The Logic of Metaphor

Analogous Parts of Possible Worlds

Author: Eric Steinhart

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401596549

Category: Philosophy

Page: 256

View: 8202


1. Metaphors and Logic Metaphors are among the most vigorous offspring of the creative mind; but their vitality springs from the fact that they are logical organisms in the ecology of l- guage. I aim to use logical techniques to analyze the meanings of metaphors. My goal here is to show how contemporary formal semantics can be extended to handle metaphorical utterances. What distinguishes this work is that it focuses intensely on the logical aspects of metaphors. I stress the role of logic in the generation and int- pretation of metaphors. While I don't presuppose any formal training in logic, some familiarity with philosophical logic (the propositional calculus and the predicate c- culus) is helpful. Since my theory makes great use of the notion of structure, I refer to it as the structural theory of m etaphor (STM). STM is a semant ic theory of m etaphor : if STM is correct, then metaphors are cognitively meaningful and are n- trivially logically linked with truth. I aim to extend possible worlds semantics to handle metaphors. I'll argue that some sentences in natural languages like English have multiple meanings: "Juliet is the sun" has (at least) two meanings: the literal meaning "(Juliet is the sunkIT" and the metaphorical meaning "(Juliet is the sun)MET". Each meaning is a function from (possible) worlds to truth-values. I deny that these functions are identical; I deny that the metaphorical function is necessarily false or necessarily true.


the logic of poetry : a handbook

Author: John Briggs,Richard Monaco

Publisher: Pace Univ Pr


Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 290

View: 537


In this revised edition of The Logic of Poetry: A Handbook of Metaphor, originally published in 1974, the authors explicate selected poems by analyzing their uses of metaphor and metaphoric device.

On the "Logic" of Togetherness

A Cultural Hermeneutic

Author: Kuang-Ming Wu

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004110007

Category: Philosophy

Page: 469

View: 2583


Building bridges between Asian and Western philosophies, Kuang-ming Wu provides a novel approach to the "self-other" issue, casting it in terms of togetherness. It is an essay on a cultural hermeneutics of togetherness, and of the homo-ecological community of differences, cultural and otherwise.

The Logic of Environmentalism

Anthropology, Ecology and Postcoloniality

Author: Vassos Argyrou

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 9781845451059

Category: Social Science

Page: 195

View: 8176


Although modernity's understanding of nature and culture has now been superseded by that of environmentalism, the power to define the meaning of both, and hence the meaning of the world itself, remains in the same (Western) hands. This bold argument is at the center of this provocative book that challenges the widespread assumption that environmentalism reflects a radical departure from modernity. Our perception of nature may have changed, the author maintains, but environmentalism remains a thoroughly modernist project. It reproduces the cultural logic of modernity, a logic that finds meaning in unity and therefore strives to efface difference, and to reconfirm the position of the West as the source of all legitimate signification.

The Logic of Analogy

An Interpretation of St. Thomas

Author: R.M. McInerny

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789024701049

Category: Philosophy

Page: 184

View: 5044


The need for another study on the doctrine of analogy in the writings ofSt Thomas may not be obvious, since a complete bibliography in this area would doubtless assume depressing proportions. The present work is felt to be justified because it attempts a full-fledged alternative to the interpretation given in Cajetan's De nominum analogia, an interpretation which has provided the framework for subsequent discussions of the question. Recently, it is true, there has been growing dissatisfaction with Cajetan's approach; indeed there have been wholesale attacks on the great commentator who is alleged to have missed the clef de voute of the metaphysics of his master. Applied to our problem, this criticism leads to the view that Cajetan was not metaphysical enough, or that he was metaphysical in the wrong way, in his discussion of the analogy of names. As its title indicates, the present study is not in agreement with Cajetan's contention that the analogy of names is a metaphysical doctrine. It is precisely a logical doctrine in the sense that "logical" has for St Thomas. We have no desire to be associated with attacks on Cajetan, the meta physician, attacks we feel are quite wrongheaded. If Cajetan must be criticized for his interpretation of the analogy of names, it is imperative that he be criticized for the right reasons. Moreover, criticism ofCajetan in the present study is limited to his views on the analogy of names.

The Logic of Time

A Model-Theoretic Investigation into the Varieties of Temporal Ontology and Temporal Discourse

Author: Johan van Benthem

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401098689

Category: Philosophy

Page: 276

View: 4924


That philosophical themes could be studied in an exact manner by logical meanS was a delightful discovery to make. Until then, the only outlet for a philosophical interest known to me was the production of poetry or essays. These means of expression remain inconclusive, however, with a tendency towards profuseness. The logical discipline provides so me intellectual backbone, without excluding the literary modes. A master's thesis by Erik Krabbe introduced me to the subject of tense logic. The doctoral dissertation of Paul N eedham awaked me (as so many others) from my dogmatic slumbers concerning the latter's mono poly on the logical study of Time. Finally, a set of lecture notes by Frank Veltman showed me how classical model theory is just as relevant to that study as more exotic intensional techniques. Of the authors whose work inspired me most, I would mention Arthur Prior, for his irresistible blend of logic and philosophy, Krister Segerberg, for his technical opening up of a systematic theory, and Hans Kamp, for his mastery of all these things at once. Many colleagues have made helpful comments on the two previous versions of this text. I would like to thank especially my students Ed Brinksma, Jan van Eyck and Wilfried Meyer-Viol for their logical and cultural criticism. The drawings were contributed by the versatile Bauke Mulder. Finally, Professor H intikka's kind appreciation provided the stimulus to write this book.

