Colour and the Optical Properties of Materials

An Exploration of the Relationship Between Light, the Optical Properties of Materials and Colour

Author: Richard J. D. Tilley

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470974766

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 528

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Colour and the Optical Properties of Materials carefully introduces the science behind the subject, along with many modern and cutting-edge applications, chosen to appeal to today's students. For science students, it provides a broad introduction to the subject and the many applications of colour. To more applied students, such as engineering and arts students, it provides the essential scientific background to colour and the many applications. New to this Edition: The chapter framework of the first edition will be retained, with each chapter being substantially rewritten and some material would be relocated. Some chapters will be rewritten in a clearer fashion, e.g. There have been no significant advances in the understanding of rainbows recently, but the text could be clarified and improved. Colour has been an important attribute of many nano-particle containing systems, such as quantum dots. This aspect will be included, e.g. the colour of gold ruby glass, described in Chapter 5 as part of scattering phenomena now is better treated in terms of gold nanoparticles and surface plasmons. This would probably be transferred to Chapter 10 and considered in tandem with the colour of metals such as copper, silver and gold. A similar state of affairs applies to silver nanoparticles and polychromic glass. Some chapters will include extensive new material, e.g. Chapter 8, colours due to molecular processes [organic LEDs etc], and Chapter 12, Displays, [touch screen technologies]. For all chapters it would be intended to take into account the current scientific literature up to the time of submission – say up to the end of 2009. The end of chapter Further Reading sections would reflect this up-to-date overview. The end of chapter problems will be strengthened and expanded.

Optical Properties of Solids

Author: Mark Fox

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199573360

Category: Science

Page: 396

View: 3107

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The second edition of this successful textbook provides an up-to-date account of the optical physics of solids. All of the chapters have been updated and improved, and new sections on optical control of spin, quantum dots, plasmonics, negative refraction, carbon nanostructures and diamond NV centres have been added.

Optical Properties of Advanced Materials

Author: Yoshinobu Aoyagi,Kotaro Kajikawa

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642335276

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 191

View: 455

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In the last decade, optically functionalized materials have developed rapidly, from bulk matters to structured forms. Now we have a rich variety of attractive advanced materials. They are applied to optical and electrical devices that support the information communication technology in the mid 21-th century. Accordingly, it is quite important to have a broad knowledge of the optical properties of advanced materials for students, scientists and engineers working in optics and related fields. This book is designed to teach fundamental optical properties of such advanced materials effectively. These materials have their own peculiarities which are very interesting in modern optical physics and also for applications because the concepts of optical properties are quite different from those in conventional optical materials. Hence each chapter starts to review the basic concepts of the materials briefly and proceeds to the practical use. The important topics covered in this book include: quantum structures of semiconductors, spintronics, photonic crystals, surface plasmons in metallic nanostructures, photonic metamaterials, liquid crystal materials, organic LED materials and magnet-optics.

The Optical Constants of Bulk Materials and Films,

Author: Leslie Ward

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 293

View: 4902

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Since publication of the first edition of this book in 1988, interest in the optical properties of materials has continued to grow and there have been a number of important developments in the field. The aim of this second edition is to present an up-to-date and broad picture of the field of optical constants covering the theoretical background, experimental techniques and results for a wide range of materials (bulk and thin film) over a wide spectral range from soft x-rays to microwaves. For the second edition Dr Ward has updated the book throughout. In particular, sections have been added on the optical properties of the sulphides, selenides and tellurides of cadmium, zinc and lead. Two other new sections deal with low dimensional structures, an important and relatively recent development area, and the sensitivities of different methods for measuring ^In, ^Ik and ^Id. A new Appendix giving tabulated values of optical constants for a large number of elements, insulators and semiconductors at two common laser wavelengths completes the second edition. The author Leslie Ward has worked in the field of optical materials for about thirty years. He is the author of some 40 research publications and co-author of a book on the theory and practice of high-vacuum technology. From 1967 to 1982 he was Head of the Department of Applied Physics, and is currently an Honorary Research Fellow, at Coventry University.

