein neues Fluidum die Welt: die Elektrizität. Mit ihr wird die Intensität zu einem Ideal für den Menschen und zu einem Begriff der Philosophie. Von der Macht Nietzsches bis zum Vitalismus Deleuze', von der nervösen Erregung der Libertins bis zum Adrenalinkick der Begierde, der Leistung und der Extremsportarten: die Intensität organisiert seither unsere Welt. Sie ist der höchste Wert des modernen Lebens, wie der junge französische Philosoph Tristan Garcia in seinem mitreißenden Essay zeigt. Die ständige Suche nach Intensität ist allerdings auch anstrengend: süchtig jagen wir neuen Höhepunkten und Extremen nach, immer unter Strom. Kein Wunder also, dass in unseren »Hochspannungsgesellschaften« das Unbehagen wächst. Die intensive Landwirtschaft zerstört die Natur, das Selbst ist erschöpft, Apathie, Mittelmäßigkeit und Depression signalisieren das Ende des großen Wachstums- und Intensitätsrauschs. Wie können wir dennoch das Gefühl bewahren, am Leben zu sein? Jenseits von Lebenshilfe und Glücksratgebern, die Weisheit und Seelenheil in einer Rückkehr zu Buddhismus oder Religion versprechen, und mit der E-Gitarre im Gepäck ruft Garcia zum Widerstand auf. Seine Forderung: Wir brauchen eine Ethik der Intensität.

Die Weltanschauung der indischen Denker

Mystik und Ethik

Author: Albert Schweitzer

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 3406700896

Category: Philosophy

Page: 256

View: 8764

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Albert Schweitzers Einführung in die Weltanschauung der indischen Denker ist inzwischen ein Klassiker. Knapp, verständlich und kompetent erklärt der Theologe und Arzt das religiöse und philosophische Denken der Inder von den Upanischaden über Buddhismus und Jainismus bis hin zum modernen Neohinduismus. Aber das Buch ist mehr als eine informative Einführung: Schweitzer setzt sich kritisch mit den indischen Heilslehren auseinander. Er erklärt die grundsätzlichen Unterschiede zwischen westlichem und indischem Denken und geht der Frage nach, wie es zu der Welt- und Lebensverneinung in Indien kommen konnte. Sein Buch richtet sich an alle, die sich für die Ethik der Weltreligionen interessieren. In der vorliegenden Neuausgabe werden erstmals deutschsprachige Ergänzungen von Albert Schweitzer publiziert, die bisher nur in einer Rückübersetzung aus dem Englischen zugänglich waren.

A Descriptive Bibliography of Allama Muhammad Iqbal (1877-1938)

Author: Dieter Taillieu,Francis Laleman,Winand M. Callewaert

Publisher: Peeters Publishers

ISBN: 9789042908192

Category: History

Page: 299

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Excellent bibliographical work about Allama Muhammad Iqbal in the Arabic scripts (Urdu, Persian, Arabic and so on) has been published by the Iqbal Academy, Lahore. Our publication covers only what appeared in the Roman script: English, German, French, Dutch, Italian, Polish, Czech, Portuguese, Swedish, Finnish, Turkish, and Russian. Many books have some kind of bibliographical list, and we have tried to include all that material in the present publication. With the generous support of the Ministry of Education, Government of Pakistan, the Iqbal Foundation Europe at the KULeuven, Belgium, has endeavoured to combine meticulous and patient work in libraries with the most modern search on internet. The result is an impressive tribute to Iqbal and to the research about him: 2500 entries, the latest entry dated 1998 (A. Schimmel). Even if many superfluous or repetitive articles may have been published, a researcher should look at even small contributions: they may contain valuable information and rare insights. The databank we compiled at the university of Leuven is composed of material taken from published works and from the on-line services of the major university libraries. From this it appeared that hundreds of scholars and authors have contributed to the immense databank about Iqbal. The highest number of contributions is by Annemarie Schimmel, S.A. Vahid and B.A. Dar, followed by A. Bausani, K.A. Waheed, A.J. Arberry and so many others.

