The Languages of Political Islam

India, 1200-1800

Author: Muzaffar Alam

Publisher: C. HURST & CO. PUBLISHERS

ISBN: 9781850657095

Category: India

Page: 244

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This volume seeks to show the diverse ways in which political Islam, from the time of its arrival in India in the 12th century to its decline as the ruling theology in the 19th century, adapted itself to the Indian context and became Indianized.

The Languages of Political Islam

India, 1200-1800

Author: Muzaffar Alam

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780226011011

Category: History

Page: 244

View: 8599

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The Languages of Political Islam illuminates the diverse ways in which Islam, from the time of its arrival in India in the twelfth century through its height as the ruling theology to its decline, adapted to its new cultural context to become "Indianized." Muzaffar Alam shows that the adoption of Arabo-Persian Islam in India changed the manner in which Islamic rule and governance were conducted. Islamic regulation and statecraft in a predominately Hindu country required strategic shifts from the original Islamic injunctions. Islamic principles could not regulate beliefs in a vast country without accepting cultural limitations and limits on the exercise of power. As a result of cultural adaptation, Islam was in the end forced to reinvent its principles for religious rule. Acculturation also forced key Islamic terms to change so fundamentally that Indian Islam could be said to have acquired a character substantially different from the Islam practiced outside of India.

The Political Language of Islam

Author: Bernard Lewis

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226476933

Category: History

Page: 184

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Discuss the Islamic Scriptures that form the basis for its political language, looks at the changes in modern Islamic politics, and analyzes the transformation of political terms.

‘Ali Shari’ati and the Shaping of Political Islam in Iran

Author: K. Chatterjee

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230119220

Category: Political Science

Page: 274

View: 2105

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This book tells the story of how Shari'ati developed a language of political Islam, speaking in an idiom intelligible to the Iranian public and subverting the Shah's regime and its claim to legitimacy.

Scharia für Nicht-muslime (Preview)

Author: Dr. Bill Warner

Publisher: CSPI International

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 82

View: 8488

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Islam ist sowohl Religion, als auch ein politisches System mit seinen eigenen Gesetzen genannt Scharia. Die Scharia basiert auf Prinzipien, die sich von unserem Rechtsverständnis fundamental unterscheiden. Was bedeutet die Sharia für Nicht-Muslime? Wie beeinflusst die Sharia unsere Gesellschaft und den Einzelnen? Was sind die langfristigen Effekte der Bewilligung von auf Scharia basierenden Forderungen?

The Language of Secular Islam

Urdu Nationalism and Colonial India

Author: Kavita Saraswathi Datla

Publisher: University of Hawaii Press

ISBN: 9780824836092

Category: History

Page: 234

View: 2921

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This book explores the thought and work of Muslim intellectuals involved in promoting Urdu as Indias national language in the early 20th century.

Heiligkeit und Mobilität

Author: Ute Falasch

Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster

ISBN: 3643129165

Category: Dervishes

Page: 286

View: 3417

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Bad='al-D=n Shah Madar gründete im 15. Jahrhundert die Madariyya, die sich rasch zu einer der größten Sufibruderschaften Südasiens entwickelte. Sie brachte vielfältige Formen der Frömmigkeit hervor, zu der die Tradition des p=r-i mur=d=, wandernde und zölibatär lebende Sufis sowie der Komplex der Heiligenverehrung gehört. Ute Falasch wertet in ihrer Studie zur Madariyya eine Reihe von Quellen aus und diskutiert, weshalb die Bruderschaft in wissenschaftlichen Betrachtungen bisher so wenig Aufmerksamkeit erhielt.

Fragments of the Afghan Frontier

Author: Magnus Marsden,Benjamin D. Hopkins

Publisher: Hurst Publishers

ISBN: 1849040729

Category: Afghanistan

Page: 301

View: 9109

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This is a history and ethnography of the North-West Frontier between Afghanistan and Pakistan, an area of increasing strategic interest to the West.

