The Epistemological Skyhook

Determinism, Naturalism, and Self-Defeat

Author: Jim Slagle

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317230078

Category: Philosophy

Page: 266

View: 3881

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Throughout philosophical history, there has been a recurring argument to the effect that determinism, naturalism, or both are self-referentially incoherent. By accepting determinism or naturalism, one allegedly acquires a reason to reject determinism or naturalism. The Epistemological Skyhook brings together, for the first time, the principal expressions of this argument, focusing primarily on the last 150 years. This book addresses the versions of this argument as presented by Arthur Lovejoy, A.E. Taylor, Kurt Gödel, C.S. Lewis, Norman Malcolm, Karl Popper, J.R. Lucas, William Hasker, Thomas Nagel, Alvin Plantinga, and others, along with the objections presented by their many detractors. It concludes by presenting a new version of the argument that synthesizes the best aspects of the others while also rendering the argument immune to some of the most significant objections made to it.

Philosophical and Scientific Perspectives on Downward Causation

Author: Michele Paolini Paoletti,Francesco Orilia

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317271432

Category: Philosophy

Page: 334

View: 2364

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Downward causation plays a fundamental role in many theories of metaphysics and philosophy of mind. It is strictly connected with many topics in philosophy, including but not limited to: emergence, mental causation, the nature of causation, the nature of causal powers and dispositions, laws of nature, and the possibility of ontological and epistemic reductions. Philosophical and Scientific Perspectives on Downward Causation brings together experts from different fields—including William Bechtel, Stewart Clark and Tom Lancaster, Carl Gillett, John Heil, Robin F. Hendry, Max Kistler, Stephen Mumford and Rani Lill Anjum —who delve into classic and unexplored lines of philosophical inquiry related to downward causation. It critically assesses the possibility of downward causation given different ontological assumptions and explores the connection between downward causation and the metaphysics of causation and dispositions. Finally, it presents different cases of downward causation in empirical fields such as physics, chemistry, biology and the neurosciences. This volume is both a useful introduction and a collection of original contributions on this fascinating and hotly debated philosophical topic.

Time and the Philosophy of Action

Author: Roman Altshuler,Michael J. Sigrist

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317819462

Category: Philosophy

Page: 290

View: 7903

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Although scholarship in philosophy of action has grown in recent years, there has been little work explicitly dealing with the role of time in agency, a role with great significance for the study of action. As the articles in this collection demonstrate, virtually every fundamental issue in the philosophy of action involves considerations of time. The four sections of this volume address the metaphysics of action, diachronic practical rationality, the relation between deliberation and action, and the phenomenology of agency, providing an overview of the central developments in each area with an emphasis on the role of temporality. Including contributions by established, rising, and new voices in the field, Time and the Philosophy of Action brings analytic work in philosophy of action together with contributions from continental philosophy and cognitive science to elaborate the central thesis that agency not only develops in time but is shaped by it at every level.

Reflective Equilibrium and the Principles of Logical Analysis

Understanding the Laws of Logic

Author: Jaroslav Peregrin,Vladimír Svoboda

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1315453916

Category: Philosophy

Page: 178

View: 7144

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This book offers a comprehensive account of logic that addresses fundamental issues concerning the nature and foundations of the discipline. The authors claim that these foundations can not only be established without the need for strong metaphysical assumptions, but also without hypostasizing logical forms as specific entities. They present a systematic argument that the primary subject matter of logic is our linguistic interaction rather than our private reasoning and it is thus misleading to see logic as revealing "the laws of thought". In this sense, fundamental logical laws are implicit to our "language games" and are thus more similar to social norms than to the laws of nature. Peregrin and Svoboda also show that logical theories, despite the fact that they rely on rules implicit to our actual linguistic practice, firm up these rules and make them explicit. By carefully scrutinizing the project of logical analysis, the authors demonstrate that logical rules can be best seen as products of the so called reflective equilibrium. They suggest that we can profit from viewing languages as "inferential landscapes" and logicians as "geographers" who map them and try to pave safe routes through them. This book is an essential resource for scholars and researchers engaged with the foundations of logical theories and the philosophy of language.

