The Particle at the End of the Universe

How the Hunt for the Higgs Boson Leads Us to the Edge of a New World

Author: Sean M. Carroll

Publisher: Dutton Adult

ISBN: 0142180300

Category: Science

Page: 353

View: 6785

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Examines the effort to discover the Higgs boson particle by tracing the development and use of the Large Hadron Collider and how its findings are dramatically shaping scientific understandings while enabling world-changing innovations.

The Particle at the End of the Universe

Author: Sean Carroll

Publisher: Oneworld Publications

ISBN: 1780742339

Category: Science

Page: 352

View: 9992

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Winner of the 2013 Royal Society Winton Prize for Science Books It was the universe’s most elusive particle, the linchpin for everything scientists dreamed up to explain how physics works. It had to be found. But projects as big as CERN’s Large Hadron Collider don’t happen without incredible risks – and occasional skullduggery. In the definitive account of this landmark event, Caltech physicist and acclaimed science writer Sean Carroll reveals the insights, rivalry, and wonder that fuelled the Higgs discovery, and takes us on a riveting and irresistible ride to the very edge of physics today.

The God Particle

If the Universe is the Answer, what is the Question?

Author: Leon M. Lederman,Dick Teresi

Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt

ISBN: 9780618711680

Category: Science

Page: 434

View: 2659

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The world's foremost experimental physicist uses humor, metaphor, and storytelling to delve into the mysteries of matter, discussing the as-yet-to-be-discovered God particle.

Who Cares about Particle Physics?

Making Sense of the Higgs Boson, the Large Hadron Collider and CERN

Author: Pauline Gagnon

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0191085995

Category: Science

Page: 256

View: 6423

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CERN, the European Laboratory for particle physics, regularly makes the news. What kind of research happens at this international laboratory and how does it impact people's daily lives? Why is the discovery of the Higgs boson so important? Particle physics describes all matter found on Earth, in stars and all galaxies but it also tries to go beyond what is known to describe dark matter, a form of matter five times more prevalent than the known, regular matter. How do we know this mysterious dark matter exists and is there a chance it will be discovered soon? About sixty countries contributed to the construction of the gigantic Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN and its immense detectors. Dive in to discover how international teams of researchers work together to push scientific knowledge forward. Here is a book written for every person who wishes to learn a little more about particle physics, without requiring prior scientific knowledge. It starts from the basics to build a solid understanding of current research in particle physics. A good dose of curiosity is all one will need to discover a whole world that spans from the infinitesimally small and stretches to the infinitely large, and where imminent discoveries could mark the dawn of a huge revolution in the current conception of the material world.

Most Wanted Particle

The Inside Story of the Hunt for the Higgs, the Heart of the Future of Physics

Author: Jon Butterworth

Publisher: The Experiment

ISBN: 161519245X

Category: Science

Page: 287

View: 4202

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A leading member of the team at the Large Hadron Collider discusses his career in physics and his team's hunt for the elusive Higgs boson.

Higgs

The Invention and Discovery of the 'God Particle'

Author: Jim Baggott

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199679576

Category: Science

Page: 304

View: 8106

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Explains the science behind the discover of the Higgs particle, also known as the God particle, and its implications for the future of science. 20,000 first printing.

Massive

The Missing Particle That Sparked the Greatest Hunt in Science

Author: Ian Sample

Publisher: Basic Books

ISBN: 0465031692

Category: Science

Page: 272

View: 4359

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The biggest science story of our time, Massive spans four decades, weaving together the personal narratives and international rivalries behind the search for the “God" particle, or Higgs boson. A story of grand ambition, intense competition, clashing egos, and occasionally spectacular failures, Massive is the first book that reveals the science, culture, and politics behind the biggest unanswered question in modern physics—what gives things mass? Drawing upon his unprecedented access to Peter Higgs, after whom the particle is named, award-winning science writer Ian Sample chronicles the multinational and multibillion-dollar quest to solve the mystery of mass. For scientists, to find the God particle is to finally understand the origin of mass, and until now, the story of their search has never been told.

