The Physics and Chemistry of the Interstellar Medium

Author: A. G. G. M. Tielens

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139445658

Category: Science

Page: N.A

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This work provides a comprehensive overview of our theoretical and observational understanding of the interstellar medium of galaxies. With emphasis on the microscopic physical and chemical processes in space, and their influence on the macroscopic structure of the interstellar medium of galaxies, the book includes developments in this area of molecular astrophysics. The various heating, cooling, and chemical processes relevant for the rarefied gas and submicron-sized dust grains that constitute the interstellar medium are discussed in detail. This provides a firm foundation for an in-depth understanding of the ionized, neutral atomic, and molecular phases of the interstellar medium. The physical and chemical properties of large polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon molecules and their role in the interstellar medium are highlighted, and the physics and chemistry of warm and dense photodissociation regions are discussed. This is an invaluable reference source for advanced undergraduate and graduate students, and research scientists.

Physics and Chemistry of the Interstellar Medium

Author: Sun Kwok

Publisher: University Science Books

ISBN: 9781891389467

Category: Science

Page: 569

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Sun Kwok explains the fundamental physics and chemistry required for understanding the interstellar medium. The textbook is interlaced with mathematical derivations that are clean, elegant and easily understandable by those with an undergraduate background in physics.

Physical Processes in the Interstellar Medium

Author: Lyman Spitzer, Jr.

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527617736

Category: Science

Page: 335

View: 9433

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Physical Processes in the Interstellar Medium discusses the nature of interstellar matter, with a strong emphasis on basic physical principles, and summarizes the present state of knowledge about the interstellar medium by providing the latest observational data. Physics and chemistry of the interstellar medium are treated, with frequent references to observational results. The overall equilibrium and dynamical state of the interstellar gas are described, with discussions of explosions produced by star birth and star death and the initial phases of cloud collapse leading to star formation.

The Interstellar Medium

Author: James Lequeux

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540266933

Category: Science

Page: 440

View: 9728

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Describing interstellar matter in our galaxy in all of its various forms, this book also considers the physical and chemical processes that are occurring within this matter. The first seven chapters present the various components making up the interstellar matter and detail the ways that we are able to study them. The following seven chapters are devoted to the physical, chemical and dynamical processes that control the behaviour of interstellar matter. These include the instabilities and cloud collapse processes that lead to the formation of stars. The last chapter summarizes the transformations that can occur between the different phases of the interstellar medium. Emphasizing methods over results, The Interstellar Medium is written for graduate students, for young astronomers, and also for any researchers who have developed an interest in the interstellar medium.

The Origin and Evolution of Planetary Nebulae

Author: Sun Kwok

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521039079

Category: Medical

Page: 260

View: 8985

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This authoritative volume provides a comprehensive review of the origin and evolution of planetary nebulae. It covers all the stages of their evolution, carefully synthesizes observations from across the spectrum, and clearly explains all the key physical processes at work. Particular emphasis is placed on observations from space, using the Hubble Space Telescope, the Infrared Space Observatory, and the ROSAT satellite. This book presents a thoroughly modern understanding of planetary nebulae, integrating developments in stellar physics with the dynamics of nebular evolution. It also describes exciting possibilities such as the use of planetary nebulae in determining the cosmic distance scale, the distribution of dark matter and the chemical evolution of galaxies. This book provides graduate students with an accessible introduction to planetary nebulae, and researchers with an authoritative reference. It can also be used as an advanced text on the physics of the interstellar medium.

Molecular Collisions in the Interstellar Medium

Author: David Flower

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 113946194X

Category: Science

Page: N.A

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In the interstellar medium - the space between the stars in galaxies - new stars are born from material that is replenished by the debris ejected by stars when they die. This book, first published in 2007, is a comprehensive manual for studying the collisional and radiative processes observed in the interstellar medium. This second edition has been thoroughly updated and extended to cover related topics in radiation theory. It considers the chemistry of the interstellar medium both at the present epoch and in the early Universe, and discusses the physics and chemistry of shock waves. The methods of calculation of the rates of collisional excitation of interstellar molecules and atoms are explained, emphasising the quantum mechanical method. This book will be ideal for researchers involved in the interstellar medium and star formation, and physical chemists specialising in collision theory or in the measurement of the rates of collision processes.

