The Last Days Of The Incas

Author: Kim MacQuarrie

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 1405526076

Category: History

Page: 544

View: 1573

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The epic story of the fall of the Inca Empire to Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro in the aftermath of a bloody civil war, and the recent discovery of the lost guerrilla capital of the Incas, Vilcabamba, by three American explorers. In 1532, the fifty-four-year-old Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro led a force of 167 men, including his four brothers, to the shores of Peru. Unbeknownst to the Spaniards, the Inca rulers of Peru had just fought a bloody civil war in which the emperor Atahualpa had defeated his brother Huascar. Pizarro and his men soon clashed with Atahualpa and a huge force of Inca warriors at the Battle of Cajamarca. Despite being outnumbered by more than two hundred to one, the Spaniards prevailed-due largely to their horses, their steel armour and swords, and their tactic of surprise. They captured and imprisoned Atahualpa. Although the Inca emperor paid an enormous ransom in gold, the Spaniards executed him anyway. The following year, the Spaniards seized the Inca capital of Cuzco, completing their conquest of the largest native empire the New World has ever known. Peru was now a Spanish colony, and the conquistadors were wealthy beyond their wildest dreams. But the Incas did not submit willingly. A young Inca emperor, the brother of Atahualpa, soon led a massive rebellion against the Spaniards, inflicting heavy casualties and nearly wiping out the conquerors. Eventually, however, Pizarro and his men forced the emperor to abandon the Andes and flee to the Amazon. There, he established a hidden capital, called Vilcabamba-only recently rediscovered by a trio of colorful American explorers. Although the Incas fought a deadly, thirty-six-year-long guerrilla war, the Spanish ultimately captured the last Inca emperor and vanquished the native resistance.

Der Amerikanische Bürgerkrieg

Author: John Keegan

Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH

ISBN: 3644106517

Category: History

Page: 512

View: 7636

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Mit über 700 000 gefallenen Soldaten war der Amerikanische Bürgerkrieg blutiger und verlustreicher als alle Kriege zusammen, die die USA seither geführt haben. Und was seine Brutalität und Totalität angeht, nahm er sogar die Schrecken des Ersten Weltkriegs vorweg. Für John Keegan, laut New York Times «der originellste Militärhistoriker der Gegenwart», ist dieser Konflikt schlichtweg der erste moderne Krieg und zugleich «der wichtigste ideologische Kampf der Weltgeschichte». In seinem Buch schildert er nicht nur die Vorgeschichte des Bürgerkriegs, die großen Ereignisse und Schlachten und welche Folgen sie hatten – er widmet sich genauso den Protagonisten wie Abraham Lincoln, Robert E. Lee oder Ulysses Grant. Dabei geht es ihm neben der profunden militärhistorischen Analyse auch um die politischen Dimensionen und die menschlichen Erschütterungen. Nicht zuletzt beschäftigt ihn die Frage, wie es möglich war, dass ein Land, das so sehr auf Konsens gebaut ist wie die Vereinigten Staaten, von einem tödlichen Bruderkonflikt zerrissen wurde. Ein Standardwerk, das eine Lücke schließt.

Lost City of the Incas

Author: Hiram Bingham

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 0297865331

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 224

View: 4601

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First published in the 1950s, this is a classic account of the discovery in 1911 of the lost city of Machu Picchu. In 1911 Hiram Bingham, a pre-historian with a love of exotic destinations, set out to Peru in search of the legendary city of Vilcabamba, capital city of the last Inca ruler, Manco Inca. With a combination of doggedness and good fortune he stumbled on the perfectly preserved ruins of Machu Picchu perched on a cloud-capped ledge 2000 feet above the torrent of the Urubamba River. The buildings were of white granite, exquisitely carved blocks each higher than a man. Bingham had not, as it turned out, found Vilcabamba, but he had nevertheless made an astonishing and memorable discovery, which he describes in his bestselling book LOST CITY OF THE INCAS.

Book Lust to Go

Recommended Reading for Travelers, Vagabonds, and Dreamers

Author: Nancy Pearl

Publisher: Sasquatch Books

ISBN: 1570617015

Category: Travel

Page: 320

View: 8261

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Adventure is just a book away as best-selling author Nancy Pearl returns with recommended reading for more than 120 destinations around the globe. Book Lust To Go connects the best fiction and nonfiction to particular destinations, whether your bags are packed or your armchair is calling. With stops from Texas to Timbuktu, Nancy Pearl's reading recommendations will send you on your way.

The White Rock

An Exploration of the Inca Heartland

Author: Hugh Thomson

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 0297866168

Category: Travel

Page: 416

View: 5311

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One man goes in search of the lost cities of the Amazon in the Inca heartland. The lost cities of South America have always exercised a powerful hold on the popular imagination. The ruins of the Incas and other pre-Colombian civilisations are scattered over thousands of miles of still largely uncharted territory, particularly in the Eastern Andes, where the mountains fall away towards the Amazon. Twenty-five years ago, Hugh Thomson set off into the cloud-forest on foot to find a ruin that had been carelessly lost again after its initial discovery. Into his history of the Inca Empire he weaves the story of his adventures as he travelled to the most remote Inca cities. It is also the story of the great explorers in whose footsteps he followed, such as Hiram Bingham and Gene Savoy.