Non-Linear Optical Properties of Matter

From molecules to condensed phases

Author: Manthos G. Papadopoulos,Andrzej J. Sadlej,Jerzy Leszczynski

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402048505

Category: Science

Page: 676

View: 578

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This book assembles both theory and application in this field, to interest experimentalists and theoreticians alike. Part 1 is concerned with the theory and computing of non-linear optical (NLO) properties while Part 2 reviews the latest developments in experimentation. This book will be invaluable to researchers and students in academia and industry, particularlrly to anyone involved in materials science, theoretical and computational chemistry, chemical physics, and molecular physics.

Optical Materials

Author: Joseph Habib Simmons,Kelly S. Potter

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780126441406

Category: Science

Page: 391

View: 5943

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This book presents, in a unified form, the underlying physical and structural processes that determine the optical behavior of materials. It does this by combining elements from physics, optics, and materials science in a seamless manner, and introducing quantum mechanics when needed. The book groups the characteristics of optical materials into classes with similar behavior. In treating each type of material, the text pays particular attention to atomic composition and chemical makeup, electronic states and band structure, and physical microstructure so that the reader will gain insight into the kinds of materials engineering and processing conditions that are required to produce a material exhibiting a desired optical property. The physical principles are presented on many levels, including a physical explanation, followed by formal mathematical support and examples and methods of measurement. The reader may overlook the equations with no loss of comprehension, or may use the text to find appropriate equations for calculations of optical properties. * Presents the optical properties of metals, insulators, semiconductors, laser materials, and non-linear materials * Physical processes are discussed and quantified using precise mathematical treatment, followed by examples and a discussion of measurement methods * Authors combine many years of expertise in condensed matter physics, classical and quantum optics, and materials science * The text is written on many levels and will benefit the novice as well as the expert * Explains the concept of color in materials * Explains the non-linear optical behavior of materials in a unified form * Appendices present rigorous derivations

Optical Properties of Condensed Matter and Applications

Author: Jai Singh

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470021934

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 448

View: 2307

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Following a semi-quantitative approach, this book presents a summary of the basic concepts, with examples and applications, and reviews recent developments in the study of optical properties of condensed matter systems. Key Features: Covers basic knowledge as well as application topics Includes theory, experimental techniques and current and developing applications Timely and useful contribution to the literature Written by internationally respected contributors working in physics and electrical engineering departments and government laboratories

Optical Properties of Low-dimensional Materials

Author: Tetsuo Ogawa,Yoshihiko Kanemitsu

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789810222314

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 414

View: 6179

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This book surveys recent experimental and theoretical studies on optical properties of low-dimensional materials, e.g., artificial crystals in zeolites, 60 and its related compounds, silicon nanostructures including porous Si, II-VI and III-V semiconductor quantum structures, and Pb-based natural quantum-well systems. The eight excellent detailed review articles are written by authorities on each field in Japan. All the materials introduced in this book yield new optical phenomena originating from their mesoscopic and low-dimensional characters contributing to a new research field of condensed matter and optical physics.

Optical Properties of Metal Clusters

Author: Uwe Kreibig,Michael Vollmer

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3662091097

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 535

View: 5201

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Optical Properties of Metal Clusters deals with the electronic structure of metal clusters determined optically. Clusters - as state intermediate between molecules and the extended solid - are important in many areas, e.g. in air pollution, interstellar matter, clay minerals, photography, heterogeneous catalysis, quantum dots, and virus crystals. This book extends the approaches of optical molecular and solid-state methods to clusters, revealing how their optical properties evolve as a function of size. Cluster matter, i.e. extended systems of many clusters - the most frequently occuring form - is also treated. The combination of reviews of experimental techniques, lists of results and detailed descriptions of selected experiments will appeal to experts, newcomers and graduate students in this expanding field.

