The Lipid Handbook with CD-ROM, Third Edition

Author: Frank D. Gunstone,John L. Harwood,Albert J. Dijkstra

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420009675

Category: Science

Page: 1472

View: 1177

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Extensively revised, reorganized, and expanded, the third edition of the industry standard, The Lipid Handbook reflects many of the changes in lipid science and technology that have occurred in the last decade. All chapters have been rewritten, many by new authors, to match the updated thinking and practice of modern lipid science and bring a fresh perspective to twenty years of tradition. Retaining the general structure of the previous editions, The Lipid Handbook with CD-ROM, Third Edition collates a wide range of information into a single volume. New contributions highlight the latest technologies utilized in today's lipid science such as chromatographic analysis and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. An entirely new chapter is devoted to non-food uses such as lipids as surfactants, cosmetics, and biofuels. Expanded sections illustrate a growing emphasis on lipid metabolism and the nutritional, medical, and agricultural aspects including human dietary requirements and disorders of lipid metabolism. The dictionary section is vastly expanded to cover chemical structure, physical properties, and references to thousands of lipid and lipid related molecules. The handbook now includes a CD-ROM that allows instant access to tabulated and referenced information and can be searched either as the full text or by structure or substructure. Drawing from the best minds in the field, The Lipid Handbook with CD-ROM, Third Edition presents the latest technological developments and the current and future directions and applications of lipid science to the next generation of researchers.

The Chemistry of Oils and Fats

Sources, Composition, Properties and Uses

Author: F. D. Gunstone

Publisher: Taylor & Francis US

ISBN: 9781405116268

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 288

View: 4315

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The three major macronutrients are proteins, carbohydrates, and lipids (oils and fats). This book is devoted to lipids, which are an important part of life for all of us. What are these materials in molecular terms? Where do they come from? What happens to them between the harvesting of crops and the appearance of the oils and fats in different products in the supermarket? How does nature produce these molecules and can we act on nature to modify the materials to increase their beneficial properties? How important are the minor products present in the fats that we consume? Since oils and fats vary, how can we analyse them? What are their physical, chemical and nutritional properties? How do the fats that we consume affect our health and well-being in both quantitative and qualitative terms? What are their major food and non-food uses? This book provides a broad source of reference on oils and fats chemistry for graduates entering the food and oleochemical industries, postgraduate researchers and nutritionists. It offers a point of entry to the detailed literature.

The Lipid Handbook, Second Edition

Author: Frank D. Gunstone,John L. Harwood,Fred B. Padley

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0412433206

Category: Science

Page: 1273

View: 6601

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A great deal of research has been carried out on this important class of compounds in the last ten years. To ensure that scientists are kept up to date, the editors of the First Edition of The Lipid Handbook have completely reviewed and extensively revised their highly successful original work. The Lipid Handbook: Second Edition is an indispensable resource for anyone working with oils, fats, and related substances.

Oils and Fats in the Food Industry

Author: Frank Gunstone

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444302434

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 160

View: 585

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Oils and fats are almost ubiquitous in food processing – whether naturally occurring in foods or added as ingredients for functional benefits and, despite the impression given by several sources to the contrary, they remain an essential part of the human diet. However, it is increasingly apparent that both the quantity and the quality of the fat consumed are vital to achieving a balanced diet. Health concerns regarding high-fat diets continue to have a high profile, and still represent a pressing issue for food manufacturers. This volume provides a concise and easy-to-use reference on the nature of oils and fats for those working in the food industry and for those in the media seeking to advise the public on consumption. Written in a style that makes the concepts and information contained easily accessible, and using a minimum of chemical structures, the nature and composition of the constituents of oils and fats are explained. The major sources of food lipids (vegetable and animal fats) are outlined, along with their physical characteristics. The book also focuses on the current main concerns of the food industry regarding oils and fats use, including: the nutritional properties of fats and oils and their various components; links between chemical structure and physiological properties; and the role of lipids in some of the more important disease conditions such as obesity, diabetes, coronary heart disease and cancer. The final chapter is devoted to a description of the most common food uses of oils and fats. The book will be of interest to food industry professionals, students or others who require a working knowledge of oils and fats in the food industry.

