The Hasmoneans

Ideology, Archaeology, Identity

Author: Regev Eyal

Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht

ISBN: 352555043X

Category: History

Page: 340

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Eyal Regev presents an inter-disciplinary analysis of the Hasmoneans: How they perceived themselves and their role in Jewish history, and how they wanted to be perceived by their subjects. By exploring the ways—some common among ancient monarchies, others unique—in which the Hasmoneans shored up their authority, the author reveals the deliberate and innovative construction of a national politico-religious ideology. Regev discusses the Hasmoneans’ use of Temple and its cult, government and subsequent kingship, and their symbolic representations as reflected in their coins and palaces in comparison with contemporary Hellenistic kingdoms. The volume uncovers the cultural and social character of the Hasmoneans as rulers as well as of their state or kingdom. Merging historical sources with archaeological findings, Jewish perspectives and Hellenistic settings, a traditional text-oriented, historical-critical method with comparative and socio-anthropological approaches, The Hasmoneans aims to be the defining work on the cultural and social character of the priestly family that forms one of Jewish history’s most inspiring and instructive chapters.

Shifting Images of the Hasmoneans

Second Temple Legends and Their Reception in Josephus and Rabbinic Literature

Author: Vered Noam

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019253940X

Category: Religion

Page: 312

View: 3027

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The shifting image of the Hasmoneans in the eyes of their contemporaries and later generations is a compelling issue in the history of the Maccabean revolt and the Hasmonean commonwealth. Based on a series of six Jewish folktales from the Second Temple period that describe the Hasmonean dynasty and its history from its legendary founders, through achievement of full sovereignty, to downfall, this volume examines the Hasmoneans through the lens of reception history. On the one hand, these brief, colorful legends are embedded in the narrative of the historian of the age, Flavius Josephus; on the other hand, they are scattered throughout the extensive halakhic-exegetical compositions known as rabbinic literature, redacted and compiled centuries later. Each set of parallel stories is examined for the motivation underlying its creation, its original message, language, and the historical context. This analysis is followed by exploration of the nature of the relationship between the Josephan and the rabbinic versions, in an attempt to reconstruct the adaptation of the putative original traditions in the two corpora, and to decipher the disparities, different emphases, reworking, and unique orientations typical of each. These adaptations reflect the reception of the pristine tales and thus disclose the shifting images of the Hasmoneans in later generations and within distinct contexts. The compilation and characterization of these sources which were preserved by means of two such different conduits of transmission brings us closer to reconstruction of a lost literary continent, a hidden Jewish "Atlantis" of early pseudo-historical legends and facilitates examination of the relationship between the substantially different libraries and worlds of Josephus and rabbinic literature.

The Oxford Handbook of the Writings of the Hebrew Bible

Author: Donn Morgan

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190900520

Category: Religion

Page: 640

View: 7598

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This Oxford Handbook is a serious resource for the study of the literature of the Writings (Psalms, Job, Proverbs, Ruth, Esther, Lamentations, Ecclesiastes, Song of Songs, Ezra-Nehemiah, Chronicles, Daniel) of the Hebrew Bible, including its context and its scriptural/canonical shape and reception. A first section provides an overview of the post-exilic period in which much of the Writings was written, focusing on history, archeology, and the development of major literary traditions, all of which provide the context for understanding and interpreting this literature. A second section contains creative studies of the books in the Writings, focusing on structure, purpose, and distinctive characteristics of this very diverse literature. A third section looks at the Writings from larger and longer perspectives including the ancient Near East, developing Judaism and Christianity, Qumran and the Dead Sea Scrolls, music and the arts, and its canonization and reception by Judaism and Christianity. This handbook has a focus on the special character and shape of the Writings as scripture and canon, including the recurring issues of diversity and difference, dates of canonization, its special relationship to other scripture and canon (Torah, Prophets, New Testament), and its interpretation in religious and non-religious communities.

A History of the Hasmonean State

Josephus and Beyond

Author: Kenneth Atkinson

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 0567669033

Category: Religion

Page: 208

View: 8705

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Kenneth Atkinson tells the exciting story of the nine decades of the Hasmonean rule of Judea (152 - 63 BCE) by going beyond the accounts of the Hasmoneans in Josephus in order to bring together new evidence to reconstruct how the Hasmonean family transformed their kingdom into a state that lasted until the arrival of the Romans. Atkinson reconstructs the relationships between the Hasmonean state and the rulers of the Seleucid and the Ptolemaic Empires, the Itureans, the Nabateans, the Parthians, the Armenians, the Cappadocians, and the Roman Republic. He draws on a variety of previously unused sources, including papyrological documentation, inscriptions, archaeological evidence, numismatics, Dead Sea Scrolls, pseudepigrapha, and textual sources from the Hellenistic to the Byzantine periods. Atkinson also explores how Josephus's political and social situation in Flavian Rome affected his accounts of the Hasmoneans and why any study of the Hasmonean state must go beyond Josephus to gain a full appreciation of this unique historical period that shaped Second Temple Judaism, and created the conditions for the rise of the Herodian dynasty and the emergence of Christianity.

