The Ghost of the Executed Engineer

Technology and the Fall of the Soviet Union

Author: Loren R. Graham

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674354364

Category: History

Page: 128

View: 1531

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Stalin ordered his execution, but here Peter Palchinsky has the last word. His ghost leads readers through the miasma of Soviet technology and industry, pointing out the mistakes he condemned in his time, the corruption and collapse he predicted, the ultimate price paid for silencing those who were not afraid to speak out. The story of this visionary engineer's life and work, as Graham tells it, is also the story of the Soviet Union's industrial promise and failure.

1993

Author: Rebecca Routh

Publisher: M.E. Sharpe

ISBN: 9781563247507

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 7695

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Ruling Russia

Authoritarianism from the Revolution to Putin

Author: William Zimmerman

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691169322

Category: Political Science

Page: 344

View: 922

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When the Soviet Union collapsed, many hoped that Russia's centuries-long history of autocratic rule might finally end. Yet today’s Russia appears to be retreating from democracy, not progressing toward it. Ruling Russia is the only book of its kind to trace the history of modern Russian politics from the Bolshevik Revolution to the presidency of Vladimir Putin. It examines the complex evolution of communist and post-Soviet leadership in light of the latest research in political science, explaining why the democratization of Russia has all but failed. William Zimmerman argues that in the 1930s the USSR was totalitarian but gradually evolved into a normal authoritarian system, while the post-Soviet Russian Federation evolved from a competitive authoritarian to a normal authoritarian system in the first decade of the twenty-first century. He traces how the selectorate—those empowered to choose the decision makers—has changed across different regimes since the end of tsarist rule. The selectorate was limited in the period after the revolution, and contracted still further during Joseph Stalin’s dictatorship, only to expand somewhat after his death. Zimmerman also assesses Russia’s political prospects in future elections. He predicts that while a return to totalitarianism in the coming decade is unlikely, so too is democracy. Rich in historical detail, Ruling Russia is the first book to cover the entire period of the regime changes from the Bolsheviks to Putin, and is essential reading for anyone seeking to understand why Russia still struggles to implement lasting democratic reforms.

Choice

Author: Association of College and Research Libraries

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 590

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The Russian Far East

a reference guide for conservation and development

Author: Josh Newell

Publisher: Daniel & Daniel Pub

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 466

View: 6096

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The Russian Far East (RFE) is a vital storehouse of oil and gas, timber, fish, and precious metals that will inevitably be tapped as Pacific Rim economies seek to secure the natural resources necessary for long-term economic growth. Sustainable development of the resources in this vast regionů an area more than two-thirds the size of the United Statesůhas emerged as a major policy priority for the Russian government and the international community. The Russian Far East: A Reference Guide for Conservation and Development is the most comprehensive English-language reference text on the region to be published in the more than ten years. With contributions from an interdisciplinary team of ninety specialists from Russia, the United States, and the United Kingdom, the book overviews and analyzes the regionĆs geography and ecology, natural resources, major industries, infrastructure, foreign trade, demographics, protected area system, and legal structure. Particular attention is devoted to how to region can develop in an environmentally sustainable way. The book is divided into eleven chapters. The first chapter summarizes the RFE as a whole, while each of the remaining ten chapters deal with an administrative region within the Russian Far East. All of the chapters are divided into identical sections to simplify comparison among the regions. More than fifty maps, a number of which are in color, detail administrative districts and indigenous peoples' lands, protected areas, mineral deposits, timber resources, fisheries, and energy reserves. Tables and figures provide the reader with a wealth of useful, hard-to-find statistics. Color and black and white photographs.

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 364110498X

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 6901

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Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.

Macht und Geist im Kalten Krieg

Author: Bernd Greiner,Tim B. Müller,Claudia Weber

Publisher: Hamburger Edition HIS

ISBN: 386854531X

Category: History

Page: 544

View: 7796

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Ideen haben Konsequenzen – vor allem, wenn Intellektuelle und Experten das Ohr der Mächtigen finden, weil diese fürchten, ihnen könnten die Ideen ausgehen. Auch im Kalten Krieg wurden umfassend geistige Ressourcen mobilisiert, um das feindliche Lager im weltweiten Kampf um Macht, Prestige und Einfluss auszustechen. So ist die Konjunktur von Modernisierungs- und Planungstheorien zu verstehen, der Aufschwung von Kybernetik, von Spieltheorien und anderer Modelle des Konfliktmanagements. 25 renommierte Historiker_innen rekonstruieren diese Geschichte von Macht und Geist im Kalten Krieg. Sie zeichnen die Entwicklungen in den westlichen und östlichen Zentren nach und beschäftigen sich mit dem Transfer von Wissen in die Peripherie wie umgekehrt mit den geistigen Ressourcen, die von der Peripherie abgeschöpft wurden. Nicht zuletzt verdeutlichen sie das nachhaltige Erbe dieser facettenreichen Indienstnahme von Wissen und Wissenschaft.