Dictionary of Food Compounds with CD-ROM, Second Edition

Author: Shmuel Yannai

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420083511

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 2346

View: 2167

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The increasing world population, competition for arable land and rich fishing grounds, and environmental concerns mandate that we exploit in a sustainable way the earth’s available plant and animal resources for human consumption. To that end, food chemists, technologists, and nutritionists engage in a vast number of tasks related to food availability, quality, safety, nutritional value, and sensory properties—as well as those involved in processing, storage, and distribution. To assist in these functions, it is essential they have easy access to a collection of information on the myriad compounds found in foods. This is particularly true because even compounds present in minute concentrations may exert significant desirable or negative effects on foods. Includes a foreword by Zdzislaw E. Sikorski, Gdańsk University of Technology, Poland; Editor of the CRC Press Chemical & Functional Properties of Food Components Series. Dictionary of Food Compounds, Second Edition is presented in a user-friendly format in both hard copy and fully searchable CD-ROM. It contains entries describing natural components of food raw materials and products as well as compounds added to foods or formed in the course of storage or processing. Each entry contains the name of the component, the chemical and physical characteristics, a description of functional properties related to food use, and nutritional and toxicological data. Ample references facilitate inquiry into more detailed information about any particular compound. Food Compounds Covered: Natural Food Constituents Lipids Proteins Carbohydrates Fatty acids Flavonoids Alkaloids Food Contaminants Mycotoxins Food Additives Colorants Preservatives Antioxidants Flavors Nutraceuticals Probiotics Dietary Supplements Vitamins This new edition boasts an additional 12,000 entries for a total of 41,000 compounds, including 900 enzymes found in food. No other reference work on food compounds is as complete or as comprehensive.

Plant Lipids

Author: Denis J. Murphy

Publisher: Taylor & Francis US

ISBN: 9781405119047

Category: Science

Page: 403

View: 1949

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New research tools have revealed many surprising aspects of the dynamic nature of lipids and their participation in processes such as recognition, intra- and inter-cellular signalling, deterrence and defence against pathogens, membrane trafficking and protein function. This is in addition to new information on the more established roles of plant lipids as structural components of membranes and as long-term storage products. Plant lipids are also increasingly being seen as sources of a new generation of environmentally friendly, biodegradable and renewable industrial products, including biopolymers and high grade lubricants. This volume provides a broad overview of plant lipid research and its many applications, linking the various disciplines and providing an interesting and wide-ranging perspective on this fast-moving field. Extensive lists of references are provided, totalling well over two thousand non-redundant citations and offering a point of entry to the detailed literature. This is a book for researchers and professionals in plant biochemistry, molecular biology, biotechnology and genetics, in both the academic and industrial sectors.

Principles and Practice of Endocrinology and Metabolism

Author: Kenneth L. Becker

Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

ISBN: 9780781717502

Category: Medical

Page: 2477

View: 9172

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Established as the foremost text in the field, Principles and Practice of Endocrinology and Metabolism is now in its thoroughly revised, updated Third Edition. This practical, clinically relevant, and comprehensive text covers the entire field of endocrinology and metabolism, including the diffuse endocrine system; morphology and physiology; diagnosis and treatment of endocrine diseases; endocrinology of the female; hormones and cancer; and much more. The Third Edition contains new chapters reflecting the latest advances and features expanded coverage of genetics and the endocrinology of sepsis. More than 1,400 illustrations complement the text. A drug formulary appears at the back of the book.

Introduction to Lipidomics

From Bacteria to Man

Author: Claude Leray

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466551461

Category: Medical

Page: 339

View: 2879

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Lipidomics is the study of the lipid molecules that are found in animal, plant, and bacterial cells. Recent research in this field has been driven by the development of sensitive new mass spectrometric tools and protocols, leading to the identification and quantification of thousands of lipids and their roles in metabolic processes. Designed for students of biochemistry, cell biology, pharmacology, nutrition, cosmetics, and medicine, Introduction to Lipidomics: From Bacteria to Man organizes the vast diversity of lipid molecules around simple analytical concepts, which are also understandable to students and readers from other scientific fields. It describes the structure, history, and function of lipids that play a key role in energy metabolism, cell signaling, and the formation of membranes of living cells. Each lipid section in the book contains a brief account of its discovery, biological functions, and possible pharmacological properties. An appendix is devoted to the chronology of lipid discoveries and associated techniques, supplemented by a bibliography of the major lipid groups and a review of lipid Web sites. The first comprehensive book on lipidomics, this long-awaited work inventories the huge variety of lipid molecules from animal, plant, and bacterial cells. It includes marine ecosystems, little-known structures from bibliographic data, cultural references, and context. A true text rather than just a catalog, it is highly informative and educational while simultaneously being anecdotal and interesting.

