Colour and the Optical Properties of Materials

An Exploration of the Relationship Between Light, the Optical Properties of Materials and Colour

Author: Richard J. D. Tilley

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470974766

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 528

View: 3572

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Colour and the Optical Properties of Materials carefully introduces the science behind the subject, along with many modern and cutting-edge applications, chosen to appeal to today's students. For science students, it provides a broad introduction to the subject and the many applications of colour. To more applied students, such as engineering and arts students, it provides the essential scientific background to colour and the many applications. New to this Edition: The chapter framework of the first edition will be retained, with each chapter being substantially rewritten and some material would be relocated. Some chapters will be rewritten in a clearer fashion, e.g. There have been no significant advances in the understanding of rainbows recently, but the text could be clarified and improved. Colour has been an important attribute of many nano-particle containing systems, such as quantum dots. This aspect will be included, e.g. the colour of gold ruby glass, described in Chapter 5 as part of scattering phenomena now is better treated in terms of gold nanoparticles and surface plasmons. This would probably be transferred to Chapter 10 and considered in tandem with the colour of metals such as copper, silver and gold. A similar state of affairs applies to silver nanoparticles and polychromic glass. Some chapters will include extensive new material, e.g. Chapter 8, colours due to molecular processes [organic LEDs etc], and Chapter 12, Displays, [touch screen technologies]. For all chapters it would be intended to take into account the current scientific literature up to the time of submission – say up to the end of 2009. The end of chapter Further Reading sections would reflect this up-to-date overview. The end of chapter problems will be strengthened and expanded.

Optical Properties of Advanced Materials

Author: Yoshinobu Aoyagi,Kotaro Kajikawa

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642335276

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 191

View: 9362

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In the last decade, optically functionalized materials have developed rapidly, from bulk matters to structured forms. Now we have a rich variety of attractive advanced materials. They are applied to optical and electrical devices that support the information communication technology in the mid 21-th century. Accordingly, it is quite important to have a broad knowledge of the optical properties of advanced materials for students, scientists and engineers working in optics and related fields. This book is designed to teach fundamental optical properties of such advanced materials effectively. These materials have their own peculiarities which are very interesting in modern optical physics and also for applications because the concepts of optical properties are quite different from those in conventional optical materials. Hence each chapter starts to review the basic concepts of the materials briefly and proceeds to the practical use. The important topics covered in this book include: quantum structures of semiconductors, spintronics, photonic crystals, surface plasmons in metallic nanostructures, photonic metamaterials, liquid crystal materials, organic LED materials and magnet-optics.

The Optical Properties of Materials:

Author: Eric L. Shirley

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 302

View: 7106

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The MRS Symposium Proceeding series is an internationally recognised reference suitable for researchers and practitioners.

Nonlinear Optical Properties of Materials

Author: Rashid A. Ganeev

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9400760221

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 244

View: 9245

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This book is mostly concerned on the experimental research of the nonlinear optical characteristics of various media, low- and high-order harmonic generation in different materials, and formation, and nonlinear optical characterization of clusters. We also demonstrate the inter-connection between these areas of nonlinear optics. Nonlinear optical properties of media such as optical limiting can be applied in various areas of science and technology. To define suitable materials for these applications, one has to carefully analyse the nonlinear optical characteristics of various media, such as the nonlinear refractive indices, coefficients of nonlinear absorption, saturation absorption intensities, etc. Knowing the nonlinear optical parameters of materials is also important for describing the propagation effects, self-interaction of intense laser pulses, and optimisation of various nonlinear optical processes. Among those processes one can admit the importance of the studies of the frequency conversion of coherent laser sources. The area of interest for nonlinear optical characterization of materials is also closely related with new field of nanostructures formation and application during laser-matter interaction. We show how the nonlinear optical analysis of materials leads to improvement of their high-order nonlinear optical response during the interaction with strong laser fields. Ablation-induced nanoparticles formation is correlated with their applications as efficient sources of coherent short-wavelength photons. From other side, recent achievements of harmonic generation in plasmas are closely related with the knowledge of the properties of materials in the laser plumes. All of these studies are concerned with the low-order nonlinear optical features of various materials. The novelty of the approach developed in present book is related with inter-connection of those studies with each other.