The Jewish Revolt Against Rome

Interdisciplinary Perspectives

Author: Mladen Popovi?

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004216685

Category: History

Page: 472

View: 8819

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This volume brings together different disciplines, some for the first time, The contrubutions reflect on a wide range of literary, archaeological, documentary, epigraphic and numismatic sources and their bearing on the historical context of the Jewish revolt against Rome and on our own historical methods.

Social Identity and Sectarianism in the Qumran Movement

Author: Jutta Jokiranta

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004238611

Category: Religion

Page: 261

View: 321

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'Identity' and 'sectarianism', two crucial and frequently used concepts on the study of the Qumran movement, are problematized, praised, and redefined in this book. Sociology of sectarianism and social identity approach inform the investigation of the serakhim (rule documents) and pesharim (biblical commentaries).

The Institution of the Hasmonean High Priesthood

Author: Vasile Babota

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004252045

Category: Religion

Page: 368

View: 4006

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In The Institution of the Hasmonean High Priesthood, Vasile Babota offers an interdisciplinary study of the historical process (167–140 B.C.E.), which led to the establishment of the Hasmonean rebellious priests as high priests of the Hellenistic Judea.

Visual Style and Constructing Identity in the Hellenistic World

Nemrud DaÄŸ and Commagene under Antiochos I

Author: Miguel John Versluys

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107141974

Category: Art

Page: 272

View: 1785

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Located in the small kingdom of Commagene at the upper Euphrates, the late Hellenistic monument of Nemrud Dağ (c.50 BC) has been undeservedly neglected by scholars. Qualified as a Greco-Persian hybrid instigated by a lunatic king, this fascinating project of bricolage has been written out of history. This volume redresses that imbalance, interpreting Nemrud Dağ as an attempt at canon building by Antiochos I in order to construct a dynastic ideology and social order, and proving the monument's importance for our understanding of a crucial transitional phase from Hellenistic to Roman. Hellenistic Commagene therefore holds a profound significance for a number of discussions, such as the functioning of the Hellenistic koine and the genesis of Roman 'art', Hellenism and Persianism in antiquity, dynastic propaganda and the power of images, Romanisation in the East, the contextualising of the Augustan cultural revolution, and the role of Greek culture in the Roman world.

East of the Jordan

Territories and Sites of the Hebrew Scriptures

Author: Burton MacDonald

Publisher: Amer School of Oriental

ISBN: 9780897570312

Category: History

Page: 287

View: 447

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Annotation Archaeologist McDonald presents the history of the identification of an array of biblical sites and offers his own suggestions for site locations based of information from the biblical texts, extra-biblical literary information, toponymic considerations, and archaeology. Some of the specific sites examined in this book include the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah; the Exodus itineraries; the territories and sites of the Israelite tribes, such as Reuben and Gad; as well as Ammon, Moab, Edom, and Gilead. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com).

The Jewish community of Rome [electronic resource]

from the second century B.C. to the third century C.E.

Author: Silvia Cappelletti

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004151575

Category: Religion

Page: 247

View: 3627

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This publication on the Jewish community of Rome in ancient times provides interesting information about the development of the Jewish presence in the Capital of the Roman Empire and the cultural links this community created with the Diaspora and Eretz-Israel.

Northern Lights on the Dead Sea Scrolls

Proceedings of the Nordic Qumran Network 2003-2006

Author: Anders Klostergaard Petersen

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004171630

Category: Religion

Page: 310

View: 8967

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Structured by four important themes, the book discusses various aspects pertaining to the interpretation of the Dead Sea Scrolls. The first theme is comprised by a number of essays that deal with different aspects of textual interpretation of particular Qumran writings. The second theme centers on the question of historical referentiality. How can the purported referentiality of particular Qumran writings be used in order to reconstruct an underlying historical reality? The third theme includes essays that pertain to different dimensions concerning the methodology of interpretation. The fourth theme focuses on problems relating to the textual reconstruction of specific Qumran texts. In the final section of the book, the perspective is widened to other writings outside the more specific Qumran context.