Single Cell Oils

Author: Zvi Cohen,Colin Ratledge

Publisher: AOCS Publishing

ISBN: 9781893997806

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 257

View: 2781

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Featuring recognized academic and industrial experts in this cutting-edge field, this book reviews single cell oils (SCO) currently in the market. The text mainly focuses on the production of the long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids, Arachidonic acid, and Docosahexaenoinc acid. All chapters provide up to date references for navigating the vast amount of historic data available in the field. The authors provide real world examples of the commercial development and applications of various SCO in a variety of fields, from food ingredients and disease treatment to aquaculture and fish farming. The highlight of the book is perhaps the first chapter in which Colin Ratledge, a world renowned expert in SCO and lipid biochemistry, gives an interesting and informative overview on the history of SCO development, together with his perspectives on the future of this industry in light of competition arising from genetically modified plant oils. Zvi Cohen, a renowned expert in PUFA-producing microalgae, describes some of his metabolic studies on PUFA production and TAG biosynthesis. Chapter 10 deals with EPA-producing microalgae and some cultivation strategies for their large scale production. This chapter includes a number of tables summarizing the various organisms under investigation which I found to be of great use. Since the development of EPA single cell oils is still in its infancy, this chapter is quite helpful for researchers thinking along those lines.

Lehninger Principles of Biochemistry

Author: David L. Nelson,Albert L. Lehninger,Michael M. Cox

Publisher: Macmillan

ISBN: 071677108X

Category: Science

Page: 1158

View: 8455

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Authors Dave Nelson and Mike Cox combine the best of the laboratory and best of the classroom, introducing exciting new developments while communicating basic principles of biochemistry.

Lipids in Plants and Microbes

Author: John L. Harwood,Nicholas J. Russell

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9780045740215

Category: Science

Page: 162

View: 9691

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General remarks. Classification of organisms. Lipid nomenclature. Major lipid types in plants and micro-organisms. Distribution of lipids. Biosynthesis. Degradation. Lipid functions. Fatty acids. Acyl lipids. Terpenoids. Sterols. Other lipid types. Ether lipids. Lipid distribution in different organisms and their use in taxonomy. Subcellular distribution of lipids. Intramenbrane lipid distribution. Subcellular fractionation and membrane isolation. Factors affecting the lipid composition of plants and microorganisms. Degradation of acyl lipids. Oxidation of fatty acids. Membrane structure and function. Storage. Microbial lipids as virulence factors.

Lipid Oxidation in Health and Disease

Author: Corinne M. Spickett,Henry Jay Forman

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482202867

Category: Medical

Page: 440

View: 6282

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Oxidative modification of lipids and phospholipids—including radical damage, halogenation, and nitration—result in significant changes to the chemical properties of the molecules, which in turn have a major effect on their biochemical functions. Lipid oxidation has long been regarded as a deleterious process responsible for lipid rancidity, loss of function, and generation of toxic products. However in recent years, research has also focused on the non-detrimental physiological and pathological effects of these chemical reactions. Lipid Oxidation in Health and Disease provides an up-to-date review of the role of oxidized lipid products in physiological and pathophysiological processes. Covering the diverse topics that contribute to research in this important field, this book explores: The mechanisms of lipid oxidation, both enzymatic and non-enzymatic Antioxidant defenses and lipid oxidation Lipid oxidation products and cell signaling The roles of oxidized lipids in specific diseases—including cardiovascular, neurodegenerative, and metabolic disorders, as well as in cancer Drug targeting and the therapeutic potential of oxidized lipids Accurate measurement of the formation of lipid oxidation products and investigation of their biological effects and roles in disease are critical to biomedical science and new targeted therapeutics. Written by acknowledged experts in the field, this book provides a broad survey of both established knowledge and recent findings on the action of oxidized lipid products on cell signaling and gene expression in health and disease.

