Die Kreuzzüge

Author: Thomas S. Asbridge

Publisher: Klett-Cotta

ISBN: 9783608946482

Category: Christianity and other religions

Page: 807

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Der Krieg um das Heilige Land- erstmals dargestellt aus christlicher und aus muslimischer Sicht. Diese grosse Gesamtdarstellung nimmt die politischen und religiösen Beweggründe aller Seiten ernst und veranschaulicht die immense Kriegslogistik. In packenden Szenen schildert Asbridge all die Belagerungen und Eroberungen und entwirft lebendige Porträts von Saladin und Richard Löwenherz, dem tragischen Leprakönig Balduin IV. oder der Jerusalemer Königin Melisende. Thomas Asbridge berichtet erstmals gleichberechtigt und in wechselnder Perspektive von den von Christen wie von Muslimen verübten Grausamkeiten und erduldeten Leiden. Ausführlich macht der polyglotte Historiker Gebrauch auch von den arabischen Quellen. Asbridge nimmt nicht nur die politischen, sondern auch die religiösen Beweggründe aller Seiten ernst. Auch von überraschend freundlichen Begegnungen zwischen Kreuzfahrern und Sarazenen erfahren wir: von Momenten des interkulturellen Austauschs, Beispielen friedlicher Koexistenz im Heiligen Land, Gesten religiöser Toleranz und Zeugnissen der Freundschaft über die feindlichen Lager hinweg. (Quelle: Homepage des Verlags).

The Crusades

Author: Christopher Tyerman

Publisher: Sterling Publishing Company, Inc.

ISBN: 9781402768910

Category: History

Page: 212

View: 5670

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Crusading fervor gripped Europe for more than 200 years, creating one of the most extraordinary episodes in world history. But were the Crusades the first steps in European colonialism, an attempt at ethnic cleansing, a manifestation of religious zeal--or all three? Bringing together issues of colonialism, cultural exchange, and economic exploitation, scholar Christopher Tyerman challenges our assumptions about the Crusades and encourages us to re-evaluate the relationship between past and present.

The Crusades

A Reader, Second Edition

Author: S.J. Allen,Emilie Amt

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442606258

Category: History

Page: 464

View: 3322

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Since the publication of the first edition of The Crusades: A Reader, interest in the Crusades has increased dramatically, fueled in part by current global interactions between the Muslim world and Western nations. The second edition features an intriguing new chapter on perceptions of the Crusades in the modern period, from David Hume and William Wordsworth to World War I political cartoons and crusading rhetoric circulating after 9/11. Islamic accounts of the treatment of prisoners have been added, as well as sources detailing the homecoming of those who had ventured to the Holy Land—including a newly translated reading on a woman crusader, Margaret of Beverly. The book contains sixteen images, study questions for each reading, and an index.

The Oxford History of the Crusades

Author: Jonathan Riley-Smith

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191579270

Category: History

Page: 470

View: 3444

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Written by a team of leading scholars, this fascinating book presents an authoritative and comprehensive history of the Crusades, from the preaching of the First Crusade in 1095 to the legacy of crusading ideas and imagery today. Reflecting the recent developments in crusade historiography, it covers crusading in many different theatres of war. The concepts of apologists, propagandists, song-writers, and poets, and the perceptions and motives of the crusaders themselves are described, as are the emotional and intellectual reactions of the Muslims to Christian holy war. The institutional developments - legal, financial, and structural - which were necessary to the movement's survival - are analysed. Several chapters are devoted to the western settlements established in the eastern Mediterranean region in the wake of the crusades, to the remarkable art and architecture associated with them, and to the military orders. The subject of the later crusades, including the history of the military orders from the sixteenth to the eighteenth centuries, is given the attention it deserves. And the first steps are taken on to a field that is as yet hardly explored - the survival of the ideas and images of crusading into the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.

Byzantium and the Crusades

Author: Jonathan Harris

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 9781852855017

Category: History

Page: 259

View: 1713

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The first great city to which the Crusaders came in 1089 was not Jerusalem but Constantinople, the capital of the Byzantine Empire. Almost as much as Jerusalem itself, Constantinople was the key to the foundation, survival and ultimate eclipse of the crusading kingdom.

