The Lowland Wetlands of Cumbria

Author: David Hodgkinson,Elizabeth Huckerby,Robert Middleton

Publisher: Oxford Archaeological Unit


Category: Science

Page: 362

View: 1869


This volume details the results of archaeological and palaeoecological survey carried out in Cumbria between 1991 and 1997 as part of the North West Wetlands Survey. Divided geographically, the sections focus on southern Cumbria, the western coastal plain and north plains, discussing the background, aims and methodology of the project. The results of the survey highlight the long sequences of pollen and plant macrofossils that are preserved in Cumbria, some dating back to the Holocene. Having identified important areas, the authors focus on current threats to these areas, why these areas are in danger and possible management strategies for the future.

The Oxford Handbook of Wetland Archaeology

Author: Francesco Menotti,Aidan O'Sullivan

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199573492

Category: Science

Page: 943

View: 477


The Oxford Handbook of Wetland Archaeology is the most comprehensive survey of world wetland archaeology ever published and sets out and covers the key issues and debates in the theory and practice of wetland archaeology, which has played a crucial role in studies of our past. Due to the high quantity of well-preserved organic materials found in humid environments, the study of wetlands has allowed archaeologists to reconstruct people's everyday lives ingreat detail. Through concise essays written by over fifty of the world's leading scholars in the field, it describes the scientific and archaeological principles, methodologies, and spectacular results of past and present archaeological investigations of wetland environments.


A Frontier and Border City

Author: Mike McCarthy

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317525302

Category: Social Science

Page: 236

View: 2360


Carlisle charts the city's emergence as an urban centre under the Romans and traces its vicissitudes over subsequent centuries until the high Middle Ages. Arguably, the most important theme that differentiates its development from many other towns is its position as a 'border' city. The characteristics of the landscape surrounding Carlisle gave it special significance as a front-line element in the defence of the Roman province of Britannia and later at the frontier of two emerging kingdoms, England and Scotland. In both cases, it occupied the only overland route in the west between these two kingdoms, emphasising the importance of understanding its landscape setting. This volume sheds light on the processes of urbanization under the Romans beginning with a fort, developing into a major nodal hub, and ending as the capital city of the local tribe, the Carvetii. The story continues with the collapse of Roman rule and the city’s re-emergence first as a monastic centre, then as a proto-town in the period of Anglo-Scandinavian settlement. Finally, the Norman Conquest confirmed Carlisle’s importance with the establishment of a castle, a diocese, and an Augustinian Priory, as well as the granting of specific rights to the citizens. Carlisle uses a combination of archaeological discoveries and historical data to explore the history and legacy of this fascinating city.

Hadrian's Wall

Archaeological research by English Heritage 1976-2000

Author: Tony Wilmott

Publisher: English Heritage

ISBN: 1848021585

Category: Social Science

Page: 466

View: 6867


From 1976 to 2000 English Heritage archaeologists undertook excavation and research on Hadrian's Wall. This book reports on these findings and includes the first publication, of the James Irwin Coates archive of drawings of Hadrian' Wall made in 1877-96.


Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A


Category: Archaeology

Page: N.A

View: 7846


Includes section "Reviews."

Neolithic and Bronze Age landscapes of Cumbria

Author: Helen Evans

Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Ltd


Category: History

Page: 242

View: 1528


In 1933, R. G. Collingwood forwarded a four-headed approach for the advancement of knowledge of Cumbrian prehistory; office work, fieldwork, excavation and publication. The office work included three main tasks. The first task, the cataloguing and classification of sites and finds This present study draws on Collingwood's ideas in a number of ways, not least in that in order to interpret Cumbria's prehistoric record at a regional scale, it has been necessary to analyse and interpret many disparate strands of evidence. Only through setting out and discussing previously available evidence and adding to it through new fieldwork and excavation is it possible to construct, then forward an holistic and integrated regional sequence in line with contemporary academic schema. The analyses undertaken for this study have included the examination of environmental data, the collection and characterisation of lithic scatters, interpretation of the distributions, settings and architecture of monuments and the analysis of burial and depositional practices. Chapter one provides an introduction to Cumbrian landscapes and demonstrates the need for a regional approach towards the county's prehistoric record. Drawing on the use of theoretically informed landscape perspectives in the interpretation of prehistoric occupation, chapter two sets out the methodological and interpretative frameworks forming the basis of this study. Chapter three outlines the character and distribution of environmental and lithic data and develops a model of the likely nature of landuse and occupation these represent. Chapter four introduces the monument record and outlines methodological approaches to particular monument types. Chapter five discusses the classification and interpretation of stone circles and chapter six interprets the character and distribution of all Neolithic and Early Bronze Age monuments. Analysis of the landscape settings of monuments (chapter seven) and evidence for burial and deposition (chapter eight) illustrate the social and geographical scales at which communities operated over the Neolithic and Bronze Age and how they drew on and appropriated aspects of the natural world. Demonstrating the articulation of themes discussed in earlier chapters, chapter nine takes the form of an integrated case study of occupation, monument use and depositional practice across the Furness Peninsula. The final chapter discusses the nature and identification of regional traditions, forwards an integrated regional narrative and concludes with suggestions for further work.

