The Exodus Affair

Holocaust Survivors and the Struggle for Palestine

Author: Aviva Halamish

Publisher: Syracuse University Press

ISBN: 9780815605164

Category: History

Page: 313

View: 1661


Drawing on archival sources mainly from the British Public Record Office, examines the historiography of illegal immigration and the struggle for a Jewish state during the years 1945 to 1948.

From Catastrophe to Power

The Holocaust Survivors and the Emergence of Israel

Author: Idith Zertal

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520921719

Category: Religion

Page: 345

View: 5856


In a book certain to generate controversy and debate, Idith Zertal boldly interprets a much revered chapter in contemporary Jewish and Zionist history: the clandestine immigration to Palestine of Jewish refugees, most of them Holocaust survivors, that was organized by Palestinian Zionists just after World War II. Events that captured the attention of the world, such as the Exodus affair in the summer 1947, are seen here in a strikingly new light. At the center of Zertal's book is the Mossad, a small, unorthodox Zionist organization whose mission beginning in 1938 was to bring Jews to Palestine in order to subvert the British quotas on Jewish immigration. From Catastrophe to Power scrutinizes the Mossad's mode of operation, its ideology and politics, its structure and history, and its collective human profile as never before. Zertal's moving story sweeps across four continents and encompasses a range of political cultures and international forces. But underneath this story another darker and more complex plot unfolds: the special encounter between the Zionist revolutionary collective and the mass of Jewish remnant after the Holocaust. According to Zertal, this psychologically painful yet politically powerful encounter was the Zionists' most effective weapon in their struggle for a sovereign Jewish state. Drawing on primary archival documents and new readings of canonical texts of the period, she analyzes this encounter from all angles—political, social, cultural, and psychological. The outcome is a gripping and troubling human story of a crucial period in Jewish and Israeli history, one that also provides a key to understanding the fundamental tensions between Israel and the Jewish communities and Israel and the world today.

The Crescent Moon and the Magen David

Turkish-Israeli Relations Through the Lens of the Turkish Public

Author: Karel Valansi

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 0761870091

Category: History

Page: 196

View: 9613


The nationalist outlook of the Turkish state since the beginning of the Republican era in 1923 targeted uniform identity formation. While Turkey did not recognize the existence of ethnic identities as long as they were Muslim, non-Muslims were challenging this ideal. During this social engineering, the religious minorities and the state had very turbulent relations based on mistrust, resulting in many discriminative legislations. The Republican story of the Jews provides significant insight to highlight the difficulties and challenges encountered in the formation of the Turkish Republic as well as the changes in the Turkish public with the new nation state in effect. Following the Second World War, a new state was established in the Middle East. During the Cold War, the Soviet threat led Turkey to recognize the State of Israel, established as a Jewish state. The main reasoning of Turkey in recognizing Israel was to be accepted to the Western camp. While the bilateral relations of Turkey and Israel increased gradually, a surprisingly high number of Turkish Jews, nearly 40 percent of the Jewish community in Turkey, immigrated to the new country. This book is an attempt to investigate the establishment of the State of Israel, Turkey’s recognition of the Jewish state and its repercussions on the Turkish public between the years 1936 and 1956. It explains the establishment of the State of Israel and the first three decades of the Turkish Republic. It includes the religious minorities of Turkey, with a special focus on the Jewish community as it is one of the major links between Turkey and Israel. It combines Turkish public reaction to the establishment and recognition of the State of Israel, shedding light on the reasons of the mass Jewish immigration, which is at the same time the second biggest immigration out of Turkey after the labor immigration to Europe starting from the 1960s.

Britain's Naval and Political Reaction to the Illegal Immigration of Jews to Palestine, 1945-1949

Author: Freddy Liebreich

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135766940

Category: History

Page: 400

View: 5853


This book provides an important shift in the analysis of Britain's policy towards the illegal postwar Jewish immigration into Palestine. It charts the development of Britain's response to Zionist immigration, from the initial sympathy, as embodied in the Balfour Declaration, through attempts at blockade, refoulement and finally disengagement. The book exposes differences in policy pursued by the great departments of state like the Foreign, Colonial and War Offices and their legal advisors, and those implemented by the Admiralty. The book argues that the eventual failure of Britain's immigration policy was inevitable in view of the hostility shown by many European nations, and America, towards Britain's ambition to retain her position in the Middle East.