Philosophy in the Islamic World

A history of philosophy without any gaps

Author: Peter Adamson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0191084840

Category: Philosophy

Page: 544

View: 7245

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The latest in the series based on the popular History of Philosophy podcast, this volume presents the first full history of philosophy in the Islamic world for a broad readership. It takes an approach unprecedented among introductions to this subject, by providing full coverage of Jewish and Christian thinkers as well as Muslims, and by taking the story of philosophy from its beginnings in the world of early Islam all the way through to the twentieth century. Major figures like Avicenna, Averroes, and Maimonides are covered in great detail, but the book also looks at less familiar thinkers, including women philosophers. Attention is also given to the philosophical relevance of Islamic theology (kalam) and mysticism—the Sufi tradition within Islam, and Kabbalah among Jews—and to science, with chapters on disciplines like optics and astronomy. The book is divided into three sections, with the first looking at the first blossoming of Islamic theology and responses to the Greek philosophical tradition in the world of Arabic learning. This 'formative period' culminates with the work of Avicenna, the pivotal figure to whom most later thinkers feel they must respond. The second part of the book discusses philosophy in Muslim Spain (Andalusia), where Jewish philosophers come to the fore, though this is also the setting for such thinkers as Averroes and Ibn Arabi. Finally, a third section looks in unusual detail at later developments, touching on philosophy in the Ottoman, Mughal, and Safavid empires and showing how thinkers in the nineteenth to the twentieth century were still concerned to respond to the ideas that had animated philosophy in the Islamic world for centuries, while also responding to political and intellectual challenges from the European colonial powers.

Muhammad Iqbal

Essays on the Reconstruction of Modern Muslim Thought

Author: Chad Hillier

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 1474405959

Category: Philosophy

Page: 256

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There are few moments in human history where the forces of religion, culture and politics converge to produce some of the most significant philosophical ideas in the world. India in the early 20th century was one of these moments, where we saw the rise of activist-thinkers like Nehru, Jinnah and Gandhi; individuals who not only liberated human lives but their minds as well. One of most influential members of the group was the poet-philosopher Muhammad Iqbal. Commonly known as the "e;spiritual father of Pakistan"e;, the philosophical and political ideas of Iqbal not only shaped the face of Indian Muslim nationalism but also shaped the direction of modernist reformist Islam around the world. Bringing together a diverse number of prominent and emerging scholars, from backgrounds in political science, philosophy and religious studies, this book offers novel examinations of the philosophical ideas that laid at the heart of Iqbal's own As such, by producing new developments in research on Iqbal's thought from a diversity of prominent and emerging voices within American and European Islamic studies, this text will offer new and novel examinations of the ideas that lies at the heart of Iqbal's own thought: religion, science, metaphysics, nationalism and religious identity. In our text, the reader will (re)discover many new connections between the "e;Sage of the Ummah"e; to the greatest thinkers and ideas of European and Islamic philosophies.

Mohammad Iqbal

ein Philosoph zwischen den Kulturen

Author: Stephan Popp

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783883092690

Category: Philosophy

Page: 140

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The Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam

Author: Mohammad Iqbal

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 0804786860

Category: Religion

Page: 328

View: 6299

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The Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam (1930) is Muhammad Iqbal's major philosophic work: a series of profound reflections on the perennial conflict among science, religion, and philosophy, culminating in new visions of the unity of human knowledge, of the human spirit, and of God. Iqbal's thought contributed significantly to the establishment of Pakistan, to the religious and political ideals of the Iranian Revolution, and to the survival of Muslim identity in parts of the former USSR. It now serves as new bridge between East and West and between Islam and the other Religions of the Book. With a new Introduction by Javed Majeed, this edition of The Reconstruction opens the teachings of Iqbal to the modern, Western reader. It will be essential reading for all those interested in Islamic intellectual history, the renewal of Islam in the modern world, and political theory of Islam's relationship to the West.

Islam and Open Society Fidelity and Movement in the Philosophy of Muhammad Iqbal

Fidelity and Movement in the Philosophy of Muhammad Iqbal

Author: Souleymane Bachir Diagne

Publisher: African Books Collective

ISBN: 2869783051

Category: Philosophy

Page: 71

View: 9686

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In the atmosphere of suspicion and anger that characterizes our time, it is a joy to hear the voice of Iqbal, both passionate and serene. It is the voice of a soul that is deeply anchored in the Quranic Revelation, and precisely for that reason, open to all the other voices, seeking in them the path of his own fidelity. It is the voice of a man who has left behind all identitarian rigidity, who has 'broken all the idols of tribe and caste' to address himself to all human beings. But an unhappy accident has meant that this voice was buried, both in the general forgetting of Islamic modernism and in the very country that he named before its existence, Pakistan, whose multiple rigidities - political, religious, military - constitute a continual refutation of the very essence of his thought. But we all need to hear him again, citizens of the West, Muslims, and those from his native India, where a form of Hindu chauvinism rages in our times, in a way that exceeds his worst fears. Souleymane Bachir Diagne has done all of us an immense favor in making this voice heard once again, clear and convincing. Charles Taylor, Professor, McGill University Quebec, Canada