The Myths We Live By

Author: Mary Midgley

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1136807535

Category: Philosophy

Page: 296

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With a new Introduction by the author 'An elegant and sane little book. – The New Statesman Myths, as Mary Midgley argues in this powerful book, are everywhere. In political thought they sit at the heart of theories of human nature and the social contract; in economics in the pursuit of self interest; and in science the idea of human beings as machines, which originates in the seventeenth century, is a today a potent force. Far from being the opposite of science, however, Midgley argues that myth is a central part of it. Myths are neither lies nor mere stories but a network of powerful symbols for interpreting the world. Tackling a dazzling array of subjects such as philosophy, evolutionary psychology, animals, consciousness and the environment in her customary razor-sharp prose, The Myths We Live By reminds us of the powerful role of symbolism and the need to take our imaginative life seriously. Mary Midgley is a moral philosopher and the author of many books including Wickedness, Evolution as a Religion, Beast and Man and Science and Poetry. All are published in Routledge Classics.

Myths We Live by

Author: Colin Grant

Publisher: University of Ottawa Press

ISBN: 0776604449

Category: Religion

Page: 181

View: 6012

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Colin Grant challenges the popular use of 'myth' as a dismissive designation for the superstitions and falsehoods of 'other' cultures. He argues that 'myths' are not merely archaic relics of a simpler bygone era, irrelevant to the technically sophisticated consumer of contemporary Western culture, but an integral and living part of our daily lives. The author maintains that myths occupy a place in our present-day lives that is every bit as important to us as the divinities and heroes of classical antiquity were to the ancients. Grant explores some of the 'living myths' that shape our everyday lives - science, sports, sex, consumerism, societal values, ecology, and religion - and maintains that many of these myths serve as religious substitutes in a secular age. The myths themselves are in a constant state of flux and transformation. They ebb and flow, both with in the context of wider culture and individual experience.

The Stories We Live by

Personal Myths and the Making of the Self

Author: Dan P. McAdams

Publisher: Guilford Press

ISBN: 9781572301887

Category: Psychology

Page: 336

View: 7176

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This book should be value for all those who are interested in enhancing their self-understanding. It should also serve as useful classroom text for undergraduates and advanced students in personality and social psychology, counselling and psychotherapy.

Myths to Live By

Author: Joseph Campbell

Publisher: Joseph Campbell Foundation

ISBN: 1611780004

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

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In Myths to Live By, Joseph Campbell explores the enduring power of the universal myths that influence our lives daily and examines the myth-making process from the primitive past to the immediate present, returning always to the source from which all mythology springs; the creative imagination.Campbell stresses that the borders dividing the earth have been shattered; that myths and religions have always followed the certain basic archetypes and are no longer exclusive to a single people, region, or religion. He shows how we must recognize their common denominators and allow this knowledge to be of use in fulfilling human potential everywhere. With a foreword by Johnson E. Fairchild. This digital edition is the first ebook issued as part of the Collected Works of Joseph Campbell series; it is newly illustrated and redesigned.

Myths America Lives By

White Supremacy and the Stories That Give Us Meaning

Author: Richard T. Hughes

Publisher: University of Illinois Press

ISBN: 0252050800

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 1370

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Six myths lie at the heart of the American experience. Taken as aspirational, four of those myths remind us of our noblest ideals, challenging us to realize our nation's promise while galvanizing the sense of hope and unity we need to reach our goals. Misused, these myths allow for illusions of innocence that fly in the face of white supremacy, the primal American myth that stands at the heart of all the others.