The Neutrino Hunters

Author: Ray Jayawardhana

Publisher: Oneworld Publications

ISBN: 1780743270

Category: Science

Page: 256

View: 337

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Before the Higgs boson, there was a maddening search for another particle – the ghostly neutrino. First detected in 1956, its fleeting appearances have teased answers to many mysteries: How did the Big Bang happen? Why is antimatter so rare? What might dark matter be made of? And could faster-than-light travel be possible, overturning Einstein’s theory of special relativity? But the quest for the neutrino also encompasses adventure, from Cold War defections and extra dimensions to mile-deep holes in the Antarctic ice and a troubled genius who disappeared without a trace. With The Neutrino Hunters, renowned astrophysicist Ray Jayawardhana delivers a thrilling detective story of revolutionary science.

Higgs Discovery: The Power of Empty Space

Author: Lisa Randall

Publisher: Harper Collins

ISBN: 0062245317

Category: Science

Page: 112

View: 9021

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On July 4, 2012, physicists at the Large Hadron Collider in Geneva madehistory when they discovered an entirely new type of subatomic particle that many scientists believe is the Higgs boson. For forty years, physicists searched for this capstone to the Standard Model of particle physics—the theory that describes both the most elementary components that are known in matter and the forces through which they interact. This particle points to the Higgs field, which provides the key to understanding why elementary particles have mass. In Higgs Discovery, Lisa Randall explains the science behind this monumental discovery, its exhilarating implications, and the power of empty space.

Particles and the Universe

From the Ionian School to the Higgs Boson and Beyond

Author: Stephan Narison

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814644714

Category: Science

Page: 392

View: 1648

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This book aims to present the history and developments of particle physics from the introduction of the notion of particles by the Ionian school until the discovery of the Higgs boson at LHC in 2012. Neutrino experiments and particle accelerators where different particles have been discovered are reviewed. In particular, details about the CERN accelerators are presented. This book also discusses the future developments of the field and the work to popularize high energy physics. A short presentation of some features of astrophysics and its connection to particle physics is also included. At the end of the book, some useful tools in the research of particle physics are given for the advanced readers. Contents:General IntroductionModern Theories of ForcesHiggs Boson Discovery and BeyondExperiments to Go Back in TimeA Brief Cosmos TourFundamental Researches and SocietyEpilogueAppendix: Useful Notes for Advanced Readers Readership: University students, researchers and general public interested in the history and developments of particle physics. Key Features:Accessible and useful to a large audience: from non-physicists to PhD students and researchers in high energy physics A wide spectrum of topics from a short introduction in astrophysics to the advanced researches in high energy physicsKeywords:History of Physics;Particle Physics;Particle Accelerators;Astrophysics “The book unifies presentation of broad philosophical ideas with precision of professional analysis. The possibility of such a synthesis is rooted in the personality of the author who, being a well known expert in elementary particles physics, is open to interpretation of its results within general cultural context.” Prof. Zakharov Valentin Ivanovich ITEP, Russia "This is a fascinating book which traces the history of particle physics from its beginning to the recent discovery of the Higgs boson. The book is accessible to any person with a secondary school knowledge of Physics and Mathematics, curious to know about the basic facts of Particle Physics and its relation to Cosmology. The book can be a good complement to students in Particle Physics interested in the way that the Standard Model developed historically." Professor Eduardo de Rafael Centre de Physique Theorique, France

Beyond the God Particle

Author: Leon M. Lederman,Christopher T. Hill

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 1616148012

Category: Science

Page: 325

View: 9050

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The physicist authors of Quantum Physics for Poets discuss the importance of the Higgs Boson in 2012 and the future of particle physics, explaining the forces and laws surrounding the "God Particle" and the ways the United States can recapture a leadership role in scientific advancement.

