The Physics of Atmospheres

Author: John Houghton

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521011228

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 7131

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Third edition of John Houghton's acclaimed textbook for advanced undergraduate/graduate courses in atmospheric science.

The Physics of Atmospheres

Author: John T. Houghton

Publisher: CUP Archive

ISBN: 9780521214438

Category: Science

Page: 203

View: 9455

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Dr Houghton has revised the acclaimed first edition of The Physics of Atmospheres in order to bring this important textbook completely up-to-date. Several factors have led to vigorous growth in the atmospheric sciences, particularly the availability of powerful computers for detailed modelling, the investigation of the atmospheres of other planets, and techniques of remote sensing. The author describes the physical processes governing the structure and circulation of the atmosphere. Simple physical models are constructed by applying the principles of classical thermodynamics, radiative transfer and fluid mechanics, together with analytic and numerical techniques. These models are applied to real planetary atmospheres. This new edition is essential for undergraduates or graduate students studying atmospheric physics, climatology or meteorology, as well as planetary scientists with an interest in atmospheres.

The Physics of Atmospheres

Author: John T. Houghton

Publisher: CUP Archive

ISBN: 9780521214438

Category: Science

Page: 203

View: 2214

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Dr Houghton has revised the acclaimed first edition of The Physics of Atmospheres in order to bring this important textbook completely up-to-date. Several factors have led to vigorous growth in the atmospheric sciences, particularly the availability of powerful computers for detailed modelling, the investigation of the atmospheres of other planets, and techniques of remote sensing. The author describes the physical processes governing the structure and circulation of the atmosphere. Simple physical models are constructed by applying the principles of classical thermodynamics, radiative transfer and fluid mechanics, together with analytic and numerical techniques. These models are applied to real planetary atmospheres. This new edition is essential for undergraduates or graduate students studying atmospheric physics, climatology or meteorology, as well as planetary scientists with an interest in atmospheres.

An Introduction to Atmospheric Physics

Author: David G. Andrews

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521872200

Category: Science

Page: 237

View: 2386

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This work offers a broad coverage of atmospheric physics, including atmospheric thermodynamics, radiative transfer, atmospheric fluid dynamics and elementary atmospheric chemistry.

Principles of Atmospheric Physics and Chemistry

Author: Richard M. Goody

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780195093629

Category: Science

Page: 324

View: 7779

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This text is an introduction to the basic principles of atmospheric physics and chemistry where all aspects of the lower and middle atmospheres, except for large-scale dynamics, are jointly treated as ultimate consequences of the solar radiation falling on the planet.

Fundamentals of Atmospheric Physics

Author: Murry L. Salby

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0126151601

Category: Nature

Page: 627

View: 3952

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Fundamentals of Atmospheric Physics emphasizes the interrelationships of physical and dynamical meteorology. The text unifies four major subject areas: atmospheric thermodynamics, hydrostatic equilibrium and stability, atmospheric radiation and clouds, and atmospheric dynamics. These fundamental areas serve as cornerstones of modern atmospheric research on environmental issues like global change and ozone depletion. Physical concepts underlying these subject areas are developed from first principles, providing a self-contained text for students and scholars from diverse backgrounds. The presentation is Lagrangian (single-body problems) in perspective, with a balance of theory and application. Each chapter includes detailed and extensive problems; selected answers are provided, as are appendices of various constants. The text requires a thorough foundation in calculus. * Presents a comprehensive introduction to atmospheric thermodynamics, hydrostatics, radiation and clouds, and dynamics * Develops concepts from first principles, providing a self-contained volume for readers from diverse backgrounds * Emphasizes the interaction of physical processes shaping global problems of atmospheric energetics, transport, and chemistry * Provides a balance of theory and applications, with examples drawn from a wide range of phenomena figuring in global atmospheric research * Extensively illustrated with global satellite imagery and analyses and photographs of laboratory simulations * Exercises apply to a wide range of topical problems

Fundamentals of Physics and Chemistry of the Atmosphere

Author: Guido Visconti

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319294490

Category: Science

Page: 803

View: 5022

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This book is an introductory course to the physics and chemistry of the atmosphere and to climate dynamics. It covers the basics in thermodynamics, fluid dynamics, radiation, and chemistry and explains the most intriguing problems that currently exist in the study of the atmospheres of the Earth and planets. A particular effort is made to approach the different topics intuitively. Among the themes covered are the most recent evolution concerning the chemistry of polluted troposphere, the global warming problem, and chaos and nonlinear theory. The book is almost completely rewritten in comparison to the previous edition, with a more logical organization of the chapters. The fundamentals of thermodynamics, radiation, fluid dynamics and chemistry are introduced in the first six chapters, including a new chapter on remote sensing. Also there is an additional chapter on geoengineering. A significant addition to the new edition, at the end of each chapter, are examples where the topics introduced in the chapter are further discussed with application to classical problems or new research items. Many of these examples are accompanied by computer programs. The most important updates deal with the theory of the general circulation, the methods to evaluate GCM, the detailed discussion of the urban troposphere and the chaos and nonlinear phenomena.

