The Logic of Metaphor

Analogous Parts of Possible Worlds

Author: Eric Steinhart

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401596549

Category: Philosophy

Page: 256

View: 6544


1. Metaphors and Logic Metaphors are among the most vigorous offspring of the creative mind; but their vitality springs from the fact that they are logical organisms in the ecology of l- guage. I aim to use logical techniques to analyze the meanings of metaphors. My goal here is to show how contemporary formal semantics can be extended to handle metaphorical utterances. What distinguishes this work is that it focuses intensely on the logical aspects of metaphors. I stress the role of logic in the generation and int- pretation of metaphors. While I don't presuppose any formal training in logic, some familiarity with philosophical logic (the propositional calculus and the predicate c- culus) is helpful. Since my theory makes great use of the notion of structure, I refer to it as the structural theory of m etaphor (STM). STM is a semant ic theory of m etaphor : if STM is correct, then metaphors are cognitively meaningful and are n- trivially logically linked with truth. I aim to extend possible worlds semantics to handle metaphors. I'll argue that some sentences in natural languages like English have multiple meanings: "Juliet is the sun" has (at least) two meanings: the literal meaning "(Juliet is the sunkIT" and the metaphorical meaning "(Juliet is the sun)MET". Each meaning is a function from (possible) worlds to truth-values. I deny that these functions are identical; I deny that the metaphorical function is necessarily false or necessarily true.


the logic of poetry : a handbook

Author: John Briggs,Richard Monaco

Publisher: Pace Univ Pr


Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 290

View: 4874


In this revised edition of The Logic of Poetry: A Handbook of Metaphor, originally published in 1974, the authors explicate selected poems by analyzing their uses of metaphor and metaphoric device.

On the "Logic" of Togetherness

A Cultural Hermeneutic

Author: Kuang-Ming Wu

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004110007

Category: Philosophy

Page: 469

View: 1770


Building bridges between Asian and Western philosophies, Kuang-ming Wu provides a novel approach to the "self-other" issue, casting it in terms of togetherness. It is an essay on a cultural hermeneutics of togetherness, and of the homo-ecological community of differences, cultural and otherwise.

The Logic of Environmentalism

Anthropology, Ecology and Postcoloniality

Author: Vassos Argyrou

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 9781845451059

Category: Social Science

Page: 195

View: 3157


Although modernity's understanding of nature and culture has now been superseded by that of environmentalism, the power to define the meaning of both, and hence the meaning of the world itself, remains in the same (Western) hands. This bold argument is at the center of this provocative book that challenges the widespread assumption that environmentalism reflects a radical departure from modernity. Our perception of nature may have changed, the author maintains, but environmentalism remains a thoroughly modernist project. It reproduces the cultural logic of modernity, a logic that finds meaning in unity and therefore strives to efface difference, and to reconfirm the position of the West as the source of all legitimate signification.

The Logic of Incarnation

James K. A. Smith's Critique of Postmodern Religion

Author: Neal DeRoo,Brian Lightbody

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 1630877387

Category: Religion

Page: 252

View: 8457


With his Logic of Incarnation, James K. A. Smith has provided a compelling critique of the universalizing tendencies in some strands of postmodern philosophy of religion. A truly postmodern account of religion must take seriously the preference for particularity first evidenced in the Christian account of the incarnation of God. Moving beyond the urge to universalize, which characterizes modern thought, Smith argues that it is only by taking seriously particular differences--historical, religious, and doctrinal--that we can be authentically religious and authentically postmodern. Smith remains hugely influential in both academic discourse and church movements. This book is the first organized attempt to bring both of these aspects of Smith's work into conversation with each other and with him. With articles from an internationally respected group of philosophers, theologians, pastors, and laypeople, the entire range of Smith's considerable influence is represented here. Discussing questions of embodiment, eschatology, inter-religious dialogue, dogma, and difference, this book opens all the most relevant issues in postmodern religious life to a unique and penetrating critique.