Colour and optical properties of materials

an exploration of the relationship between light, the optical properties of materials and colour

Author: R. J. D. Tilley

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: 9780471851974

Category: Art

Page: 335

View: 5186

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Colour is an important and integral part of everyday life, and an understanding and knowledge of the scientific principles behind colour, with its many applications and uses, is becoming increasingly important to a wide range of academic disciplines, from physical, medical and biological sciences through to the arts. Colour and the Optical Properties of Materials carefully introduces the science behind the subject, along with many modern and cutting-edge applications, chose to appeal to today's students. For science students, it provides a broad introduction to the subject and the many applications of colour. To more applied students, such as engineering and arts students, it provides the essential scientific background to colour and the many applications. Features: Introduces the science behind the subject whilst closely connecting it to modern applications, such as colour displays, optical amplifiers and colour centre lasers Richly illustrated with full-colour plates Includes many worked examples, along with problems and exercises at the end of each chapter and selected answers at the back of the book Written for students taking an introductory course in colour in a wide range of disciplines such as physics, chemistry, engineering, materials science, computer science, design, photography, architecture and textiles.

Optical Properties of Solids

Author: Anthony Mark Fox

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780198506126

Category: Science

Page: 305

View: 9569

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The innovative text gives an introductory treatment of the optical properties of solids. The fundamental principles of absorption, reflection, luminescence and light scattering are discussed for a wide range of materials, including crystalline insulators and semiconductors, glasses, metals,and molecular materials. Classical and quantum models are used as appropriate, and the phenomena are well illustrated using recent experimental data. A particular feature is the inclusion of many new topics that have come to the fore in recent years and have not previously been covered in othersolid state texts at this level. Examples include semiconductor quantum wells, organic semiconductors, vibronic solid state lasers and nonlinear optics.The book is primarily written for physicists, but it will also be useful for electrical engineers, materials scientists, and physical chemists. The subject material is developed in a tutorial style, and includes worked examples, exercises, and chapter summaries for revision.

Optische Eigenschaften von Festkörpern

Author: Mark Fox

Publisher: Oldenbourg Wissenschaftsverlag

ISBN: 9783486712407

Category: Science

Page: 523

View: 8309

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Dieses exzellente Werk fuhrt aus, in welcher Hinsicht optische Eigenschaften von Festkorpern anders sind als die von Atomen. [...] Die Ausgewogenheit von physikalischen Erklarungen und mathematischer Beschreibung ist sehr gut. DEr Text ist erganzt durch kritische Anmerkungen in den Marginalien und selbsterklarender Abbildungen. BArry R. MAsters, OPN Optics & Photonics News 2011 Fox ist es gelungen, eine gute, kompakte und anspruchsvolle Darstellung der optischen Eigenschaften von Festkorpern vorzulegen. AMerican Journal of Physics

Basic Optical Properties of Materials

Summaries of Papers Presented at the Topical Conference on Basic Optical Properties of Materials, Held at the National Bureau of Standards, Gaithersburg, Maryland, May 5-7, 1980

Author: Albert Feldman

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Optical materials

Page: 241

View: 5393

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Optical Properties of Semiconductors

Author: G. Martinez

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401580758

Category: Science

Page: 324

View: 4701

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It is widely recognized that an understanding of the optical pro perties of matter will give a great deal of important information re levant to the fundamental physical properties. This is especially true in semiconductor physics for which, due to the intrinsic low screening of these materials, the optical response is quite rich. Their spectra reflect indeed as well electronic as spin or phonon transitions. This is also in the semiconductor field that artificial structures have been recently developed, showing for the first time specific physical properties related to the low dimentionality of the electronic and vi bronic properties : with this respect the quantum and fractional quan tum Hall effects are among the most well known aspects. The associated reduced screening is also a clear manifestation of these aspects and as such favors new optical properties or at least significantly enhan ces some of them. For all these reasons, it appeared necessary to try to review in a global way what the optical investigation has brought today about the understanding of the physics of semiconductors. This volume collects the papers presented at the NATO Advanced study Inst i tut e on "Optical Properties of Semiconductors" held at the Ettore Majorana Centre, Erice, Sicily on March 9th to 20th, 1992. This school brought together 70 scientists active in research related to optical properties of semiconductors. There were 12 lecturers who pro vided the main contributions .