Evolution as a Religion

Strange Hopes and Stranger Fears

Author: Mary Midgley

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134470150

Category: Philosophy

Page: 224

View: 6834

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According to a profile in The Guardian, Mary Midgley is 'the foremost scourge of scientific pretensions in this country; someone whose wit is admired even by those who feel she sometimes oversteps the mark'. Considered one of Britain's finest philosophers, Midgley exposes the illogical logic of poor doctrines that shelter themselves behind the prestige of science. Always at home when taking on the high priests of evolutionary theory - Dawkins, Wilson and their acolytes - she has famously described evolution as 'the creation-myth of our age'. In Evolution as a Religion, she examines how science comes to be used as a substitute for religion and points out how badly that role distorts it. As ever, her argument is flawlessly insightful: a punchy, compelling, lively indictment of these misuses of science. Both the book and its author are true classics of our time.

Special Issue Cassandra's Curse

The Law and Foreseeable Future Disasters

Author: Austin Sarat

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781785602993

Category: Disasters

Page: 240

View: 845

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This special issue of SLPS examines the relationship between law and disasters. The papers come from members of the Collaborative Research Network on the Jurisprudence of Disasters within the Law and Society Association. The volume addresses the 'myths' of contemporary disaster law and policy, such as that of society's 'invincibility'.

The Myths of Happiness

What Should Make You Happy, But Doesn't, What Shouldn't Make You Happy, But Does

Author: Sonja Lyubomirsky

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 014312451X

Category: Psychology

Page: 298

View: 2660

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The award-winning psychologist author of The How of Happiness outlines research-based lessons on how to find opportunity during times of challenge, arguing that today's culturally driven goals often do not result in personal satisfaction while explaining how to make corrective mindset changes that can render people more resilient to difficult circumstances.

The Original Jesus

Trading the Myths We Create for the Savior Who Is

Author: Daniel Darling

Publisher: Baker Books

ISBN: 1493400525

Category: Religion

Page: 160

View: 6889

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From hit songs to bumper stickers to eye-black, Jesus is trending high wherever you look. But at the end of the day, many "try Jesus" and come away disappointed in the experience. That's because the Jesus of popular culture looks much more like us than the God-man who appeared in the flesh two thousand years ago. We've got Guru Jesus, Braveheart Jesus, Dr. Phil Jesus, Free-Range Jesus, and plenty more imposters that feed into our selfish desires. The problem is, they don't have the power to save us or transform us into new creations. Luckily, it doesn't have to be that way. The Original Jesus calls readers back to the Jesus who demands our worship--the potter who molds us, the clay. Seekers, skeptics, and sojourners in the way of faith will see Jesus for who he really is: God in the flesh, calling us to surrender our very lives that we may truly live. Foreword by Russell Moore.

The Illusions of Entrepreneurship

The Costly Myths That Entrepreneurs, Investors, and Policy Makers Live By

Author: Scott A. Shane

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300150063

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 224

View: 7664

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There are far more entrepreneurs than most people realize. But the failure rate of new businesses is disappointingly high, and the economic impact of most of them disappointingly low, suggesting that enthusiastic would-be entrepreneurs and their investors all too often operate under a false set of assumptions. This book shows that the reality of entrepreneurship is decidedly different from the myths that have come to surround it. Scott Shane, a leading expert in entrepreneurial activity in the United States and other countries, draws on the data from extensive research to provide accurate, useful information about who becomes an entrepreneur and why, how businesses are started, which factors lead to success, and which predict a likely failure. The Illusions of Entrepreneurship is an essential resource for everyone who has dreamed of starting a new business, for investors in start-ups, for policy makers attempting to facilitate the formation and survival of new businesses, and for researchers interested in the economic impact of entrepreneurial activity. Scott Shane offers research-based answers to these questions and many others: · Why do people start businesses? · What industries are popular for start-ups? · How many jobs do new businesses create? · How do entrepreneurs finance their start-ups? · What makes some locations and some countries more entrepreneurial than others? · What are the characteristics of the typical entrepreneur? · How well does the typical start-up perform? · What strategies contribute to the survival and profitability of new businesses over time?

