The Philosophy of Well-Being

An Introduction

Author: Guy Fletcher

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317594843

Category: Philosophy

Page: 178

View: 6657

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Well-being occupies a central role in ethics and political philosophy, including in major theories such as utilitarianism. It also extends far beyond philosophy: recent studies into the science and psychology of well-being have propelled the topic to centre stage, and governments spend millions on promoting it. We are encouraged to adopt modes of thinking and behaviour that support individual well-being or 'wellness'. What is well-being? Which theories of well-being are most plausible? In this rigorous and comprehensive introduction to the topic, Guy Fletcher unpacks and assesses these questions and many more, including: Are pleasure and pain the only things that affect well-being? Is desire-fulfilment the only thing that makes our lives go well? Can something be good for someone who does not desire it? Is well-being fundamentally connected to a distinctive human nature? Is happiness all that makes our lives go well? Is death necessarily bad for us? How is the well-being of a whole life related to well-being at particular times? Annotated further reading and study and comprehension questions follow each chapter, and a glossary of key terms is also included, making The Philosophy of Well-Being essential reading for students of ethics and political philosophy. This title is also suitable for those in related disciplines such as psychology, politics and sociology.

The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Well-Being

Author: Guy Fletcher

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317402642

Category: Philosophy

Page: 546

View: 3766

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The concept of well-being is one of the oldest and most important topics in philosophy and ethics, going back to ancient Greek philosophy. Following the boom in happiness studies in the last few years it has moved to centre stage, grabbing media headlines and the attention of scientists, psychologists and economists. Yet little is actually known about well-being and it is an idea that is often poorly articulated. The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Well-Being provides a comprehensive, outstanding guide and reference source to the key topics and debates in this exciting subject. Comprising over 40 chapters by a team of international contributors, the Handbook is divided into six parts: well-being in the history of philosophy current theories of well-being, including hedonism and perfectionism examples of well-being and its opposites, including friendship and virtue and pain and death theoretical issues, such as well-being and value, harm, identity and well-being and children well-being in moral and political philosophy well-being and related subjects, including law, economics and medicine. Essential reading for students and researchers in ethics and political philosophy, it is also an invaluable resource for those in related disciplines such as psychology, politics and sociology.

A Philosophy for the Science of Well-Being

Author: Anna Alexandrova

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199300518

Category: Philosophy

Page: 240

View: 4647

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Well-being, happiness and quality of life are now established objects of social and medical research. Does this science produce knowledge that is properly about well-being? What sort of well-being? The definition and measurement of these objects rest on assumptions that are partly normative, partly empirical and partly pragmatic, producing a great diversity of definitions depending on the project and the discipline. This book, written from the perspective of philosophy of science, formulates principles for the responsible production and interpretation of this diverse knowledge. Traditionally, philosophers' goal has been a single concept of well-being and a single theory about what it consists in. But for science this goal is both unlikely and unnecessary. Instead the promise and authority of the science depends on it focusing on the well-being of specific kinds of people in specific contexts. Skeptical arguments notwithstanding, this contexual well-being can be measured in a valid and credible way - but only if scientists broaden their methods to make room for normative considerations and address publicly and inclusively the value-based conflicts that inevitably arise when a measure of well-being is adopted. The science of well-being can be normative, empirical and objective all at once, provided that we line up values to science and science to values.

The Good Life

Unifying the Philosophy and Psychology of Well-being

Author: Michael A. Bishop

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199923116

Category: Philosophy

Page: 235

View: 6612

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Philosophers defend theories of what well-being is but ignore what psychologists have learned about it. And psychologists learn about well-being but lack a theory of what it is. In 'The Good Life: Unifying the Philosophy and Psychology of Well-Being', Michael A. Bishop marries these complementary investigations, and the result is a powerful, new framework for understanding well-being and the good life.

Education, Philosophy and Well-being

New perspectives on the work of John White

Author: Judith Suissa,Carrie Winstanley,Roger Marples

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131769466X

Category: Education

Page: 186

View: 4911

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John White is one of the leading philosophers of education currently working in the Anglophone world. Since first joining the London Institute of Education in 1965, he has made significant contributions to the landscape of the discipline through his teaching, research and numerous publications. His academic work encompasses a broad range of rich philosophical issues, ranging from questions surrounding the child’s mind, through the moral and pedagogical obligations of teachers and schools, to local and national questions of educational policy. In this volume, international contributors address key issues in the philosophy of education, touching on significant contemporary concerns and demonstrating the breadth and influence of John White’s work. Each chapter critically examines, builds on, and pays tribute to John White’s unique contribution, considering how his work has impacted on the discipline of education as we know it today. Topics covered include: policy and the role of philosophy of education liberal education the aims of education moral education leadership. Education, Philosophy and Wellbeing will appeal to postgraduate students and academics in the fields of history, policy, education studies, and philosophy, as well as to policy-makers, educational administrators and teachers.

