The Foreign Policy Puzzle

Interests, Threats, and Tools

Author: Keith Shimko

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780199988778

Category: United States

Page: 192

View: 4253

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Keith Shimko's The Foreign Policy Puzzle: Interests, Threats, and Tools provides a unique framework for students to think critically about issues in American foreign policy, concentrating on the dilemmas that face policy makers today.

Worldviews of Aspiring Powers

Domestic Foreign Policy Debates in China, India, Iran, Japan and Russia

Author: Henry R. Nau,Deepa Ollapally

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199937494

Category: Political Science

Page: 241

View: 2131

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Worldviews of Aspiring Powers provides a serious study of the domestic foreign policy debates in five world powers who have gained more influence as the US's has waned: China, Japan, India, Russia and Iran. Featuring a leading regional scholar for each essay, each essay identifies the most important domestic schools of thought—nationalists, realists, globalists, idealists/exceptionalists—and connects them to the historical and institutional sources that fuel each nation's foreign policy experience. While scholars have applied this approach to US foreign policy, this book is the first to track the competing schools of foreign policy thought within five of the world's most important rising powers. Concise and systematic, Worldviews of Aspiring Powers will serve as both an essential resource for foreign policy scholars trying to understand international power transitions and as a text for courses that focus on the same.

Iran and the Bomb

Solving the Persian Puzzle

Author: Foreign Affairs

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780876095324

Category: Political Science

Page: 204

View: 5222

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V. 1. : Bringing together a broad range of important articles from Foreign Affairs and ForeignAffairs.com, Iran and the Bomb tells the story of Iran's quest for nuclear weapons and the outside world's struggle to respond. The arguments presented span every significant position on the political spectrum, and the authors include world-renowned experts from several disciplines, backgrounds, and countries, including Jahangir Amuzegar, Ehud Eiran, Richard Haass, Michael Ledeen, James Lindsay, Colin Kahl, Matthew Kroenig, Suzanne Maloney, Mohsen Milani, Ray Takeyh, Kenneth Waltz, and more. An introduction by Foreign Affairs Editor Gideon Rose sets the stage for the debates that follow. Iran and the Bomb contains everything needed to understand the crisis and develop an informed, independent opinion on what should be done about it.--Publisher's description.

Understanding Foreign Policy Decision Making

Author: Alex Mintz,Karl DeRouen Jr

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139487221

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

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Understanding Foreign Policy Decision Making presents a psychological approach to foreign policy decision making. This approach focuses on the decision process, dynamics, and outcome. The book includes a wealth of extended real-world case studies and examples that are woven into the text. The cases and examples, which are written in an accessible style, include decisions made by leaders of the United States, Israel, New Zealand, Cuba, Iceland, United Kingdom, and others. In addition to coverage of the rational model of decision making, levels of analysis of foreign policy decision making, and types of decisions, the book includes extensive material on alternatives to the rational choice model, the marketing and framing of decisions, cognitive biases, and domestic, cultural, and international influences on decision making in international affairs. Existing textbooks do not present such an approach to foreign policy decision making, international relations, American foreign policy, and comparative foreign policy.

The Domestic Sources of American Foreign Policy

Insights and Evidence

Author: James M. McCormick

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers

ISBN: 1442209623

Category: Political Science

Page: 484

View: 2345

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The new edition of this leading reader for courses in American foreign policy offers students an up-to-date, highly accessible introduction to the broad array of domestic factors influencing U.S. policymakers. Editor James M. McCormick has carefully selected two dozen current insightful and sometimes controversial essays by a distinguished group of leading experts— scholars, journalists and public officials—including 11 new and 7 updated contributions. In his introduction, McCormick evaluates the challenges facing U.S. foreign policy makers in recent years and assesses the Obama Administration’s successes and failures in its efforts to pursue a new direction in American foreign policy. The volume is then divided into three major parts with an opening essay by the editor to place each part in context and then a selection of essays that analyzes the topic in that part in more detail. Part I, "The Societal Environment," contains a series of articles on the position of interest groups, the impact of military experience, the effect of public opinion, and the role of elections and political parties on foreign policy. Part II, "The Institutional Setting," examines how various political institutions, such as Congress, the presidency, and various bureaucracies (e.g., the National Security Council, the intelligence community) shape American foreign policy. Part III, "Decision makers and Their Policymaking Positions," provides various case analyses over several administrations to illustrate how individuals and bureaucracies affect the foreign policy decision making at the highest levels of government.

Foreign Policy Analysis

A Comparative Introduction

Author: M. Breuning

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230609244

Category: Political Science

Page: 207

View: 6898

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This book's introduction to foreign policy analysis focuses on decision makers and decision making. Each chapter is organised around puzzles and questions to which undergraduates can relate. The book emphasizes the importance of individuals in foreign policy decision making, while also placing decision makers within their context.