Die Existenz der Welt

Eine Einführung in die Ontologie

Author: Reinhardt Grossmann

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110330377

Category: Philosophy

Page: 187

View: 3659

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Diese Einführung in die Ontologie zeigt die Geschichte der abendländischen Philosophie als einen dauernden Kampf zwischen den Riesen und Göttern von Platons Sophistes. Auf der einen Seite gibt es die Philosophen, die die Auffassung vertreten, daß nur das physikalische Universum existiert und auf der anderen Seite gibt es solche Philosophen, die darauf bestehen, daß es eine weit 'größere' Welt gibt, die auch zeitlose und nicht-räumliche Dinge, wie z.B. Egenschaften enthält. Der Autor diskutiert detailliert diese wichtige metaphysische Debatte, die dem Kampf zugrunde liegt, nämlich die Auseinandersetzung zwischen Naturalisten und Ontologen. Das Buch beginnt mit einer Untersuchung der Geschichte der Auseinandersetzung zwischen Nominalisten und Realisten über das Problem der Universalien. Danach erkundet der Autor die Natur und Existenz der Kategorien wie Relationen, Strukturen, Zahlen und Tatsachen. Im letzten Teil argumentiert er dafür, daß Existenz und Negation keine Kategorien sind, sondern eher Merkmale der Welt. Die Einführung in die Ontologie dient zugleich als Einführung in die Philosophie insgesamt und zeichnet sich durch Klarheit, gute Verständlichkeit und einen lebendigen Stil aus.

Space, Time, and Deity

Author: A. Samuel

Publisher: Рипол Классик

ISBN: 5874435255

Category: History

Page: 22

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Space, Time, and Deity. The gifford lectures at glasgow 1916-1918. In two volumes: Volume I

Recht und Frieden in der Philosophie Kants

Akten des X. Internationalen Kant-Kongresses

Author: Kant-Gesellschaft e.V.

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110210347

Category: Philosophy

Page: 3617

View: 1347

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The five volumes contain the main papers and lectures of invited speakers that were presented at the X. International Kant Congress in Sao Paolo in 2005.

Geschichte Des Vitalismus

Author: Hans Driesch

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 384602970X

Category:

Page: 230

View: 9547

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This is a reproduction of a book published before 1923. This book may have occasional imperfectionssuch as missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. that were either part of the original artifact, or were introduced by the scanning process. We believe this work is culturally important, and despite the imperfections, have elected to bring it back into print as part of our continuing commitment to the preservation of printed worksworldwide. We appreciate your understanding of the imperfections in the preservation process, and hope you enjoy this valuable book.++++The below data was compiled from various identification fields in the bibliographic record of this title. This data is provided as an additional tool in helping to ensure edition identification: ++++ Geschichte Des Vitalismus; Volume 3 Of Natur- Und Kulturphilosophische Bibliotek 2 Hans Driesch J.A. Barth, 1922 Science; Life Sciences; Ecology; Science / Life Sciences / Ecology; Vitalism

De ira Dei

Author: Lactantius,Heinrich Kraft,Antonie Wlosok

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Religion

Page: 103

View: 3830

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Ecoles plurilingues

Author: Gabriele Budach,Jürgen Erfurt

Publisher: Peter Lang

ISBN: 9783631568767

Category: Education

Page: 432

View: 7894

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Migration und Mehrsprachigkeit stellen die Schulen in vielen Landern vor eine bedeutende Herausforderung: Wie sollen sie mit der sprachlichen Verschiedenheit umgehen? Der Band stellt Konzepte und Erfahrungen zum mehrsprachigen Lehren und Lernen und insbesondere das Modell der doppelten Immersion vor. La migration et le plurilinguisme sont un defi majeur pour les systemes educatifs de nombreux pays: comment nos ecoles peuvent-elles gerer la diversite linguistique ? Ce volume rassemble des approches theoriques et rend compte d'experiences d'apprentissage et d'enseignement plurilingues, notamment du modele de l'immersion reciproque. How to deal with linguistic diversity? Migration and multilingualism raise substantial issues for schools in many countries. This volume engages with concepts such as double immersion and presents experiences with multilingual teaching and learning from Europe and the US."