Teaching Happiness and Well-Being in Schools, Second edition

Learning To Ride Elephants

Author: Ian Morris

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1472917324

Category: Education

Page: 240

View: 1919

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This updated edition is a theoretical and practical guide to implementing a well-being programme in your school. The book covers three areas: well-being as a philosophy of education, the teaching approach to well-being and the content that might form a well-being programme in a school. It is also a manifesto for a meaningful aim to education. There has recently been an explosion of interest in positive psychology and the teaching of well-being and 'happiness' in the PSHE world in schools and many teachers are looking for clear information on how to implement these potentially life-changing ideas in the classroom. This book provides an introduction to the theory of positive psychology and a practical guide on how to implement the theory in (primarily secondary) schools. It is written by Ian Morris who worked under Anthony Seldon at Wellington College which is well-known for its well-being and happiness curriculum.

What Is Good and Why

The Ethics of Well-Being

Author: Richard Kraut

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674027086

Category: Philosophy

Page: 304

View: 9119

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What is good, how do we know, and how important is it? In this book, one of our most respected analytical philosophers reorients these questions around the notion of what causes human beings to flourish. Observing that we can sensibly address what is good for plants and animals no less than what is good for people, Kraut applies a general principle to the entire living world: what is good for complex organisms consists in the exercise of their natural powers.

Mediale Medizin

Der wahre Ursprung von Krankheit und Heilung

Author: Anthony William

Publisher: Arkana

ISBN: 3641183901

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 464

View: 9413

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Seit seiner Kindheit besitzt Anthony William eine einzigartige Gabe: Ein göttlicher Geist flüstert ihm äußerst präzise Informationen zum Gesundheitszustand seiner Mitmenschen ins Ohr. Diese medialen Botschaften zeigen nicht nur, an welcher Krankheit der Betroffene leidet, sondern auch, wie er wieder vollständig gesund wird – und sind dem heutigen Stand der Medizin oft um Lichtjahre voraus. Dieses Buch enthält erstmals das revolutionäre Heilwissen, das sich Anthony William in seiner langjährigen, erfolgreichen Praxis als medizinisches Medium erwarb. Es zeigt die wahren Ursachen von Krankheiten, die in der Medizinwissenschaft als chronisch oder unheilbar gelten, wie beispielsweise Rheumatoide Arthritis, Multiple Sklerose, Typ-2-Diabetes, hormonelle Erkrankungen, chronisches Müdigkeitssyndrom oder Borreliose. Neben der Ursache benennt William einfache, leicht gangbare Wege der Heilung: Detox, Superfoods, Ernährungstipps und eine reinigende 28-tägige Heilkur.

Thinking Machines and the Philosophy of Computer Science

Concepts and Principles

Author: Jordi Vallverdú

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1616920149

Category: Computers

Page: 435

View: 5927

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"This book offers a high interdisciplinary exchange of ideas pertaining to the philosophy of computer science, from philosophical and mathematical logic to epistemology, engineering, ethics or neuroscience experts and outlines new problems that arise with new tools"--Provided by publisher.

Well-Being

Author: Ben Bradley

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1509500901

Category: Philosophy

Page: 136

View: 8893

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The concept of well-being plays a central role in moral and political theory. Policies and actions are justified or criticized on the grounds that they make people better or worse off. But is there really such a thing as well-being, and if so, what is it? Is it pleasure, desire-satisfaction, knowledge, virtue, achievement, some combination of these, or something else entirely? How can we measure well-being, amongst individuals and society? And how can we use it to make moral judgements about people, policies and institutions? In this entertaining and accessible new book, Ben Bradley guides readers through the various philosophical theories of well-being, such as hedonism, perfectionism and pluralism, showing the benefits and drawbacks of each theory. He explores the role of well-being in moral and political theory, and the limitations of welfare-based approaches to ethics such as utilitarianism and welfare egalitarianism. Finally, he introduces puzzles about well-being that arise in moral and prudential deliberations about procreation and death. Well-Being is an ideal introduction to these topics for those with no philosophical background, or for philosophers looking for an overview of current thinking about the subject.

Einleitung in Die Philosophie

Author: Wilhelm Jerusalem

Publisher: Wentworth Press

ISBN: 9781385995457

Category: History

Page: 418

View: 6024

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This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps (as most of these works have been housed in our most important libraries around the world), and other notations in the work. This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work. As a reproduction of a historical artifact, this work may contain missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public. We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant.

Der tägliche Stoiker

366 nachdenkliche Betrachtungen über Weisheit, Beharrlichkeit und Lebensstil

Author: Ryan Holiday,Stephen Hanselman

Publisher: FinanzBuch Verlag

ISBN: 3960920717

Category: Self-Help

Page: 432

View: 4045

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Wie findet man das wahre Glück? Wie lässt sich Erfolg wirklich bemessen? Und wie geht man mit den Herausforderungen des Alltags wie Wut, Trauer und der Frage nach dem Sinn des Ganzen um? Was große Geister wie George Washington, Friedrich der Große, Weltklassesportler oder Top-Performer längst für sich entdeckt haben, liegt mit "Der tägliche Stoiker" erstmals gesammelt vor. New York Times-Bestsellerautor Ryan Holiday und Stephen Hanselman haben das Wissen der Stoiker in 366 zeitlose Lektionen verpackt und zeigen, dass die Philosophie des Stoizismus nicht nur zeitlos, sondern gerade für unsere hektische und unsichere Zeit ein Segen ist. Weisheit, Mut, Gerechtigkeitssinn und Selbstbeherrschung sowie Gelassenheit lassen sich erlernen und helfen uns, in der zunehmenden Komplexität unserer Welt zu bestehen. Die uralten Weisheiten der Stoiker, gesammelt und kommentiert, unterstützen bei diesen alltäglichen Herausforderungen.