Optical Properties of Solids

Author: Mark Fox

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199573360

Category: Science

Page: 396

View: 5724

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The second edition of this successful textbook provides an up-to-date account of the optical physics of solids. All of the chapters have been updated and improved, and new sections on optical control of spin, quantum dots, plasmonics, negative refraction, carbon nanostructures and diamond NV centres have been added.

Optical Properties of Graphene

Author: Rolf Binder

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9813148764

Category: Science

Page: 516

View: 9685

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This book provides a comprehensive state-of-the-art overview of the optical properties of graphene. During the past decade, graphene, the most ideal and thinnest of all two-dimensional materials, has become one of the most widely studied materials. Its unique properties hold great promise to revolutionize many electronic, optical and opto-electronic devices. The book contains an introductory tutorial and 13 chapters written by experts in areas ranging from fundamental quantum mechanical properties to opto-electronic device applications of graphene.

Optical Spectroscopy of Inorganic Solids

Author: Brian Henderson,G. Frank Imbusch

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199298624

Category: Science

Page: 645

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This text describes the technique of optical spectroscopy applied to problems in condensed matter physics. It relates theoretical understanding to experimental measurement, including discussion of the optical spectroscopy of inorganic insulators, with many illustrative examples. Symmetry arguments are developed from a formal group theoretical basis and are frequently used, and a special effort is made to treat the subject of lattice vibrations and to show how these can affect the spectroscopic properties of solids. The elements of laser theory are developed, and the authors also explore the use of optically detected magnetic resonance techniques for the investigation of semiconducting materials.

Optical Properties of Functional Polymers and Nano Engineering Applications

Author: Vaibhav Jain,Akshay Kokil

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466556919

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 302

View: 3823

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Optical Properties of Functional Polymers and Nano Engineering Applications provides a basic introduction to the optical properties of polymers, as well as a systematic overview of the latest developments in their nano engineering applications. Covering an increasingly important class of materials relevant not only in academic research but also in industry, this comprehensive text: Considers the advantages of the liquid gradient refractive index (L-GRIN) lenses over the conventional solid lenses Explores the electrochemistry of photorefractive polymers, the molecular structure of commonly used polymers, and various 3D holographic displays Discusses gene detection using the optical properties of conjugated polymers Highlights the physics of fluorescence in photoluminescent polymers, and energy and electron transfer mechanisms Introduces conventional polymer ion sensors based on the optical sensors of conjugated polymers prepared by click chemistry reactions Explains colorimetric visual detection of ions by donor–acceptor chromophores Describes optical sensors based on fluorescent polymers and for the detection of explosives and metal ion analytes Addresses holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystal technology, its optical setups, and its applications in organic lasers Presents cutting-edge research on electrochromic devices, along with new concepts, prototypes, commercial products, and future prospects Demonstrates new techniques for creating nanoscale morphologies through self-assembly, which affect the optical properties of the functional polymers Optical Properties of Functional Polymers and Nano Engineering Applications emphasizes the importance of nano engineering in improving the fundamental optical properties of the functional polymers, elaborating on high-level research while thoroughly explaining the underlying principles.

Optical and Electrical Properties

Author: P.A. Lee

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401014787

Category: Science

Page: 464

View: 8465

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This fourth volume in the series 'Physics and Chemistry of Materials with Layered Structures' is concerned with providing a critical review of the significant optical and electrical properties by established authors who have themselves made many significant contributions to these fields. Research into these materials has recently gained a new impetus and their fascinating properties have attracted many new research workers. These people should find much of value in the reviews contained in this volume and the editor is very much indebted for the painstaking and hard work put into the preparation of the various chapters by the authors. The optical properties provide useful information for deriving the band struc tures, a knowledge of which is required for an interpretation of measurements on the electronic properties. The chapters by Dr Evans, Dr Williams and Dr Bordas describe different techniques which have provided much detailed data on this subject. An interesting property of these materials is the comparative ease with which thin specimens may be prepared for these measurements and this is highlighted in the super conducting experiments outlined by Professor Frindt and Dr Huntley. These authors together with Dr Vandenberg's chapter on the magnetic properties also describe the interesting and significant intercalation mechanisms whereby a wide range of organic compounds and alkali metals may be incorporated in the lattice. This provides an additional parameter for varying the properties of these materials and may yet be seen to provide eventual possible applications of layer compounds.

