The Oxford Handbook of International Law in Armed Conflict

Author: Andrew Clapham,Paola Gaeta

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199559694

Category: History

Page: 909

View: 9297

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Written by a team of distinguished and internationally renowned experts, this Oxford Handbook gives an analytical overview of international law as it applies in armed conflicts. The Handbook draws on international humanitarian law, human rights law, and the law of neutrality to provide a comprehensive picture of the status of law in war.

The Oxford Handbook of the Use of Force in International Law

Author: Marc Weller,Jake William Rylatt,Alexia Solomou

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199673047

Category: Law

Page: 1280

View: 9058

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This Oxford Handbook provides an authoritative and comprehensive analysis of one of the most controversial areas of international law. Over seventy contributors assess the current state of the international law prohibiting the use of force, assessing its development and analysing the many recent controversies that have arisen in this field.

The Oxford Handbook of Gender and Conflict

Author: Fionnuala Ní Aoláin,Naomi Cahn,Nahla Valji,Dina Francesca Haynes

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199300984

Category: Political Science

Page: 672

View: 4653

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Traditionally, much of the work studying war and conflict has focused on men. Men commonly appear as soldiers, commanders, casualties, and civilians. Women, by contrast, are invisible as combatants, and, when seen, are typically pictured as victims. The field of war and conflict studies is changing: more recently, scholars of war and conflict have paid increasing notice to men as a gendered category and given sizeable attention to women's multiple roles in conflict and post-conflict settings. The Oxford Handbook of Gender and Conflict focuses on the multidimensionality of gender in conflict, yet it also prioritizes the experience of women, given both the changing nature of war and the historical de-emphasis on women's experiences. Today's wars are not staged encounters involving formal armies, but societal wars that operate at all levels, from house to village to city. Women are necessarily involved at each level. Operating from this basic intellectual foundation, the editors have arranged the volume into seven core sections: the theoretical foundations of the role of gender in violent conflicts; the sources for studying contemporary conflict; the conflicts themselves; the post-conflict process; institutions and actors; the challenges presented by the evolving nature of war; and, finally, a substantial set of case studies from across the globe. Genuinely comprehensive, this Handbook will not only serve as an authoritative overview of this massive topic, it will set the research agenda for years to come.

"Crimes against Humanity"

Eine Ideengeschichte der Zivilisierung von Kriegsgewalt 1864–1945

Author: Kerstin von Lingen

Publisher: Verlag Ferdinand Schöningh

ISBN: 3657787755

Category: History

Page: 386

View: 8124

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Transnationale Debatten unter Juristen haben das humanitäre Völkerrecht entscheidend geformt. Die Zivilisierung von Kriegsgewalt stand seit der Mitte des 19. Jahrhunderts im Zentrum und gipfelte im Konzept von "Crimes against Humanity", das im Internationalen Militärtribunal von Nürnberg erstmals zum Tatbestand erhoben wurde. Kerstin von Lingen zeichnet diesen Weg nach – von den frühen völkerrechtlichen Debatten unter Juristen über die Haager Friedenskonferenzen und die Verhandlungen von Versailles nach dem Ende des Ersten Weltkriegs. Angesichts immer höherer Opferzahlen und ansteigender Massengewalt gegen Zivilisten wirkte der Zweite Weltkrieg wie ein Katalysator: Das Konzept "Crimes against Humanity" wurde in London in Gremien geschärft, deren Akten für dieses Buch erstmals ausgewertet wurden. "Crimes against Humanity" wurde nach 1945 neben dem Genozid-Vorwurf zum wichtigsten juristischen Werkzeug unserer Zeit, um Massengewalt gegen Zivilisten zu ahnden.

The Handbook of Humanitarian Law in Armed Conflicts

Author: Dieter Fleck,Michael Bothe

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780198298670

Category: Law

Page: 589

View: 1629

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This book offers the most authoritative commentary and analysis of international humanitarian law applicable in armed conflict available. It is based upon the Joint Service Regulation for the German Ministry of Defence, augmented with extensive international references, and accompanied bycommentary by a team of distinguished and internationally renowned experts. Whilst the past decades have seen consistent development of international law applicable in armed conflict, culminating in a series of International Covenants and Protocols, world events in recent years have made reassessment of the law both a timely and topical concern. This Handbook available for the first time in paperback will serve as an indispensable reference source for practising lawyers and academics working in the field of international humanitarian law and for military personnel worldwide.