Physics of the Interstellar and Intergalactic Medium

Author: Bruce T. Draine

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400839087

Category: Science

Page: 560

View: 554

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This is a comprehensive and richly illustrated textbook on the astrophysics of the interstellar and intergalactic medium--the gas and dust, as well as the electromagnetic radiation, cosmic rays, and magnetic and gravitational fields, present between the stars in a galaxy and also between galaxies themselves. Topics include radiative processes across the electromagnetic spectrum; radiative transfer; ionization; heating and cooling; astrochemistry; interstellar dust; fluid dynamics, including ionization fronts and shock waves; cosmic rays; distribution and evolution of the interstellar medium; and star formation. While it is assumed that the reader has a background in undergraduate-level physics, including some prior exposure to atomic and molecular physics, statistical mechanics, and electromagnetism, the first six chapters of the book include a review of the basic physics that is used in later chapters. This graduate-level textbook includes references for further reading, and serves as an invaluable resource for working astrophysicists. Essential textbook on the physics of the interstellar and intergalactic medium Based on a course taught by the author for more than twenty years at Princeton University Covers radiative processes, fluid dynamics, cosmic rays, astrochemistry, interstellar dust, and more Discusses the physical state and distribution of the ionized, atomic, and molecular phases of the interstellar medium Reviews diagnostics using emission and absorption lines Features color illustrations and detailed reference materials in appendices Instructor's manual with problems and solutions (available only to teachers)

Physical Processes In The Interstellar Medium

Author: Lyman Spitzer

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 318

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Good,No Highlights,No Markup,all pages are intact, Slight Shelfwear,may have the corners slightly dented, may have slight color changes/slightly damaged spine.

Organic Matter in the Universe

Author: Sun Kwok

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527411194

Category: Science

Page: 277

View: 4233

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Authored by an experienced writer and a well-known researcher of stellar evolution, interstellar matter and spectroscopy, this unique treatise on the formation and observation of organic compounds in space includes a spectroscopy refresher, as well as links to geological findings and finishes with the outlook for future astronomical facilities and solar system exploration missions. A whole section on laboratory simulations includes the Miller-Urey experiment and the ultraviolet photolysis of ices.

The Physics of Interstellar Dust

Author: Endrik Krugel

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420033336

Category: Science

Page: 560

View: 6235

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Interstellar dust grains catalyse chemical reactions, absorb, scatter, polarise and re-radiate starlight and constitute the building blocks for the formation of planets. Understanding this interstellar component is therefore of primary importance in many areas of astronomy & astrophysics. For example, observers need to understand how dust effects light passing through molecular clouds. Astrophysicists wish to comprehend how dust enables the collapse of clouds or how it determines the spectral behaviour of protostars, star forming regions or whole galaxies. This book gives a thorough theoretical description of the fundamental physics of interstellar dust: its composition, morphology, size distribution, dynamics, optical and thermal properties, alignment, polarisation, scattering, radiation and spectral features. This encyclopedic book provides the basic physics towards understanding the solid matter in interstellar space. It includes all the necessary physics, including solid state physics, radiative transport, optical properties, thermodynamics, statistical mechanics and quantum mechanics. It then uses all of this basic physics in the specific case of dust grains in the interstellar medium. Interstellar dust clouds catalyze simple chemical reactions, absorbs, scatters, polarizes and re-radiates starlight and forms the building blocks for planet and stellar formation. Understanding this interstellar medium is then of primary importance in many areas of astronomy & astrophysics. For example observers need to understand how it effects light passing through dust and molecular clouds, astrophysicists need to comprehend the formation and structure of dust clouds and how it collapses to form stars and planets. Written in an accessible and descriptive manner, this will be essential supplementary reading for advanced undergraduate and graduate students taking courses on the interstellar medium and active researchers in need of a single source of well illustrated and detailed information.

The Molecular Astrophysics of Stars and Galaxies

Author: T. W. Hartquist,David Arnold Williams,David A. Williams

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198501589

Category: Science

Page: 539

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This book provides a comprehensive survey of modern molecular astrophysics. It includes an introduction to molecular spectroscopy and then addresses the main areas of current molecular astrophysics, including galaxy formation, star forming regions, mass loss from young as well as highly evolved stars and supernovae, starburst galaxies plus the tori and discs near the central engines of active galactic nuclei. All chapters have been written by invited authors who are acknowledged experts in their fields. The thorough editorial process has ensured a uniformly high standard of exposition and a coherent style. The book is unique in giving a detailed view of its wide-ranging subject. It will provide the standard introduction for research students in molecular astrophysics. The book will be read by research astronomers and astrophysicists who wish to broaden the basis of their knowledge or are moving their activities into this burgeoning field. It will enable chemists to learn the astrophysics most related to chemistry as well as instruct physicists about the molecular processes most important in astronomy.