Atonement and the Logic of Resurrection in the Epistle to the Hebrews

Author: David M. Moffitt

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004206515

Category: Religion

Page: 338

View: 1775


Hebrews appears to have little interest in Jesus’ resurrection. Drawing on contemporary studies of Jewish sacrifice, Jewish apocalyptic literature, and fresh exegetical insights, this volume argues that Jesus’ resurrection forms the conceptual center of Hebrews’ Christological and soteriological reflection.

A Preface to Logic

Author: Morris R. Cohen

Publisher: Courier Dover Publications

ISBN: 0486801853

Category: Philosophy

Page: 224

View: 8316


Concise and readable, this introductory treatment examines logic and the concept of abstract reasoning as applied to the empirical world, as well as logic and statistical method, probability, scientific models, and more. 1944 edition.

Lacan and the Political

Author: Yannis Stavrakakis

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134694016

Category: Philosophy

Page: 208

View: 7026


The work of Jacques Lacan is second only to Freud in its impact on psychoanalysis. Yannis Stavrakakis clearly examines Lacan's challenging views on time, history, language, alterity, desire and sexuality from a political standpoint. It is the first book to provide an overview of the social and political implications of Lacan's work as a whole for students coming to Lacan for the first time. The first part of Lacan and the Political offers a straightforward and systematic assessment of the importance of Lacan's categories and theoretical constructions for concrete political analysis. The second half of the book applies Lacanian theory to specific examples of widely discussed political issues, such as Green ideology, the question of democracy and the hegemony of advertising in contemporary culture.

The Logic of Mind

Author: R.J. Nelson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400925956

Category: Philosophy

Page: 394

View: 7202


This book presents a mechanist philosophy of mind. I hold that the human mind is a system of computational or recursive rules that are embodied in the nervous system; that the material presence of these rules accounts for perception, conception, speech, belief, desire, intentional acts, and other forms of intelligence. In this edition I have retained the whole of the fIrst edition except for discussion of issues which no longer are relevant in philosophy of mind and cognitive psychology. Earlier reference to disputes of the 1960's and 70's between hard-line empiricists and neorationalists over the psychological status of grammars and language acquisition, for instance, has simply been dropped. In place of such material I have entered some timely or new topics and a few changes. There are brief references to the question of computer versus distributed processing (connectionist) theories. Many of these questions dissolve if one distinguishes as I now do in Chapter II between free and embodied algorithms. I have also added to my comments on artifIcal in telligence some reflections. on Searle's Chinese Translator. The irreducibility of machine functionalist psychology in my version or any other has been exaggerated. Input, output, and state entities are token identical to physical or biological things of some sort, while a machine system as a collection of recursive rules is type identical to representatives of equivalence classes. This nuld technicality emerges in Chapter XI. It entails that so-called "anomalous monism" is right in one sense and wrong in another.

A Poetic for Sociology

Toward a Logic of Discovery for the Human Sciences

Author: Richard Harvey Brown

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226076195

Category: Social Science

Page: 302

View: 4731


For too long, argues Richard Harvey Brown, social scientists have felt forced to choose between imitating science's empirical methodology and impersonating a romantic notion of art, the methods of which are seen as primarily a matter of intuition, interpretation, and opinion. Developing the idea of a "cognitive aesthetic," Brown shows how both science and art—as well as the human studies that stand between them—depend on metaphoric thinking as their "logic of discovery" and may be assessed in terms of such aesthetic criteria of adequacy as economy, elegance, originality, scope, congruence, and form. By recognizing this "aesthetic" common ground between science and art, Brown demonstrates that a fusion can be achieved within the human sciences of these two principal ideals of knowledge—the scientific or positivist one and the artistic or intuitive one. A path, then, is opened for creating a knowledge of ourselves and society which is at once objective and subjective, at once valid scientifically and significantly humane.

The Logic of Sexuation

From Aristotle to Lacan

Author: Ellie Ragland

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780791460788

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 216

View: 4404


Challenges essentialist notions of gender through a detailed account of Lacan's theories of gender, sexuality, and sexual difference.

The Logic of Fetishism

Alejo Carpentier and the Cuban Tradition

Author: James J. Pancrazio

Publisher: Bucknell University Press

ISBN: 9780838755822

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 296

View: 6167


"Through a logic of fetishism, Carpentier's characters and narrators are always at the crossroads: they are self and other, Latin American and European, African and American, contrite and unrepentant, masculine and feminine. Literary fetishism, surprisingly, not only marks the space of representation, but also provides a powerful critical lens to examine Carpentier's fiction."--Jacket.