Routledge Handbook of Political Islam

Author: Shahram Akbarzadeh

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113657722X

Category: Political Science

Page: 322

View: 4064

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The Routledge Handbook of Political Islam provides a multidisciplinary overview of the phenomenon of political Islam, one of the key political movements of our time. Drawing on the expertise from some of the top scholars in the world it examines the main issues surrounding political Islam across the world, from aspects of Muslim integration in the West to questions of political legitimacy in the Muslim world. Bringing together an international team of renowned and respected experts on the topic, the chapters in the book present a critical account of: Theoretical foundations of political Islam Historical background Geographical spread of Islamist movements Political strategies adopted by Islamist groups Terrorism Attitudes towards democracy Relations between Muslims and the West in the international sphere Challenges of integration Gender relations. Presenting readers with the diversity of views on political Islam in a nuanced and dispassionate manner, this handbook is an essential addition to the existing literature on Islam and politics. It will be of interest across a wide range of disciplines, including political science, Islamic studies, sociology and history.

The Crisis of Islamic Masculinities

Author: Amanullah De Sondy

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 178093744X

Category: Religion

Page: 256

View: 9436

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Rigid notions of masculinity are causing crisis in the global Islamic community. These are articulated from the Qur'an, its commentary, historical precedents and societal, religious and familial obligations. Some Muslims who don't agree with narrow constructs of manliness feel forced to consider themselves secular and therefore outside the religious community. In order to evaluate whether there really is only one valid, ideal Islamic masculinity, The Crisis of Islamic Masculinities explores key figures of the Qur'an and Indian-Pakistani Islamic history, and exposes the precariousness of tight constraints on Islamic manhood. By examining Qur'anic arguments and the strict social responsibilities advocated along with narrow Islamic masculinities, Amanullah De Sondy shows that God and women (to whom Muslim men relate but are different from) often act as foils for the construction of masculinity. He argues the constrainers of masculinity have used God and women to think with and to dominate through and that rigid gender roles are the product of a misguided enterprise: the highly personal relationship between humans and God does not lend itself to the organization of society, because that relationship cannot be typified and replicated. Discussions and debates surrounding Islamic masculinities are quickly finding their place in the study of Islam and Muslims, and The Crisis of Islamic Masculinities makes a vital contribution to this emerging field.

Writing the Mughal World

Studies on Culture and Politics

Author: Muzaffar Alam,Sanjay Subrahmanyam

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231158114

Category: History

Page: 516

View: 3769

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Between the mid-sixteenth and early nineteenth century, the Mughal Empire was an Indo-Islamic dynasty that ruled as far as Bengal in the east and Kabul in the west, as high as Kashmir in the north and the Kaveri basin in the south. The Mughals constructed a sophisticated, complex system of government that facilitated an era of profound artistic and architectural achievement. They promoted the place of Persian culture in Indian society and set the groundwork for South Asia's future development. In this volume, two leading historians of early modern South Asia present nine major joint essays on the Mughal Empire, framed by an essential introductory reflection. Making creative use of materials written in Persian, Indian vernacular languages, and a variety of European languages, their chapters accomplish the most significant innovations in Mughal historiography in decades, intertwining political, cultural, and commercial themes while exploring diplomacy, state-formation, history-writing, religious debate, and political thought. Muzaffar Alam and Sanjay Subrahmanyam center on confrontations between different source materials that they then reconcile, enabling readers to participate in both the debate and resolution of competing claims. Their introduction discusses the comparative and historiographical approach of their work and its place within the literature on Mughal rule. Interdisciplinary and cutting-edge, this volume richly expands research on the Mughal state, early modern South Asia, and the comparative history of the Mughal, Ottoman, Safavid, and other early modern empires.