An Introduction to the Crusades

Author: S.J. Allen

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442600233

Category: Crusades

Page: 208

View: 4771

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An Introduction to the Crusades, part of the Companions to Medieval Studies series, is an accessible guide to studying the complex history of the Crusades. The book begins by defining the Crusades, giving the political and social context of Byzantium, Western Europe, the Islamic States, and Jewish communities to set the scene for crusading from the eleventh century to the end of the medieval period. It then immerses the reader in the logistics of crusading and the day-to-day life of a crusader, explaining arms and armor, strategy and tactics, and siege warfare. Topics explored in depth include women on crusade, pilgrimage, the Mongols, crusade charters, and the use of crusader rhetoric throughout history. A case study chapter on the negotiations for Jerusalem between Saladin and Richard I provides insight into the process of historical inquiry and methods for engaging with primary sources. The book is pedagogically grounded through the inclusion of questions for reflection, sixteen images, four maps, a detailed chronology, a glossary, a "Who's Who" of the crusading world, and a bibliography.

Arab Historians of the Crusades

Author: Francesco Gabrieli

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520052246

Category: History

Page: 362

View: 6349

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The recapture of Jerusalem, the siege of the Acre, the fall of Tripoli, the effect in Baghdad of events in Syria; these and other happening were faithfully recorded by Arab historians during the two centuries of the Crusades. For the first time contemporary accounts of the fighting between Muslim and Christian have been translated into English, and the Western reader can learn 'the other side' of the Holy War. Seventeen authors are represented in the extracts in this work, which have been drawn from various types of historical writings. The excerpts are taken firstly from the general histories of the Muslim world, then from chronicles of cities, regions and their dynasties, and finally from biographies or records of the deeds of certain persons. The Arab histories of the Crusades compare favorably with their Christian counterparts in their rich accumulation of material and chronological information. Another of their merits is their faithful characterization, which they practiced in the brief but illuminating sketches of enemy leaders: Baldwin II's shrewdness, Richard Coeur de Lion's prowess in war, the indomitable energy of Conrad of Motferrat, Frederick II's diplomacy. The chronicles are generous, naturally, with their praises of the great champions of the Muslim resistance, especially of Saladin, who towers above all the other leaders in heroic stature. Although, this book gives a sweeping and stimulating view of the Crusades seen through Arab eyes.

The Crusades, Christianity, and Islam

Author: Jonathan Riley-Smith

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231146256

Category: HISTORY

Page: 125

View: 5457

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The Crusades were penitential war-pilgrimages fought in the Levant and the eastern Mediterranean, as well as in North Africa, Spain, Portugal, Poland, Hungary, the Balkans, the Baltic region, and Western Europe. Beginning in the eleventh century and ending as late as the eighteenth, these holy wars were waged against Muslims and other enemies of the Church, enlisting generations of laymen and laywomen to fight for the sake of Christendom.Crusading features prominently in today's religio-political hostilities, yet the language and imagery of nineteenth-century European imperialism has deeply distorted the perceptions of these wars. With this book, Jonathan Riley-Smith returns to the actual story of the Crusades, explaining why and where they were fought and how their narratives and symbolism became embedded in popular Catholic thought and devotional life. From this history, Riley-Smith traces the legacy of the Crusades into modern times, specifically, in the attitudes of European imperialists and colonialists and in the beliefs of twentieth-century Muslims. These depictions have profoundly influenced contemporary Western opinion, as well as Muslim attitudes toward their past and present. Whether regarded as a valid expression of Christianity's divine enterprise or condemned as a weapon of empire, crusading has served as a powerful rhetorical tool for centuries. Riley-Smith explains the formation and purpose of crusading imagery, providing crucial insight into the preoccupations of Islamist jihadis and the character of Western discourse on the Middle East.

Logistics of Warfare in the Age of the Crusades

Proceedings of a Workshop Held at the Centre for Medieval Studies, University of Sydney, 30 September to 4 October 2002

Author: John H. Pryor

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 9780754651970

Category: History

Page: 365

View: 7744

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How were the Crusades made possible? This volume is the first to bring together experts from the fields of medieval Western, Byzantine and Middle Eastern studies specifically to address the logistics of Crusading. It deals with questions of manpower, types and means of transportation by land and sea, supplies, financial resources, roads and natural land routes, sea lanes and natural sailing routes. Of particular importance is the attention given to the horses and other animals on which transport of supplies and the movement of armies depended.

The Crusades

Author: Helen J. Nicholson

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780313326851

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 196

View: 4510

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The Crusades were fought by "Latin" Christians against Muslims, pagans, and even fellow Christians whom they believed were threatening the existence of their Christian faith.

The New Concise History of the Crusades

Author: Thomas F. Madden

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780742538221

Category: History

Page: 257

View: 9477

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In this sweeping yet crisp history, the author offers a brilliant and compelling narrative of the Crusades and their contemporary relevance.