Chemistry in Space

From Interstellar Matter to the Origin of Life

Author: Dieter Rehder

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527632387

Category: Science

Page: 302

View: 3891

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The dynamic field of extraterrestrial chemistry brings together ideas of chemistr, astrophysics, and biology to the study of molecules between stars, around stars, and on plantes. This book serves as an introduction to chemial processes under ?unearthly? and hence usually extreme conditions (temperature, pressure, high or low density, bombardment by cosmic rays), and their impact on the early development of our solar system, as well as providing a deeper understanding of processes in earthly regions where conditions approach those of extraterrestrial areas. A unique and extraordinary perspective written with chemists in mind. An excellent practical book for inorganic, and physical chemists, spectroscopists, astronomers, and libraries. From the contents: * Introduction and technical notes * Origin and development of the universe * Stars * The interstellar medium * The solar system * Exoplanets * The origin of life

The Physics of the Interstellar Medium, Second Edition

Author: J.E Dyson,D.A Williams

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780585368115

Category: Science

Page: 165

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The book leads the advanced undergraduate through the wide range of disciplines related to an understanding of the interstellar medium and is suitable for any student studying either physics or astrophysics. The study of the interstellar medium incorporates a large range of physical More...processes on both large and small scales all of which are covered in this text. Together with the inclusion of simple models and problems at the end of each chapter this text provides a comprehensive overview and grounding in the study of the interstellar medium.

ISO Science Legacy

A Compact Review of ISO Major Achievements

Author: Catherine Cesarsky,Alberto Salama

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402038445

Category: Science

Page: 446

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This book recounts results obtained via the Infrared Space Observatory (ISO) on comets, in the close environment of pre-main sequence stars, in the interstellar medium, and in the final stages of stellar life, using molecular hydrogen, ubiquitous crystalline silicates, water and ices. ISO has enabled investigation of the fuelling mechanism of galaxies, and new understanding of luminous infrared galaxies and their role in shaping present galaxies and in producing the cosmic infrared background.

The Milky Way

An Insider's Guide

Author: William Howard Waller

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691122245

Category: Science

Page: 316

View: 2005

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Explores the Milky Way's structure, genesis, and evolution based on astronomical findings, and acquaints readers with the galaxy's key components and the history of changing galactic perceptions.

Dust and Chemistry in Astronomy

Author: T.J Millar,D.A Williams

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780750302715

Category: Science

Page: 336

View: 1131

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Dust is widespread in the galaxy. To astronomers studying stars it may be just an irritating fog, but it is becoming widely recognized that cosmic dust plays an active role in astrochemistry. Without dust, the galaxy would have evolved differently, and planetary systems like ours would not have occurred. To explore and consolidate this active area of research, Dust and Chemistry in Astronomy covers the role of dust in the formation of molecules in the interstellar medium, with the exception of dust in the solar system. Each chapter provides thorough coverage of our understanding of interstellar dust, particularly its interaction with interstellar gas. Aimed at postgraduate researchers, the book also serves as a thorough review of this significant area of astrophysics for practicing astronomers and graduate students.

Molecules in Astrophysics: Probes and Processes

Author: International Astronomical Union. Symposium

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792345381

Category: Science

Page: 588

View: 9967

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Proceedings of the 178th Symposium of the International Astronomical Union held in Leiden, The Netherlands, July 1-5, 1996

Chemistry as a Diagnostic of Star Formation

Proceedings of the Conference Held in Waterloo, Canada, August 21-23, 2002

Author: National Research Council Canada

Publisher: NRC Research Press

ISBN: 9780660190891

Category: Cosmochemistry

Page: 479

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This publication contains presentations & poster papers of a conference that focussed on the many aspects of astrochemistry related to star formation. Topics covered include: the next generation of telescopes & detectors; studies of fundamental chemical processes both in the lab & in the field; an exploration of the connections between chemistry & physics in star-forming regions; the unique problems of high-mass star formation; the formation of hydrogen; deuterated molecules; molecular depletion; observations & modelling of embedded protostars; accretion disks & circumstellar disks; interstellar dust; and the chemistry, physical conditions, & structure of dark clouds. Includes indexes of subjects, authors, & astronomical objects.

The Dense Interstellar Medium in Galaxies

Proceedings of the 4th Cologne-Bonn-Zermatt-Symposium “The Dense Interstellar Medium in Galaxies”, Zermatt, 22–26 September, 2003

Author: Susanne Pfalzner,Carsten Kramer,Christian Straubmeier,Andreas Heithausen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540212546

Category: Science

Page: 667

View: 6040

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Science with the Atacama Large Millimeter Array:

A New Era for Astrophysics

Author: Rafael Bachiller,José Cernicharo Quintanilla

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402069352

Category: Science

Page: 335

View: 4692

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Currently under construction in Northern Chile, the Atacama Large Millimeter Array (ALMA) is the most ambitious astronomy facility under construction. This book describes the enormous capabilities of ALMA, the state of the project, and most notably the scientific prospects of such a unique facility. The book includes reviews and recent results on most hot topics of modern astronomy. It looks forward to the revolutionary results that are likely to be obtained with ALMA.