The Handbook of International Humanitarian Law

Author: Dieter Fleck,Michael Bothe

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199658803

Category: History

Page: 714

View: 8923

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This handbook offers the most up-to-date authoritative commentary and analysis of international humanitarian law applicable in international and non-international armed conflicts. Renowned international lawyers offer insight in the relevant principles and provisions. They also address important rules for post-conflict situations and peace operations, issues of human rights in military operations and problems of application of the law in campaigns against terroristattacks. Controversial opinions and judgments of national and international courts are addressed in a practice-oriented manner. Based on best-practice rules of global importance, this standard bookelaborates extensively on efforts to ensure compliance and enforcement.

The Oxford Handbook of War

Author: Julian Lindley-French,Yves Boyer

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199562938

Category: Political Science

Page: 709

View: 8034

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Covering all aspects of war in the modern era The Oxford Handbook of War will be the definitive study in this area for years to come.

The Oxford Handbook of the Responsibility to Protect

Author: Tim Dunne

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198753845

Category:

Page: 1120

View: 7003

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The Responsibility to Protect (R2P) is intended to provide an effective framework for responding to crimes of genocide, ethnic cleansing, war crimes, and crimes against humanity. It is a response to the many conscious-shocking cases where atrocities - on the worst scale - have occurred even during the post 1945 period when the United Nations was built to save us all from the scourge of genocide. The R2P concept accords to sovereign states and international institutions a responsibility to assist peoples who are at risk - or experiencing - the worst atrocities. R2P maintains that collective action should be taken by members of the United Nations to prevent or halt such gross violations of basic human rights. This Handbook, containing contributions from leading theorists, and practitioners (including former foreign ministers and special advisors), examines the progress that has been made in the last 10 years; it also looks forward to likely developments in the next decade.

The Oxford Handbook of United Nations Peacekeeping Operations

Author: Joachim Koops,Joachim Alexander Koops,Norrie MacQueen,Paul D. Williams,Thierry Tardy

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199686041

Category: Political Science

Page: 908

View: 3490

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The Oxford Handbook of United Nations Peacekeeping Operations offers for the first time a comprehensive overview and assessment of all 67 United Nations peacekeeping operations conducted between 1948 and 2013. Written by leading scholars and senior practitioners the handbook presents a chapter-by-chapter chronological analysis of the historical background, major development and overall effectiveness of each UN peacekeeping operation. In addition, the handbook includes a collection of thematic chapters that examine key issues such as 'major trends of peace operations', 'the link between peacekeeping, humanitarian interventions and the responsibility to protect', 'peacekeeping and international law', 'the UN's inter-organizational partnerships' and 'how to evaluate success or failure'. This handbook brings together leading scholars and senior practitioners in order to provide a comprehensive assessment of the successes, failures and lessons learned of UN peacekeeping since 1948. This is a unique reference book for scholars and practitioners working in the field of international relations, international security, peacekeeping and global governance.

Zoopolis

Eine politische Theorie der Tierrechte

Author: Sue Donaldson,Will Kymlicka

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518734326

Category: Nature

Page: 608

View: 2388

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Massentierhaltung, Fleischskandale, Tierversuche – unser Umgang mit Tieren ist längst kein Nischenthema mehr, für das sich lediglich Aktivisten oder Ethiker interessieren, sondern steht im Fokus breiter öffentlicher Debatten. Allerdings konzentrieren sich die Diskussionen zumeist auf Fragen der Moral, darauf, welche moralischen Rechte und Interessen wir Tieren aufgrund ihrer Eigenschaften und Fähigkeiten – zum Beispiel Schmerzen zu empfinden – zuschreiben müssen und welche moralischen Pflichten sich daraus für uns ergeben. Sue Donaldson und Will Kymlicka gehen weit darüber hinaus und behaupten, dass Tiere auch politische Rechte haben. Im Rückgriff auf avancierte Theorien der Staatsbürgerschaft argumentieren sie dafür, ihnen neben unverletzlichen Grundrechten einen je gruppenspezifischen politischen Status zuzusprechen. Das heißt konkret: Bürgerrechte für domestizierte Tiere, Souveränität für Gemeinschaften von Wildtieren sowie ein »Stammgastrecht« für jene, die zwar nicht domestiziert sind, aber in unmittelbarer Nachbarschaft zu uns leben. »Zoopolis« macht auf so kluge wie eindringliche Weise ernst mit der Tatsache, dass wir mit den Tieren untrennbar verbunden sind. Elegant und keineswegs nur für Spezialisten geschrieben, entwirft es eine neue, folgenreiche Agenda für das künftige Zusammenleben mit diesen Geschöpfen, denen wir mehr schulden als unser Mitleid. Das Tier, so sagt dieses Buch, ist ein genuin politisches Wesen. Wir schulden ihm auch Gerechtigkeit.