The Rough Guide to Peru

Author: Dilwyn Jenkins

Publisher: Rough Guides UK

ISBN: 1405389850

Category: Travel

Page: 547

View: 3228

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Provides practical advice on planning a trip to Peru, describes points of interest in each section of the country, and includes information on restaurants, nightspots, and shops.

The Conquest of the Incas

Author: John Hemming

Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt

ISBN: 0547416458

Category: History

Page: 672

View: 7718

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This monumental work of history removes the Incas from the realm of legend and shows the reality of their struggles against the Spanish invasion. Winner of the 1971 Christopher Award. Index; photographs, maps, and line drawings.

How the Incas Built Their Heartland

State Formation and the Innovation of Imperial Strategies in the Sacred Valley, Peru

Author: R. Alan Covey

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 9780472114788

Category: History

Page: 333

View: 1741

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Inca archaeology has traditionally been intimately tied to the study of the Spanish chronicles, but archaeologists are often asked to explain how Inca civilization relates to earlier states and empires in the Andean highlands-a time period with little coinciding documentary record. Until recently, few archaeologists working in and around the Inca heartland conducted archaeological research into the period between AD 1000 and AD 1400, leaving a great divide between pre-Inca archaeology and Inca studies. In How the Incas Built Their Heartland R. Alan Covey supplements an archaeological approach with the tools of a historian, forming an interdisciplinary study of how the Incas became sufficiently powerful to embark on an unprecedented campaign of territorial expansion and how such developments related to earlier patterns of Andean statecraft. In roughly a hundred years of military campaigns, Inca dominion spread like wildfire across the Andes, a process traditionally thought to have been set in motion by a single charismatic ruler, Pachacuti Inca Yupanqui. Taking nearly a century of archaeological research in the region around the Inca capital as his point of departure, Covey offers an alternative description of Inca society in the centuries leading up to imperial expansion. To do so, Covey proposes a new reading of the Spanish chronicles, one that focuses on processes, rather than singular events, occurring throughout the region surrounding Cusco, the Inca capital. His focus on long-term regional changes, rather than heroic actions of Inca kings, allows the historical and archaeological evidence to be placed on equal interpretive footing. The result is a narrative of Inca political origins linking Inca statecraft to traditions of Andean power structures, long-term ecological changes, and internal social transformations. By reading the Inca histories in a compatible way, Covey shows that it is possible to construct a unified theory of how the Inca heartland was transformed after AD 1000. R. Alan Covey is Assistant Professor of Anthropology at Southern Methodist University.

Edgar Cayce's Story of the Soul

Author: W.H. Church

Publisher: ARE Press

ISBN: 0876042736

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 252

View: 2043

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Gain a true understanding of the genesis of souls and what happened in the Garden of Eden. Read about Atlantis, the Yucatan, Fallen Angels, Mound Builders and more. Read this story of the soul on its journey through Lemuria and Atlantis and know that you were there, too. Relive what may by your own history in Egypt, Persia, and prehistoric America. Walk with Abraham and the other patriarchs in the desert in the great search for God that we all share.

Narrative of the Circumnavigation of the Globe by the Austrian Frigate Novara: Volume 1

Undertaken by Order of the Imperial Government, in the Years 1857, 1858, and 1859

Author: Karl von Scherzer

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108059759

Category: History

Page: 564

View: 3997

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Joined by seven eminent natural scientists, including Karl von Scherzer (1821-1903), the Austrian naval expedition of 1857-9 was remarkable for its globe-spanning scale. During the course of the voyage, the naturalists collected an abundance of samples which contributed to several scientific discoveries, including the isolation of cocaine in its pure form. Some of the investigations also revolutionised knowledge in such fields as geology, oceanography, hydrography and geomagnetism, and are still being studied by modern-day researchers. Prepared by Scherzer and first published in English in 1861-3, this is a compelling three-volume account of the mission, remaining relevant to scholars interested in naval exploration and the history of science. Opening with the guidance given by Alexander von Humboldt prior to the expedition, Volume 1 covers the leg between Europe and India. It includes notes on the social structure of the populations encountered, and on the local flora and fauna.

Alternative States of Consciousness in Shamanism, Imaginal Psychotherapies, Hypnotherapy, and Meditation Including a Shamanism and Meditation Inspired Personal and Professional Training Program for the 21st Century Psychotherapist

A Cognitive, Intrapsychic, Experiential, and Transpersonal Research Project and Program

Author: Allen Holmquist

Publisher: Universal-Publishers

ISBN: 1581123574

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 600

View: 2337

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Shamanism, hypnosis, imaginal psychotherapies, and meditation are based on the use of what we in the modern western world think of as non-ordinary human consciousness. These four modalities have fundamental similarities and differences in purpose, theory, technique, type of alternative consciousness, and their application of non-ordinary reality. Shamanism, the oldest and most intertwined with the cultures in which it is practiced, will be explored as a model for individual healing and transformation and professional training. The shamanic way will also be explored as a model of consciousness and a world-view that offers individuals, groups, and society much needed coping mechanisms, healing techniques, and transformative values that may be helpful in dealing with this trying and important transition time for humanity. Imaginal therapies, meditation and hypnosis all have their roots in shamanism, although in some parts of the world at certain times in history, shamanism borrowed from meditation in its adaptation and development.