Theoretical Fundamentals of Atmospheric Optics

Author: Yu. M. Timofeyev,A. V. Vasilʹev

Publisher: Cambridge Int Science Publishing

ISBN: 1904602258

Category: Science

Page: 480

View: 9898

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The authors of this book present the theoretical fundamentals of atmospheric optics as a science of the propagation, transformation and generation in the atmosphere of electromagnetic radiation from the ultraviolet to microwave range of the spectrum. The main characteristics of the planets of the solar system and atmospheres are described. Special attention is given to the equation of transfer of radiation in different spectrum ranges; the absorption of radiation by atmospheric gases and aerosol, molecular, aerosol and different types of non-resonant scattering; atmospheric diffraction; reflection of radiation from the surface; and glow of the atmosphere. They present the method of calculating radiation for the solar and thermal ranges of the spectrum. The monograph will be of interest to experts working in the areas of the physics and optics of the atmosphere and also suitable for students and postgraduates studying the physics of atmosphere, meteorology, physical ecology and monitoring of the environment.

Handbook of Atmospheric Electrodynamics (1995)

Author: Hans Volland

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351364189

Category: Science

Page: 526

View: 5930

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The participation of such diverse scientific and technical disciplines as meteorology, astronomy, atmospheric electricity, ionospheric and magnetospheric physics, electromagnetic wave propagation, and radio techniques in the research of atmospherics means that results are published in scientific papers widely spread throughout the literature. This Handbook collects the latest knowledge on atmospherics and presents it in two volumes. Each chapter is written by an expert in his or her field. Topics include the physics of thunderclouds, thunder, global atmospheric electric currents, biological aspects of sferics, and various space techniques for detecting lightning within our own atmosphere as well as in the atmospheres of other planets. Up-to-date applications and methodology are detailed. Volumes I and II offer a comprehensive discussion that together will serve as an important resource for practitioners, professionals, and students alike.

Applied Atomic Collision Physics

Atmospheric Physics and Chemistry

Author: H.S.W. Massey

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0323148093

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 498

View: 9713

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Applied Atomic Collision Physics, Volume 1: Atmospheric Physics and Chemistry focuses on the applications of atomic collision physics in atmospheric physics and chemistry. The emphasis is on the physics of the upper atmospheres of the earth and planets as well as astrophysics, including solar physics, the physics of planetary nebulae, and reactions in interstellar space. Comprised of 12 chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the structure of the earth's atmosphere and its environment in interplanetary space, along with the structure of the terrestrial atmosphere at middle latitudes. The discussion then turns to the photochemistry of the midlatitude ionosphere; the thermal balance in the thermosphere at middle latitudes; atomic collisions in the lower ionosphere at midlatitudes; and airglow and auroras. Subsequent chapters explore the high latitude ionosphere, the exosphere, and the magnetosphere; the ionospheres of the planets and other bodies of the solar system; atmospheric processes involved in the stratospheric ozone problem; and solar physics. The final two chapters are concerned with applications to the physics of planetary nebulae and interstellar space. This book will be of interest to physicists and chemists.

The Physics of the Stratosphere

Author: R. M. Goody

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107696062

Category: Science

Page: 198

View: 1951

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Originally published in 1958, this book was intended to give physicists an introduction to an aspect of atmospheric physics.

Thermodynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans

Author: Judith A. Curry,Peter J. Webster

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780121995706

Category: Medical

Page: 471

View: 6688

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Thermodynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans presents the first systematic and unifying approach to the thermodynamics of the atmosphere and the ocean and establishes the interrelationship between these subjects. This simultaneous examination of the thermodynamics of the atmosphere and the ocean enriches our understanding of both, and is essential in many issues such as forecasting severe weather and understanding climate variability. Thermodynamics in Atmospheres and Oceans will serve as a text for introductory graduate and advanced undergraduate courses in atmospheric science and oceanography. The logical presentation of formulas, diagrams, and tables will prove valuable to researchers, practicing scientists and engineers working in the field.