The Oxford Handbook of Governance and Limited Statehood

Author: Thomas Risse,Tanja A. Börzel,Anke Draude

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198797206

Category: Political Science

Page: 656

View: 2738

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Unpacking the major debates, this Oxford Handbook brings together leading authors of the field to provide a state-of-the-art guide to governance in areas of limited statehood where state authorities lack the capacity to implement and enforce central decision and/or to uphold the monopoly over the means of violence. While areas of limited statehood can be found everywhere - not just in the global South -, they are neither ungoverned nor ungovernable. Rather, a variety of actors maintain public order and safety, as well as provide public goods and services. While external state 'governors' and their interventions in the global South have received special scholarly attention, various non-state actors - from NGOs to business to violent armed groups - have emerged that also engage in governance. This evidence holds for diverse policy fields and historical cases. The Handbook gives a comprehensive picture of the varieties of governance in areas of limited statehood from interdisciplinary perspectives including political science, geography, history, law, and economics. 29 chapters review the academic scholarship and explore the conditions of effective and legitimate governance in areas of limited statehood, as well as its implications for world politics in the twenty-first century. The authors examine theoretical and methodological approaches as well as historical and spatial dimensions of areas of limited statehood, and deal with the various governors as well as their modes of governance. They cover a variety of issue areas and explore the implications for the international legal order, for normative theory, and for policies toward areas of limited statehood.

The Handbook of the International Law of Military Operations

Author: Terry D. Gill,Dieter Fleck

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198744625

Category: Intervention (International law)

Page: 816

View: 1999

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The second edition of this well received handbook provides a comprehensive overview and annotated commentary of those areas of international law most relevant to the planning and conduct of military operations. It covers a wide scope of military operations, ranging from operations conducted under UN Security Council mandate to (collective) self-defense and consensual and humanitarian operations and identifies the relevant legal bases and applicable legal regimes governing the application of force and treatment of persons during such operations. It also devotes attention to the law governing the status of forces, military use of the sea and airspace and questions of international (criminal) responsibility for breaches of international law. New developments such as cyber warfare and controversial aspects of law in relation to contemporary operations, such as targeted killing of specific individuals are discussed and analyzed, alongside recent developments in more traditional types of operations, such as peacekeeping and naval operations. The book is aimed at policy officials, commanders and their (military) legal advisors who are involved with the planning and conduct of any type of military operation and is intended to complement national and international policy and legal guidelines and assist in identifying and applying the law to ensure legitimacy and contribute to mission accomplishment. It likewise fulfils a need in pertinent international organizations, such as the UN, NATO, Regional Organizations, and NGOs. It also serves as a comprehensive work of reference to academics and is suitable for courses at military staff colleges, academies and universities, which devote attention to one or more aspects of international law treated in the book. This mix of intended users is reflected in the contributors who include senior (former) policy officials and (military) legal advisors, alongside academics engaged in teaching and research in these areas of international law.

The Oxford Handbook on the United Nations

Author: Thomas George Weiss

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199279517

Category: Political Science

Page: 810

View: 2707

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This major new handbook provides the definitive and comprehensive analysis of the UN and will be an essential point of reference for all those working on or in the organization

Das Selbstbestimmungsrecht der Völker

die Domestizierung einer Illusion

Author: Jörg Fisch

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 9783406598586

Category: International law

Page: 384

View: 8160

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Die Idee eines Selbstbestimmungsrechts der Völker besagt, dass Völker das Recht haben, einen Staat zu bilden, und selbst darüber entscheiden können, ob sie dieses Recht wahrnehmen oder nicht. Die erste Gesamtdarstellung seiner Geschichte zeigt, wie es den Totengräber für die europäischen Kolonialreiche und andere Imperien gespielt hat und seit 1989 auf der Suche nach neuen Betätigungsfeldern ist. Entstanden aus dem Nationalismus und dem Antikolonialismus, erhebt das Selbstbestimmungsrecht der Völker den Anspruch, die internationalen Beziehungen auf eine herrschaftsfreie Grundlage zu stellen. Sprengstoff beinhaltet vor allem das damit verbundene Sezessionsrecht. Denn wer bestimmt, was ein Volk ist? Die Idee kollidiert hier schnell mit den machtpolitischen Realitäten und erweist sich als eine gefährliche, zum Missbrauch geradezu einladende Illusion, mit deren Domestizierung das Völkerrecht bis heute beschäftigt ist. Denn nicht nur Adolf Hitler verstand es meisterhaft, das Konzept für seine Zwecke zu instrumentalisieren. In einer souveränen Kombination von Begriffs-, Politik- und Kulturgeschichte durchmisst Jörg Fisch die Weltgeschichte und liefert eine anschaulich und prägnant geschriebene Darstellung dieser vom 19. Jahrhundert bis in die Gegenwart äußerst wirkmächtigen Idee.