Foreign Policy Analysis

New approaches

Author: Chris Alden,Amnon Aran

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1315442477

Category: Political Science

Page: 186

View: 3815

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Building on the success of the first edition, this revised volume re-invigorates the conversation between foreign policy analysis and international relations. It opens up the discussion, situating existing debates in foreign policy in relation to contemporary concerns in international relations, and provides a concise and accessible account of key areas in foreign policy analysis that are often ignored. Focusing on how foreign policy decision making affects the conduct of states in the international system, and analysing the relationship between policy, agency and actors, the volume examines: foreign policy and bureaucracies domestic sources of foreign policy foreign policy and the state foreign policy and globalization foreign policy and change. Features of the second edition include: a wider range of contemporary case studies and examples from around the globe analysis of new directions in foreign policy analysis including foreign policy implementation and the changing media landscape fully updated material across all chapters to reflect the evolving research agenda in the area. This second edition builds on and expands the theoretical canvas of foreign policy analysis, shaping its ongoing dialogue with international relations and offering an important introduction to the field. It is essential reading for all students of foreign policy and international relations.

Irrational Security

The Politics of Defense from Reagan to Obama

Author: Daniel Wirls

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 9780801898426

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 4288

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military policy from the end of the Cold War through the beginning of the Obama presidency provides a clear picture of why the United States is militarily powerful but "otherwise insecure."

International Relations: Perspectives, Controversies and Readings

Author: Keith L. Shimko

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1305544986

Category: Political Science

Page: 384

View: 8831

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Engaging and highly accessible, this reader-friendly text features broad coverage of key principles of international relations, providing a thorough introduction to the discipline while avoiding excessive detail and complexity. International Relations: Perspectives, Controversies, and Readings, Fifth Edition, explores essential concepts such as power politics, war and democracy, human nature, free trade, inequality, globalization, humanitarian intervention, and terrorism. Each chapter features brief, topical coverage presented within a debate framework, challenging you to think critically, consider diverse perspectives, and apply what you have learned to real-world scenarios. The author also includes current, relevant primary source readings, giving you firsthand exposure to the materials and ideas shaping international relations today. Thoroughly revised, the Fifth Edition of this popular text features updated content in nearly every chapter, including the most recent statistics, research, trends, theories, and examples drawn from today’s headlines, including chemical weapons in Syria, the conflict between Russia and Ukraine, and the debate over climate change and global resources. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

China's Governance Puzzle

Enabling Transparency and Participation in a Single-Party State

Author: Edmund J. Malesky,Jonathan R. Stromseth,Dimitar D. Gueorguiev

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107122635

Category: Political Science

Page: 343

View: 970

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China is widely viewed as a global powerhouse that has achieved a remarkable economic transformation with little political change. Less well known is that China's leaders have also implemented far‐reaching governance reforms designed to promote government transparency and increase public participation in official policymaking. What are the motivations behind these reforms and, more importantly, what impact are they having? This puzzle lies at the heart of Chinese politics and could dictate China's political trajectory for years to come. This extensive collaborative study not only documents the origins and scope of these reforms across China, but offers the first systematic assessment by quantitatively and qualitatively analyzing the impact of participation and transparency on important governance outcomes. Comparing across provinces and over time, the authors argue that the reforms are resulting in lower corruption and enhanced legal compliance, but these outcomes also depend on a broader societal ecosystem that includes an active media and robust civil society.

National Security Through a Cockeyed Lens

How Cognitive Bias Impacts U.S. Foreign Policy

Author: Steve A. Yetiv

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 1421411253

Category: Political Science

Page: 155

View: 479

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"What are key mental errors that can undermine good decision making? Drawing on four decades of psychological, historical, and political science research on cognitive biases, this book illuminates key pitfalls in how we and our leaders make decisions. It shows in five case studies of American foreign and energy policy that such errors--a dozen different cognitive biases--have been more important in shaping and impacting U.S. national interests than we currently understand. In so doing, it also sheds light on U.S. foreign policy toward and interests in the Middle East. That story prominently features non-psychological explanations, but cognitive biases exercised by American and foreign actors also represent a slice of the story that is worth revealing. As examples, the book shows how the distorted cognitive lens of Al-Qaeda leaders contributed to the September 11 attacks and the ongoing conflict with America and the West; how overconfidence impacted America's decision to invade Iraq in 2003; and how short term thinking--a prominent cognitive bias--hurts America's ability to develop a comprehensive energy policy, making the Middle East more important to the United States and enhancing its proclivity to be involved in the region. The book is aimed chiefly at students and the lay public, though academics may benefit from it"--