Hamas and Suicide Terrorism

Multi-causal and Multi-level Approaches

Author: Rashmi Singh

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135695997

Category: History

Page: 224

View: 2846

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This book analyses the root causes of suicide terrorism at both the elite and rank-and- file levels of the Hamas and also explains why this tactic has disappeared in the post-2006 period. This volume adopts a multi-causal, multi-level approach to analyse the use of suicide bombings by Hamas and its individual operatives in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. It uses extensive fieldwork and on-the-ground interviews in order to delve beneath the surface and understand why and how suicide operations were adopted as a sustained mechanism of engagement within the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Three core factors fuelled Hamas’s suicide bombing campaigns. First, Palestinian suicide operations are a complex combination of instrumental and expressive violence adopted by both organisations and individuals to achieve political and/or societal survival, retaliation and competition. In other words, suicide bombings not only serve distinct political and strategic goals for both Hamas and its operatives but they also serve to convey a symbolic message to various audiences, within Israel, the Palestinian territories and around the world. Second, suicide operations perform a crucial role in the formation and consolidation of Palestinian national identity and are also the latest manifestation of the historically entrenched cultural norm of militant heroic martyrdom. Finally, Hamas’s use of political Islam also facilitates the articulation, justification and legitimisation of suicide operations as a modern-day jihad against Israel through the means of modern interpretations and fatwas. This approach not only facilitates a much needed, multifaceted, holistic understanding of suicide bombings in this particular region but also yields policy-relevant lessons to address extreme political violence in other parts of the world. This book will be of much interest to students of Hamas, terrorism, Middle East politics and security studies.

The Challenge of Fundamentalism

Political Islam and the New World Disorder

Author: Bassam Tibi

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520929753

Category: Religion

Page: 293

View: 947

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Long before the tragic events of September 11, 2001, Islamic fundamentalism was exerting a significant influence in nearly every corner of the world. Bassam Tibi, a widely recognized expert on Islam and Arab culture, offers an important and disquieting analysis of this particular synthesis of religion and politics. A Muslim and descendant of a famous Damascene Islamic scholar family, Tibi sees Islamic fundamentalism as the result of Islam's confrontation with modernity and not only--as it is widely believed--economic adversity. The movement is unprecedented in Islamic history and parallels the inability of Islamic nation-states to integrate into the new world secular order. For this updated edition, Tibi has written a new preface and lengthy introduction addressing Islamic fundamentalism in light of and since September 11.

Islam in the World Today

A Handbook of Politics, Religion, Culture, and Society

Author: Werner Ende,Udo Steinbach

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 0801464897

Category: Religion

Page: N.A

View: 9266

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Considered the most authoritative single-volume reference work on Islam in the contemporary world, the German-language Der Islam in der Gegenwart, currently in its fifth edition, offers a wealth of authoritative information on the religious, political, social, and cultural life of Islamic nations and of Islamic immigrant communities elsewhere. Now, Cornell University Press is making this invaluable resource accessible to English-language readers. More current than the latest German edition on which it is based, Islam in the World Today covers a comprehensive array of topics in concise essays by some of the world's leading experts on Islam, including: • the history of Islam from the earliest years through the twentieth century, with particular attention to Sunni and Shi'i Islam and Islamic revival movements during the last three centuries; • data on the advance of Islam along with current population statistics; • Muslim ideas on modern economics, on social order, and on attempts to modernize Islamic law (shari'a) and apply it in contemporary Muslim societies; • Islam in diaspora, especially the situation in Europe and America; • secularism, democracy, and human rights; and • women in Islam Twenty-four essays are each devoted to a specific Muslim country or a country with significant Muslim minorities, spanning Asia, Africa, the Middle East, and the former Soviet Union. Additional essays illuminate Islamic culture, exploring local traditions; the languages and dialects of Muslim peoples; and art, architecture, and literature. Detailed bibliographies and indexes ensure the book's usefulness as a reference work.

A Storm of Songs

Author: John Stratton Hawley

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674187466

Category: History

Page: 438

View: 3529

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A widely-accepted explanation for India’s national unity is a narrative called the bhakti movement—poet-saints singing bhakti from India’s southern tip to the Himalayas between 600 and 1600. John Hawley shows that this narrative, with its political overtones, was created by the early-twentieth-century circle around Rabindranath Tagore in Bengal.

Political Islam in the Global World

Author: Aini Linjakumpu

Publisher: UWA Publishing

ISBN: 9780863724299

Category: Social Science

Page: 172

View: 4737

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The monolithic view of Islam is deconstructed and in its place the author paints a picture of an multifaceted process.

History of Islamic Political Thought

Author: Antony Black

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 0748688781

Category: Philosophy

Page: 400

View: 5059

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Second edition of the history of Islamic political thought that traces its roots from early Islam to the current age of Fundamentalism (622 AD to 2010 AD).

Muslim-Jewish Encounters

Author: Nettler

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134408544

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 220

View: 9867

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First Published in 1998. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.