Discovery of the Higgs Boson

Author: Aleandro Nisati,Vivek Sharma

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 981442546X

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 6771

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The recent observation of the Higgs boson has been hailed as the scientific discovery of the century and led to the 2013 Nobel Prize in physics. This book describes the detailed science behind the decades-long search for this elusive particle at the Large Electron Positron Collider at CERN and at the Tevatron at Fermilab and its subsequent discovery and characterization at the Large Hadron Collider at CERN. Written by physicists who played leading roles in this epic search and discovery, this book is an authoritative and pedagogical exposition of the portrait of the Higgs boson that has emerged from a large number of experimental measurements. As the first of its kind, this book should be of interest to graduate students and researchers in particle physics.

Smashing Physics

Inside the World's Biggest Experiment

Author: Jon Butterworth

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781472210333

Category: Science

Page: 352

View: 3641

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The discovery of the Higgs boson made headlines around the world. Two scientists, Peter Higgs and Fran�ois Englert, whose theories predicted its existence, shared a Nobel Prize. The discovery was the culmination of the largest experiment ever run, the ATLAS and CMS experiments at CERN's Large Hadron Collider. But what really is a Higgs boson and what does it do? How was it found? And how has its discovery changed our understanding of the fundamental laws of nature? And what did it feel like to be part of it? Jon Butterworth is one of the leading physicists at CERN and this book is the first popular inside account of the hunt for the Higgs. It is a story of incredible scientific collaboration, inspiring technological innovation and ground-breaking science. It is also the story of what happens when the world's most expensive experiment blows up, of neutrinos that may or may not travel faster than light, and the reality of life in an underground bunker in Switzerland. This book will also leave you with a working knowledge of the new physics and what the discovery of the Higgs particle means for how we define the laws of nature. It will take you to the cutting edge of modern scientific thinking.

The Higgs Boson and Beyond

Author: Sean Michael Carroll,David T. Kung

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781598039207

Category: DVD-Video discs

Page: 259

View: 9228

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"Understanding the connections between music and mathematics helps you appreciate both, even if you have no special ability in either field--from knowing the mathematics behind tuning an instrument to understanding the features that define your favorite pieces. By exploring the mathematics of music, you also learn why non-Western music sounds so different, gain insight into the technology of modern sound reproduction, and start to hear the world around you in exciting new ways"--Site Web de l'éditeur.

The Infinity Puzzle

The Personalities, Politics, and Extraordinary Science Behind the Higgs Boson

Author: Frank Close

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199673306

Category: Science

Page: 413

View: 7240

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Forty years ago, three physicists - Peter Higgs, Gerard 't Hooft, and James Bjorken - made the spectacular breakthroughs that led to the world's largest experiment, CERN's Large Hadron Collider. Against a backdrop of high politics and billion dollar budgets, this is the story of their work, the quest for the Higgs boson, and its eventual discovery.

The Large Hadron Collider

The Extraordinary Story of the Higgs Boson and Other Stuff That Will Blow Your Mind

Author: Don Lincoln

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 1421413515

Category: SCIENCE

Page: 240

View: 7179

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Details the history of the Large Hadron Collider and the scientific breakthroughs it helped to discover, including the Higgs boson.

The Big Picture

Author: Sean Carroll

Publisher: Oneworld Publications

ISBN: 1780746075

Category: Science

Page: 464

View: 7553

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Where are we? Who are we? Do our beliefs, hopes and dreams mean anything out there in the void? Can human purpose and meaning ever fit into a scientific worldview? Acclaimed award-winning author Sean Carroll brings his extraordinary intellect to bear on the realms of knowledge, the laws of nature and the most profound questions about life, death and our place in it all. In a dazzlingly unique presentation, Carroll takes us through the scientific revolution’s avalanche of discoveries, from Darwin and Einstein to the origins of life, consciousness and the universe itself. Delving into the way the world works at the quantum, cosmic and human levels, he reveals how human values relate to scientific reality. An extraordinary synthesis of cosmos-sprawling science and profound thought, The Big Picture is Carroll’s quest to explain our world. Destined to sit alongside the works of our greatest thinkers, from Stephen Hawking and Carl Sagan to Daniel Dennett and E. O. Wilson, this book shows that while our lives may be forever dwarfed by the immensity of the universe, they can be redeemed by our capacity to comprehend it and give it meaning.