Healthful Lipids

Author: Casimir C. Akoh,Oi-Ming Lai

Publisher: AOCS Publishing

ISBN: 9781893997516

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 762

View: 5967

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Healthful Lipids addresses critical and current regulatory issues and emerging technologies, as well as the efforts made toward the production of healthier lipids. This book examines the latest technological advancements and the emerging technologies in processing and analysis, health-related concerns, and strategies used in the production and application of healthful lipids. It also includes an in-depth patent review on enzyme modified and trans-free fats and oils. This book is a valuable reference not only to graduate students and individuals interested in food research, product development, food processing, nutrition, dietetics, quality assurance, genetic engineering of oil crops, oil processing, fat substitutes, and lipid biotechnology, but also to food industry professionals seeking background and advanced knowledge in lipids.

Organic Chemist's Desk Reference

Author: Caroline Cooper

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781439811665

Category: Medical

Page: 288

View: 9065

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CHOICE Award Winner Since the first publication in 1995, the Organic Chemist’s Desk Reference has been essential reading for laboratory chemists who need a concise guide to the essentials of organic chemistry — the literature, nomenclature, stereochemistry, spectroscopy, hazard information, and laboratory data. The past fifteen years have witnessed immense growth in the field of chemistry and new discoveries have continued to shape its progress. In addition, the distinction between organic chemistry and other disciplines such as biochemistry and materials science has become increasingly blurred. Extensively revised and updated, this new edition contains the very latest data that chemists need access to for experimentation and research. New in the Second Edition: Rearranged content placed in a logical progressive order, making subjects easier to find Expanded topics from the glossary now presented as separate chapters Updated information on many classic subjects such as mass spectrometry and infrared, ultraviolet, and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy New sections on chiral separations and crystallography Cross references to a plethora of web information Reflecting a 75% revision since the last edition, this volume is a must-have for organic chemists and those in related fields who need quick and easy access to vital information in the lab. It is also a valuable companion to the Dictionary of Organic Compounds, enabling readers to easily focus in on critical data.

Oleochemical Manufacture and Applications

Author: F. D. Gunstone,Richard John Hamilton

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780849397851

Category: Science

Page: 325

View: 5783

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Oleochemical Manufacture and Applications presents an overview of oleochemicals at the research and professional levels, with an emphasis on industrial production and applications. Approximately half of the chapters consider general matters, while the other half deal with applications. Authors are drawn from industrial and academic laboratories around the world. The book is an invaluable reference for chemists and technologists working on the production and use of oleochemicals, analytical chemists, quality assurance personnel, and lipid chemists in academic research laboratories.

Fats in Food Technology

Author: Kanes K. Rajah

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118788761

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 385

View: 1836

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Fats are present in some form in the vast majority of processed foods we consume, as well as in many ‘natural’ products. Changes in consumer behaviour, centered around an increased emphasis on healthy food consumption, mean that it is more important than ever for food scientists to understand the properties, roles and behaviours that fats play in food and in diets. Fats in Food Technology, Second Edition is an in-depth examination of the roles and behaviours of fats in food technology and the benefits that they impart to consumers. It considers both fats that are naturally present in foods (such as milk fat in cheese) and fats that have been added to improve physical, chemical and organoleptic properties (like cocoa butter in chocolate). Newly revised and updated, the book contains useful information on the market issues that have driven change and the disciplines that have helped to regulate the trade and use of fats and oils in food technology. Drawing on the recent literature as well as the personal R&D experiences of the authors, the book highlights those areas where potential efficiencies in processing and economy in the cost of raw materials can be made. Issues concerning health, diet and lifestyle are covered in dedicated chapters. This book will be useful to anyone in industry and research establishments who has an interest in the technology of fat-containing food products, including scientists in the dairy, spreads, bakery, confectionery and wider food industries, as well those involved in the production of edible oils.

The Role of Fats in Human Nutrition

Author: A. J. Vergroesen,Michael Crawford

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Arteriosclerosis

Page: 580

View: 8654

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Dietary fats and carbohydrates represent some eighty to ninety percent of food energy uptake in man; fatty acids play a critical role in human development, health and disease. In affluent populations high fat consumption contributes to heart disease, obesity and type II diabetes mellitus, while in non-affluent groups, the generally poor nutritional state found in young children can be partially attributed to a low fat intake. This book reviews our current understanding of essential fatty acids and their role in human nutrition. The topics addressed include the analysis of dietary fatty acids, dietary fats and fish oils in health and in the prevention of heart disease, linoleic acid in the treatment of diabetes, and the role of essential fatty acids in early human development.