Human Rights: A Very Short Introduction

Author: Andrew Clapham

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0191016403

Category: Political Science

Page: 216

View: 5975

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Today it is usually not long before a problem gets expressed as a human rights issue. Indeed, human rights law continues to gain increasing attention internationally, and must move quickly in order to keep up with a social world that changes so rapidly. This Very Short Introduction, in its second edition, brings the issue of human rights up to date, considering the current controversies surrounding the movement. Discussing torture and arbitrary detention in the context of counter terrorism, Andrew Clapham also considers new challenges to human rights in the context of privacy, equality and the right to health. Looking at the philosophical justification for rights, the historical origins of human rights and how they are formed in law, Clapham explains what our human rights actually are, what they might be, and where the human rights movement is heading. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

The 1949 Geneva Conventions

A Commentary

Author: Andrew Clapham,Paola Gaeta,Marco Sassòli

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199675449

Category: Law

Page: 1400

View: 6596

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The four Geneva Conventions, adopted in 1949, remain the fundamental basis of contemporary international humanitarian law. They protect the wounded and sick on the battlefield, those wounded, sick or shipwrecked at sea, prisoners of war, and civilians in time of war. However, since they were adopted warfare has changed considerably. In this groundbreaking commentary over sixty international law experts investigate the application of the Geneva Conventions and explain how they should be interpreted today. It places the Conventions in the light of the developing obligations imposed by international law on states, armed groups, and individuals, most notably through international human rights law and international criminal law. The context in which the Conventions are to be applied and interpreted has changed considerably since they were first written. The borderline between international and non-international armed conflicts is not as clear-cut as was once thought, and is complicated further by the use of armed force mandated by the United Nations and the complex mixed and transnational nature of certain non-international armed conflicts.0.

"Ergo perit coelum--"

die Supernova des Jahres 1572 und die Überwindung der aristotelischen Kosmologie

Author: Michael Weichenhan

Publisher: Franz Steiner Verlag

ISBN: 9783515083744

Category: History

Page: 688

View: 4349

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In der traditionellen Kosmologie galt seit Aristoteles der Himmel als unver�nderlich. Die Erscheinung eines neuen Sterns 1572 und der Kometen nach 1577 erschuetterten diese Gewi�heit. Auf Grund pr�ziser Beobachtungen und Berechnungen gelang der Nachweis, da� die Region oberhalb des Mondes im Gegensatz zur Kosmologie des Aristoteles ver�nderlich ist. Das letzte Drittel des 16. Jahrhunderts erweist sich demnach astronomiegeschichtlich nicht allein von der allm�hlichen Rezeption des heliostatischen Weltsystems gepr�gt, sondern st�rker noch von den Interpretationen �neuer� Erscheinungen am Himmel. Der Band zeichnet die Geschichte der Auffassungen von der Unver�nderlichkeit des Himmels seit Aristoteles nach, diskutiert einzelne traditionelle Alternativen und zeigt, in welch unterschiedlichen Kontexten die neuen Objekte des Himmels interpretiert wurden. Indem neben astronomischen und philosophischen Konzeptionen auch astrologische und theologische Vorstellungen thematisiert werden, entsteht ein Bild der Genese neuzeitlicher wissenschaftlicher Kosmologie, das deren Facettenreichtum zur Geltung bringt. �W.s Werk, das mit dem in dieser Weise exponierten Brahe um einen eigenen Helden kreist, ist von stupender Gelehrsamkeit. Der begrenzende Untertitel verstellt den Blick dafuer, dass hier ueber weite Strecken eine Einfuehrung in die astronomische Diskussion des Mittelalters und der Fruehen Neuzeit gegeben und ein Entwurf zum Verstz�ndnis ihrer Entwicklung geboten wird. [�] Aber das ist nur ein h�chst willkommener Nebeneffekt einer Dissertation, die vorbehaltlos als Opus magnum anzusprechen ist.� Theologische Literaturzeitung .