The Myth of the Strong Leader

Political Leadership in the Modern Age

Author: Archie Brown

Publisher: Basic Books

ISBN: 0465080979

Category: Political Science

Page: 480

View: 3716

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From one of the world's preeminent political historians, a magisterial study of political leadership around the world from the advent of parliamentary democracy to the age of Obama. All too frequently, leadership is reduced to a simple dichotomy: the strong versus the weak. Yet, there are myriad ways to exercise effective political leadership--as well as different ways to fail. We blame our leaders for economic downfalls and praise them for vital social reforms, but rarely do we question what makes some leaders successful while others falter. In this magisterial and wide-ranging survey of political leadership over the past hundred years, renowned Oxford politics professor Archie Brown challenges the widespread belief that strong leaders--meaning those who dominate their colleagues and the policy-making process--are the most successful and admirable. In reality, only a minority of political leaders will truly make a lasting difference. Though we tend to dismiss more collegial styles of leadership as weak, it is often the most cooperative leaders who have the greatest impact. Drawing on extensive research and decades of political analysis and experience, Brown illuminates the achievements, failures and foibles of a broad array of twentieth century politicians. Whether speaking of redefining leaders like Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Lyndon Johnson, and Margaret Thatcher, who expanded the limits of what was politically possible during their time in power, or the even rarer transformational leaders who played a decisive role in bringing about systemic change--Charles de Gaulle, Mikhail Gorbachev and Nelson Mandela, among them--Brown challenges our commonly held beliefs about political efficacy and strength. Overturning many of our assumptions about the twentieth century's most important figures, Brown's conclusions are both original and enlightening. The Myth of the Strong Leader compels us to reassess the leaders who have shaped our world - and to reconsider how we should choose and evaluate those who will lead us into the future.

The Wisdom of the Myths

How Greek Mythology Can Change Your Life

Author: Luc Ferry

Publisher: Harper Collins

ISBN: 0062215469

Category: Philosophy

Page: 416

View: 8952

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More than 100,000 copies sold in France A fascinating new journey through Greek mythology that explains the myths' timeless lessons and meaning Heroes, gods, and mortals. The Greek myths are the founding narratives of Western civilization: to understand them is to know the origins of philosophy, literature, art, science, law, and more. Indeed, as Luc Ferry shows in this masterful book, they remain a great store of wisdom, as relevant to our lives today as ever before. No mere legends or clichés ("Herculean task," "Pandora's box," "Achilles heel," etc.), these classic stories offer profound and manifold lessons, providing the first sustained attempt to answer fundamental human questions concerning "the good life," the burden of mortality, and how to find one's place in the world. Vividly retelling the great tales of mythology and illuminating fresh new ways of understanding them, The Wisdom of the Myths will enlighten readers of all ages.

A World of Their Own Making

Myth, Ritual, and the Quest for Family Values

Author: John R. Gillis

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674961883

Category: Social Science

Page: 310

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Discusses ritual events we regard as family traditions and how they must be open to perpetual revision so we can satisfy our human needs and changing circumstances.

Living Myths

How Myth Gives Meaning to Human Experience

Author: J.F. Bierlein

Publisher: Ballantine Books

ISBN: 0307434389

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 256

View: 7161

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An intriguing exploration of the enduring significance of the world's great myths--from the dawn of time to the present day As ancient as speech, as essential as law, myths are the stories we tell to find our identity in the cosmos. It is through mythology that we attempt to unravel not only the meaning of our actions and impulses but the significance of human existence itself. Now in Living Myths, classical scholar J. F. Bierlein explores the enduring patterns and messages of myths from every culture. Myths, writes Bierlein, are "the eternal mirror in which we see ourselves." Living Myths delves behind the mirror and brings to light the imperishable and transcendent forces common to the myths of the world. Juxtaposing myths of fathers and sons--the Greek myth of Athamas and Phrixus, the biblical story of Abraham and Isaac, the Algonquin tale of Grandfather, Father, and Son--Bierlein uncovers essential lessons about human nature and divine will. In the Indian story of Nala and Damayanti, the Greek legends of Aphrodite, and the haunting Irish tale of Etain, Bierlein examines the transforming mystery of romantic love. Here too are tales of the world's great heroes--the Greek Theseus, the Irish Cuchulainn, and the Mexican Quetzalcoatl--and their common desire to break through the masks of appearances. Steeped in wisdom, brimming with insights into human nature and behavior, Living Myths is a luminous exploration of the meaning of mythology through the ages and today in each of our lives. From the Trade Paperback edition.