Chemical, Biological, and Functional Aspects of Food Lipids, Second Edition

Author: Zdzislaw Z. E. Sikorski,Anna Kolakowska

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781439802380

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 512

View: 604

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Based on years of academic and industrial research by an international panel of experts, Chemical, Biological, and Functional Properties of Food Lipids, Second Edition provides a concise, yet well-documented presentation of the current state of knowledge on lipids. Under the editorial guidance of globally recognized food scientists Zdzisław E. Sikorski and Anna Kołakowska, this completely revised and updated edition presents eight entirely new chapters. Originally titled Chemical and Functional Properties of Food Lipids, this edition adds Biological to the title to reflect a far greater emphasis on the biological aspects of lipids. Among a wealth of ongoing and current topics, this essential resource: Familiarizes readers with the standard chemical nomenclature and properties of a large variety of lipids Examines the contents of lipids in plants, fish, milk, meat, and eggs Describes advances in methods of physical, chemical, and biochemical analyses Offers new information on phospholipids, sterols, and fat-soluble vitamins in foods Provides a biochemist’s view of lipid oxidation and antioxidants—crucial for the sensory and nutritive aspects of food quality Discusses modified lipids and fat mimetics, as well as those of special biological and physico-chemical activity Considers the importance of frying fats, lipid-proteins and lipid-saccharides interactions, and lipid contaminants in relation to food quality Chemical, Biological, and Functional Properties of Food Lipids, Second Edition is an ideal reference for both professional and aspiring food scientists in both industry and academia. It contains all of the necessary information needed to control the rate of undesirable reactions in foods and select optimum storage and processing parameters for these delicate fats.

Analysis of Lipid Oxidation

Author: Afaf Kamal-Eldin,Jan Pokorny

Publisher: AOCS Publishing

ISBN: 9781893997707

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 293

View: 1872

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Lipid oxidation, though researched since the beginning of the 20th century, still gives no complete and satisfactory information on the composition of oxidized lipids. One important factor contributing to these gaps in our knowledge about lipid oxidation relates to the shortages in analytical methodology. Analytical methods suitable for oxidized lipids were often reviewed in the last decade, but mostly from the aspect of determination of individual oxidized lipid classes, such as peroxides, aldehydes, polar lipids, or polymers. In this book, they are treated from the standpoint of types of analytical methods used, including different volumetric methods, UV-visible spectrometric methods, high performance size-exclusion chromatography, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, electron spin resonance spectroscopy, and differential scanning calorimetry. Analysis of Lipid Oxidation is essential for further developments in analytical methodology and hyphenated techniques, with which more understanding of the reaction kinetics, mechanism, and implications will take place.

Omega-3 Fatty Acids and the DHA Principle

Author: Raymond C. Valentine,David L. Valentine

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439813000

Category: Medical

Page: 278

View: 3024

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The physical-chemical properties of the omega-3 fatty acid DHA (docosahexaenoic acid) enable it to facilitate rapid biochemical processes in the membrane. This effect has numerous benefits, including those involved in the growth of bacteria, rapid energy generation, human vision, brain impulse, and photosynthesis, to name a few. Yet DHA also carries risks that can lead to cellular death and disease. Omega-3 Fatty Acids and the DHA Principle explores the roles of omega-3 fatty acids in cellular membranes ranging from human neurons and swimming sperm to deep sea bacteria, and develops a principle by which to assess their benefits and risks. The DHA Principle states that the blending of lipids to form cellular membranes is evolutionarily-honed to maximize benefit while minimizing risk, and that a complex blending code involving conformational dynamics, energy stress, energy yield, and chemical stability underlies all cellular membranes. This book lays the groundwork to understanding this code. It examines the evolution of DHA and the membrane and explores the general properties of omega-3s and other membrane lipids. It then focuses on cellular biology before shifting to a practical discussion on applications. The authors discuss the DHA Principle as applied to petroleum degradation, winemaking, global warming, molecular farming, aging, neurodegenerative diseases, and the prevention of colon cancer. Reflecting the increased public interest that has emerged over the years, this volume uses an integrative approach to explain the complex roles of omega-3s in the membrane. Incorporating principles from chemistry, cellular biology, evolution, and ecology, this work gives researchers in a variety of fields the building blocks to stimulate further study.