The Impact of China's 1989 Tiananmen Massacre

Author: Jean-Philippe Béja

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136906843

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 4585

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The 1989 pro-democracy movement in China constituted a huge challenge to the survival of the Chinese communist state, and the efforts of the Chinese Communist party to erase the memory of the massacre testify to its importance. This consisted of six weeks of massive pro-democracy demonstrations in Beijing and over 300 other cities, led by students, who in Beijing engaged in a hunger strike which drew wide public support. Their actions provoked repression from the regime, which - after internal debate - decided to suppress the movement with force, leading to a still-unknown number of deaths in Beijing and a period of heightened repression throughout the country. This book assesses the impact of the movement, and of the ensuing repression, on the political evolution of the People’s Republic of China. The book discusses what lessons the leadership learned from the events of 1989, in particular whether these events consolidated authoritarian government or facilitated its adaptation towards a new flexibility which may, in time, lead to the transformation of the regime. It also examines the impact of 1989 on the pro-democracy movement, assessing whether its change of strategy since has consolidated the movement, or if, given it success in achieving economic growth and raising living standards, it has become increasingly irrelevant. It also examines how the repression of the movement has affected the economic policy of the Party, favoring the development of large State Enterprises and provoking an impressive social polarisation. Finally, Jean-Philippe Béja discusses how the events of 1989 are remembered and have affected China’s international relations and diplomacy; how human rights, law enforcement, policing, and liberal thought have developed over two decades.

Japan's Security Relations with China Since 1989

From Balancing to Bandwagoning?

Author: Reinhard Drifte

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134406673

Category: Political Science

Page: 264

View: 4887

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Japan's Security Relations with China since 1989 raises the crucial question of whether Japan's political leadership which is still preoccupied with finding a new political constellation and with overcoming a deep economic crisis is able to handle such a complex policy in the face of an increasingly assertive China and a US alliance partner with strong swings between engaging and containing China's power. This study of the highly topical bilateral relationship will be of great interest to students and researchers in Japanese and Chinese Studies, Politics, International Relations and Security Studies.

The Tiananmen Square Protests of 1989

Author: Jeff Hay

Publisher: Greenhaven Publishing LLC

ISBN: 0737751304

Category: Young Adult Nonfiction

Page: 192

View: 2503

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Readers will examine the historical events leading up to and following China's 1989 Tiananmen Square protests. This volume looks at issues surrounding the incident such as the impact on democracy, the relationship between economic and political reform in China, and the legitimacy of the Tiananmen Papers of 2001. It also offers personal perspectives from people affected by the protests.

The People's Republic of Amnesia

Tiananmen Revisited

Author: Louisa Lim

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199347727

Category: History

Page: 240

View: 7263

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Finalist for the 2015 Helen Bernstein Book Award for Excellence in Journalism Longlisted for the Lionel Gelber Award for the Best Non-Fiction book in the world on Foreign Affairs An Economist Book of the Year, 2014 A New York Times Book Review Editor's Choice "One of the best analyses of the impact of Tiananmen throughout China in the years since 1989." --The New York Times Book Review On June 4, 1989, People's Liberation Army soldiers opened fire on unarmed civilians in Beijing, killing untold hundreds of people. A quarter-century later, this defining event remains buried in China's modern history, successfully expunged from collective memory. In The People's Republic of Amnesia, Louisa Lim charts how the events of June 4th changed China, and how China changed the events of June 4th by rewriting its own history. Lim reveals new details about those fateful days, including how one of the country's most senior politicians lost a family member to an army bullet, as well as the inside story of the young soldiers sent to clear Tiananmen Square. She also introduces us to individuals whose lives were transformed by the events of Tiananmen Square, such as a founder of the Tiananmen Mothers, whose son was shot by martial law troops; and one of the most important government officials in the country, who post-Tiananmen became one of its most prominent dissidents. And she examines how June 4th shaped China's national identity, fostering a generation of young nationalists, who know little and care less about 1989. For the first time, Lim uncovers the details of a brutal crackdown in a second Chinese city that until now has been a near-perfect case study in the state's ability to rewrite history, excising the most painful episodes. By tracking down eyewitnesses, discovering US diplomatic cables, and combing through official Chinese records, Lim offers the first account of a story that has remained untold for a quarter of a century. The People's Republic of Amnesia is an original, powerfully gripping, and ultimately unforgettable book about a national tragedy and an unhealed wound.

Debating China

The U.S.-China Relationship in Ten Conversations

Author: Nina Hachigian

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199973903

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 6417

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America and China are the two most powerful players in global affairs, and no relationship is more consequential. How they choose to cooperate and compete affects billions of lives. But U.S.-China relations are complex and often delicate, featuring a multitude of critical issues that America and China must navigate together. Missteps could spell catastrophe. In Debating China, Nina Hachigian pairs American and Chinese experts in collegial "letter exchanges" that illuminate this multi-dimensional and complex relationship. These fascinating conversations-written by highly respected scholars and former government officials from the U.S. and China-provide an invaluable dual perspective on such crucial issues as trade and investment, human rights, climate change, military dynamics, regional security in Asia, and the media, including the Internet. The engaging dialogue between American and Chinese experts gives readers an inside view of how both sides see the key challenges. Readers bear witness to the writers' hopes and frustrations as they explore the politics, values, history, and strategic frameworks that inform their positions. This unique volume is perfect for anyone who wants a deeper understanding of U.S.-China relations today.