Planetary Atmospheres

Author: F.W. Taylor

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0199547424

Category: Science

Page: 280

View: 4217

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This book covers the basic physics of planetary atmospheres, providing an overview, followed by detailed discussion of key topics arranged by physical phenomenon. The emphasis is on acquiring and interpreting measurements, and the basic physics of instruments and models, with key definitions and historical notes given in the footnotes and glossary.

Das Werden Der Welten

Author: Svante Arrhenius

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 3864446783

Category:

Page: 220

View: 9169

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Ein Werk des Nobelpreistr gers Svante Arrhenius, Nachdruck des Originals von 1908.

Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer of Planetary Atmospheres

Author: Kelly Chance,Randall V. Martin

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0191638218

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 4072

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Spectroscopy and radiative transfer are rapidly growing fields within atmospheric and planetary science with implications for weather, climate, biogeochemical cycles, air quality on Earth, as well as the physics and evolution of planetary atmospheres in our solar system and beyond. Remote sensing and modeling atmospheric composition of the Earth, of other planets in our solar system, or of planets orbiting other stars require detailed knowledge of how radiation and matter interact in planetary atmospheres. This includes knowledge of how stellar or thermal radiation propagates through atmospheres, how that propagation affects radiative forcing of climate, how atmospheric pollutants and greenhouse gases produce unique spectroscopic signatures, how the properties of atmospheres may be quantitatively measured, and how those measurements relate to physical properties. This book provides this fundamental knowledge to a depth that will leave a student with the background to become capable of performing quantitative research on atmospheres. The book is intended for graduate students or for advanced undergraduates. It spans across principles through applications, with sufficient background for students without prior experience in either spectroscopy or radiative transfer. Courses based on this book are intended to be accompanied by the development of increasing sophisticated atmospheric and spectroscopic modeling capability (ideally, the student develops a computer model for simulation of atmospheric spectra from microwave through ultraviolet).

Theory of Planetary Atmospheres

An Introduction to Their Physics and Chemistry

Author: N.A

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780080963136

Category: Science

Page: 481

View: 2110

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Our subject is, of course, nothing more than applied physics and chemistry. But in addition to those basic sciences the student of planetary atmospheres needs an overview of atmospheric structure and physical processes as presently understood. This book is intended to help fill that need for both graduate students and research scientists. Although the approach is mainly theoretical, very little basic physics is developed here. Material that is standard fare in third- and fourth-year physics courses is simply absorbed where needed.

Global Warming

The Complete Briefing

Author: John Houghton

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521882567

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 438

View: 1450

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John Houghton explores the scientific basis of global warming and the likely impacts of climate change on human society, then addresses the question of what action might be taken by governments, industry, and by individuals to mitigate the effects.

Physics of the Solar System

Dynamics and Evolution, Space Physics, and Spacetime Structure

Author: B. Bertotti,Paolo Farinella,David Vokrouhlický

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402014284

Category: Medical

Page: 701

View: 6154

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This volume covers most areas in the physics of the solar system, with special emphasis on gravitational dynamics; its gist is the rational, in particular mathematical, understanding of the main processes at work. Special stress is given to the variety of objects in the planetary system and their long-term evolution. The unique character of this book is its breadth and depth, which aims at bringing the reader to the threshold of original research; however, special chapters and introductory sections are included for the benefit of the beginner. The volume is generally suitable for post-graduate students and researchers in physics, especially in the field related to the solar system. A large amount of figures and diagrams is included, often compiled with real data.

Physics of the Aurora and Airglow

International Geophysics Series

Author: Joseph W. Chamberlain

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483222535

Category: Science

Page: 722

View: 6382

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International Geophysics Series, Volume 2: Physics of the Aurora and Airglow explores certain physical aspects of aurora and airglow. This volume is composed of 13 chapters and begins with surveys of the theory and spectroscopic and photometric analyses of radiation from the upper atmosphere. The subsequent chapters treat the geographic distribution of aurora and its physical processes in the atmosphere. Other chapters examine the theory of hydrogen emission in aurora, resonance scattering by atmospheric sodium, the excitation of the oxygen red lines in the airglow, and an atlas of the auroral spectrum. A chapter focuses on the analysis of twilight observations for emission heights. The concluding chapters discuss the theory of day airglow, as well as the spectral photometry and excitation of the nightglow. This book is of value to geophysicists, theoreticians, and scientists of the allied fields of geophysics.