Science and Poetry

Author: Mary Midgley

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134559542

Category: Philosophy

Page: 240

View: 7089

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Crude materialism, reduction of mind to body, extreme individualism. All products of a 17th century scientific inheritance which looks at the parts of our existence at the expense of the whole. Cutting through myths of scientific omnipotence, Mary Midgley explores how this inheritance has so powerfully shaped the way we are, and the problems it has brought with it. She argues that poetry and the arts can help reconcile these problems, and counteract generations of 'one-eyed specialists', unable and unwilling to look beyond their own scientific or literary sphere. Dawkins, Atkins, Bacon and Descartes all come under fire as Midgely sears through contemporary debate, from Gaia to memes, and organic food to greenhouse gases. After years of unquestioned imperialism, science is finally forced to take a step back and acknowledge the arts.

Metaphors We Live By

Author: George Lakoff,Mark Johnson

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226470997

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 256

View: 4147

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The now-classic Metaphors We Live By changed our understanding of metaphor and its role in language and the mind. Metaphor, the authors explain, is a fundamental mechanism of mind, one that allows us to use what we know about our physical and social experience to provide understanding of countless other subjects. Because such metaphors structure our most basic understandings of our experience, they are "metaphors we live by"—metaphors that can shape our perceptions and actions without our ever noticing them. In this updated edition of Lakoff and Johnson's influential book, the authors supply an afterword surveying how their theory of metaphor has developed within the cognitive sciences to become central to the contemporary understanding of how we think and how we express our thoughts in language.

The Myth of Disenchantment

Magic, Modernity, and the Birth of the Human Sciences

Author: Jason A. Josephson-Storm,Jason Ānanda Josephson

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022640336X

Category: History

Page: 411

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A great many theorists have argued that the defining feature of modernity is that people no longer believe in spirits, myths, or magic. Jason Ā. Josephson-Storm argues that as broad cultural history goes, this narrative is wrong, as attempts to suppress magic have failed more often than they have succeeded. Even the human sciences have been more enchanted than is commonly supposed. But that raises the question: How did a magical, spiritualist, mesmerized Europe ever convince itself that it was disenchanted? Josephson-Storm traces the history of the myth of disenchantment in the births of philosophy, anthropology, sociology, folklore, psychoanalysis, and religious studies. Ironically, the myth of mythless modernity formed at the very time that Britain, France, and Germany were in the midst of occult and spiritualist revivals. Indeed, Josephson-Storm argues, these disciplines’ founding figures were not only aware of, but profoundly enmeshed in, the occult milieu; and it was specifically in response to this burgeoning culture of spirits and magic that they produced notions of a disenchanted world. By providing a novel history of the human sciences and their connection to esotericism, The Myth of Disenchantment dispatches with most widely held accounts of modernity and its break from the premodern past.

The Myths of Modern Medicine

The Alarming Truth about American Health Care

Author: John Leifer

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 1442225963

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 304

View: 1520

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The Myths of Modern Medicine instantly captures your attention with a provocative, insider’s perspective on the pervasive problems, endemic greed, and myths enshrouding our health care system. John Leifer goes beyond a mere critique, however, by providing consumers with powerful knowledge on how to get the care they need and deserve.

The Mythology of Evolution

Author: Chris Bateman

Publisher: John Hunt Publishing

ISBN: 1780996500

Category: Science

Page: 278

View: 4681

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This book liberates evolution from misrepresentative scientific myths to find a more nuanced vision of life that shows how advantages persist, trust is beneficial, and the diversity of species emerges.