The Royal Commentaries of the Incas and General History of Peru, Abridged

Author: Garcilaso De La Vega

Publisher: Hackett Publishing

ISBN: 1603848568

Category: History

Page: 264

View: 8114

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This new abridgment of both volumes of Livermore's classic translation presents those selections that comprise Garcilaso's historical narrative. Karen Spalding's new Introduction and notes set Garcilaso in his intellectual, historical, and cultural contexts.

Versunkene Reiche

der Ursprung der Zivilisation im Reiche der Maya und Inka

Author: Zecharia Sitchin

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783930219612

Category:

Page: 288

View: 3822

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Zecharia Sitchin weist in >Versunkene Reiche nach, daß die präkolumbianischen Kulturen der Maya und Inka nur mit Hilfe der Götter, der Anunnaki, jene die vom Himmel auf die Erde kamen

The Worth of War

Author: Benjamin Ginsberg

Publisher: Prometheus Books

ISBN: 1616149515

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 2216

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Although war is terrible and brutal, history shows that it has been a great driver of human progress. So argues political scientist Benjamin Ginsberg in this incisive, well-researched study of the benefits to civilization derived from armed conflict. Ginsberg makes a convincing case that war selects for and promotes certain features of societies that are generally held to represent progress. These include rationality, technological and economic development, and liberal forms of government. Contrary to common perceptions that war is the height of irrationality, Ginsberg persuasively demonstrates that in fact it is the ultimate test of rationality. He points out that those societies best able to assess threats from enemies rationally and objectively are usually the survivors of warfare. History also clearly reveals the technological benefits that result from war—ranging from the sundial to nuclear power. And in regard to economics, preparation for war often spurs on economic development; by the same token, nations with economic clout in peacetime usually have a huge advantage in times of war. Finally, war and the threat of war have encouraged governments to become more congenial to the needs and wants of their citizens because of the increasing reliance of governments on their citizens’ full cooperation in times of war. However deplorable the realities of war are, the many fascinating examples and astute analysis in this thought-provoking book will make readers reconsider the unmistakable connection between war and progress.

The Circadian Clock

Author: Urs Albrecht

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1441912622

Category: Science

Page: 300

View: 5777

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With the invitation to edit this volume, I wanted to take the opportunity to assemble reviews on different aspects of circadian clocks and rhythms. Although most c- tributions in this volume focus on mammalian circadian clocks, the historical int- duction and comparative clocks section illustrate the importance of various other organisms in deciphering the mechanisms and principles of circadian biology. Circadian rhythms have been studied for centuries, but only recently, a mole- lar understanding of this process has emerged. This has taken research on circadian clocks from mystic phenomenology to a mechanistic level; chains of molecular events can describe phenomena with remarkable accuracy. Nevertheless, current models of the functioning of circadian clocks are still rudimentary. This is not due to the faultiness of discovered mechanisms, but due to the lack of undiscovered processes involved in contributing to circadian rhythmicity. We know for example, that the general circadian mechanism is not regulated equally in all tissues of m- mals. Hence, a lot still needs to be discovered to get a full understanding of cir- dian rhythms at the systems level. In this respect, technology has advanced at high speed in the last years and provided us with data illustrating the sheer complexity of regulation of physiological processes in organisms. To handle this information, computer aided integration of the results is of utmost importance in order to d- cover novel concepts that ultimately need to be tested experimentally.

Tod in den Anden

Roman

Author: Mario Vargas Llosa

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518736353

Category: Fiction

Page: 384

View: 6289

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Auf ihrem Posten in den peruanischen Anden sitzen Korporal Lituma und sein Helfer Tomás wie in einer Falle. Unter ständiger Bedrohung durch Terrorkommandos und eine gewalttätige Natur sollen sie das mysteriöse Verschwinden dreier Menschen aufklären. Überall schlägt ihnen Mißtrauen entgegen, unheimliche Geschichten dringen an ihr Ohr. Hätte Tomás nicht die brennende Erinnerung an seine abenteuerliche Liebesgeschichte mit Mercedes, von der er Lituma Nacht für Nacht erzählt, die beiden müßten eingehen in dieser feindseligen, abergläubischen Bergwelt. So abweisend das Klima und so verstörend die Bruchstücke der Wahrheit, die sie nach und nach ans Licht bringen, sie lassen nicht locker. Was in den Bergen geschah, hat die Ausmaße eines unfaßbaren Dramas.

Archaeoastronomy in the New World

American Primitive Astronomy

Author: Anthony F. Aveni

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521247314

Category: Science

Page: 219

View: 8984

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This volume summarises the proceedings of a conference which took place at the University of Oxford in September 1981.

From Now to 2012

How to Move Easily through the Shift and into the New Consciousness

Author: Jim Malloy

Publisher: Jim Malloy

ISBN: 096425560X

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 6577

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