Spectrophotometry

Accurate Measurement of Optical Properties of Materials

Author: N.A

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0123860237

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 560

View: 5964

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This volume is an essential handbook for anyone interested in performing the most accurate spectrophotometric or other optical property of materials measurements. The chapter authors were chosen from the leading experts in their respective fields and provide their wisdom and experience in measurements of reflectance, transmittance, absorptance, emittance, diffuse scattering, color, and fluorescence. The book provides the reader with the theoretical underpinning to the methods, the practical issues encountered in real measurements, and numerous examples of important applications. Written by the leading international experts from industry, government, and academia Written as a handbook, with in depth discussion of the topics Focus on making the most accurate and reproducible measurements Many practical applications and examples

Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids

Author: Edward D. Palik

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0080556302

Category: Science

Page: 1096

View: 7282

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This handbook--a sequel to the widely used Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids--contains critical reviews and tabulated values of indexes of refraction (n) and extinction coefficients (k) for almost 50 materials that were not covered in the original handbook. For each material, the best known n and k values have been carefully tabulated, from the x-ray to millimeter-wave region of the spectrum by expert optical scientists. In addition, the handbook features thirteen introductory chapters that discuss the determination of n and k by various techniques. * Contributors have decided the best values for n and k * References in each critique allow the reader to go back to the original data to examine and understand where the values have come from * Allows the reader to determine if any data in a spectral region needs to be filled in * Gives a wide and detailed view of experimental techniques for measuring the optical constants n and k * Incorporates and describes crystal structure, space-group symmetry, unit-cell dimensions, number of optic and acoustic modes, frequencies of optic modes, the irreducible representation, band gap, plasma frequency, and static dielectric constant

Optical Properties of Nanostructures

Author: Ying Fu,Min Qiu

Publisher: Pan Stanford Publishing

ISBN: 9814303267

Category: Science

Page: 312

View: 1351

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Stressing the importance of nanotechnology in forthcoming technology, this analysis illustrates how the field bears great promise in forming the basis of future generations of electronic and optoelectronic devices. Discussing electrons and photons in and through nanostructures by the first-principles quantum mechanical theories and fundamental concepts behind nano-electronics and optoelectronics, the material basis, physical phenomena, device physics, designs, and applications, this crucial perspective combines a variety of expert viewpoints designed to foster further research?and to suggest the cross-disciplinary interaction required in surmounting the barriers facing future generations of technology design.

Optical Properties of Graphene

Author: Rolf Binder

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9813148764

Category: Science

Page: 516

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This book provides a comprehensive state-of-the-art overview of the optical properties of graphene. During the past decade, graphene, the most ideal and thinnest of all two-dimensional materials, has become one of the most widely studied materials. Its unique properties hold great promise to revolutionize many electronic, optical and opto-electronic devices. The book contains an introductory tutorial and 13 chapters written by experts in areas ranging from fundamental quantum mechanical properties to opto-electronic device applications of graphene.

Handbook of Optical Materials

Author: Marvin J. Weber

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780849335129

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 536

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For years scientists turned to the CRC Handbook of Laser Science & Technology for reliable data on optical materials. Out of print for several years, that standard-setting work now has a successor: the Handbook of Optical Materials. This new handbook is an authoritative compilation of the physical properties of materials used in all types of lasers and optical systems. In it, scientist, author, and editor Dr. Marvin J. Weber provides extensive data tabulations and references for the most important optical materials, including crystals, glasses, polymers, metals, liquids, and gases. The properties detailed include both linear and nonlinear optical properties, mechanical properties, thermal properties together with many additional special properties, such as electro-, magneto-, and elasto-optic properties. Using a minimum of narration and logically organized by material properties, the handbook's unique presentation simplifies the process of comparing different materials for their suitability in particular applications. Appendices furnish a wealth of other useful information, including lists of the many abbreviations and acronyms that proliferate in this field. The Handbook of Optical Materials is simply the most complete one-stop source available for materials data essential to lasers and optical systems.

Optical Properties of Solids

An Introductory Textbook

Author: Kitsakorn Locharoenrat

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9789814669061

Category:

Page: 350

View: 868

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This textbook introduces the general point of views of the optical properties of solids, with an overview of optics in solid state materials. The textbook is designed for all kinds of learners, especially independent learners. The author collects his own academic papers and researches in this textbook to visualize the related theoretical concepts. The problem sets provided in each chapter are written to examine the reader's understanding of each concept. The textbook is divided into two main parts. The first part is combined with the six disciplines, giving readers background on electromagnetic theory. The author then describes optical theory through the remaining nine chapters.