The Logic of Time

A Model-Theoretic Investigation into the Varieties of Temporal Ontology and Temporal Discourse

Author: Johan van Benthem

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401098689

Category: Philosophy

Page: 276

View: 9908


That philosophical themes could be studied in an exact manner by logical meanS was a delightful discovery to make. Until then, the only outlet for a philosophical interest known to me was the production of poetry or essays. These means of expression remain inconclusive, however, with a tendency towards profuseness. The logical discipline provides so me intellectual backbone, without excluding the literary modes. A master's thesis by Erik Krabbe introduced me to the subject of tense logic. The doctoral dissertation of Paul N eedham awaked me (as so many others) from my dogmatic slumbers concerning the latter's mono poly on the logical study of Time. Finally, a set of lecture notes by Frank Veltman showed me how classical model theory is just as relevant to that study as more exotic intensional techniques. Of the authors whose work inspired me most, I would mention Arthur Prior, for his irresistible blend of logic and philosophy, Krister Segerberg, for his technical opening up of a systematic theory, and Hans Kamp, for his mastery of all these things at once. Many colleagues have made helpful comments on the two previous versions of this text. I would like to thank especially my students Ed Brinksma, Jan van Eyck and Wilfried Meyer-Viol for their logical and cultural criticism. The drawings were contributed by the versatile Bauke Mulder. Finally, Professor H intikka's kind appreciation provided the stimulus to write this book.

Atonement and the Logic of Resurrection in the Epistle to the Hebrews

Author: David M. Moffitt

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004206515

Category: Religion

Page: 338

View: 5427


Hebrews appears to have little interest in Jesus’ resurrection. Drawing on contemporary studies of Jewish sacrifice, Jewish apocalyptic literature, and fresh exegetical insights, this volume argues that Jesus’ resurrection forms the conceptual center of Hebrews’ Christological and soteriological reflection.

A Preface to Logic

Author: Morris R. Cohen

Publisher: Courier Dover Publications

ISBN: 0486801853

Category: Philosophy

Page: 224

View: 9644


Concise and readable, this introductory treatment examines logic and the concept of abstract reasoning as applied to the empirical world, as well as logic and statistical method, probability, scientific models, and more. 1944 edition.

Lacan and the Political

Author: Yannis Stavrakakis

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134694016

Category: Philosophy

Page: 208

View: 7444


The work of Jacques Lacan is second only to Freud in its impact on psychoanalysis. Yannis Stavrakakis clearly examines Lacan's challenging views on time, history, language, alterity, desire and sexuality from a political standpoint. It is the first book to provide an overview of the social and political implications of Lacan's work as a whole for students coming to Lacan for the first time. The first part of Lacan and the Political offers a straightforward and systematic assessment of the importance of Lacan's categories and theoretical constructions for concrete political analysis. The second half of the book applies Lacanian theory to specific examples of widely discussed political issues, such as Green ideology, the question of democracy and the hegemony of advertising in contemporary culture.

The Logic of Mind

Author: R.J. Nelson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400925956

Category: Philosophy

Page: 394

View: 4918


This book presents a mechanist philosophy of mind. I hold that the human mind is a system of computational or recursive rules that are embodied in the nervous system; that the material presence of these rules accounts for perception, conception, speech, belief, desire, intentional acts, and other forms of intelligence. In this edition I have retained the whole of the fIrst edition except for discussion of issues which no longer are relevant in philosophy of mind and cognitive psychology. Earlier reference to disputes of the 1960's and 70's between hard-line empiricists and neorationalists over the psychological status of grammars and language acquisition, for instance, has simply been dropped. In place of such material I have entered some timely or new topics and a few changes. There are brief references to the question of computer versus distributed processing (connectionist) theories. Many of these questions dissolve if one distinguishes as I now do in Chapter II between free and embodied algorithms. I have also added to my comments on artifIcal in telligence some reflections. on Searle's Chinese Translator. The irreducibility of machine functionalist psychology in my version or any other has been exaggerated. Input, output, and state entities are token identical to physical or biological things of some sort, while a machine system as a collection of recursive rules is type identical to representatives of equivalence classes. This nuld technicality emerges in Chapter XI. It entails that so-called "anomalous monism" is right in one sense and wrong in another.

The Logic of Sexuation

From Aristotle to Lacan

Author: Ellie Ragland

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780791460788

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 216

View: 3771


Challenges essentialist notions of gender through a detailed account of Lacan's theories of gender, sexuality, and sexual difference.

The Logic of Fetishism

Alejo Carpentier and the Cuban Tradition

Author: James J. Pancrazio

Publisher: Bucknell University Press

ISBN: 9780838755822

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 296

View: 3429


"Through a logic of fetishism, Carpentier's characters and narrators are always at the crossroads: they are self and other, Latin American and European, African and American, contrite and unrepentant, masculine and feminine. Literary fetishism, surprisingly, not only marks the space of representation, but also provides a powerful critical lens to examine Carpentier's fiction."--Jacket.