The Crusades

The War for the Holy Land

Author: Thomas Asbridge

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 1849837708

Category: History

Page: 784

View: 8846

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In the eleventh century, a vast Christian army, summoned to holy war by the pope, rampaged through the Muslim world of the eastern Mediterranean, seizing possession of Jerusalem, a city revered by both faiths. Over the two hundred years that followed this First Crusade, Islam and the West fought for dominion of the Holy Land, clashing in a succession of chillingly brutal wars, both firm in the belief that they were at God's work. For the first time, this book tells the story of this epic struggle from the perspective of both Christians and Muslims, reconstructing the experiences and attitudes of those on either side of the conflict. Mixing pulsing narrative and piercing insight, it exposes the full horror, passion and barbaric grandeur of the crusading era. One of the world's foremost authorities on the subject, Thomas Asbridge offers a vivid and penetrating history of the crusades, setting a new standard for modern scholarship. Drawing upon painstaking original research and an intimate knowledge of the Near East, he uncovers what drove Muslims and Christians alike to embrace the ideals of jihad and crusade, revealing how these holy wars reshaped the medieval world and why they continue to echo in human memory to this day.

A History of the Crusades

The Impact of the Crusades on Europe

Author: Kenneth M. Setton,Harry W. Hazard,Norman P. Zacour

Publisher: Univ of Wisconsin Press

ISBN: 9780299107444

Category: History

Page: 728

View: 7584

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The six volumes of A History of the Crusades will stand as the definitive history of the Crusades, spanning five centuries, encompassing Jewish, Moslem, and Christian perspectives, and containing a wealth of information and analysis of the history, politics, economics, and culture of the medieval world.

The Crusades

Islamic Perspectives

Author: Carole Hillenbrand

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415929141

Category: History

Page: 648

View: 9506

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This comprehensive work of cultural history gives us something we have never had: a view of the Crusades as seen through Muslim eyes. With breathtaking command of medieval Muslim sources as well as the vast literature on medieval European and Muslim culture, Carole Hillenbrand has produced a book that shows not only how the Crusades were perceived by the Muslims, but how the Crusades affected the Muslim world - militarily, culturally, and psychologically. As the author demonstrates, that influence continues now, centuries after the events. In The Crusades the reader discovers how the Muslims reacted to the Franks, and how Muslim populations were displaced, the ensuing period of jihad, the careers of Nur al-Din and Saladin, and the interpenetration of Muslim and Christian cultures. Stereotypes of the Franks in Muslim documents offer a fascinating counter to Western views of the infidel of legend. For readers interested in the Middle Ages, military history, the history of religion, and postcolonial studies, The Crusades opens a window onto a conflict we have only viewed from one side. The Crusades is richly illustrated, with eighteen color plates and over five hundred line drawings and black and white photographs.

Remembering the Crusades

Myth, Image, and Identity

Author: Nicholas Paul,Suzanne Yeager

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 1421406993

Category: History

Page: 296

View: 2928

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Its unprecedented multidisciplinary and cross-cultural approach points the way to a complete reevaluation of the place of the crusades in medieval and modern societies.

A History of the Crusades

Author: Steven Runciman

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521347709

Category: History

Page: 377

View: 935

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Analyzes the Crusades from European and Arabic viewpoints

The Crusades and the Near East

Cultural Histories

Author: Conor Kostick

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136902473

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 5627

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The crusades are often seen as epitomising a period when hostility between Christian West and the Muslim Near East reached an all time high. As this edited volume reveals, however, the era was one which saw both conflict and cohabitation. Tackling such questions as whether medicinal and architectural innovations came to Europe as a direct result of the Crusades, and why and how peace treaties and intermarriages were formed between the different cultures, this distinguished group of contributors reveal how the Holy Wars led on the one hand to a reinforcement of the beliefs and identities of each side, but on the other to a growing level of cultural exchange and interaction. This volume breaks new ground in not only exploring the conflict between the Christian and the Muslim worlds, but also the impact of this conflict on the cultural evolution of European and Near Eastern thought and practices. Utilising the latest scholarship and original studies of the sources, this survey sheds new light on the cultural realities of East-West relations and marks a new departure for studies of the crusades. Contributors include John France, Yehoshua Frenkel, Chris Wright, Natasha Hodgson, A.V. Murray, Sini Kangas, Léan Ní Chléirigh, Susan Edgington, Jürgen Krüger, Yvonne Friedman and Bernard Hamilton.

The Crusades from the Perspective of Byzantium and the Muslim World

Author: Angeliki E. Laiou,Roy P. Mottahedeh

Publisher: Dumbarton Oaks

ISBN: 9780884022770

Category: History

Page: 297

View: 3776

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The essays in this volume demonstrate that on the eastern shores of the Mediterranean there were rich, variegated, and important phenomena associated with the Crusades, and that a full understanding of the significance of the movement and its impact on both the East and West must take these phenomena into account.