Historical Dictionary of Zionism

Author: Rafael Medoff,Chaim I. Waxman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135966427

Category: History

Page: 272

View: 7229


The Jewish attachment to Zion is many centuries old. Although the modern Zionist movement was organized only a little more than a century ago, the roots of the Zionist idea reach back almost 4,000 years, to the day that the biblical patriarch Abraham left his home in Ur of the Chaldees to settle in the promised land The Historical Dictionary of Zionism is an excellent source of information on Zionism, its founders and leaders, its various strands and organizations, major events in its struggle, and its present status. By showing the movement's strengths and weaknesses, it also acts as a corrective to overly idealistic comments by its supporters and the wilder claims of its opponents. A much more realistic understanding is offered in the Introduction, which presents and explains the movement; the Chronology, which shows its historic progression; the Dictionary, which includes numerous entries on crucial persons, organizations and events; and the Bibliography, which points the way to further reading.

Commander of the Exodus

Author: Yoram Kaniuk

Publisher: Open Road + Grove/Atlantic

ISBN: 155584782X

Category: History

Page: 240

View: 4612


“The first biography of Yossi Harel . . . offers valuable insights into the Jewish struggle to create a homeland” (Booklist). Hailed by the New York Times as “one of the most inventive, brilliant novelists in the Western world,” internationally renowned Israeli writer Yoram Kaniuk turns his hand to nonfiction to bring us his most important work yet. Commander of the Exodus animates the story of Yossi Harel, a modern-day Moses who defied the blockade of the British Mandate to deliver more than twenty-four thousand displaced Holocaust survivors to Palestine while the rest of the world closed its doors. Of the four expeditions commanded by Harel between 1946 and 1948, the voyage of the Exodus left the deepest impression on public consciousness, quickly becoming a beacon for Zionism and a symbol to all that neither guns, cannons, nor warships could stand in the way of the human need for a home. With grace and sensitivity, Kaniuk shows the human face of history. He pays homage to the young Israeli who was motivated not by politics or personal glory, but by the pleading eyes of the orphaned children languishing on the shores of Europe. Commander of the Exodus is both an unforgettable tribute to the heroism of the dispossessed and a rich evocation of the vision and daring of a man who took it upon himself to reverse the course of history. “[Yossi Harel’s] remarkable achievements have been engraved in history by the talent of Yoram Kaniuk.” —Ehud Barak, former prime minister of Israel

Studies in Contemporary Jewry

Volume XVII: Who Owns Judaism? Public Religion and Private Faith in America and Israel

Author: Eli Lederhendler

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780195348965

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 1305


Bringing together contributions from established scholars as well as promising younger academics, the seventeenth volume of this established series offers a broad-ranging view of why Judaism, a religion whose observance is more honored in the breach in most western Jewish communities, has garnered attention, authority, and controversy in the late twentieth century. The volume considers the ways in which theological writings, sweeping social change, individual or small-group needs, and intra-communal diversity have re-energized Judaism even amidst secular trends in America and Israel.

ORT, the Second World War and the Rehabilitation of Holocaust Survivors

Author: Sarah Kavanaugh

Publisher: Mitchell Vallentine


Category: History

Page: 156

View: 3635


This book centres on the role played by ORT in the rehabilitation of Holocaust survivors inside the Displaced Persons (DP) camps after the Second World War. A brief history of the ORT organisation is followed by the author highlighting ORT's work during the 1920s and 1930s, using Berlin as a case study. The important and often life-saving work carried out by ORT workers inside the ghettos of Eastern Europe, primarily in Warsaw and Kovno, is then examined. The book then focuses on the liberation of the concentration camps, the set-up of the post-war allied zones of occupation, the establishment of the DP camps, and ORT's arrival within them. The mature period of ORT's work in the DP camps is then covered, looking at Belsen in the British zone of occupation and Landsberg in the American zone. The book also explores ORT's work in Austria and Italy. The final chapter highlights the closure of the DP camps, the subsequent immigration of the DPs, and the creation of the State of Israel.