Optical Materials and Applications

Author: Moriaki Wakaki

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 135183729X

Category: Science

Page: 317

View: 2615

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The definition of optical material has expanded in recent years, largely because of IT advances that have led to rapid growth in optoelectronics applications. Helping to explain this evolution, Optical Materials and Applications presents contributions from leading experts who explore the basic concepts of optical materials and the many typical applications in which they are used. An invaluable reference for readers ranging from professionals to technical managers to graduate engineering students, this book covers everything from traditional principles to more cutting-edge topics. It also details recent developmental trends, with a focus on basic optical properties of material. Key topics include: Fundamental optical properties of solids Fundamental optical materials (including thin films) from both linear and nonlinear perspectives Use of bulk materials in the design of various modifications Application of optical thin films in artificial components Formation of artificial structures with sub-wavelength dimensions Use of physical or chemical techniques to control lightwave phase One-, two-, and three-dimensional structures used to control dispersion of materials for nanophotonics Progress of the optical waveguide, which makes optical systems more compact and highly efficient This book carefully balances coverage of theory and application of typical optical materials for ultraviolet, visible and infrared, non-linear optics, solid state lasers, optical waveguides, optical thin films and nanophotonics. It addresses both basic ideas and more advanced topics, making it an equally invaluable resource for beginners and active researchers in this growing field.

Optical Properties of Nanostructured Random Media

Author: Vladimir M. Shalaev

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540449485

Category: Science

Page: 454

View: 2096

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The contributors to the book are world best experts in the optics of random media; they provide a state-of-the-art review of recent developments in the field including nonlinear optical and magneto-optical properties, Raman and hyper-Raman scattering, laser action, plasmon excitation and localized giant fields, imaging and spectroscopy of random media

Optical Properties of Metal Clusters

Author: Uwe Kreibig,Michael Vollmer

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3662091097

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 535

View: 2614

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Optical Properties of Metal Clusters deals with the electronic structure of metal clusters determined optically. Clusters - as state intermediate between molecules and the extended solid - are important in many areas, e.g. in air pollution, interstellar matter, clay minerals, photography, heterogeneous catalysis, quantum dots, and virus crystals. This book extends the approaches of optical molecular and solid-state methods to clusters, revealing how their optical properties evolve as a function of size. Cluster matter, i.e. extended systems of many clusters - the most frequently occuring form - is also treated. The combination of reviews of experimental techniques, lists of results and detailed descriptions of selected experiments will appeal to experts, newcomers and graduate students in this expanding field.

The Optical Constants of Bulk Materials and Films,

Author: Leslie Ward

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 293

View: 8226

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Since publication of the first edition of this book in 1988, interest in the optical properties of materials has continued to grow and there have been a number of important developments in the field. The aim of this second edition is to present an up-to-date and broad picture of the field of optical constants covering the theoretical background, experimental techniques and results for a wide range of materials (bulk and thin film) over a wide spectral range from soft x-rays to microwaves. For the second edition Dr Ward has updated the book throughout. In particular, sections have been added on the optical properties of the sulphides, selenides and tellurides of cadmium, zinc and lead. Two other new sections deal with low dimensional structures, an important and relatively recent development area, and the sensitivities of different methods for measuring ^In, ^Ik and ^Id. A new Appendix giving tabulated values of optical constants for a large number of elements, insulators and semiconductors at two common laser wavelengths completes the second edition. The author Leslie Ward has worked in the field of optical materials for about thirty years. He is the author of some 40 research publications and co-author of a book on the theory and practice of high-vacuum technology. From 1967 to 1982 he was Head of the Department of Applied Physics, and is currently an Honorary Research Fellow, at Coventry University.