The Chinese State, Oil and Energy Security

Author: M. Taylor

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137350555

Category: Political Science

Page: 218

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Monique Taylor analyses the policy rationale and institutional underpinnings of China's state-led or neomercantilist oil strategy, and its development, set against the wider context of economic transformation as the country transitions from a centrally planned to market economy.

China

Zwischen Tradition und Herausforderung

Author: Henry Kissinger

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783570551912

Category:

Page: 605

View: 697

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China and International Security: History, Strategy, and 21st-Century Policy [3 volumes]

History, Strategy, and 21st-Century Policy

Author: Donovan C. Chau,Thomas M. Kane

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1440800022

Category: Political Science

Page: 880

View: 5860

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The first work of its kind, this strategic assessment of China's national security reveals the nation's intentions, capabilities, and threats—and their implications for the United States and the world. • Offers a strategic assessment of China, past and present • Analyzes China's traditional and non-traditional security threats, including economic and resource security • Provides a cogent examination of China's security strategies—historically, regionally, and internationally • Includes in-depth discussions of China's internal security dynamics • Shares original research performed by leading scholars in the field, professional intelligence analysts, and journalists based in East Asia

Tiananmen

China's struggle for democracy : its prelude, development, aftermath, and impact

Author: Winston L. Y. Yang,Hungdah Chiu,University of Maryland at Baltimore. School of Law

Publisher: Occasional Papers Reprints

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 314

View: 8264

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China in Transition

Economic, Political, and Social Developments

Author: George T. Yu

Publisher: University Press of America

ISBN: 9780819191670

Category: History

Page: 306

View: 5936

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An all inclusive guide to the political and social development of modern China.

US-China Relations

China policy on Capitol Hill

Author: Tao Xie

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135970491

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

View: 969

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With China’s rapid ascendance to great power status, the U.S.-China relationship has become one of the most important international relationships in the world today. This book explores relations between the U.S. and China, focusing in particular on China policymaking in the U.S. Congress, which has been unusually active in the development of this relationship. Based on detailed analysis of China bills introduced in Congress over the past three decades, it provides detailed analysis of how Congressional policymaking works in practice, and explores the most controversial issues in U.S.-China relations: Taiwan, trade and human rights. It considers the voting patterns and party divisions on these issues, showing that liberals and conservatives often form an alliance concerning China because China’s authoritarian regime, human rights problems, soaring trade surplus with the U.S and rising military power attract criticism from both camps. It also argues that congressional committees, bicameralism and presidential veto make it virtually impossible for Congress to legislate on China, despite its intense preferences, and therefore Congress often turns to informal – but no less effective – means to exert influence on China policy, such as framing public opinion and generating situations that result in anticipated reactions by the executive branch or Beijing.

Internationalisierung und Institution

Author: Michael-Jörg Oesterle,Joachim Wolf

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3322896676

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 678

View: 2011

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Im heutigen Zeitalter der Globalisierung wird es immer wichtiger, das Management von Unternehmen auch international auszurichten. Die Beiträge setzen sich mit unterschiedlichen Phänomenen der Internationalisierung von Unternehmen auseinander. Durch die Darstellung neuester wissenschaftlicher Ergebnisse sowie aktueller Beispiele vermittelt das Buch einen umfassenden Überblick über Triebkräfte, Formen, Handhabungsmöglichkeiten sowie Auswirkungen der Internationalisierung.

Living with the Dragon

How the American Public Views the Rise of China

Author: Benjamin I Page,Tao Xie

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231525494

Category: Political Science

Page: 232

View: 4376

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It is widely believed that most Americans not only distrust but also despise China. Considering the country's violent political history, unprecedented economic rise, and growing military capabilities, China has become America's strongest market competitor and arguably the most challenging global threat to the United States. Nevertheless, a full consideration of American opinion proves the opposite to be true. Carefully analyzing all available polls and surveys, Benjamin I. Page and Tao Xie find most Americans favor peaceful engagement with China. The public view has been surprisingly coherent and consistent, changing only in response to major events and new information. While a majority of Americans are not happy that China's economy is projected to become as large as that of the United States, they are prepared to live with it. "Unfair" Chinese trade practices and their impact on American jobs and wages are a concern, along with the quality and safety of Chinese-made goods. However, Americans favor free trade with China, provided it is tempered with environmental and workplace protections. They also believe that the United States should "balance" Chinese power through alliances with neighboring countries, such as Japan. Yet they oppose military action to defend Taiwan. Page and Xie examine these opinions in relation to facts about China and in light of current U.S. debates on diplomacy and policy.