Optical Properties of Semiconductors

Author: G. Martinez

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792320586

Category: Science

Page: 324

View: 7530

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It is widely recognized that an understanding of the optical pro perties of matter will give a great deal of important information re levant to the fundamental physical properties. This is especially true in semiconductor physics for which, due to the intrinsic low screening of these materials, the optical response is quite rich. Their spectra reflect indeed as well electronic as spin or phonon transitions. This is also in the semiconductor field that artificial structures have been recently developed, showing for the first time specific physical properties related to the low dimentionality of the electronic and vi bronic properties : with this respect the quantum and fractional quan tum Hall effects are among the most well known aspects. The associated reduced screening is also a clear manifestation of these aspects and as such favors new optical properties or at least significantly enhan ces some of them. For all these reasons, it appeared necessary to try to review in a global way what the optical investigation has brought today about the understanding of the physics of semiconductors. This volume collects the papers presented at the NATO Advanced study Inst i tut e on "Optical Properties of Semiconductors" held at the Ettore Majorana Centre, Erice, Sicily on March 9th to 20th, 1992. This school brought together 70 scientists active in research related to optical properties of semiconductors. There were 12 lecturers who pro vided the main contributions .

Optical Properties of Crystalline and Amorphous Semiconductors

Materials and Fundamental Principles

Author: Sadao Adachi

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461552419

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 261

View: 3363

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Optical Properties of Crystalline and Amorphous Semiconductors: Materials and Fundamental Principles presents an introduction to the fundamental optical properties of semiconductors. This book presents tutorial articles in the categories of materials and fundamental principles (Chapter 1), optical properties in the reststrahlen region (Chapter 2), those in the interband transition region (Chapters 3 and 4) and at or below the fundamental absorption edge (Chapter 5). Optical Properties of Crystalline and Amorphous Semiconductors: Materials and Fundamental Principles is presented in a form which could serve to teach the underlying concepts of semiconductor optical properties and their implementation. This book is an invaluable resource for device engineers, solid-state physicists, material scientists and students specializing in the fields of semiconductor physics and device engineering.

Optical Properties of Nanoparticle Systems

Mie and Beyond

Author: Michael Quinten

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527633154

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 486

View: 4417

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Filling the gap for a description of the optical properties of small particles with sizes less than 1000 nm and to provide a comprehensive overview on the spectral behavior of nanoparticulate matter, this is the most up-to-date reference on the optical physics of nanoparticle systems. The author, an expert in the field with both academic and industrial experience, concentrates on the linear optical properties, elastic light scattering and absorption of single nanoparticles and on reflectance and transmittance of nanoparticle matter.

Optical Properties of Semiconductor Nanocrystals

Author: S. V. Gaponenko

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521582414

Category: Science

Page: 245

View: 7181

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Examines the optical properties of low-dimensional semiconductor structures, a hot research area - for graduate students and researchers.

Optical Materials and Applications

Author: Moriaki Wakaki

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420015486

Category: Science

Page: 317

View: 5475

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The definition of optical material has expanded in recent years, largely because of IT advances that have led to rapid growth in optoelectronics applications. Helping to explain this evolution, Optical Materials and Applications presents contributions from leading experts who explore the basic concepts of optical materials and the many typical applications in which they are used. An invaluable reference for readers ranging from professionals to technical managers to graduate engineering students, this book covers everything from traditional principles to more cutting-edge topics. It also details recent developmental trends, with a focus on basic optical properties of material. Key topics include: Fundamental optical properties of solids Fundamental optical materials (including thin films) from both linear and nonlinear perspectives Use of bulk materials in the design of various modifications Application of optical thin films in artificial components Formation of artificial structures with sub-wavelength dimensions Use of physical or chemical techniques to control lightwave phase One-, two-, and three-dimensional structures used to control dispersion of materials for nanophotonics Progress of the optical waveguide, which makes optical systems more compact and highly efficient This book carefully balances coverage of theory and application of typical optical materials for ultraviolet, visible and infrared, non-linear optics, solid state lasers, optical waveguides, optical thin films and nanophotonics. It addresses both basic ideas and more advanced topics, making it an equally invaluable resource for beginners and active researchers in this growing field.