Heimat auf Zeit

jüdische Kinder in Rosenheim 1946-47 : zur Geschichte des "Transient Children's Center" in Rosenheim und der jüdischen DP-Kinderlager in Aschau, Bayerisch Gmain, Indersdorf, Prien und Pürten

Author: Jim G. Tobias,Nicola Schlichting

Publisher: N.A


Category: Holocaust survivors

Page: 140

View: 9990


Post-Holocaust Politics

Britain, the United States & Jewish Refugees, 1945-1948

Author: Arieh J. Kochavi

Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press

ISBN: 9780807826201

Category: History

Page: 377

View: 5510


Between 1945 and 1948, more than a quarter of a million Jews fled countries in Eastern Europe and the Balkans and began filling hastily erected displaced persons camps in Germany and Austria. As one of the victorious Allies, Britain had to help find a sol




Publisher: Xlibris Corporation

ISBN: 146280490X

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 590

View: 6972


The book depicts the life of Benjamin Neiger, a Jewish inventor who was born in Krakow, Poland. As a very young boy he became a witness to the horror of the Holocaust. At an age of 13 he was separated from his parents and spent many months alone in a large Hungarian forest, trying to survive. After the war he became a passenger on the famous ship, the EXODUS, heading for Palestine, and at an age of seventeen, he joined the Israeli army. The book comprises the most fascinating events of his life, some very sad and shocking, some hilarious and almost unbelievable... In the second part of the book the author reveals very openly his most secret love affairs and describes his life in America as well as his professional career. ‘My Nine Lives’ is the captivating story of atrocities of war, a man’s struggle for survival and his constant craving for love. Once you start reading it, you will not be able to tear yourself away...


Eine wahre Geschichte von Liebe und Vergeltung.

Author: Rich Cohen

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783596152407


Page: 350

View: 1575



Missionen des israelischen Geheimdienstes

Author: Nissim Mischal


ISBN: 3732513793

Category: History

Page: 512

View: 6031


Kein Geheimdienst weltweit ist so bekannt, keiner so legendär und berüchtigt wie der israelische Auslandsgeheimdienst Mossad. Gefeiert wurde er für das Aufspüren des Kriegsverbrechers Adolf Eichmann, kritisiert für die Ermordung eines marokkanischen Kellners als Vergeltung der Attentate von München 1972. Doch wie arbeitet der Mossad genau? Was sind seine Methoden? Die israelischen Autoren Michael Bar-Zohar und Nissim Mischal zeigen ein Netz aus Spionage, Sabotage und Propaganda und sparen auch die zuletzt bekannt gewordenen Liquidierungen von hochrangigen iranischen Atomphysikern nicht aus.

Der Judenstaat

Author: Theodor Herzl

Publisher: BookRix

ISBN: 3736842295

Category: Fiction

Page: 88

View: 2098


"Der Judenstaat. Versuch einer modernen Lösung der Judenfrage" ist ein Buch von Theodor Herzl, mit dem er versuchte, eine jüdische Antwort auf die damals so genannte Judenfrage aufzuzeigen. Es erschien 1896 in Leipzig und Wien in der "M. Breitenstein's Verlags-Buchhandlung", nachdem "Cronbach" in Berlin und "Duncker & Humblot" eine Publikation abgelehnt hatten. Herzl schrieb es unter dem Eindruck der Dreyfus-Affäre; er beendete das Manuskript am 17. Juni 1895.

Exil auf Mauritius 1940 bis 1945

Report einer "demokratischen" Deportation jüdischer Flüchtlinge

Author: Ronald Friedmann

Publisher: Das Neue Berlin

ISBN: 336050058X

Category: Political Science

Page: 320

View: 2010


Die ersten Schüsse, die britische Soldaten bei Kriegsausbruch am 1. September 1939 abfeuerten, töteten zwei Juden. Diese waren mit 1.400 Leidengefährten aus Hitlerdeutschland geflüchtet und wollten nach Palästina. Ihr Schiff lief 200 Meter vor der Küste auf Grund - die Briten eröffneten das Feuer ... Andere jüdische Flüchtlinge wurden auf die Kronkolonie Mauritius im Indischen Ozean deportiert, wo sie fast fünf Jahre hinter Stacheldraht zubringen mußten. Bislang wurde das Schicksal dieser 1.581 Menschen, von denen fast jeder zehnte auf der Insel starb, und die Umstände ihrer Deportation noch nie untersucht. Erstmals ist dieses dunkle Kapitel dokumentiert. Dazu wurden vom Autor europäische Archive, Einrichtungen in Israel, in den USA und auf Mauritius aufgesucht. Die Zeugnisse belegen: Britische Behörden waren mitunter alles andere als hilfsbereit und kooperativ, wenn es um Menschen in Not ging. Zuweilen war die Krone sich selbst und ihren eigenen Interessen am nächsten.