Wetland Management

A Survey for English Heritage

Author: Bryony Coles

Publisher: N.A


Category: Archaeology

Page: 126

View: 6602


Feuchtboden - Seeufersiedlung - Moorsiedlung.

Land, Sea and Home

Proceedings of a Conference on Viking-period Settlement, at Cardiff, July 2001

Author: John Hines,Alan Lane,Mark Redknap,Society for Medieval Archaeology

Publisher: Maney Pub


Category: History

Page: 482

View: 4910


This well-presented contribution to settlement archaeology examines the archaeological and historical evidence for the settlements of that most nomadic of peoples, the Vikings.

Archaeology in Northumberland National Park

Author: Paul Frodsham

Publisher: Council for British Archeology

ISBN: 9781902771380

Category: Social Science

Page: 382

View: 4976


Through his work as an archaeologist for the Northumberland Park Authority, Paul Frodsham is better placed than most to appreciate the stunning landscape of Northumberland and the many prehistoric and historic sites that can be found there. This book, which is written for the general reader, successfully combines an overview of the archaeology of Northumberland National Park, from the Mesolithic to the present day, with a series of fourteen case studies or projects written by those carrying out research in the region. The papers are based on those given at a conference held in 2000, and reflect new research and ideas on a broad range of subjects, including `Peat, pollen and people' (Rob Young) , the Iron Age hillfort of West Hill (Peter Topping) . Hadrian's Wall (Tony Wilmott; Tim Gates) , Harbottle Castle (James Crow) , and the industrial landscape (Iain Hedley) .

In Search of Vikings

Interdisciplinary Approaches to the Scandinavian Heritage of North-West England

Author: Stephen E. Harding,David Griffiths,Elizabeth Royles

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482207591

Category: Science

Page: 204

View: 2306


The Viking Age lasted a little over three centuries, but has left a lasting legacy across Europe. These dynamic warrior-traders from Scandinavia, who fought and interacted with peoples as far apart as North America, Russia, and Central Asia, are some of the most recognizable historical figures in the western world. In the modern imagination they represent ruthlessness, heroism, adventurousness, and a unique prestige embellished by the wondrous tales and poetry of the sagas. Yet the sum of evidence for the Viking presence is far less clear than their reputation implies. In Search of Vikings presents a collection of papers from experts in a broad range of disciplines, including history, archaeology, genetics, and linguistics, to provide a detailed understanding of the Vikings in peace and in war. This book focuses on one particularly exciting area of the Viking world, namely the north-west region of England, where they are known to have settled in large numbers. North-west England was the crossroads between Ireland, Scotland, Wales, the Isle of Man, and the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms. It was a battleground for distant powers and dynasties, and its Irish Sea coastline created opportunities for trading and settlement. Silver hoards, burials, and Old Norse place-names attest to the Viking presence, and Scandinavian DNA is detectable amongst the modern population. The 12 integrated studies in this book are designed to reinvigorate the search for Vikings in this crucial region and to provide must-reading for anyone interested in Viking history.

Computing the past

computer applications and quantitative methods in archaeology : CAA92

Author: Jens Andresen,Torsten Madsén,Irwin Scollar

Publisher: Aarhus Universitetsforlag


Category: Social Science

Page: 469

View: 3611


The twentieth `Computer Applications in Archaeology' conference was held at Aarhus University, and this volume contains over 50 of the 90 lectures presented. Handsomely produced in hardback, it is very cheap for so large a book. Among the many papers, under 8 headings, are:Prospecting and Image Processing: The use of ground probing radar on archaeological sites (R Milligan & M Atkin); Image processing applications in archaeology (M Forte); Creating digital terrain models (J Haigh); GIS and Evaluation of Spatial Patterns: Spatial statistics and GIS (K Kvamme); Multiple viewshed analysis using GIS and its application (C Ruggles et al); GIS and Sites and Monuments Records: Bridging the urban-rural gap (J Chartrand et al); Use of GIS in antiquities registration and research (J Boaz & E Uleberg); Databases: Excavation archives (G Semeraro); Museums Index - an object orientated approach (J Feder); Artificial Intelligence: Computer-based techniques for the representation of automatic problem-solving in archaeology (J A Barcelo); Statistics - Methods and Techniques: Diversity indices and archaeology (T J Ringrose); The provenancing of archaeological ceramics (C E Buck); Statistics - Applications: Pre-processing of archaeological data (J Rulf); Mathematical models for the reconstruction of prehistoric settlement patterns (T Weber); Visualisation, Hypermedia and Education: Reconstruction of ancient Japanese tombs and villages (K Ozawa); The Roman conquest of Britain - a computer-based educational package (J Wilcock).

Epoxy Resins in Stone Consolidation

Author: Charles Selwitz

Publisher: Getty Publications


Category: Art

Page: 122

View: 4547


Major improvements in the durability and mechanical strength of deteriorating stone can be achieved through the use of epoxy resins as consolidants. The research presented in this volume shows that the proper use of solvents avoids problems of discoloration and crust formation. Two distinctly different approaches are explored. In the European model, treatment is done primarily on small objects using methods that maintain the resin solutions against the stone surface. In the United States, large surface areas of buildings are treated by spraying or brushing.