The Peace Puzzle

America's Quest for Arab-Israeli Peace, 1989–2011

Author: Daniel C. Kurtzer,Scott B. Lasensky,William B. Quandt,Steven L. Spiegel,Shibley Telhami

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 0801465427

Category: History

Page: 348

View: 6412

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"Having observed earlier periods of determined, persistent, creative and wise American diplomacy on the Arab-Israeli conflict, we are left to ponder whether that kind of American leadership and diplomatic wisdom can be recaptured. We also are left to wonder whether the supportive domestic environment in which previous administrations operated will recur, or whether Congressional and public support for Israel has limited administration options and thus changed the very nature of the American role in the peace process. Our overall conclusions in this volume represent a mix of process, politics, and substantive lessons learned, offered in the hope that a better understanding of the past can inform future policy."-from The Peace Puzzle Each phase of Arab-Israeli peacemaking has been inordinately difficult in its own right, and every critical juncture and decision point in the long process has been shaped by U.S. politics and the U.S. leaders of the moment. The Peace Puzzle tracks the American determination to articulate policy, develop strategy and tactics, and see through negotiations to agreements on an issue that has been of singular importance to U.S. interests for more than forty years. In 2006, the authors of The Peace Puzzle formed the Study Group on Arab-Israeli Peacemaking, a project supported by the United States Institute of Peace, to develop a set of "best practices" for American diplomacy. The Study Group conducted in-depth interviews with more than 120 policymakers, diplomats, academics, and civil society figures and developed performance assessments of the various U.S. administrations of the post-Cold War period. This book, an objective account of the role of the United States in attempting to achieve a lasting Arab-Israeli peace, is informed by the authors' access to key individuals and official archives.

US Foreign Policy and the Iran Hostage Crisis

Author: David Patrick Houghton

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521805094

Category: History

Page: 252

View: 3744

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Why did a handful of Iranian students seize the American embassy in Tehran in November 1979? Why did most members of the US government initially believe that the incident would be over quickly? Why did the Carter administration then decide to launch a rescue mission, and why did it fail so spectacularly? US Foreign Policy and the Iran Hostage Crisis examines these puzzles and others, using an analogical reasoning approach to decision-making, a theoretical perspective which highlights the role played by historical analogies in the genesis of foreign policy decisions. Using interviews with key decision-makers on both sides, Houghton provides an analysis of one of the United States' greatest foreign policy disasters, the events of which continue to poison relations between the two states. The book will be of interest to students and scholars of foreign policy analysis and international relations.

Governing for the Long Term

Democracy and the Politics of Investment

Author: Alan M. Jacobs

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139496115

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 8988

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In Governing for the Long Term, Alan M. Jacobs investigates the conditions under which elected governments invest in long-term social benefits at short-term social cost. Jacobs contends that, along the path to adoption, investment-oriented policies must surmount three distinct hurdles to future-oriented state action: a problem of electoral risk, rooted in the scarcity of voter attention; a problem of prediction, deriving from the complexity of long-term policy effects; and a problem of institutional capacity, arising from interest groups' preferences for distributive gains over intertemporal bargains. Testing this argument through a four-country historical analysis of pension policymaking, the book illuminates crucial differences between the causal logics of distributive and intertemporal politics and makes a case for bringing trade-offs over time to the center of the study of policymaking.

Explaining Foreign Policy

International Diplomacy and the Russo-Georgian War

Author: Hans Mouritzen,Anders Wivel

Publisher: Lynne Rienner Pub

ISBN: 9781588268358

Category: History

Page: 223

View: 6380

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Why would Georgia attack South Ossetia in August 2008, with Russian forces conducting exercises nearby? This remains a puzzle to analysts-on a not inconsiderable list of foreign policy puzzles. Hans Mouritzen and Anders Wivel use the example of the Russo-Georgian war to illustrate and evaluate their original model for explaining foreign policy behavior. The authors apply the model to the actions of 40 countries in relation to the 2008 war. Uniquely linking system, interstate, and intrastate levels of explanation, and benefiting from the WikiLeaks revelations, they offer an important new tool for foreign policy analysis.

Structuring the State

The Formation of Italy and Germany and the Puzzle of Federalism

Author: Daniel Ziblatt

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400827248

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 3326

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Germany's and Italy's belated national unifications continue to loom large in contemporary debates. Often regarded as Europe's paradigmatic instances of failed modernization, the two countries form the basis of many of our most prized theories of social science. Structuring the State undertakes one of the first systematic comparisons of the two cases, putting the origins of these nation-states and the nature of European political development in new light. Daniel Ziblatt begins his analysis with a striking puzzle: Upon national unification, why was Germany formed as a federal nation-state and Italy as a unitary nation-state? He traces the diplomatic maneuverings and high political drama of national unification in nineteenth-century Germany and Italy to refute the widely accepted notion that the two states' structure stemmed exclusively from Machiavellian farsightedness on the part of militarily powerful political leaders. Instead, he demonstrates that Germany's and Italy's "founding fathers" were constrained by two very different pre-unification patterns of institutional development. In Germany, a legacy of well-developed sub-national institutions provided the key building blocks of federalism. In Italy, these institutions' absence doomed federalism. This crucial difference in the organization of local power still shapes debates about federalism in Italy and Germany today. By exposing the source of this enduring contrast, Structuring the State offers a broader theory of federalism's origins that will interest scholars and students of comparative politics, state-building, international relations, and European political history.