Gardens of the Roman Empire

Author: Wilhelmina F. Jashemski,Kathryn L. Gleason,Kim J. Hartswick,Amina-Aïcha Malek

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108325831

Category: Art

Page: N.A

View: 7462

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In Gardens of the Roman Empire, the pioneering archaeologist Wilhelmina F. Jashemski sets out to examine the role of ancient Roman gardens in daily life throughout the empire. This study, therefore, includes for the first time, archaeological, literary, and artistic evidence about ancient Roman gardens across the entire Roman Empire from Britain to Arabia. Through well-illustrated essays by leading scholars in the field, various types of gardens are examined, from how Romans actually created their gardens to the experience of gardens as revealed in literature and art. Demonstrating the central role and value of gardens in Roman civilization, Jashemski and a distinguished, international team of contributors have created a landmark reference work that will serve as the foundation for future scholarship on this topic.

Inheriting Abraham

The Legacy of the Patriarch in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam

Author: Jon Douglas Levenson

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691155690

Category: Religion

Page: 244

View: 8075

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"Levenson provides a masterful reading of Jewish, Christian, and Islamic thinking that yielded three different portraits of Abraham. He sets the record straight about the biblical patriarch."---Sidney H. Griffith, author of The Church in the Shadow of the Mosque: Christians and Muslims in the World of Islam --Book Jacket.

The Invention of the Jewish People

Author: Shlomo Sand,Yael Lotan

Publisher: Verso

ISBN: 1844676234

Category: History

Page: 344

View: 7011

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"Anyone interested in understanding the contemporary Middle East should read this book." Tony Judt --

The Dead Sea Scrolls in Context

Integrating the Dead Sea Scrolls in the Study of Ancient Texts, Languages, and Cultures

Author: Armin Lange,Emanuel Tov,Matthias Weigold

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004189033

Category: Dead Sea scrolls

Page: 980

View: 2600

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The Dead Sea Scrolls enrich many areas of biblical research, as well as the study of ancient and rabbinic Judasim, early Christian and other ancient literatures, languages, and cultures. With nearly all Dead Sea Scrolls published, it is now time to integrate the Dead Sea Scrolls fully into the various disciplines that benefit from them. This two-volume collection of essays answers this need. It represents the proceedings of a conference jointly organized by the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and the University of Vienna in Vienna on February 11 14, 2008.

Sectarianism in Qumran

A Cross-Cultural Perspective

Author: Eyal Regev

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110896648

Category: Religion

Page: 456

View: 2292

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The book examines the distinctively sectarian features of the sects represented in the Dead Sea Scrolls from Qumran. It also compares their religious and social features with the early Anabaptists, Mennonites, Hutterites and Amish, Puritans, Quakers and Shakers.

Fallen Angels and the History of Judaism and Christianity

The Reception of Enochic Literature

Author: Annette Yoshiko Reed

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139446878

Category: Religion

Page: N.A

View: 8691

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This book considers the early history of Jewish-Christian relations focussing on traditions about the fallen angels. In the Book of the Watchers, an Enochic apocalypse from the third century BCE, the 'sons of God' of Gen 6:1–4 are accused of corrupting humankind through their teachings of metalworking, cosmetology, magic, and divination. By tracing the transformations of this motif in Second Temple, Rabbinic, and early medieval Judaism and early, late antique, and Byzantine Christianity, this book sheds light on the history of interpretation of Genesis, the changing status of Enochic literature, and the place of parabiblical texts and traditions in the interchange between Jews and Christians in Late Antiquity and the early Middle Ages. In the process, it explores issues such as the role of text-selection in the delineation of community boundaries and the development of early Jewish and Christian ideas about the origins of evil on the earth.

Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries: How to Write Their History

Author: Peter J. Tomson,Joshua J. Schwartz

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004278478

Category: Religion

Page: 562

View: 1152

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The papers in this volume are organized around the ambition to reboot the writing of history about Jews and Christians in the first two centuries CE. There are three focal points: (1) the varieties of Jewish and Christian expression in late Second Temple times, (2) the socio-economic, military, and ideological processes during the period of the revolts, and (3) the post-revolt Jewish and Christian identities that emerged. As such, the volume is part of a larger project that is to result in a source book and a history of Jews and Christians in the first and second centuries.

The First Jewish Revolt

Archaeology, History and Ideology

Author: Andrea M. Berlin,J. Andrew Overman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134518315

Category: History

Page: 272

View: 4442

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The First Jewish Revolt against Rome is arguably the most decisive event in the history of Judaism and Christianity. The destruction of the Temple in Jerusalem in 70 CE by the Roman General Titus forced a transformation in structure and form for both of these fraternal religions. Yet despite its importance, little has been written on the First Revolt, its causes, implications and the facts surrounding it. In this volume, Andrea M. Berlin and J. Andrew Overman have gathered the foremost scholars on the period to discuss and debate this pivotal historical event. The contributions explore both Roman and Jewish perspectives on the Revolt, looking at its history and archaeology, and finally examining the ideology and interpretation of the revolt in subsequent history and myth.