Dark Matter and the Dinosaurs

The Astounding Interconnectedness of the Universe

Author: Lisa Randall

Publisher: HarperCollins

ISBN: 0062328514

Category: Science

Page: 432

View: 5761

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In this brilliant exploration of our cosmic environment, the renowned particle physicist and New York Times bestselling author of Warped Passages and Knocking on Heaven’s Door uses her research into dark matter to illuminate the startling connections between the furthest reaches of space and life here on Earth. Sixty-six million years ago, an object the size of a city descended from space to crash into Earth, creating a devastating cataclysm that killed off the dinosaurs, along with three-quarters of the other species on the planet. What was its origin? In Dark Matter and the Dinosaurs, Lisa Randall proposes it was a comet that was dislodged from its orbit as the Solar System passed through a disk of dark matter embedded in the Milky Way. In a sense, it might have been dark matter that killed the dinosaurs. Working through the background and consequences of this proposal, Randall shares with us the latest findings—established and speculative—regarding the nature and role of dark matter and the origin of the Universe, our galaxy, our Solar System, and life, along with the process by which scientists explore new concepts. In Dark Matter and the Dinosaurs, Randall tells a breathtaking story that weaves together the cosmos’ history and our own, illuminating the deep relationships that are critical to our world and the astonishing beauty inherent in the most familiar things.

Cracking the Particle Code of the Universe

Author: John W. Moffat

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199915539

Category: Science

Page: 224

View: 2343

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Among the current books that celebrate the discovery of the Higgs boson, Cracking the Particle Code of the Universe is a rare objective treatment of the subject. The book is an insider's behind-the-scenes look at the arcane, fascinating world of theoretical and experimental particle physics leading up to the recent discovery of a new boson. If the new boson is indeed the Higgs particle, its discovery represents an important milestone in the history of particle physics. However, despite the pressure to award Nobel Prizes to physicists associated with the Higgs boson, John Moffat argues that there still remain important data analyses to be performed before uncorking the champagne. John Moffat is Professor Emeritus of Physics at the University of Toronto and a senior researcher at the Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics. Well-known for his outside-the-box research on topics such as dark matter, dark energy, and the varying speed of light cosmology (VSL), his new book takes a critical look at the hype surrounding the Higgs boson. In the process, he presents a cogent and often entertaining history of particle physics and an exploration of alternative theories of particle physics that do not feature the Higgs boson, including his own. He gives a detailed and personal description of how theoretical physicists come up with new theories, and emphasizes how carefully experimental physicists must interpret the complex data now coming out of accelerators like the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). The book does not shy away from controversial topics such as the sociology of particle physics. There is immense pressure on projects like the $9 billion LHC to come up with positive results in order to secure funding for the future. Yet to date, the Higgs boson may be the only positive result to emerge from the LHC experiments. The searches for dark matter particles, mini-black holes, extra dimensions, and supersymmetric particles have all come up empty-handed, with serious consequences for theoretical physics, including string theory and gravity theory. John Moffat is also the author of Reinventing Gravity (2008) and Einstein Wrote Back (2010).

The Forgotten Cure

The Past and Future of Phage Therapy

Author: Anna Kuchment

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461402506

Category: Medical

Page: 131

View: 5596

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Traces the story of bacteriophages from Paris, where they were discovered in 1917, through breakthroughs stemming from phage research, to today's resurgent research, spearheaded by biotech startups and physicians.