Foreign Policy

Theories, Actors, Cases

Author: Steve Smith,Tim Dunne,Reader Amelia Hadfield

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198708904

Category:

Page: 576

View: 2624

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This ground breaking text provides the ideal introduction to the ever-changing field of foreign policy. With a unique combination of theories, actors and cases in a single volume, the expert contributors provide students with a valuable and accessible introduction to what foreign policy is and how it is conducted. With an emphasis throughout on grounding theory in empirical examples, the textbook features a section dedicated to relevant and topical case studies where foreign policy analysis approaches and theories are applied. The expert team of contributors clearly conveys the connection between international relations theory, political science, and the development of foreign policy analysis, emphasizing the key debates in the academic community. The text is accompanied by an Online Resource Centre, which provides additional resources for both lecturers and students. For students: - Expand your reading with web links organized by chapter that point you to pertinent articles and useful websites. - Test your understanding of key terms with the flashcard glossary. - Explore the evolution of foreign policy analysis by following an interactive timeline For lecturers: - Use the adaptable PowerPoint slides as the basis for lecture presentations, or as hand-outs in class. - Find out how to use case studies in your teaching with our guide to using case studies - Use the simulation exercises to help your students explore negotiations and debates

China's Quest

The History of the Foreign Relations of the People's Republic of China

Author: John W. Garver

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190261056

Category: Political Science

Page: 868

View: 562

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From its founding 65 years ago, the People's Republic of China has evolved from an important yet chaotic and impoverished state whose power was more latent than real into a great power on the cusp of possessing the largest economy in the world. Its path from the 1949 revolution to the presenthas been filled with twists and turns, including internal upheavals, a dramatic break with the Soviet Union, the 1989 revolution wave, and various wars and quasi-wars against India, the USSR, Vietnam, and South Korea. Throughout it all, international pressures have been omnipresent, forcing theregime to periodically shift course. In short, the evolution of the PROC in world politics is an epic story and one of the most important developments in modern world history. Yet to date, there has been no authoritative history of China's foreign relations.John Garver's monumental China's Quest not only addresses this gap; it will almost certainly serve as the definitive work on the topic for years to come. Garver, one of the world's leading scholars of Chinese foreign policy, covers a vast amount of ground and threads a core argument through theentirety of his account: domestic political concerns - regime survival in particular - have been the primary force driving the People's Republic's foreign policy agenda. The objective of communist regime survival, he argues, transcends the more rudimentary pursuit of national interests that realistsfocus on. Indeed, from 1949 onward, domestic politics has been integral to the PROC's foreign policy choices. Over the decades, the regime's decisions in the realm of international politics have been dictated concerns about internal stability. In the early days of the regime, Mao and other partleaders were concerned with surviving in the face of American aggression. Later, they came to see the post-Stalinist Soviet model as a threat to their revolutionary program and initiated a stunning break with Khrushchev regime. Finally, the collapse of other communist regimes in and after 1989radically altered their relationships with capitalist powers, and again preserving regime stability in a world where communism has been largely abandoned became paramount. China's Quest, the result of over a decade of research, writing, and analysis, is both sweeping in breadth and encyclopedic in detail. Quite simply, it will be essential for any student or scholar with a strong interest in China's foreign policy.

A Concise History of U.S. Foreign Policy

Author: Joyce P. Kaufman

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780742567108

Category: Political Science

Page: 223

View: 1310

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Now in a fully updated edition, this knowledgeable and reader-friendly text gives a conceptual and historical overview of American foreign relations from the founding to the present. Providing students with a solid and readily understandable framework for evaluating American foreign policy decisions, Joyce P. Kaufman clearly explains key decisions and why they were made. Compact yet thorough, the book offers instructors a concise introduction that can be easily supplemented with other sources.

The New Foreign Policy

U.S. and Comparative Foreign Policy in the 21st Century

Author: Laura Neack

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780742501478

Category: Political Science

Page: 243

View: 2342

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A study of foreign policy in the new millennium. Laura Neack draws on examples that range from the Dalai Lama and Pinochet to Amnesty International and Al Qaeda to illustrate the changing character of foreign policy-making and also to suggest its powerful effects in the world.