Feeling Good

The Science of Well-Being

Author: C. Robert Cloninger

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0195051378

Category: Medical

Page: 374

View: 6069

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All human beings have spontaneous needs for happiness, self-understanding, and love. In Feeling Good: The Science of Well Being, psychiatrist Robert Cloninger describes a way to coherent living that satisfies these strong basic needs through growth in the uniquely human gift of self-awareness. The scientific findings that led Dr. Cloninger to expand his own views in a stepwise manner during 30 years of research and clinical experience are clearly presented so that readers can consider the validity of his viewpoint for themselves. The principles of well-being are based on a non-reductive scientific paradigm that integrates findings from all the biomedical and psychosocial sciences. Reliable methods are described for measuring human thought and social relationships at each step along the path of self-aware consciousness. Practical mental exercises for stimulating the growth of self-awareness are also provided. The methods are supported by data from brain imaging, genetics of personality, and longitudinal biopsychosocial studies.Feeling Good: The Science of Well-Being will be of value to anyone involved in the sciences of the mind or the treatment of mental disorders. It will also interest theologians, philosophers, social scientists, and lay readers because it provides contemporary scientific concepts and language for addressing the perennial human questions about being, knowledge, and conduct.

Philosophy of Social Science

A New Introduction

Author: Nancy Cartwright,Eleonora Montuschi

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191030082

Category: Philosophy

Page: 320

View: 5765

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This is a much-needed new introduction to a field that has been transformed in recent years by exciting new subjects, ideas, and methods. It is designed both for students with central interests in philosophy and those planning to concentrate on the social sciences, and it presupposes no particular background in either domain. From the wide range of topics at the forefront of debate in philosophy of social science, the editors have chosen those which are representative of the most important and interesting contemporary work. A team of distinguished experts explore key aspects of the field such as social ontology (what are the things that social science studies?), objectivity, formal methods, measurement, and causal inference. Also included are chapters focused on notable subjects of social science research, such as well-being and climate change. Philosophy of Social Science provides a clear, accessible, and up-to-date guide to this fascinating field.

Handbüchlein der Moral

Author: Epiktet

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 394592443X

Category: Education

Page: 80

View: 3231

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Das "Handbüchlein" ist das bekannteste und einflussreichste Kompendium der praktischen Lebensweisheit des berühmten Philosophen Epiktet. Zusammengestellt und herausgegeben von seinem bedeutendsten Schüler, dem römischen Historiker und Staatsmann Arrianus, dient es seit zwei Jahrtausenden allen nach Weisheit und Persönlichkeitsbildung Strebenden als treues Vademecum. Ohne den Leser mit theoretischem Ballast zu ermüden, vermittelt es die lebensethischen Maximen und im besten Sinne des Wortes humanen Lehren Epiktets unumständlich, einfach, kompakt. Das "Handbüchlein" zählt neben den Werken Senecas und den "Selbstbetrachtungen" Marc Aurels noch heute zu den populärsten Werken der antiken Lebensphilosophie.

The Pursuit of Unhappiness

The Elusive Psychology of Well-Being

Author: Daniel M. Haybron

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191562912

Category: Philosophy

Page: 376

View: 7113

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The pursuit of happiness is a defining theme of the modern era. But what if people aren't very good at it? This and related questions are explored in this book, the first comprehensive philosophical treatment of happiness in the contemporary psychological sense. In these pages, Dan Haybron argues that people are probably less effective at judging, and promoting, their own welfare than common belief has it. For the psychological dimensions of well-being, particularly our emotional lives, are far richer and more complex than we tend to realize. Knowing one's own interests is no trivial matter. As well, we tend to make a variety of systematic errors in the pursuit of happiness. We may need, then, to rethink traditional assumptions about human nature, the good life, and the good society. Thoroughly engaged with both philosophical and scientific work on happiness and well-being, this book will be a definitive resource for philosophers, social scientists, policy makers, and other students of human well-being.

Wellbeing: A Complete Reference Guide, Economics of Wellbeing

Author: David McDaid,Cary L. Cooper

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118716280

Category: Psychology

Page: 352

View: 1878

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Part of the six-volume Wellbeing: A Complete ReferenceGuide, this is a comprehensive look at the economics ofwellbeing with coverage of history, research, policy, andpractice. Examines the challenges inherent in studying and measuringwellbeing from an economic perspective Discusses strategies and interventions to improve wellbeingacross the lifespan and in different settings Addresses the potential economic benefits for governments andpolicymakers of actively investing in initiatives to improvewellbeing, from the workplace to the home to the naturalenvironment Emphasizes the need to strengthen the evidence base for theeconomics of wellbeing and improve methods for translating researchinto policy and practice